Engineering Streams After 12th: Admission, Fees, Duration, Eligibility, Colleges, Career & Scope
College Disha

Engineering Streams After 12th

29 Jul,2021


5 min read read

Lately, students of 12th standard are confused about the engineering streams they should pick for their further studies. Should I pursue a B.Tech in Computer Science, Electronics, and Communication? Which is more prestigious? Which pays more? These are the questions that arise in every 12th standard student’s mind when he/she will start preparing for entrance examinations. The amount of stress and confusion that students have to face during the 2-3 years prior to their college days is because of inadequate knowledge about different engineering streams and their prospects after the college days. This article describes all such streams in a meaningful way that are regularly asked by the students as part of choosing the best stream and preparation for entrance examinations.

Engineering Streams After 12th:

The engineering courses available after the 12th are done in 4 years. These courses are undergraduate engineering, and they give you the basics of subjects like physics, chemistry, and mathematics. Later on, students who choose to complete their engineering studies can enroll themselves in the Post-Graduate level. In India, the field of Engineering has become a very popular profession. It is a career that grants you numerous opportunities in the corporate world and even in other sectors. Engineering has different courses like bachelor of technology/ B.E Course and, master of technology/ M.E Course. Because so many courses are offered, students usually have no idea which courses are available to them. That is why we have compiled a complete list of engineering streams after 12th. Read the full article for a better understanding of the available engineering streams after 12th.  

In today’s society, engineering as a field of study is recognized as being among those that are most promising for students to pursue. This idea is definitely not unique to our generation and has been a consistent concept through the years. Engineering encompasses a wide range of different disciplines, such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, aerospace engineering, civil engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and more. If you are one of the lakhs of students who is on this journey and is planning to choose engineering as your preferred career option, this might be the right time to give a thought about growing as a person.  Choosing to engineer means that you are going to change yourself a lot and learn a lot of stuff along the way. 

Here we are providing the engineering streams list with their details:

Engineering is a professional degree that uses scientific principles for building and designing machines, buildings, vehicles, bridges, roads, tunnels, etc. Engineering course is a four-year-long course in bachelors degree and postgraduate degree is a 2 years course. Both graduate and postgraduate engineering courses offer various streams in engineering like Computer Science Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics, and Communication Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, etc. 

The basic eligibility for pursuing an engineering course is students must have done class 12th in the science stream from a recognized education board.  

Checklist of Engineering Streams after 12th Courses
Computer Science Engineering Mechanical Engineering
Electronics and Communication Engineering Electrical Engineering
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Civil Engineering
Chemical Engineering Information Technology
Instrumentation and Control Engineering Electronics Engineering
Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering Petroleum Engineering
Aeronautical Engineering Aerospace Engineering
Automobile Engineering Mining Engineering
Power Engineering Production Engineering
Biotechnology Engineering Genetic Engineering
Plastics Engineering Food Processing and Technology
Agricultural Engineering Environmental Engineering
Dairy Technology and Engineering Agricultural Information Technology
Infrastructure Engineering Motorsport Engineering
Metallurgy Engineering Textile Engineering
Marine Engineering Naval Architecture
Geoinformatics Petrochemical Engineering
Polymer Engineering Geotechnical Engineering
List of Engineering Courses
Bachelor of Engineering (BE) Course Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) Course
B.Tech+M.Tech Course B.Tech Electrical Engineering Course
B.Tech Electronics Engineering Course B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course
B.Tech Biotechnology Course B.Tech CS Course
B.Tech IT Course B.Tech Genetic Engineering Course
B.Tech Mining Engineering Course B.Tech Chemical Engineering Course
B.Tech Agriculture Engineering Course B.Tech Textile Engineering Course
Diploma in Information Technology Course B.Tech Industrial Engineering Course
M.Tech Electrical Engineering Course Diploma in Biotechnology course
Diploma in Computer Science and Engineering Course Diploma in Electrical Engineering Course
Diploma in Mechanical Engineering Course Diploma in Electronics Engineering Course
Masters of Engineering (ME) Course Masters of Technology (M.Tech) Course
M.Tech Textile Engineering Course M.Tech Agricultural Engineering Course
M.Tech Biochemical Engineering course M.Tech Chemical Engineering Course
M.Tech Industrial Engineering Course M.Tech Mining Engineering Course
M.Tech Information Technology course M.Tech Genetic Engineering Course
M.Tech Computer Science and Engineering Course M.Tech Biotechnology Course
M.Tech Electronics Engineering Course M.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course

These are the popular engineering streams after 12th:

1. Computer Science Engineering 

Computer Science Engineering (CSE) is a course that deals with the design, implementation, and management of information systems. The subject covered in this course is both software and hardware processes. It has many industrial applications such as the creation of computer games and operating systems. Students choose to study computer science because it offers a rewarding career path, as well as an understanding of how computers work at a fundamental level.

2. Mechanical Engineering 

Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines. Its early roots begin in ancient times when people designed tools to help them with their work. Mechanical engineering is a field of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for the analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, production, and operation of machinery. Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines, typically taught at the undergraduate and graduate levels as a combination of mechanical engineering science and mechanics.

3. Electronics and Communication Engineering

The electronics and Communication Engineering stream involves designing, researching, testing, and developing electronics equipment used in various systems. Manufacturing of communications and broadcast systems handled only by the electronics and communications engineers. The electronics and communication engineering stream deal with basic electronics, analog transmission, analog integrated circuits, solid-state devices, microprocessors, analog communication, satellite communication, antennae, microwave engineering, and wave progression. Electronics and communication engineering also deals with the manufacturing of circuits, communications equipment, and electronic devices. 

4. Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is that branch of engineering which deals with the study of the application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. Trained electrical engineers to design electric circuits and equipment. Electrical engineers are concerned with the generation, transmission, distribution, and consumption of electric power. The major divisions of electrical engineering include Electromagnetic fields: The study of electromagnetic fields and waves, such as those produced by alternating current (AC).

The electrical circuit deals with the flow and control of electricity through wires, and equipment using them. Electronics is the branch of science that deals with the design and application of electronic devices, and electrical power. Electrical engineers use knowledge of physics and mathematics to design in several other branches of engineering.

5. Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Electrical & Electronics Engineering deals with the application & study of Power & Devices. Here Electrical Engineering encompasses the design, development, and manufacturing of electrical/electronic systems like electrical power generation, transmission, and distribution. Electronics on the other hand deals more with devices and their applications in different fields such as communication, computers, and consumer products like video cassette recorders, washing machines, etc. Electrical & Electronics Engineering is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science concerned with the study and application of electricity.  The opportunity to customize your career path within this major is incredible! Electrical and electronics engineering deals with small and large amounts of power and devices. 

Electrical and electronics engineering (EEE), which was formerly known as electrical engineering(EE), is a part of many electrical and electronic engineering programs. Some universities only offer courses in one field, but others combine both into one program so students can learn basic concepts of both fields. The curriculum of an EEE program includes the study of electronics and electromagnetism, communication systems, control systems, microprocessors, computer design, energy sources, power generation systems, and renewable energies. Students can become electrical and electronics engineers after completing 4-year bachelor’s of engineering in electrical and electronics 

6. Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is a vast discipline that covers a large variety of disciplines such as construction, structural, geotechnical, water resources engineering, and transportation engineering. It is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines contributing to the development of infrastructure. 

To be a successful Civil Engineer you’ll need to consider all the different factors that come into play before building something, from geology and materials science to planning and construction. But if you’re good at math and particularly interested in design, then becoming a Civil Engineer could turn into a very profitable option for your future career. The salaries are above average and the job is rather diverse. You could be handling unique problems that most people don't want to deal with.

7. Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering is the applied science that deals with the design, construction, and operation of a chemical plant and process. Chemical engineering is a branch of science and engineering that deals with the design, construction, and operation of chemical processes along with the development of models to optimize product design. Chemical engineers combine the fields of biology, mathematics, and chemical sciences to work in an environment where they are responsible for safety measures, layout, efficiency, and quality of manufacturing processes.

One of the basic and most important duties of the chemical engineer is to ensure that things are working as they should. They are responsible for maintaining the manufacturing equipment and associated units and ensuring that all systems work properly. They work with process technicians to design new equipment that can meet their requirements. This ensures that a company or plant is producing products effectively, in an economical manner, and without waste. Chemical engineers need to have a solid understanding of math and chemistry so that they can use computer programs that simulate chemical manufacturing processes.

8. Information Technology

Information technology engineering (ITE) involves an architectural approach for planning, analyzing, designing, and implementing applications. ITE allows businesses to improve the way they manage their resources such as capital, people, and information systems to achieve their business goals. 

Information Technology (IT) is defined as “the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems including hardware, software, networks, and peripherals”. Information technology specialists are in charge of effectively managing the IT components within the business by overseeing network connectivity, data storage, digital media usage, and application software design and development. Such areas require specialized knowledge and a high level of training 

9. Instrumentation and Control Engineering

Instrumentation and control engineering is the analysis and design of equipment that measures variables, applies control theory to these measurements to achieve desired values, and gauges the performance of the control. Instrumentation and control engineers typically work in process industries, such as chemical, petrochemical, oil refining, pharmaceuticals, water treatment, and power.

10. Electronics Engineering

The field of electronic engineering is so vast that it includes a variety of more specific electronic engineering fields that include digital electronics, analog electronics, microcontrollers, and many others. Electronics engineering is one of the top considered fields that attracts students from around the globe. A career in this field ensures that you will actually be able to see a better future for yourself. 

11. Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering is a broad term used to describe the main activities of the Oil and Gas industry that deal with the production of crude oil, natural gas, and other gases from beneath the earth. It covers exploration, extraction, refining of oil and gas to produce commercial fuels and chemical feedstock. The companies dealing in the Downstream sector look after marketing, distribution, and sale of petroleum products after processing or transforming these in refineries or Chemical Plants. Petroleum engineers work in a variety of industries, such as upstream, oilfield services, refining, and chemicals.

12. Aeronautical Engineering

Aerospace engineering is the primary area of engineering concerned with the designing and manufacturing of vehicles that travel through the earth's atmosphere or in outer space like airplanes and spacecraft. It has two major and overlapping branches: aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aeronautical engineering was the original term for aircraft engineering before it was extended to include spaceflight.

13. Automobile Engineering

Automobile engineering is somewhat a part of mechanical engineering which deals with the design as well as manufacturing of cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles, etc. Automobile engineering is the branch of mechanical engineering which focuses on engines, drivetrains, suspension systems, and electronic systems and includes the study of cutting edge technologies such as electric motors, electronics, computer science, and digital systems.

Mostly automobile engineering focuses on the engine of a vehicle, transmission, power train, and other parts. The branch is basically divided into different areas such as engine, vehicle engineering, hydraulics, electronics, etc.

14. Mining Engineering

Mining engineering is a branch of engineering science which deals with the extraction of minerals from the earth as well as its processing. The field covers the extraction of minerals, fuels, and groundwater, and basically deals with the study and management of natural resources. In India, mining engineering courses include the extraction of valuable ores from the ground for processing and utilization.

15. Power Engineering

Power Engineering is one of the earliest fields that has developed within Electrical Engineering. It deals with the generation, transmission, and distribution of electric power and is particularly concerned with the production, transmission, and use of electricity. Power engineering has been a core part of electrical engineering from its early developments, such as the electric power industry, electric motors, electric generators, transformers, and electric drives. Power engineering has existed since the beginnings of electricity. 

16. Production Engineering

Production engineering is also named manufacture engineering, which deals with designing, managing, planning, and developing various processes to produce the high quality products. Production engineering blends science and technology together and it acts as interdisciplinary in nature. Production engineers work in various fields and hold different titles like Industrial engineer, production manager, production engineering, manufacturing engineers. 

17. Biotechnology Engineering

Biotechnology Engineering has been an emerging field in the past few decades giving a new direction to the technological aspect of the medical industry. Engineers have played a vital role in this new venture by using their skills and expertise for better development and application of biological cells and systems for scientific, biotechnological, and medical ends. It is a blend of Chemistry, Biology, and Engineering - all integrated to provide new advances in the field of medicine and biotechnology. Biotechnology engineering also involves the use of living organisms in both research and industry more directly by employing the principles of each engineering discipline within the context of biological systems. Biotechnology engineering is a very broad term that offers good job opportunities in a lot of specific fields.

18. Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is a revolutionary technology that allows us to tailor the genome of living organisms. With this technology, we can design organisms with useful properties in mind, and then build them. This means we can make bacteria that produce biofuels and clean up pollution, create plants that resist disease and pests, or even alter the genes of animals to produce pharmaceuticals in their milk.

19. Plastics Engineering

Plastics engineering deals with the design, permitting, construction, and installation of manufacturing facilities, processing equipment, and machinery. It also deals with the processing, design, and development of plastics products. Plastics engineering includes the study of a number of polymer types and their applications, as well as the recycling of plastics. It also incorporates mechanisms for plastic expungement, injection molding, blow molding, compression molding, rotational molding, and extrusion.

20. Food Processing and Technology

Food Processing is the transformation of raw food materials into more convenient or suitable forms for human consumption. The specific processes within food processing include treatment, preparation, and use. In fact, it involves the transformation of raw agricultural products into marketable food. Food processing, as a part of the wider field of food science, can be broadly classified into two major categories: [[food technology]] and [[food production]]. Food technology mainly deals with the application of scientific principles to ensure the quality, safety, and hygiene of the food products; on the other hand, food production involves planning and implementation of sustainable improvement practices in the existing production systems.

21. Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering is the discipline that applies engineering science and design principles to agricultural production systems. Agricultural engineers, also known as Agricultural and Biosystems Engineers, study natural ecosystems and apply engineering principles to improve productivity while protecting the environment. Agricultural and Biosystems Engineers tackle the challenges of providing food and improving habitats across the globe in a sustainable way. This field emphasizes understanding interactions between organisms, humans, and machines as well as applying engineering principles to improve quality of life.

22. Infrastructure Engineering

Infrastructure engineering is part of civil engineering. Civil infrastructure is one of the most important aspects of modern society, but many people do not really understand what civil infrastructure is and how it works. Infrastructure goes well beyond roads and bridges; it includes everything a community needs in order to ensure its overall health, safety, and prosperity.

23. Marine Engineering

Marine engineers are responsible for many aspects of a ship’s structure, mechanical systems, electrical and electronic systems, and operation of the ship. They often work closely with other branches whose work depends on the functioning of the ship or installation, such as marine architects, electrical engineers, system engineers. These professionals are employed either aboard ships in a variety of technical positions at sea or in dockyards.

As the world moves towards a sustainable future, marine engineers will play a crucial role in designing and maintaining the ships that keep our shipping lanes safe. Marine engineers are responsible for a ship's stability and structural integrity as well as its machinery and physical systems.

24. Polymer Engineering

Polymer engineering is an emerging field with recent advances in polymer science. The stream covers aspects of the petrochemical industry, polymerization, structure, and characterization of polymers, properties of polymers, compounding and processing of polymers, and description of major polymers, structure-property relations, and their applications.


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