College Disha
NIOS Board 12th

NIOS Board 12th Syllabus 2024

NIOS 12th syllabus 2024: NIOS is the National Institute of Open Schooling exam that is conducted by the Ministry of Education, Government of India for the candidates who cannot appear for a regular Board exam. The NIOS 12th exam takes place in 2 Blocks- the first one in April/May and the second one in October/November.

The NIOS 12th syllabus can be downloaded by the candidates from the official website. The syllabus is very important as it will help the candidates to know about all the subjects and topics of the exam. The syllabus is released on the official website at least a month before the exams so that the candidates can prepare in advance.

NIOS Board 12th Syllabus 2024:

According to the NIOS syllabus for the Class 12 exams, candidates must appear in a minimum of 5 subjects out of which there are 2 additional subjects. The pass mark for each subject is 33% and the students must submit a mandatory fee of INR 720 per subject. The NIOS Board conducts the exam every year and the syllabus is set as per the latest rules prescribed by the Board.

Both National and International students of Indian origin can appear for the NIOS 12 exams. The exam is very convenient for the students as well as professionals as they need not attend regular classes and can study the entire NIOS 12th syllabus 2024 from the comfort of their homes. All the students appearing for the National Institute of Open Learning exams must be thorough with the syllabus as this will bring out their best performance during the exams.

Details of the NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024:

Students must know the exam pattern and the distribution of the marks before referring to the syllabus. The exam pattern will help the students to become familiar with all the subjects and know the distribution of marks for each subject. Before knowing the topics of the NIOS Board 12th syllabus 2024, candidates must know the subjects and the distribution of marks. This will help the candidates to perform well and score good marks in the exam.

Check out the subjects of the NIOS 12th Board exam:

  • The subjects have been categorized into 6 groups and candidates have to select 5 subjects in total 
  • 1 or 2 languages from Group A
  • Other subjects from the remaining groups with 1 subject each from Group C, D, E, F.
  • Students can take 2 additional subjects from any group (one subject each from Group C, D, E, and F).
  • It is mandatory to pay a separate fee for each additional subject chosen by the candidate.

NIOS Board 12th Subjects for the Exam





Group A

Hindi, English, Urdu, Tamil, Persian, Arabic, Gujarati, Malayalam, Sanskrit


Group B

Mathematics, Psychology, Economics, Painting, Business studies, Veda Adyhayan, Home Science, Early childhood care and Education, Bhartiya Darshan, Sanskrit Sahitya


Group C

Environmental Science, Physics, History, Library and Information Science


Group D

Chemistry, Military Studies, Mass Communication, Political Science


Group E

Biology, Introduction to Law, Military History, Accountancy


Group F

Computer Science, Physical Education, Sociology, Tourism

Steps to download the NIOS 12th exam syllabus 2024:

  • Go to the official website i.e
  • Select the “Student information center'' link on the homepage and click it.
  • The “student information center’ page will appear on the screen.
  • On this page scroll down and select the “General information” link.
  • Here click the option for “Syllabus and sample question paper for Senior Secondary”.
  • A page containing the PDF format of the NIOS 12th syllabus 2024 will appear.
  • Open the PDF file for the required subjects and download the syllabus.
  • Save the syllabus on your device for further reference.

NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024


Name of the subjects

Distribution of marks





3 hours




3 hours




3 hours




3 hours




3 hours




3 hours




3 hours


Political Science


3 hours


Business studies


3 hours




3 hours


Physics (Practical)


3 hours


Chemistry (Theory)


3 hours


Chemistry (Practical)


3 hours




3 hours


Biology (Practical)


3 hours


Geography (Theory)


3 hours


Geography (Practical)


3 hours

NIOS 12th Syllabus for Subjects With Practicals


Name of the subjects




Motion, force, and energy

Properties of Matter

Heat and Thermodynamics

Optics and optical instruments

Heat and wave

Atoms and Nuclei

Electricity and Magnetism

Semiconductors and their applications



States of Matter

Atomic structure and chemical bonding

Chemical Energetics

Chemical Dynamics

Chemistry of Elements

Chemical Arithmetics

Chemistry of Organic Compounds




Diversity and evolution of life

Cells, functions, and tissues

Functional morphology and life processes in plants

Functional morphology and life processes in animals

Reproduction and Development

Heredity and Genetics

Population explosion and family planning

Environmental Biology



Complex numbers and quadratic equations

Determinants and matrices

Permutations and combinations

Sequences and Series


Coordinate Geometry

Differential calculus

Integral calculus


The Earth- A Living planet

The Domain of Air on the Planet Earth

The Domain of water on the Planet Earth

Life on the earth

The physical setting in India

Changing face of the planet earth

Natural resources and their development in India

Man-made resources and their development in India

Human resources and their development in India

NIOS 12th Syllabus for subjects without Practicals


Name of the subjects 




Reading and functional grammar

Functional writing and study skills

Listening and speaking skills

English for the specific purpose

Reading comprehension and functional grammar

Prose texts


Political Science

Individual State and their Global order

Aspects of Constitution of India

Democracy at work

Organization of the Government

Organs of Government- Centre, and State

Contemporary political concerns

Democratic decentralization

World politics and India



Basic concepts of Sociology

Social Institutions and Social stratifications

Social change socialization and social control

Indian Society

Status of women




Computer Science

Anatomy of a Digital computer

Data processing concept

Computer software

Operating system

Data communication and networking

Fundamentals of Internet and Java Programming

Introduction to C++ language

General concepts of OOP

Control statements





Introduction to financial accounting

Accounting terms, accounting equations, and journals

Voucher approach in Accounting

Bank reconciliation statement

Financial statements

Partnership accounts

Accounting for share capital



Ancient Indian History

The climax of Ancient India

Legacy of Ancient India

Rise and fall of Delhi Sultanate

The Mughal Empire

Contribution of medieval India

India’s struggle for Independence




Objects and collection

Art of Mauryan to Gupta period

Islamic Architecture

History and appreciation of Indian paintings and sculpture

Pioneers of the contemporary art movement in India

Contemporary arts of India


Data Entry Operations

Basics of computer

Data entry operations

Operating systems

Basics of computing

Formatting documents

Mail merge

Basics of spreadsheets

Formatting of worksheets

Formulas, functions, and charts

Creating presentations

Introduction to internet



Foundation of behavior I

Foundation of behavior II

Human Development


Group processes


Commerce (Business Studies)

Introduction to Business

Business as a career

Trade and service activities

Management of business

Financing of business




Evolution and characteristics of wants

Distribution of goods and services

Increasing production of goods and services

Buying and selling of goods and services

Understanding the economy

Banks, post offices, and insurance

An overview and problems of the Indian economy

World economy

Environment and sustainable development


Home Science

Home Science in everyday life

What is Home Science

The food we eat

Fibers and fabrics

Home maintenance

Health and Environment

Health emergencies

Communicable diseases

Common childhood diseases

My family and I

Concept of Development

Development  in childhood

NIOS 12th syllabus books and study material:

The National Institute Open schooling provides online books and reference material for the class 12 exams. Students can visit the website and download the books for the required subjects. The Senior Secondary books are available for the subjects Arts, Science and Commerce and after downloading the books, the students can prepare for the exams with full confidence.

Advantages of the NIOS Books for Class 12th:

  • Students who are appearing for the NIOS Senior Secondary exams can download the books from the official website. There is no need to buy any books for the NIOS 12th Board exams.
  • After downloading the books, the students can take a printout of the books and start their exam preparation.
  • The books are easily accessible to all the students.
  • The books are available in English, Hindi, Gujarati, Tamil, Oriya, and Bengali mediums.
  • The books contain all the topics of the exam and students can have a thorough preparation after downloading the books.
  • Students appearing for the National School of Open Learning Senior Secondary exams can secure good marks after studying all the topics in detail.
  • Besides covering all the topics of the respective subjects, the books also contain sample questions that help the students to brush up on their knowledge.

The process to download the books for the NIOS Class 12 exams 2024:

  • Go to the official website i.e
  • Visit the homepage and click on the online course material tab.
  • Select and click on the Senior Secondary course tab.
  • The subject links for the books will appear on the screen.
  • Click on the subject that you want to download.
  • The chapters link will open in PDF format.
  • Download the PDF and save it.
  • Similarly, you can also download the links for the remaining subjects in the same way.

Tips and tricks for preparation of the NIOS 12th syllabus:

  • The following examination tips are for the students who are appearing for the NIOS Senior Secondary exams. These tips will help the students to remain calm, focused, and stress-free during the exams. 
  •  Make your own timetable and allot time for each subject. This way you can cover all the topics of the exam.
  • Make notes highlighting the important points while studying the topics. This way you can remember each section well and also focus on the tough areas.
  • After completing each section, solve the questions given at the back of the chapter.
  • Practice makes a man perfect, so the more you practice the more you become thorough in all the topics.
  • Understand those areas which require more attention and make your preparations accordingly.
  • After you complete all the topics, solve sample question papers from previous years. This will help you in time management and also determine areas that require extra attention.
  • Study for the Practical exams with equal importance like the theory papers. You can get full marks on the practical papers if you perform well.
  • Remain stress-free during your exam preparation. Engage in activities that will keep you happy like nurturing your hobbies, bonding with family, and exercising regularly.
  • Taking good care of your health is the secret to performing well during exams. So eat nourishing food, get adequate rest and do meditation.
  • While relaxing between studying, stay away from addictive devices like mobile phones and video games. These devices do more harm than good and tend to distract the students from their studies.

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