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Microbiology Courses - BSc & MSc in Microbiology - Career as Microbiologist

Update on 12 Apr, 2024


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Microbiology Courses - BSc & MSc in Microbiology - Career as Microbiologist-here

Are you thinking of pursuing a Microbiology course after 12th? If yes then you should get all the details about Microbiology, Colleges, Course fees, and Career Scope after this course.

Microbiology Courses After 12th: Overview

  • The duration of this program after the 12th differs according to the degree level. The duration of a UG degree in Microbiology is 3 years.

  • A Postgraduate microbiologist course after 12th is usually 2 years long but some colleges offer a 3-year post-graduate (Master's) degree in Medical.

  • If you have completed your BSc and MSc. already and now you want to aim for a higher qualification, a Doctoral (P.h.D) in Microbiology would be best for you, as there is immense scope of Microbiologists in the research and development field in India. The duration of a Doctorate in Microbiology is 3 to 5 years.

In this article, we have provided all the information related to the Microbiology courses after 12th, career scope, colleges, course fees, and salary after this course. Continue reading this article to know more…

What is Microbiology?

Microbiology is the science of microscopic living organisms such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

It is the subdomain of Biology and it is further divided into some other specializations namely Virology, Immunology, Bacteriology, Nematology, Parasitology, and many more.

Speaking of the study of Microbiology, this branch of Science involves a fundamental understanding of how cell functions and the structure of every single sub-cellular component.

What is Microbiology

To become a Microbiologist, one needs to complete his/her higher secondary education with Biology as a mandatory subject in 10+2. One can opt for a BSc. Course in Microbiology after completing their 12th.

These courses are offered on various levels including Undergraduate, postgraduate, and Doctoral levels but one needs to fulfill all the required eligibility criteria to pursue a Microbiology course.

To know more about the Microbiology course, continue reading this article…

Who is a Microbiologist?

A microbiologist is a scientist who studies the characteristics of microorganisms such as bacteria, algae, and fungi.

Usually, they focus on studying the nature of organisms that are more likely to spread disease, impact the environment, or are related to industrial or agricultural interests.

Microbiologists also study the mechanism of non-living pathogens. They use high-tech microscopes and other sophisticated machinery to perform their day-to-day tasks.

What does a Microbiologist do?

The Corona-Outbreak caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has made us realize how a minute microorganism can destroy the entire world's health system.

When the entire world was suffering, health researchers, scientists, and microbiologists were the people who were studying and trying to understand the built-up, mechanism, and other characteristics of this virus, so they can come up with a cure or atleast a vaccine. They are the unsung heroes of the war against the Coronavirus.

What does a Microbiologist do

So this entire, current-day scenario gives you an overview of What does a Microbiologist do? If you are still clueless about the roles and responsibilities of a Microbiologist.

Just read the points below and you’ll catch up on everything you want to know about what does a Microbiologist do?

  • Plan and practice complex procedures, such as working on new drugs to combat a disease caused by a microorganism.

  • Identify, differentiate and classify the microorganisms found in the specimens collected from the living being, water, food, or any other source.

  • Analyze the development of the microorganism and monitor the effect of the microorganisms on animals, plants, humans, food, and the environment.

  • Isolate and maintain a favorable environment for the microorganisms so they can survive and be used for future study.

  • Keep up with the findings and latest developments made by other research groups.

  • Preparing and writing technical reports, research papers, and recommendations based on their research findings.

  • Mentoring other biological trainees and evaluating the accuracy of their results.

Microbiology Courses After 12th: Key Highlights

Popular Microbiology Courses after 12th
  • UG: B.Sc Microbiology and B.Sc (Hons) Microbiology
  • PG: M.Sc Microbiology, M.Sc Molecular Biology, Environmental Microbiology, M.Sc Clinical Microbiology, etc.
  • Certificate: A plethora of topics ranging from epidemic study to algae microbiology.
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: Bioenergetics and Molecular Enzymology, Virology, Immunology, Microbial Physiology, etc.
  • Doctorate: Ph.D. in Microbiology, Applied Microbiology, etc.
Duration of Microbiology Course
  • Certificate: A few hours to several months
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: 1-2 years
  • UG: 3-4 years
  • PG: 2 years
  • Doctorate: 2 years
Eligibility Criteria of Microbiology Course
  • Certificate: Pass in Class X or XII from a recognized board
  • Diploma: Pass in Class XII from a recognized board with a Science stream including Biology.
  • PG Diploma: Graduation from a recognized university with a science stream.
  • UG: Pass in 10+2 from a recognized board in Science stream with Biology.
  • PG: Pass in UG from a recognized University in Microbiology or related field.
  • Doctorate: Pass in PG program with any Biology subject as major
Microbiology Course Fee
  • Certificate: INR 10,000-50,000
  • Diploma & PG Diploma: INR 5,000-30,000
  • UG: INR 1,00,000-3,00,000
  • PG: INR 1,00,000-5,00,000
  • Doctorate: INR 10,000-2,75,000
Online Courses Available
Microbiology Career Prospects Microbiologist, Research Associate, Environmental Microbiologist, Biomedical Scientist, Pharmacologist, Laboratory Technician etc.
Average Salary after Microbiology Course
  • Certificate: INR 2-3 LPA
  • Diploma: INR 2-5 LPA
  • UG: INR 3-8 LPA
  • PG: INR 4-10 LPA
  • Doctorate: INR 10-20 LPA

Microbiology Course Certificatification After 12th

  • Certificate courses in Microbiology are usually offered in online mode and mostly by foreign universities. Since the trend of online and remote education came into trend, more and more people have started opting for online Certificate courses in Microbiology.
  • These types of courses are suitable for people who do not wish to pursue a full-time course due to the unavailability of time, money, or family priorities. The duration of Online certificate courses may vary from a few hours to several months.
  • This course is also suitable for students looking forward to opting for short-term courses after 12th.
  • You can always pursue a certification course for constant learning which usually helps an individual to understand the various aspects of Microbiology and gives them an upper hand over other candidates during a job interview.
  • A Certificate Microbiology course after 12th can be pursued by anyone regardless of their 10+2 stream.

Online Certificate Courses in Microbiology

Certificate Name Provider Duration Fees
Introduction to Microbiology Udemy 25.5 hours INR 1,600
Become a Microbiology Laboratory Technician Udemy 2 hours INR 1,280
Science Microbes Open University UK 6 months EUR 192 (INR 16,953)
Introduction to Algae Coursera by University of California San Diego 10 hours Free (with audit)
Viruses & How to Beat Them: Cells, Immunity, Vaccines edX by Israel University 7 weeks Free (INR 10,885 for certificate)
Cell Biology: Mitochondria edX by Harvard University 4 weeks Free (INR 7,232 for certificate)

How to Apply for Certificate Course in Microbiology After 12th?

You can directly enroll in a certificate course by visiting the official website of the course provider.

Please note that, in certificate courses, the candidate needs to submit some assignments to obtain the course certificate.

Top Colleges for Microbiology Certificate Courses After 12th: Rankings wise

Times Higher Education Global Ranking 2023 College Name Location
Rank 7 Harvard University Cambridge, USA
Rank 31 University of California, San Diego San Diego, California, USA
Rank 401 Israel University Israel
Rank 501-600 The Open University UK United Kingdom

Diploma in Microbiology & PG Diploma in Microbiology

1. Few colleges in India also offer Diploma and PG Diploma course in Microbiology. Well, the difference between these two courses is the eligibility and levels.

Diploma courses can be pursued right after completing the 12th from the Medical stream.

PG Diploma on the other hand is a postgraduate diploma that is pursued after completing graduation from a Science related discipline.

2. The duration of a Diploma in Microbiology course is 1 year and the duration of a PG diploma in Microbiology may vary from 1 yr to 2 years depending on the institute offering it.

3. These types of courses are designed for candidates who do not wish to pursue a long-time course.

These courses are also preferred by the students who want to join the job sector soon without spending time pursuing long-term degree courses.

4. The admissions to the Diploma courses are based on the score obtained by the candidate in Class 12th board exams.

PG Diploma admissions are based on the marks obtained by the candidate in graduation exams.

The students must have completed their 10+2 and Graduation from the Science stream with Biology as a mandatory subject.

Best Colleges for Microbiology Diploma Course After 12th

  1. Government Medical College Bhavnagar, Bhavnagar
  2. Era Medical College Lucknow, Lucknow 
  3. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Sawangi Wardha, Mahabaleshwar

Best Microbiology Colleges for PG Diploma Courses

  1. United School of Business, Noida
  2. Bhavnagar University, Gujarat
  3. CMJ University, Meghalaya
  4. Government Medical College Bhavnagar, Gujarat
  5. Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital - DUPMC, Maharashtra
  6. Gulbarga University, Karnataka
  7. MJP Rohilkhand University, Bareilly
  8. Amity University
  9. SRM Medical College, Hospital, and Research Centre

Career Scope After Microbiology Courses

After completing a Postgraduate Diploma in Microbiology, one can earn well in various employment areas such as College & Universities, Food Industry, Pharmaceutical Companies, Biotechnology firms, Healthcare centers, etc.

Perhaps holding a Diploma in Microbiology is not enough to bag a well-paying job, one must have in-depth knowledge and the required skills to pursue a career as a microbiologist.

Scope of Microbiology Course

Job Profiles & Salary After Microbiology PG Diploma Course

Speaking of the career options after PG Diploma in Microbiology, one can pursue a career as:

  • Microbiology Lab Technician
  • Chief Hygienist
  • Microbiologist
  • Quality Control Executive
  • Demonstrator
  • Lecturer
  • Assistant Professor
  • Microbiology Research Officer, etc.

The average salary offered to a Microbiology Diploma/PG Diploma holder ranges from Rs 2.10 L.P.A to Rs 3.50 L.P.A.

After gaining some experience in his/her respective field, a candidate can earn as well as Rs 6 L.P.A to Rs 7 L.P.A based on the job profile.

Bachelor Microbiology Courses After 12th

  • A bachelor's degree in Microbiology is one of the most popular microbiology courses after 12th. It is a regular and full-time professional course that imparts in-depth knowledge of Microbiology.

  • The duration of a BSc. Microbiology course is 3 years or 4 years.

  • Admissions to the Bachelor's Microbiology course are either based on 10+2 merit or entrance exam.

  • A BSc. Microbiology course is best suited for candidates who are looking forward to pursuing a full-time career in microbiology and science. A bachelor's course in this domain is also a minimum eligibility criterion required to pursue a higher degree in Microbiology.

Top Bachelors Microbiology Courses After 12th

  • B.Sc Microbiology
  • B.Sc (Hons.) Microbiology
  • BSc. Medical Microbiology

List of BSc Microbiology Subjects

Biochemistry Immunology Molecular Biology Biotechnology Microbial Genetics
Microbial Physiology Basic Microscopy & Instrumentation Principles of Transmission Genetics Tissue Culture BioPhysics & Instrumentation
Chemistry Principles of Transmission Genetics Medical Microbiology Bi-Statistics Introduction to Data Structure
Computer Biology & Bioinformatics Microbial Microbiology Microbial Technology Cell Structure Environmental Biotechnology
Top Colleges for Bachelors Microbiology Courses After 12th
College Name Average Course Fee  (Total)
Madras Christian College, Chennai Rs 58,000
Gargi College, University of Delhi Rs 15,045
Mount Carmel College, Bangalore Rs 1.26 Lacs
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh Rs 31,500
St. Francis College for Women Rs 1.27 Lacs
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai Rs 20,507
Fergusson College, Pune Rs 95,920
The Oxford College of Science Rs 75,000
Ethiraj College for Women, Chennai Rs 1.77 Lacs
Jai Hind College, Mumbai Rs 18,200
Kishichand Chellaram College, Mumbai Rs 24,965
Institute of Public Health & Hygiene Rs 1.92 Lacs
Manav Rachna University, Faridabad Rs 3.78 Lacs
SGT University, Gurgaon Rs 3.13 Lacs
PDM University, Bahadurgarh Rs 2.03 Lacs
Career Scope After BSc. Microbiology Course After 12th

A candidate can get many lucrative career opportunities after completing a bachelor's in Microbiology.

One can choose to study further and expand his or her horizon of knowledge about Microbiology, virology, immunology, etc.

If Higher studies are not your calling, then you can also opt for other career options associated with Microbiology.

Job Profiles & Salary After BSc. Microbiology Course

Microbiology is a vast field of study, hence there are immense career opportunities available in this field.

A BSc. Microbiology course is opted by the candidates who wish to build their career in the research field that involves studying and analyzing the continuous evolution of microorganisms and their impact on other living beings and surroundings.

After completing a BSc. Course in Microbiology you can earn atleast Rs 2.50 L.P.A to Rs 4 L.P.A based on your job profile and employment sector.

Some of the best career options after BSc Microbiology are mentioned below:

  • Biomedical Scientist
  • Research Associate
  • Microbiologist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Ecologist
  • Science Writer
  • Food Technologist
  • Academic Researcher
  • Clinical Scientist
  • Nanotechnologist
  • Marine Biologist

Best Courses After BSc Microbiology

  • PG Diploma -Bio-Informatics
  • PGDM Biotechnology
  • PG Diploma- Forensic Science
  • PG Diploma Microbiology
  • MSc. Biotechnology
  • MSc. Applied Microbiology
  • MSc. Medical Microbiology
  • MSc. Life Science
  • MSc. Biochemistry
  • MSc. Genetics
  • MSc. Bioinformatics

Masters Microbiology Courses After 12th

  • Once you complete your graduation in Microbiology or any other interrelated stream, you will become eligible to pursue a higher degree in Microbiology. Many reputed universities like Amity University and St. Xaviers College conduct personal interviews after shortlisting the candidates on the basis of merit.

  • The duration of a postgraduate Microbiology course after the 12th is usually 2 years but some colleges may offer a 3 years master's degree program in Microbiology.

  • The candidates who wish to pursue a Masters's degree in Biology must complete their Bachelor's degree in Biology (or Microbiology). Also, They must have scored atleast 50% aggregate marks in the Bachelor's degree obtained from a recognized university.

MSc. Microbiology Subjects

Microbial Biology Microbial Diversity Enzymology Biostatics
Enzymology Molecular Biology Bioinformatics (GE) Bacteriology
Mycology & Phycology DNA Technology Bioinformatics (GE) Intellectual Property Rights & Ethical Issues
Environmental Microbiology & Waste Management Microbial Genomics Virology Fermentation Technology
Host-Pathogen Interaction Dissertation-II (DSE) Food Microbiology -
Top Colleges for Masters Microbiology Courses
NIRF Ranking 2023 College Name Course Fee
5 Presidency College Rs 1,850
7 St. Xavier’s College Rs 1.68 Lacs
8 Manipal University Rs 7.90 Lacs
9 Savitribai Phule Pune University Rs 1.68 Lacs
31 St. Joseph College Rs 2.56 Lacs
32 Amity University Rs 3.04 Lacs
73 St. Francis College for Women Rs 71,160
90 St. Xavier’s College Rs 29,729
Career Scope After MSc Microbiology Course

MSc. in Microbiology course is best suited to candidates who wish to pursue their careers as a Microbiologist, a Researcher, or a lecturer.

MSc. Microbiology graduate candidates are hired in various sectors such as pharmaceutical industries, Research and Development sectors, Agriculture sector, Biotechnology and manufacturing sector, etc.

As a microbiologist researcher, you can also get employed in Government research organizations and institutes such as IISc, IISER Pune, AIIMS New Delhi, Academy of Scientific Research (AcSIR), etc.

Job Profiles & Salary After MSc. Microbiology Course

After obtaining an MSc. Microbiology degree from a recognized university, you can apply for various job roles such as:

  • Research Assistant
  • Research Analyst
  • Pharmacologist
  • Quality Control Executive
  • Clinical Research Executive
  • Microbiological Auditor
  • Lab Technician
  • Lecturer
  • Assistant Professor
  • Research Analyst
  • Process Analyst, etc.

The average salary after MSc. Microbiology Course is Rs 3.50 L.P.A to Rs 7 L.P.A depending on the job role you are applying for.

Fresher graduates can make atleast Rs 3.50 - Rs 4 Lacs annually after completing their postgraduation course in Microbiology.

List of Best Courses After MSc. Microbiology

  • Ph.D. in Microbiology
  • Ph.D. in Biotechnology
  • Ph.D. in BioScience
  • Ph.D. in Agriculture
  • Ph.D. in Biology
  • Ph.D. in Nanotechnology
  • Certification Course in Biochemistry
  • Certificate Course in Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT)
  • Certification in Food & Nutrition
  • Certification in Agriculture
  • Certification in Pharmacy
  • Certification in Nanotechnology
  • Certification in Medical Specialities
Doctoral in Microbiology Courses After 12th

A Doctoral degree in Microbiology course is mainly pursued to enter the research and development field in Microbiology.

The duration of a P.h.D in Microbiology course is a minimum of 2 years and it can be extended to atleast 5 years depending on the demand of Research.

The minimum qualification required to apply for a Doctoral Microbiology course is a Masters's degree preferably in Microbiology or equivalent obtained from a recognized university.

The candidate also needs to obtain atleast 55% marks in the postgraduation exams.

Please note that some universities also ask for a minimum of 5 years of a related working experience in the related field.

The admissions to the doctoral degree courses are based on entrance exams such as UGC NET or any other university-based entrance test followed by a personal interview.

Some private institutions also provide merit-based admissions on the basis of a Personal Interview round.

After completing a Doctoral Course in Microbiology, one can become a Lecturer/Assistant Professor in the colleges.

A P.h.D Microbiology degree holder can earn atleast Rs 4.14 L.P.A to Rs 8.7 L.P.A or more based on his/her Job Prospects.

Top Colleges for Doctoral/P.h.D Microbiology Courses
College Course Fee
Presidency College, Chennai Rs 2.10 Lacs (for regular students)
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi Rs 83,301
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata Rs 3.10 Lacs
Calcutta University, Kolkata -
Mithibai College of Arts, Mumbai Rs 88,000
Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad Rs 15,000
University of Hyderabad Rs 18,000
Assam University Rs 27,245
SRM Institute of Technology Rs 4.5 Lacs
Pondicherry University Rs 83,301
Career Scope After Doctoral/P.h.D Microbiology Course

A P.h.D in Microbiology is the highest educational qualification in this field. After completing a Doctoral course in Microbiology, you will become eligible to apply for various job roles such as Clinical Researcher, Research Scientist, and Environment Scientist.

As a microbiologist researcher, you can also get employed in Government research organizations and institutes such as IISc, IISER Pune, AIIMS New Delhi, Academy of Scientific Research (AcSIR), etc.

It is a good thing that the research and development sector in India and around the world always welcomes young researchers and wannabe scientists with open arms who have a zeal to make new developments in the research and science field.

And since the outbreak of Covid-19 and its constantly evolving versions, the demand for microbiologists and researchers is even higher than ever.

A P.h.D Microbiology holder can earn atleast Rs 8.70 L.P.A to Rs 16.05 L.P.A depending on his/her job role.

Job Profiles After P.h.D Microbiology Course

Below we have mentioned the areas in which a P.h.D Microbiology holder can use his/her expertise and build a successful career as a Microbiologist/ Researcher/Scientist:

  • Applied Research & Development
  • Government Research & Compliance Projects
  • University Training, Teaching, and Mentorship Programs
  • Diagnostics
  • Biosafety
  • Public Policy and Regulatory Affairs Professionals
  • Science Writing

Below we have mentioned the career prospects after P.h.D Microbiology:

  • Research Scientist
  • University Professor
  • Consultant
  • Clinical Laboratory Director
  • Principal Investigator
  • Research Director
  • Corporate Executive
  • University College Administrator
  • Government Science Advisor/Administrator
Top Industries for Microbiology Graduates

The research done by Microbiologists is applied in various industries to produce medicinal drugs, food & beverages, fertilizers, chemicals, and other products.

Microbiologists are needed in almost every sector that needs production by using natural resources as raw materials.

Many industries like health, dairy, water industry, chemical technology, clinical research, agriculture industry, and nanotechnology industry largely depend on Microbiologists as it is their findings that are applied in the diverse fields named above.

Below we have named some of the top industries for Microbiology Graduates with the name of the top recruiters for Microbiologists:

Employment Areas Top Companies
Pharmaceutical Industry Dr. Reddy’s, Sun Pharma, Novo Nordisk, Lupin, Panacea Biotech, Parexel, GSK, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, AstraZeneca
Agriculture Sector DuPont India, National Agro-Industry, PI Industries, Kemin Indus
Biotechnology Industry Biocon, Novozymes, Cipla, Dr. Reddy's, Johnson & Johnson, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Inc, Pfizer, Procter & Gamble, VMware
Contract Research Organization Syngene, ICON, PPD, Clintec, Covance, Medpace
Educational Institutes Osmania University, Panjab University, Sardar Patel University
Research Laboratories & Diagnostic Labs Sami Labs, Sigma, Biocare Research, SRL Diagnostics
Hospitals Global Hospitals, Wockhardt Hospitals, Lilavati Hospital & Research Centre, Apollo Hospital
Food Manufacturing Companies Amul, Cafe Coffee Day, Suguna Foods, Mondelez, Heritage Foods, McCain, Mars Incorporated
Beverage Industry Coca-cola, Tata Tea, PepsiCo, South Seas Distilleries & Breweries, Diageo
Bio-Chemical Industry Pidilite Industries Ltd, Tata Chemicals Ltd, Aarti Industries Ltd, India Glycols Ltd
Environmental Research Organizations Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board, Chilika Development Authority, Gujarat Energy Research & Management Institute, Central Pollution Control Board
Government Research Centres Defense Research and Development Organisation, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (KVASU), Central Forensic Science Laboratory, Institute of Microbial Technology, The Energy and Resources Institute, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
Why Choose a Microbiology Course after 12th?

Every day is a new challenge for Microbiologists as they conduct various research and studies about the existing and newly emerged microorganisms.

So a person who is fascinated with Microbiological Science will always get to do something new for his/her research.

After a microbiology course, you will get opportunities to work in various sectors such as

  • forensic science laboratories
  • health care organizations
  • higher education institutions
  • environmental organizations
  • public/government-funded research organizations
  • pharmaceutical manufacturing companies
  • food, a beverage company, and many more.

One can work also work as a hybrid researcher in multiple fields.

Microbiology courses give you in-depth knowledge about various subdomains of Biology such as Immunology, Bio-Informatics, Enzymology, and Bacteriology. So, you do have diverse options to choose from for your career.

Microbiology plays a significant role in the identification, isolation, diagnosis, and treatment of pathogenic microorganisms that may cause various diseases.

Apart from this Microbiology is also used in producing antibiotics and vaccines. Apart from the medical & health sector, It is also used in environment-related practices such as for the degradation of oil.

As we know pollution caused by petroleum oil is hazardous to the environment, so the oil is eliminated by the hydrocarbon bacteria.

Microbiology is used in oil production factories, chemical factories, soap manufacturing factories, bio-treatment, and many more.

Moreover, Microbiology is also significantly important in Food manufacturing organizations, there are various food-based bacteria present in our food items, Microbiologists work with Food and Drug department to identify their effect in order to prevent a recurrence.

Agricultural Microbiology helps in waste management as it helps to decompose the waste produced by various industries. And also used in producing manures, and fertilizers and improving soil quality.

The soil in which our food grows may be spoiled by various pests, bacteria, and microbes which leads to poor quality crops and even rott the crops.

The agricultural biologists help in coping with the problems caused due to these microbes and help in maintaining the microbiology of the soil.

Signing Off:

So, Microbiologists can work in various industries and have a lucrative career. They can earn as high as a medical practitioner and afford a good lifestyle.

If you are highly inquisitive and have a zeal to explore the world of microorganisms and how they behave in certain surroundings, then Microbiology is your career calling.

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