Medical Courses after 12th

Medical Courses after 12th

Have you completed your higher secondary examination with subjects (PCB)? If yes, then you might be opting for courses related to medical science. Most of the students who want to shape their career in medical line would choose courses like MBBS or BDS. But there is an also a  lot of scopes in other medical courses, which you might be unaware of. In our content, we will be discussing and sharing details with our readers about top medical courses that could act as stepping stairs for your success in future.

1. MBBS ( Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of surgery)

MBBS stands for bachelor of medicine and bachelor of surgery. The name might suggest that it is two different courses to be acted upon, but in reality, it is treated one and all together. It is the fundamental degree level process if you want to be a doctor. You have to pass your higher secondary examination with exceptional marks or even clear medical competitive examinations to secure your seat in a medical college. It is counted as the minimum qualification to practice as a doctor in India. The duration of this course is 4 ½ years which is divided into nine semesters. After the completion of course, a candidate must attain compulsory rotating internship of 1 year. The basic eligibility to pursue a degree in MBBS, is aggregate of 50 % marks in Physics, Chemistry and Bio.     

The most common exams are NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER and the top institutes to do that course are:
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • King George's Medical University, Lucknow
  • University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Puducherry
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • St Johns Medical College, Bangalore
  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College for Women, New Delhi
  • Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

BDS( Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of oral diseases and their impact on human health. The course can be pursued as a full-time graduation course or part-time through correspondence. After MBBS, BDS is the most solicited course in the field of medical science in India. Dental courses compromises of heuristic lectures, demonstrations, group discussions, seminars and conferences. The main subjects taught in the process of becoming a dentist are human oral anatomy, physiology, oral pathology and microbiology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, etc. the course duration is of 4 years with an eligibility of passing 10+2 ( Higher secondary examination ).

Top BDS schools are:
  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences
  • Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute Of Medical Sciences, Rohtak
  • Dr R. Ahmed Dental College And Hospital, Kolkata
  • SDM College Of Dental Sciences And Hospital Sattur, Dharwad
  • King George's Medical University, Lucknow
  • Jkk Natrajah Dental College & Hospital, Gandarvakottai
  • Manipal College Of Dental Sciences, Mangalore
  • Uttaranchal Dental And Medical Research Institute, Dehradun

B.SC. NURSING is a four-year degree program in nursing. This programme helps students to learn the fundamentals of nursing which includes theoretical and hands-on experience by taking care of patients and assisting doctors at the time of surgery. After the completion of this course, you become a certified nurse. The area of employment in this field is extremely vast in healthcare organizations and hospitals. Nursing is a very noble healthcare profession determined on the optimal health care of families, individuals and communities to maintain quality life of health from birth to death. The course duration is of 4 years with minimum eligibility of (10+2) with Biology. Physics and Chemistry.

Best B. Sc. Nursing colleges are:
  • RAK College of Nursing, Delhi
  • Manipal University: Manipal College of Nursing
  • Shree Ramachandra Medical University, Chennai: College of Nursing
  • Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai: Nursing
  • CMC Vellore College of Nursing
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences: Department of Nursing
  • Apollo College of Nursing, Chennai
  • Kovai Medical Center Research and Educational Trust: College of Nursing

It is an undergraduate degree course that deals with the study of pharmacy education. Those who are interested in attaining this course can become certified chemist or pharmacist. The area of employment is extremely wide in industries related to prescription, manufacture and provision of medicines. The curriculum dispenses valuable knowledge about healthcare and biomedical science.  You can even open your own store of medicines after acquiring the license of pharmacy. The course duration is of 4 years with a focus on subjects related to pharmacy, chemistry, biology and healthcare. You can also pursue a masters degree in pharmacy which offers specialisation in pharmacognosy, pharmacology, etc.

5. Pharm D

It is a professional pharmacy doctoral programme. It is the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines. Like PhD, it is known as doctoral in pharmacy. The pharmacy council of India introduced this course from the academic year 2008. It is a six years course which enables one to practice as a pharmacist under the pharmacy act, 1948. The programme of doctorate of pharmacy includes topics related to classroom theory, laboratory experiments and inspirational research projects. Minimum eligibility for this programme is (10+2) with physics, chemistry and biology. There are numerous institutes in India that offer Pharm D courses since it is a doctorate level programme, so most of the institutes go for merit-based admissions or competitive entrance exam.

6.BAMS (Bachelors of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)

It is an undergraduate degree course related to Ayurvedic medicine and surgery. BAMS is an integrated study of Ayurvedic medicine and modern science. After the successful completion of this course, a degree of doctor is awarded to students in the field of Ayurvedic science. This degree programme covers the study and analysis of modern anatomy physiology, principles of medicine, botany, fundamentals of surgery along with ayurvedic therapy topics. The duration of degree is 5 ½ years along with one year of the internship programme. The basic eligibility criteria of attaining a degree in BAMS ( Bachelors of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is passing (10+2) with PCB ( Physics, Chemistry and Biology). Selection of candidates for the programme of BAMS is based on marks in higher secondary and All India Institute of Medical Science Entrance Exam. ( AIIMS).

Best BAMS schools are:
  • Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Shivaji University, Kolhapur
  • Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, Chennai
  • Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla
  • Dr DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai
  • Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune
  • University of Calicut, Malappuram
  • Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa
7.BHMS ( Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)

BHMS is a homoeopathic medical graduation course. Homoeopathy is generally related to using of natural medicines which are used to treat both acute and chronic conditions. It is the modern art of medical science which is used by over 200 million people worldwide. It is a medical degree based on in-depth knowledge of the homoeopathic medicinal system. The time duration of this course is 5 ½ years which includes one year of internship. After the successful completion of this degree, one attains the title of homoeopathic doctor. You can also attain a degree in BHMS through correspondence. The eligibility for this course is (10+2) with a minimum aggregate of 50 % marks in physics, chemistry, biology and English.  

The Top colleges to do BHMS are:
  • Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Delhi
  • Homeopathy Arc, Indore
  • National Institute of Homeopathy, Kolkata
  • Bharatesh Homeopathic Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka
  • C.M.P. Homoeopathic Medical College, Mumbai
  • Dhondumama Sathe Homoeopathic Medical College
  • Venkateswara Homoeopathy Medical College, Chennai
  • Shri Sairam Homoeopathy  Medical College and Research Centre, Chennai
8.BUMS ( Bachelor of Unani medicine and surgery )

BUMS is one of the ancient medication systems in the world. It is a five-year degree program that deals with the applications of Unani system and surgery. The Unani system of medication is completely different from regular medication system. In this programme, students are taught to heal the patients with natural processes/ natural power of the body. The patients who take the remedy for Unani medicine or surgery need to identify the natural healing power themselves and enhance it. The scope of employment in this field can be diversified as Hakim Pharmacist, Unani Distributor, Lecturer/ Professor, Unani Consultant, Drug Inspector, Therapist. The annual income of Unani doctor can range between 6- 8 lakhs. The minimum eligibility criteria for attaining a degree in Bachelor of Unani medicine and surgery is passing (10+2) with minimum aggregate marks above 50 % in ( Physics, Chemistry and Biology ).

Elite BUMS schools are:
    • Government Unani Medical College & Hospital
    • Government Unani Medical College
    • Zulfiqar Haidar Unani Medical College & Hospital
    • ZVM Unani Medical College and Hospital
    • Eram Unani Medical College and Hospital
    • Luqman Unani Medical College & Hospital
    • National Institute of Medical Sciences

It is a 4 ½ year degree program in medical science which deals with the science of medication through exercise, massage, and other logical modalities for relaxation of muscles especially for those patients who are dealing with any kind of injury, disease or ageing. Over the past few years, it has emerged as one of the most successful modes of treatment for patients. Physiotherapy can be very challenging and as one may need to work for hours on patients who don't respond to the immediate effect of treatment. The minimum eligibility criteria is passing (10 +2) with aggregate marks in physics, chemistry and biology. Students who may want to pursue a career in physiotherapy might be interested to know that the course duration is of 4 years with an additional six months of internship from a reputed clinic or hospital. After the completion of the degree, the students are recognised as a physiotherapy doctor.

Topmost colleges include:
    • Apollo College of Physiotherapy, Hyderabad
    • Institute of Physically Handicapped, New Delhi
    • Guru Gobind Indraprastha University, Delhi
    • Government Medical College, Nagpur
    • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
    • KEM Hospital, Mumbai
    • Institute of Physically Handicapped, Delhi
10. B.V.SC. & A.H.

B.V.SC. & A.H also known as Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry is a five-year veterinary science medication course which deals with the treatment of animals. The academics in B.V.SC. & A.H. deals with the curing, treatment and analysis of various diseases in animals and birds. The subjects covered in the study of B.V.SC. & A.H. includes Veterinary anatomy and histology, Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary pharmacology, toxicology, etc. the minimum eligibility criteria of securing admission in Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry is passing (10+2) with aggregate marks above 50 % in physics, chemistry, science and biology.


BOT (BACHELOR OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY)  is a level of undergraduate degree in occupational therapy. This type of medication deals with the healing of patients dealing with a stroke or mental illness. Occupational therapy also is known as ergo medicine and is a fast developing branch of medication. The prospects of occupational therapy are very demanding in various aspects of medical science such as neurology, orthopaedics, paediatrics and conditions related to mental retardation. Those who are affected by mental illness, ageing disorder, neuro problems, etc can benefit themselves from doctors who have attained a degree in BACHELOR OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY. The minimum eligibility criteria for getting admission in BOT is passing the 12th class examination with an aggregate of over 50 % marks in physics, chemistry, biology/Botany or Zoology.


It is a 3-year undergraduate audiology course that includes speed pathology, language pathology and audiology. The fundamental subjects that lay the foundation of BASLP are anatomy, physiology and pathology whereas the subjects of specialization include otonarylogy, neurology and paediatrics. The academic course of this programme includes three years of study and one year of internship. You can become an audiologist after successful completion of this degree. You can seek employment opportunities for the designation of audiology/pathology reader, audiometry technician, speech pathologist/audiologist teacher/lecturer. The minimum criteria for getting admission in BACHELOR OF AUDIOLOGY SPEECH-LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY is passing a higher secondary examination with 50 % marks aggregate in PCB ( Physics, Chemistry, Biology).

14. Other courses related to medical science

One of the most popular course of choice among students after engineering and management is B.SC. There are some other courses in B.SC which can act as a stepping stone for your success in future. We have already defined many courses related to medical science and might not define every single course in, so we are listing these courses for our readers to choose from;

  • B.Sc. Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. Biology
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Environmental Science
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. Radiology
  • B.Sc. Bioinformatics
  • B.Sc. Anthropology
  • B.Sc. Microbiology
  • B.Sc. Zoology
  • B.Sc. Forensic Science
  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Pathology
  • B.Sc. Speech Therapy
  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Genetics
  • B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition
  • B.Sc. Sports Science
  • B.Sc. Audiology
  • B.Sc. Bota

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