GNM Nursing - Course Details, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Duration, Colleges, Career & Scope
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GNM Nursing - Course Details, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Duration, Colleges, Career & Scope

31 Mar,2021


5 min read read

GNM Course:

The GNM Course is concerned with clinical nursing. The full form of the GNM course is General Nursing and Midwifery. For students who are looking to make a career in the field of clinical nursing then the General Nursing and Midwifery course is the best course to pursue. GNM courses can be pursued by the students after completing class 12th in the science stream. The GNM course duration is 3 years and 6 months in which a mandatory 6 months internship program is included.

General Nursing and Midwifery courses are all about dealing with the knowledge of taking care of an individual who is injured or sick (patient) and help them in achieving full recovery.  The GNM Nursing Course is designed in such a way that it can provide you with essential knowledge about the fundamental concepts of nursing and which generally serves as an important stepping stone towards making a successful career in this field.

Key Point of GNM Course:

  • General Nursing and Midwifery Diploma courses teach students the clinical approach of handling the patients. 
  • Through the GNM course, students get prepared for working effectively as members of the health team and serving themselves in the recovery of the patient.
  • The General Nursing and Midwifery course fees range from 30,000 to 2,50,000 lakhs depending on the colleges. 
  • The GNM Nursing Course is designed to provide nursing assistance to individuals, communities, and countries. 
  • Even though the nursing profession is mainly for women. Males don’t have many options but the GNM Course provides wide career opportunities to both males and females. Taking care of sick people comes under nursing only. 
  • Providing help to a mother during labor and pregnancy comes under midwifery.
  • Under the GNM Nursing course, students get to study the subjects like Biological Sciences, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Anatomy, and Physiology, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Behavioral Sciences, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Fundamentals of Nursing & First Aid, etc. 
  • The curriculum of the GNM Nursing Course can differ from university to university. Some of the universities have a 6 months mandatory internship program. Students will get the diploma only after completing the internship program. 

Almost every healthcare industry is going through a tremendous change mainly due to the advancement of medical technology and with increasing life expectancy. More than ever, there is an urgent need for trained professionals to fulfill healthcare needs. Moreover, nurses are in greater demand today than ever before because of the complex health care delivery system that we now have.

What is Nursing?

Nursing is a very respectable career among all the careers and you can't visualize a future without taking up this profession. The GNM diploma course helps in creating a strong base for conquering the world with your skills. The General Nursing and Midwifery is one of those courses which help a student to shape themselves as a dedicated Nurses and help them take up a fruitful career in the field of Nursing. The course provides students with all the essential knowledge which they would require in order to understand the intricacies as well as the scope of this work. 

General Nursing and Midwifery that trains students to function as competent, caring, and effective professional nurses who will be able to meet the demands of the increasingly complex health-related situations in an ever-changing society. The course inculcates among the nursing students daring to face the challenges of newness and innovation. It prepares them for transforming the system of nursing into a dynamic, innovative, and challenging profession in all spheres of health care

GNM Nursing Course: Highlight

Course Level


Course Name

General Nursing and Midwifery

Short Name



3.5 Years

Examination Type

Semester System/ Year-wise


Class 12th with minimum 50% marks in the science stream

Admission Process

Merit-Based/ Entrance Exam

Course Fee

INR 30,000 to INR 2,50,000 Lakhs

Top Employment Areas

Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Universities, etc

Job Roles

Clinical Nurse Specialist, Consultant, Forensic Nursing, Legal Nurse, etc.

Eligibility Criteria for GNM Course:

The main eligibility criteria for pursuing General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course is as follows:

1. Students must have completed class 12th in the science stream (physics, biology, and chemistry as main subjects) from a recognized education board. 

2. Along with that, students have to score a minimum aggregate of 50% to 60% marks in the class 12th board examination. 

3. Students also have to appear in the GNM entrance exam and have to score valid marks to get selected for admission to the college. 

Admission Procedure of GNM Course:

The admission procedure of GNM is mostly based on the entrance examination conducted by the respective state. GNM entrance examination is conducted once a year. Students who are looking to get admission to the GNM Nursing Course must fulfill the eligibility criteria and then apply for admission to general nursing and midwifery. In order to get admission to the college, students have to appear in the GNM entrance examination and have to pass it with good marks. The admission procedure of the GNM course is divided into two ways one is merit-based and the second is entrance-based. 

GNM Merit-based Admission:

Very few colleges provide admission to the students based on the merit list marks obtained in the board examination. To apply for merit-based admission steps are mentioned below:

1. You can apply to the institute by filling out the application form, providing documentation of your qualifications, and paying your application fees.

2. The college will release a list of students who have been selected for admission, after evaluating their academic scores.

3. The students who make the shortlist will receive an offer letter.

4. After you accept the offer, you can enroll within the specified deadline and make an initial payment to secure your place.

GNM Entrance Exam Based Admission:

Most of the colleges take admission of the students based on the marks of the entrance examination. The admission process in GNM College is usually done through an entrance Exam. The admission process is mentioned below:

1. The students can apply to the particular exam by filling out a form, uploading documents, and paying fees.

2. The exam dates will be announced on the website and students can download the admit card for the entrance exam.

3. The college will shortlist students who have cleared the cut-off and will invite them for counselling.

4. During the counseling session, the shortlisted students can choose their course and get their documents verified.

5. Payment of the first installment allows them to enroll in the course.

GNM Entrance Exams:

General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course Syllabus:

The GNM course introduces students to caring as a holistic approach and provides strategies in the areas of nursing care, medical care, health communication, and management. In this course, students will be exposed to new modes of thought and contemporary models of nursing practice, including meeting the special needs of specific groups of patients. General Nursing and Midwifery course involve subjects like Biological Sciences, Medical-Surgical, Nursing, Anatomy and Physiology, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Behavioral Sciences, Medical-Surgical Nursing II (Specialties), Psychology, Communicable Diseases, Sociology, Orthopedic Nursing. Students can refer to the below syllabus table for the detailed curriculum of the General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course:

First-Year Syllabus:



Anatomy and Physiology

  • Introduction to anatomical terms
  • Organization of body cells, organs, tissues, etc.
  • Skeletal systems
  • Muscular systems
  • Cardio-vascular systems


  • Introduction and Scope of Microbiology
  • Micro-organisms
  • Infection and its transmission
  • Immunity
  • Introduction to Laboratory Techniques


  • Introduction
  • Psychology of Human Behaviour
  • Learning
  • Observation
  • Intelligence
  • Personality


  • Concept, Scope, and Nature of Sociology
  • The Individual
  • The Family
  • The Society
  • The Community
  • Economy

Fundamentals of Nursing

  • Introduction to Nursing
  • Nursing care of patient/client
  • Basic Nursing care and needs of a patient
  • Assessment of patient
  • Therapeutic nursing care
  • Introduction to Pharmacology

First Aid

  • Importance of First-Aid
  • First-Aid in emergency situations
  • Community Emergencies

Personal Hygiene

  • Concept of Health
  • Maintenance of Health
  • Physical Health
  • Mental Health

Second-Year Syllabus:



Medical-Surgical Nursing I

  • Introduction
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Patho Physiological Mechanism of Disease
  • Altered Immune Response
  • Clinical Pharmacology

Communicable Diseases

  • Assessment
  • Review of infection, how it spreads, and its control
  • Reparation, care, and administration of antisera and vaccines
  • Isolation- review of epidemiology and control measures
  • Management of various infectious diseases

Ear, Nose, and Throat

  • Assessment of the functions of the ear, nose, and throat.
  • Disorders and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
  • Management of disorders and diseases of ear, nose, and throat


  • Nursing Management of Patients with abnormal cell growth
  • Classification of cancer
  • Detection and prevention

Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing

  • Introduction
  • History of Psychiatric
  • Mental Health Assessment
  • Community Mental Health
  • Psychiatric Nursing Management
  • Mental Disorders

Community Health Nursing


Computer Education

  • Introduction to computers and disk operating systems
  • Introduction to word processing
  • Introduction to database
  • Graphics and use of Statistical packages
  • Computer-aided teaching and testing

Third-Year Syllabus:



Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing

  • Introduction
  • Reproductive System
  • Nursing Management of pregnant women
  • Nursing Management of women in Labour
  • Complications of pregnancy and its management

Community Health Nursing - II

  • Health System in India
  • Healthcare services in India
  • Health planning in India
  • Specialized Community health services
  • Vital health statistics

Paediatric Nursing

  • Concept in child healthcare
  • The Newborn
  • The Healthy child
  • Children with various disorders and diseases
  • Welfare of children
GNM Books;

Students who are willing to pursue General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course and want to prepare and score good marks in the examination of the General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM). so we have mentioned some best books that will help you in scoring good marks in the examination: 

Name of the Book


Anatomy, Physiology, and Microbiology

Kaarna Muni Sekhar

Community Health Nursing

S. Bhagya Lakshmi

Psychology and Sociology

K. Madhvi

Medical-Surgical Nursing

P.M. Pratibha

Child Health Nursing

S. Gomathi

GNM Midwifery Case Book

Mrs. P. Lavanya

Community Health Nursing

G. Gnana Prasuna

Paediatric Nursing


Career Scope of GNM Course:

The need for nurses in India is growing at a very fast rate, due to the increasing population and economic development. Since nursing is the biggest growing health sector, there is a huge shortage of nurses in India. To resolve this issue, the government has introduced a diploma course called General Nursing and Midwifery or GNM. The average salary for a GNM graduate is very high. People are also particularly interested in working as midwives because they like to help women during pregnancy and childbirth.

Nursing is a rewarding career. Nurses have the satisfaction of seeing their patients recover, and it is gratifying to treat people when they are ill. Perhaps we go into nursing because we are caring people, but what keeps us in the profession is its intellectual challenge. After you pass your GNM Exams, you can become a highly qualified nurse managing your own ward. The role of nurses is now more important than ever as hospitals take on increasing responsibility for the health of the nation.

Nurses ensure that patients are comfortable, help them to recover from illness, and provide care when they are not able to do so themselves. Nurses work in a wide variety of settings including hospitals, clinics, homes and schools, operating theatres, and labor wards. They also work in women's health centers, psychiatric hospitals. The salaries that can be offered after the GNM Nursing courses vary from INR 3,00,000 lakhs to INR 5,00,000 lakhs per annum and the more experience you have, the higher you're earning potential it can rise to INR 8,00,000 lakhs per annum. Since there are a lot of places where nurses can work, they can freely choose the job they like and are highly paid like hospitals, clinics, NGOs, etc. 

Students can take these job roles after completing the GNM course:

1. Health Care Nurse

2. Nursing Tutor

3. Clinical Nurse Specialist

4. Certified Nursing Assistant

5. Legal Nurse Consultant

6. Senior – Nurse Educator

7. Forensic Nursing

8. Home Care Nurse

9. Emergency Room Nurse

10. ICU Nurse

11. Teacher – Nursing School

12. Staff Nurse

13. Community Health Nurse

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