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GNM Nursing - General Nursing and Midwifery(GNM) - Check Course Details, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Duration, Colleges, Career & Scope 2024

Update on 06 Dec, 2023


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GNM Nursing - General Nursing and Midwifery(GNM) - Check Course Details, Admission, Fees, Eligibility, Duration, Colleges, Career & Scope 2024-here

GNM Course: A three-year program called the Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM Course) is designed to give students the skills they need to contribute effectively to the health team.

This curriculum emphasizes employment and includes classes like Nursing Fundamentals. Biology and Anatomy Psychology Biology First aid and social science.

The curriculum prepares students to carefully evaluate the nursing needs of patients, monitor patients' conditions, deliver appropriate nursing care, and support surgeons during operations.

The trainees are taught how to set up medical supplies in operating rooms and treat patients skillfully in an emergency.

GNM Course: Highlights

Course Level Diploma
GNM full form General Nursing and Midwifery
GNM Course Duration 3 Years
Examination Type Semester-wise / Year wise
GNM Course Eligibility Class 12th with a minimum of 50% marks in the science stream
GNM Course Admission Merit-Based / Entrance Exam
GNM Course Fees INR 30,000 to INR 2,50,000
Top Employment Areas Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Universities, etc
Job Roles Clinical Nurse Specialist, Consultant, Forensic Nursing, Legal Nurse, etc.

GNM Nursing Course Details

General Nursing and Midwifery courses are all about dealing with the knowledge of taking care of an individual who is injured or sick (patient) and helping them in achieving full recovery.

The GNM Nursing Course is designed in such a way that it can provide you with essential knowledge about the fundamental concepts of nursing and which generally serves as an important stepping stone towards making a successful career in this field.

  • General Nursing and Midwifery Diploma courses teach students the clinical approach to handling patients. 
  • Through the GNM course, students get prepared for working effectively as members of the health team and serving themselves in the recovery of the patient.
  • The General Nursing and Midwifery course fees range from 30,000 to 2,50,000 lakhs depending on the college. 
  • The GNM Nursing Course is designed to provide nursing assistance to individuals, communities, and countries. 
  • Even though the nursing profession is mainly for women. Males don’t have many options but the GNM Course provides wide career opportunities to both males and females. Taking care of sick people comes under nursing only. 
  • Providing help to a mother during labor and pregnancy comes under midwifery.
  • Under the GNM Nursing course, students get to study the subjects like Biological Sciences, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Anatomy, and Physiology, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Behavioral Sciences, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Fundamentals of Nursing & First Aid, etc. 
  • The curriculum of the GNM Nursing Course can differ from university to university. Some universities have a 6 months mandatory internship program. Students will get the diploma only after completing the internship program. 

Almost every healthcare industry is going through a tremendous change mainly due to the advancement of medical technology and increasing life expectancy.

More than ever, there is an urgent need for trained professionals to fulfill healthcare needs. Moreover, nurses are in greater demand today than ever before because of the complex healthcare delivery system that we now have.

Nursing is a very respectable career among all the careers and you can't visualize a future without taking up this profession. The GNM course helps in creating a strong base for conquering the world with your skills.

General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) is one of those courses which help a student to shape themselves as dedicated Nurses and help them take up a fruitful career in the field of Nursing. The course provides students with all the essential knowledge that they would require in order to understand the intricacies as well as the scope of this work. 

GNM Course trains students to function as competent, caring, and effective professional nurses who will be able to meet the demands of increasingly complex health-related situations in an ever-changing society. The course inculcates nursing students daring to face the challenges of newness and innovation. It prepares them for transforming the system of nursing into a dynamic, innovative, and challenging profession in all spheres of health care

GNM Course Eligibility

The main eligibility criteria for pursuing General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course are as follows:

  1. Students must have completed class 12th in the science stream (physics, biology, and chemistry as main subjects) from a recognized education board.
  2. Along with that, students have to score a minimum aggregate of 50% to 60% marks in the class 12th board examination.
  3. Students also have to appear in the GNM entrance exam and have to score valid marks to get selected for admission to the college.

GNM Course Admission Process

The admission procedure of GNM is mostly based on the entrance examination conducted by the respective state. The GNM entrance examination is conducted once a year.

Students who are looking to get admission to the GNM Course must fulfill the eligibility criteria and then apply for admission to general nursing and midwifery.

In order to get admission to the college, students have to appear in the GNM entrance examination and have to pass it with good marks. The admission procedure of the GNM course is divided into two ways one is merit-based and the second is entrance-based. 

GNM Course Merit-Based Admission

Very few colleges provide admission to students based on the merit list marks obtained in the board examination.

To apply for merit-based admission steps are mentioned below:

  1. You can apply to the institute by filling out the application form, providing documentation of your qualifications, and paying your application fees.
  2. The college will release a list of students who have been selected for admission, after evaluating their academic scores.
  3. The students who make the shortlist will receive an offer letter.
  4. After you accept the offer, you can enroll within the specified deadline and make an initial payment to secure your place.

GNM Course Entrance Exam-Based Admission

Most of colleges take admission students based on the marks of the entrance examination. The admission process in GNM College is usually done through an entrance Exam.

The admission process is mentioned below:

  1. The students can apply to the particular exam by filling out a form, uploading documents, and paying fees.
  2. The exam dates will be announced on the website and students can download the admit card for the entrance exam.
  3. The college will shortlist students who have cleared the cut-off and will invite them for counseling.
  4. During the counseling session, the shortlisted students can choose their courses and get their documents verified.
  5. Payment of the first installment allows them to enroll in the course.

List of GNM Entrance Exams

  1. AIIMS Exam
  2. BHU Nursing Entrance Exam
  3. JIPMER Exam
  4. PGIMER Exam
  5. MGM CET Nursing
  6. IGNOU Entrance Exam
  7. RUHS Nursing Entrance Exam

GNM Syllabus

The GNM course introduces students to caring as a holistic approach and provides strategies in the areas of nursing care, medical care, health communication, and management.

In this course, students will be exposed to new modes of thought and contemporary models of nursing practice, including meeting the special needs of specific groups of patients.

General Nursing and Midwifery course involve subjects like:

  • Biological Sciences
  • Medical-Surgical
  • Nursing
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Medical-Surgical Nursing
  • Microbiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Behavioral Sciences
  • Medical-Surgical Nursing II (Specialties)
  • Psychology
  • Communicable Diseases
  • Sociology
  • Orthopedic Nursing

Students can refer to the below syllabus table for the detailed curriculum of the General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course:


GNM Course 1st Year Syllabus
Topic Description
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction to anatomical terms
Organization of body cells, organs, tissues, etc.
Skeletal systems
Muscular systems
Cardio-vascular systems
Microbiology Introduction and Scope of Microbiology
Infection and its transmission
Introduction to Laboratory Techniques
Psychology Introduction
Psychology of Human Behaviour
Sociology Concept, Scope, and Nature of Sociology
The Individual
The Family
The Society
The Community
Fundamentals of Nursing Introduction to Nursing
Nursing care of patient/client
Basic Nursing care and needs of a patient
Assessment of patient
Therapeutic nursing care
Introduction to Pharmacology
First Aid Importance of First-Aid
First-Aid in emergency situations
Community Emergencies
Personal Hygiene Concept of Health
Maintenance of Health
Physical Health
Mental Health
GNM Course 2nd Year Syllabus
Topic Description
Medical-Surgical Nursing I Introduction
Nursing Assessment
Patho Physiological Mechanism of Disease
Altered Immune Response
Clinical Pharmacology
Communicable Diseases Assessment
Review of infection, how it spreads, and its control
Reparation, care, and administration of antisera and vaccines
Isolation- review of epidemiology and control measures
Management of various infectious diseases
Ear, Nose, and Throat Assessment of the functions of the ear, nose, and throat.
Disorders and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
Management of disorders and diseases of ear, nose, and throat
Oncology/Skin Nursing Management of Patients with abnormal cell growth
Classification of cancer
Detection and prevention
Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Introduction
History of Psychiatric
Mental Health Assessment
Community Mental Health
Psychiatric Nursing Management
Mental Disorders
Community Health Nursing -
Computer Education Introduction to computers and disk operating systems
Introduction to word processing
Introduction to database
Graphics and use of Statistical packages
Computer-aided teaching and testing
GNM Course 3rd Year Syllabus
Topic Description
Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing Introduction
Reproductive System
Nursing Management of pregnant women
Nursing Management of women in Labour
Complications of pregnancy and its management
Community Health Nursing - II Health System in India
Healthcare services in India
Health planning in India
Specialized Community health services
Vital health statistics
Paediatric Nursing The Concept in child healthcare
The Newborn
The Healthy Child
Children with various disorders and diseases
Welfare of children

GNM Books

Students who are willing to pursue the General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Course and want to prepare and score good marks in the examination of the General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM).

So we have mentioned some best books that will help you in scoring good marks in the examination:

Name of the Book Author
Anatomy, Physiology, and Microbiology Kaarna Muni Sekhar
Community Health Nursing S. Bhagya Lakshmi
Psychology and Sociology K. Madhvi
Medical-Surgical Nursing P.M. Pratibha
Child Health Nursing S. Gomathi
GNM Midwifery Case Book Mrs. P. Lavanya
Community Health Nursing G. Gnana Prasuna
Paediatric Nursing Gomathi

Career Scope of GNM Course

The need for nurses in India is growing at a very fast rate, due to the increasing population and economic development. Since nursing is the biggest growing health sector, there is a huge shortage of nurses in India. To resolve this issue, the government has introduced a diploma course called General Nursing and Midwifery or GNM. The average salary for a GNM graduate is very high. People are also particularly interested in working as midwives because they like to help women during pregnancy and childbirth.

Nursing is a rewarding career. Nurses have the satisfaction of seeing their patients recover, and it is gratifying to treat people when they are ill. Perhaps we go into nursing because we are caring people, but what keeps us in the profession is its intellectual challenge. After you pass your GNM Exams, you can become a highly qualified nurse managing your own ward. The role of nurses is now more important than ever as hospitals take on increasing responsibility for the health of the nation.

Nurses ensure that patients are comfortable, help them to recover from illness, and provide care when they are not able to do so themselves. Nurses work in a wide variety of settings including hospitals, clinics, homes and schools, operating theatres, and labor wards. They also work in women's health centers, and psychiatric hospitals. The salaries that can be offered after the GNM Nursing courses vary from INR 3,00,000 lakhs to INR 5,00,000 lakhs per annum and the more experience you have, the higher you're earning potential can rise to INR 8,00,000 lakhs per annum. Since there are a lot of places where nurses can work, they can freely choose the job they like and are highly paid like hospitals, clinics, NGOs, etc. 

Students can take these job roles after completing the GNM Course:

  • Health Care Nurse
  • Nursing Tutor
  • Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Certified Nursing Assistant
  • Legal Nurse Consultant
  • Senior – Nurse Educator
  • Forensic Nursing
  • Home Care Nurse
  • Emergency Room Nurse
  • ICU Nurse
  • Teacher – Nursing School
  • Staff Nurse
  • Community Health Nurse

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