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Genetics Courses After 12th - Check Course Fees, Duration, Career & Scope 2024}

Update on 22 Apr, 2024


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Genetics Courses After 12th - Check Course Fees, Duration, Career & Scope 2024}-here

What is Genetics?

Genetics is a branch of biology that deals with the study of various characteristics of DNA present in the organisms, it also includes how the DNA manifests to form genes, and how these genes are inherited by the offspring.

Precisely, Genetics is the scientific study of genes and heredity, this field of study indicates how certain traits and qualities are passed from parents to their offspring due to the changes in DNA sequence.

Importance of Genetics:

Have you ever wondered, why we carry the same looks and characteristics as our parents? How does a tiny cell develop into a full-grown living being?  Well, Genetics is the answer to both of these questions.

Genetics has always been the major reason behind the problem of how the hereditary information in DNA determines how an organism will look like.  If you are someone who has always been fascinated with this branch of Biology, then you should check out some details about the Genetics Courses after 12th.

Genetics science plays a crucial role to foster preventive health in India. With the surging cases of non-contagious and chronic diseases, preventive health care has become even more important.

Genetical disorders or diseases can be prevented by early diagnosis and treatment. But diagnosing such problems is not possible without Genetic science.

Do you know that 1 out of 20 newborns admitted to the hospital carries a genetic disease in India that account for around 1 out of 10 infant Mortality? This sums up the need for preventive health and genetics in India.

And hence in the coming years, Genetics will be in huge demand in the health and agriculture sector of India.

Characteristics of Genetic Code:

Characteristics of Genetic Code

Genetics Courses After 12th:

There are various types of undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral courses offered in the Genetics Branch of Biology. Usually, the Genetics courses are offered in the science and engineering programs.

One can choose from many options available in the Genetics branch. You can either go for a BSc. Genetics course or choose a Genetics engineering course after 12th.

Below we have mentioned some of the best and most popular Genetics courses offered in India, have a look:

Undergraduate Courses in Genetics After 12th:

Undergraduate Genetics Courses are Bachelor's degree courses offered in Science or Technology discipline namely BSc. program or B.Tech Program.

The duration of undergraduate Genetics courses after 12th varies from 3 to 4 years depending on the nature f your degree. B.Tech course in Genetics engineering is 4 years long, BSc. course duration, on the other hand, is 3 years only.

Below we have mentioned the names of Top UG Genetics Courses after 12th:

  • BSc. Genetics
  • BSc. Hons. Genetics (BSc, (Hons.) Genetics)
  • BSc. in Genetics, Chemistry, and Microbiology
  • BSc. (Hons.) Human Genetics
  • BSc. Genetics, Biochemistry, Biotechnology
  • B.Tech Genetic Engineering
  • BSc. (Agri) Genetics & Plant Breeding

BSc. Genetics Course: Key Highlights

Course Name Bsc. Genetics
Full Name Bachelor of Science in Genetics
Level Undergraduate
Duration of Course 3 years
Eligibility Minimum 50%-60% in 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects
Admission Criteria Merit-Based & Entrance Based
Top entrance exams CUET, UPSEE, TS EAMCET, BHU-UET, etc.
Average Course Fee Rs 4 lacs (more if planning to study in Foreign universities)
Average Salary Rs 4 L.P.A-Rs 5 L.P.A
Career Prospects Animal Breeder, Bio Technician, Genetics Laboratory Technician, Clinical Researcher, Geneticist, etc.
Top Employment Sectors Healthcare Centres, Consultancies, Forensic Departments, Testing Labs, Hospitals, Pharmaceuticals industry

Postgraduate/Master Courses in Genetics:

The Masters's degree offered under the specialization of Genetic Science or Genetic Technology is MSc. or M.Tech. The duration of MSc. course in Genetics is 2 to 3 years whereas the M.Tech course in Genetics is only 2 years long.

Below we have mentioned the names of various postgraduate courses in Genetics after 12th:

  • MSc. Honors in Genetics
  • MSc. in Genetics
  • MSc. in Biomedical Genetics
  • MSc. in Applied Genetics
  • MSc. in Human Genetics
  • MSc. in Human Disease Genetics
  • MSc. in Philosophy in Genetics(M.Phil Genetics)
  • MSc. in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics
  • MSc. in Molecular Biology & Human Genetics
  • MSc. in Genetics & Plant Breeding
  • M.Tech Genetic Engineering

MSc. Genetics Course: Key Highlights

Course Level Postgraduate
Full-Form Master of Science
Duration of course 2 years
Examination type Semester and Annual
Eligibility Criteria 50% - 55% aggregate marks in Graduation preferably BSc. in Biology/Genetics or any other relevant discipline
Admission Process Merit-Based/Entrance Based
Average Course Fee Rs 5,000 to Rs 2 Lacs
Average Salary after MSc. Genetics Rs 2 L.P.A to Rs 8 L.P.A
Jobs after Msc. Genetics Senior Scientific Officer – Molecular Genetics, Technical Assistant - Molecular Genetics, Associate Professor - Medical Genetics, National Sales Manager – Genetics, Sales & Marketing Executive, Principal Plant Breeder – Cotton, Partner Account Manager

Doctoral Course in Genetics:

A Doctoral (Ph.D.) degree is the highest degree one can pursue, this degree is pursued to build a career as a Researcher or a University Professor.

The duration of the Ph.D. Genetics program varies from 3 to 5 years depending on the research topic chosen by the student.

Below we have mentioned the names of various P.h.D Genetics Courses:

  • P.h.D in Human Genetics
  • P.h.D in Genetics
  • P.h.D in Genetic Engineering
  • P.h.D in Molecular & Human Genetics
  • Ph.D. (Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering)

P.h.D Human Genetics Course: Key Highlights

Course Level Doctorate
Full-Form Doctor of Philosophy in Human Genetics
Duration 2 to 5 Years (depends on the research requirements)
Examination type Both Semester and Annual
Eligibility criteria Master's Degree or M.Phil in Science or any relevant field from any recognized university/college with a minimum of 50% marks at the graduate level
Admission Process Based on score in Entrance Examination
Average Course fee Rs 10,000 to Rs 2,00,000
Average Annual Salary after P.h.D Human Genetics Rs 7,00,000 to Rs 12,00,000
Areas of Employment after P.h.D Human Genetics Educational Institutions, Clinical Labs, Research Centers, Healthcare centers, Human Genome Projects, Life science centers, etc.
Jobs after P.h.D Human Genetics Genetics counselors, Professors/Lecturers, Association Genetics scientists, molecular genetics technologists, medical technologists, client relationship managers, national sales managers, human genetics scientists, and many more.

Eligibility Criteria for Genetic Courses After 12th:

  • BSc. Genetics Eligibility Criteria: To pursue an Undergraduate (BSc./B.Tech) Genetics course after 12th, The candidate must have completed atleast 50% to 60% aggregate marks in 10+2 board examinations or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects.

  • MSc. Genetics Eligibility Criteria: The eligibility criteria for the Postgraduate genetics (MSc./M.Tech) course, the candidate must graduate (BSc. or B.Tech) in a relevant discipline such as Genetics, Botany, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Molecular Biology, Life Sciences Biomedical Sciences, etc. The minimum score required in the graduation examination is 55% and that must be obtained from a recognized university.

  • P.h.D Genetics Eligibility Criteria: If you wish to pursue a Ph.D. in Genetics, then you will require to hold a Master's degree or M.Phil in Genetics or any other relevant branch of Science/Biology with atleast 50% aggregate marks at the postgraduate level. The P.h.D in Genetics eligibility criteria differs according to the institute offering it. Some institutes/universities will also ask for the entrance exam scores such as CSIR NET, TIFR-GS, or DBT-JRF.

  • If you are thinking of pursuing a Genetics course overseas, then you must have to appear in the English Proficiency Tests such as IELTS/TOEFL/PTE, etc. For pursuing a Genetics degree in foreign universities, one also needs to present an SOP (Statement of Purpose), LORs (Letter of Recommendations), Resume, and Marksheets to complete their college application for various genetics science and genetic engineering courses.

Duration of Genetic Course After 12th:

The duration of Genetics course varies according to the degree level and discipline of the course. For eg- The duration of a BSc. Genetics course is 3 years whereas a B.Tech genetics engineering duration is 4 years. On the other hand, A post-graduate degree - the duration of MSc. Genetics course is 2 years or 3 years whereas M.Tech in Genetics engineering is a 2 years long course.

Admission Process in Genetics Courses:

Admission to a Genetics course after the 12th are usually based on Merit, however, some renowned universities offer admission to a Genetic Course based on national or state level entrance exam such as CUET, UPSEE, TS EAMCET, etc.

Earlier the undergraduate admissions to Delhi University and other such universities were based on the merit secured by the candidate in the 10+2 board exams but now the UGC has made it mandatory for all the central universities of India to consider CUET (Combine University Entrance Test) scores to provide admissions to the UG Courses including BSc. Genetic course.

List of Entrance Exams for Admissions to Genetics Courses After 12th:
  • CUET
How to get Admission in MSc. Genetics/ M.Tech Genetic Engineering?

The admissions to MSc. Genetics/M.Tech Genetic Engineering is usually based on the national/state/university level entrance exam.

IIT JAM, GATE,  BITSAT, and CUET are some of the popular exams accepted by the premier colleges in India.

Genetics Engineering Course

Many private colleges also offer merit-based admissions to the MSc. Genetics and M.Tech Genetic Engineering courses.

Below we have mentioned the names of some of the Top entrance exams conducted to provide admissions to postgraduate genetic science/genetic engineering courses:

List of Entrance Exams for PG in Genetics Courses:

  • Combined University Entrance Test (CUET)
  • IIT JAM (Joint Entrance Exam)
  • NIPER JEE (Joint Entrance Exam)
  • PGIMER (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research Entrance Exam)
  • DAVV Admission Non-CET
How to get Admission in P.h.D Genetics/P.h.D Genetics Engineering?

Every institution has set its own admission criteria to offer P.h.D seats to the applicants. Candidates will have to visit the official website of the college to know the P.h.D Genetics admission guidelines.

Some colleges shortlist the students based on the merit obtained in the M.Phil/M.Tech/M.Sc degree in Genetics.

Some reputed colleges and public universities also conduct entrance exams and personal interviews to select candidates for P.h.D Genetics admissions.

List of Entrance Exams for P.h.D Genetics Courses After PG:
  • UGC-NET Exam
  • DBT JRF Entrance Test
  • ICMR Junior Research Fellowships
  • NIPER Ph.D. Entrance Exam
  • BITS Ph.D. Entrance exam
  • IISC Ph.D. Entrance Exam etc.
Skills Required to Pursue a Genetics Course:
  • Good in Mathematics: For Genetics, one must be proficient in general mathematics, statistics, and calculus. While practicing the everyday tasks of Genetics, geneticist needs to use complicated formulas and math equations. Good mathematical knowledge may come in handy when you will apply for a Genetics course. 

  • Problem-solving: Geneticists are responsible for finding the answers to complex scientific phenomena caused by genetic issues. For this, they conduct various experiments and analyze the data therefore problem-solving skills and a positive approach are very necessary for performing tasks.

  • Time Management skills: Sometimes Geneticists work under time boundations and have to meet deadlines while conducting research and performing some regular procedures. So, the candidate also needs to be punctual and time efficient while delivering the accurate results (quality work), if they want to be good at their work,

  • Interpersonal Skills: Geneticists work in various teams to achieve a common goal, therefore interpersonal skills are very essential so they can run or lead the team more efficiently and coordinate properly with their fellow team members.

  • Persistence: Some researches take time and there are times when geneticists have to use repetitive attempts to find the accurate results. They use trial and error methods, which sometimes is very time-consuming and therefore persistence is very important. Showing up at work regularly and staying persistent in your research is of utmost importance.

  • Good Communication Skills: Communication is another most important skill required to pursue a career as a geneticist. Geneticists need to communicate with their fellow researchers, they also have to write and publish research reports and present presentations, therefore both verbal and written communication is necessary to pursue a career in Geneticist.

  • Critical Thinking: Genetics have to use their reasoning ability and judgment to derive conclusions from their research and experiments. Hence, Critical thinking will help a candidate draw more accurate conclusions and findings.

  • Discipline: To become successful in any field, one needs to be disciplined in life. As a Geneticist, you also need to be disciplined, focused, and determined toward your goals.

  • Dexterity (Handy skills): Geneticists have to perform various tasks and operate various equipments to obtain accurate results and analyze the product. While performing the experiments and analysis, they may have to use equipment that may need precise movements, therefore dexterity and steady hands are required.

Genetics Course Subjects & Syllabus:

The syllabus of Genetic courses depends on the nature of your degree. As mentioned earlier, Genetic after 12th are offered under various degree levels and types. One can choose from a Science degree or a Technology degree depending on one’s preference.

Below we have mentioned the syllabus of various Genetics courses semester-wise:

BSc. Genetics Syllabus & Subjects:
Semester I Semester II
Scope of Genetics History of Genetics
Microscopy Law of Segregation
Model Organisms Elements of Biometry
UltraStructure of cells and cells organelles Multiple Alleles
Cell Cycle and Cell Division Gene Interactions
Practical 1 Sex Determination
- Law of Independent Assortment
- Biography of Mendel
Semester III Semester IV
Culturing and Handling of Drosophila Nucleic Acids
Study of types of Drosophila Chemical Basis of Heredity
Genetic Problem of linkage and crossing over DNA Replication
Study of chromosomes Gene Expression
Drosophila melanogaster Genome Organization
Salivary Gland Chromosome Introduction to Genomics and Proteomics
- Mutations
- Bacterial Genetics
- Transposable Elements
Semester V Semester VI
Introduction to RDT Development Genetics
Tools of RDT Evolutionary Genetics
Techniques of RDT Population Genetics
Isolation of Gene Biometrical Genetics
Direct gene transfer method -
Selection and screening of Recombinant -
Applications -
B.Tech Genetics Engineering Syllabus & Subjects:
Semester 1st Semester 2nd
Mathematics I Mathematics II
English Biochemistry
Physics Cell Biology
Chemistry Basic Engineering II
Basic Engineering I Principles of environment science
Practical in Sem I Material Science
Chemistry Lab Practical in Sem II
Computer Literacy Biochemistry Lab
Engineering drawing Computer workshop
Semester 3rd Semester 4th
Immunology Basic molecular technique
Microbiology Molecular biology
Genetics and Cytogenetics Bioprocess principles
Mechanical operations and heat transfer Stoichiometric and engineering thermodynamics
Enzyme technology Biostatistics
German Language I, Japanese Language I, French Language I German Language II, Japanese Language II, French Language II
Practical in Sem III Practical in Sem IV
Microbiology Lab Molecular technique lab
Immunology Lab Bioprocessing engineering lab
Semester 5th Semester 6th
Biophysics Recombinant DNA technology
Advance molecular techniques Bioinformatics
Functional genomics and microarray technology Gene therapy
Momentum transfer Chemical reaction engineering
Bioprocessing engineering Biosensor and biochip
Plant tissue culture and transgenic technology Elective I
Practical in Sem V Practical in Sem VI
Gene expression lab Gene cloning and DNA sequencing lab
Plant genetic engineering lab Bioinformatics lab
Industrial training I -
Semester 7th Semester 8th
Bio-separation techniques Biosafety, bioethics, patent, and IPR
Animal Cell Culture and Transgenic Technology Bio-Safety, Bio-ethics, IPR & Patients
Nano-biotechnology in Healthcare -
Stem Cell Biology -
MSc. Genetics Syllabus & Subjects:
Semester 1st Semester 2nd
Concepts of Genetics Gene Expression and Regulation
Chromosomes, Genes, and Genomes Human Genetics
Biostatistics and Population Genetics Molecular Plant Breeding
Concepts in Cell and Molecular Biology Introduction to Bioinformatics
Practical including continuous assessment Practical including continuous assessment
Semester 3rd Semester 4th
Students’ seminar Developmental Biology
Recombinant DNA Technology Drosophila Genetics
Plant Genetic Engineering Genetics of Bacteria and Their Viruses
Elective Courses (any three) Fungal Genetics
Practical including continuous assessment Practical including continuous assessment
M.Tech Genetics Engineering Syllabus & Subjects:
Semester 1st Semester 2nd
Molecular cloning Developmental genetics
Regulation of gene expression Cancer genetics
Human genetics Program Elective 1
Statistical methods Program Elective 2
Research methodology Program Elective 3
Semester 3rd Semester 4th
Program Elective 4 Project - Phase II
Program Elective 5 -
Program Elective 6 -
Best Colleges for Genetics in India:

Numerous colleges in India offer Genetic courses under various specializations. If you are interested in Genetic Science and Technology, then you should find yourself at a college that can provide you with quality education and practical training in genetics.

Below we have mentioned some of the Best colleges for Genetics in India course-wise:

Below we have mentioned the names of the Top BSc. Genetics Colleges in India that offer you the best quality education, facilities, placement, and best return on investment (ROI).

We have also mentioned the BSc. Genetics course fees besides the college names:

College Name Course Fee
Banaras Hindu University Rs 90,000
University of Delhi Rs  3,860 - Rs 68,990
SRM University Rs 7.50 Lacs
Punjab Agricultural University -
University of Kolkata Rs 2,000
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Rs 33,000
AIMS Bangalore Rs 2.48 Lacs
The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore Rs 75,000
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi Rs 90,000
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore -
University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore Rs 69,000
University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad Rs 67,860
Best B.Tech Genetic Engineering Colleges in India:

Are you thinking of pursuing an offbeat B.Tech degree? Well, B.Tech Genetic Engineering is a very new and unexplored course option and very few colleges in India offer this course.

Below we have listed the Top B.Tech Genetic Engineering Colleges in India along with the course fee:

College Name Course Fee
SRM University, Chennai Rs 10 Lacs
Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research Chennai Rs 6 Lacs
Sharda University, Greater Noida Rs 7.05 Lacs
University of Engineering & Management, Jaipur Rs 4.21 Lacs
Parul University, Vadodara Rs 1.20 Lacs
Best Msc Genetics Colleges in India:

 MSc. Genetics is a good course for those who wish to pursue a higher degree after completing their graduation in Genetics or any other domain of Biology.

For such candidates, we have shortlisted some of the Top MSc. Genetics Colleges in India and also mentioned MSc Genetics course fee along with the college names:

College Name Course Fee
Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore Rs 1.60 Lacs
Calcutta University, Calcutta Rs 16,338
University of Delhi, Delhi Rs 3,860 - Rs 68,990
Manipal School of Science, Manipal Rs 5.94 Lacs
MDU, Rohtak Rs 20,000
Bangalore University, Bangalore Rs 34,990
Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar Rs 4.00 Lacs
Gujarat University, Gujrat Rs 1.07 Lacs
Best M.Tech Genetics Colleges in India:

India has only a few colleges that offer M.Tech degrees in Genetics Engineering.

Below we have named some Top M.Tech Genetics Engineering Colleges with their M.Tech Genetics Engineering Course fee:

College Name Course Fee
SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Chennai Rs 3.20 Lacs
Bharath Institute of Higher Education & Research -
IISc Bangalore Rs 43,400
Sharda University Rs 2.04 Lacs
Best Foreign Universities for Genetics Course:

There are many candidates who might wish to pursue a Genetics science or Genetics Engineering course from overseas.

Well, the idea of pursuing your Genetics degree abroad is good as they can offer you better career prospects, exposure, and practical training in Genetic Development as compared to domestic universities.

Speaking of pursuing a degree abroad, the best countries to study Genetics are the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland, Turkey, and the USA.

Below we have also named some of the top foreign universities for Genetics courses:

  1. Harvard University
  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  3. Stanford University
  4. University of California-San Francisco
  5. Johns Hopkins University
  6. University of Pennsylvania
  7. University of Washington
  8. University of Toronto
  9. University of Cambridge
Career in Genetics in India - Scope, Jobs, Salary after Genetics Course 2024:

Genetics is an emerging career field, there are still many developments that are yet to be made in this field. This explains that Genetics has a great career scope.

The Career in Genetics in India is best suited for those candidates who are born with inquisitiveness and curiosity for Genetic science. In India, Very few students opt for genetics after completing their 12th which makes it a less competitive field.

Genetics courses are best suited for students who are interested in Biology and Chemistry. The career scope in Genetics is immense, especially for those who have a zeal to explore this field.

Speaking of the Career Options in Genetics, below we have mentioned the career options after Genetics Course:

Jobs After Genetics Course in India:

  • Genetic Counsellors
  • Scientific Writer
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Nutritionist
  • Genetic Scientist in Agriculture & Food
  • Clinical Laboratory Scientist
  • Medical Sales Executive
  • Scientific Writing
  • Medical Scientist
  • Clinical Research Coordinator
  • Epidemiologist
  • Plant Breeder
  • Scientific Researcher
  • Pharmacologist
  • Biotech Consultant
  • Clinical molecular geneticist
Genetics Salary / Salary after Genetics Course:
Scientific Researcher Rs 5.7  L.P.A
Scientific Writer Rs 8.10 L.P.A
Clinical Laboratory Scientist Rs 3.08 L.P.A
Clinical Research Coordinator Rs 3.60 L.P.A
Pharmacologist Rs 6.75 L.P.A
Forensic Scientist Rs 3.24 L.P.A
Medical Sales Executive Rs 3.00 L.P.A
Epidemiologist Rs 13.91 L.P.A
Biotech Consultant Rs 11 L.P.A
Nutritionist Rs 2.65 L.P.A
Plant Breeder Rs 4.37 L.P.A
Clinical Molecular Geneticist Rs 12 L.P.A
Top Employment Sectors for Genetics:

After gaining some hands-on experience acquired by doing an internship or a small research project, you can easily get a job in any of the following employment sectors depending on your interest and specialized field:

  • DNA Forensic Department
  • Universities
  • Hospitals
  • Agricultural Firms
  • Animal Breeding Industry
  • Pharmaceutical Industry & Suppliers
  • Food & Beverage Companies
  • Healthcare Sector
  • Beauty and Skin Care companies
  • Research Organizations & Institutes
  • Universities & Institutes
Top Recruiters for Genetics Graduates:

There are numerous organizations that recruit Genetics professionals for various job posts.

Below we have stated the names of some of the Top Recruiters for Genetics Graduates:

  • MedGenome
  • Strand Life Sciences
  • Mapmygenome
  • Lilac Insights
  • The Gene Box
  • XCode Life Sciences
  • WellOwise
  • InterpretOmics
  • Genecor
  • GeneTech
  • GenePath Dx
  • Genes2me LLC
  • Datar Genetics
  • Avesthagen
  • Eastern Biotech & Life Sciences
  • Genprot
  • FTF Pharma
  • Lab P53
  • OTFCoder
  • OTS and Services
  • Genexplore Diagnostics and Research Centre
Advantages of Being a Geneticist:
  • A highly respectable and well-paying job for someone who wants a stable job and a secure career.
  • Geneticists can also work for government research projects and laboratories.
  • The pay scale for Geneticists is high.
  • As a Geneticist, you can also get self-employed and conduct your own research projects or you can set up your own laboratory.
  • The Geneticist always has something new to do. Every day is a new challenge and they can explore and discover more and more. There is an unlimited scope for new discoveries in this career field.
Disadvantages of Being a Geneticist:
  • The job of a Geneticist involves long working hours, sometimes they have to work for days depending on the requirement of the research.
  • Becoming a Geneticist is not as easy as it sounds, it requires extensive knowledge, advanced skills, and a lot of hands-on training and experience to become a successful Geneticist in India.
  • This job demands a lot of time, patience, determination, analytical skills, and effort.
  • As a Genetic Researcher, You might have to face an imbalance between your work and personal life.

Signing Off:

Well, Geneticist is one of the most time taking, titled, and toughest careers for a Science student. It takes more than 6 years to establish a career as a geneticist.

We suggest pursuing this course only if you are genuinely interested in Genetics and have a good grasp of knowledge in Biology, Chemistry, and Mathematics subjects.

Candidates who are doubtful about choosing Genetics as a career can contact us to get a Career assessment test and career counseling.

This will help them to understand whether Genetics is a suitable career path for them or not. You can contact us anytime by filling up our contact information form or you can email us at [email protected].

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