Update on 07 Apr, 2023
5 min read
The full form of BVSc. is Bachelor of Veterinary Science, it is a 5-year Undergraduate course that imparts the knowledge of veterinary science, in other words, it is the study of diseases, preventive care, physiological as well as psychological analysis, and complex surgical procedures performed for health and well being of animals.
In this undergraduate course, the students also get to learn about the nourishment, treatment, and breeding of animals. This course is a perfect course choice for those who have a soft heart for animals and want to do something for animal welfare.
As per the latest guideline from the Veterinary Council of India, a BVSc. course should have a minimum duration of 4.5 to 5 years followed by at least one year of compulsory Internship. The major subjects taught in a BVSc. course are animal breeding, animal nutrition, animal genetics, animal pathology, and many more.
The BVSc. course is offered under various specializations, some of the popular specializations of veterinary science are given below:
|Full-Form||Bachelor of Veterinary Science|
|Course Duration||5 Years|
|Course Level||Under Graduate|
|Eligibility Criteria||At least 50% in 10+2 from Medical Stream|
|Admission Process||Entrance Based|
|Entrance Examinations||NEET-UG , UP Veterinary Entrance Exam, AAU VET etc.|
|Average Course Fees||Rs 80,000 to Rs 6,00,000|
|Average Salary||Rs 2.05 LPA to Rs 8.7 L.P.A|
|Top Recruiters||R.V.C.Remount Veterinary Corps of Indian Army, SIIB, VAMNICOM, NCRY, Montajat Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd Karnataka Antibiotics & Pharmaceuticals Ltd (KAP, etc.|
|Employment Areas||Government Animal Husbandry Organizations, Animal Welfare Societies, Zoology and wildlife research centers, Veterinary Hospitals, NGOs, Animal food manufacturing Companies, etc.|
|Job Roles||Veterinary Doctor, Veterinary Officer, Animal Research Scientist, Animal Breeder, etc.|
To pursue a BVSc. course, the candidate must complete 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as major subjects with a minimum percentage of 50% in the board examinations. Passing marks in 10+2 (medical stream) is the basic eligibility requirement to pursue this course.
A candidate must be at least 18 years old to pursue the BVSc. course, whereas the maximum age to apply, is 25 years as of 31st December of the admission year. Relaxation of 1 year is provided to the candidates belonging to reserved categories.
Earlier, the Veterinary Council of India used to conduct the All India Pre-Veterinary Test (AIPVT ) for admission to the course BVSc. and AH (Animal Husbandry) course but now the admissions are based on the NEET entrance test, the allotment of seats is based on the score obtained in the NEET-UG followed by AIPVT Counselling.
However, there are many States and universities that conduct their own entrance examinations to take admission into the BVSc. course:
|State||BVSc. Entrance Exam|
|Assam (State Entrance)||AAU VET (Assam Agricultural University Veterinary Entrance Test)|
|Uttar Pradesh (State Entrance)||UP Veterinary Entrance Exam|
|Uttar Pradesh (BHU Univerity Entrance)||BHU UET (Banaras Hindu University Entrance Test)|
|Rajasthan (State Entrance)||RPVT 2023 (Rajasthan Pre Veterinary Test)|
Bachelor in Veterinary Science is a 5 Year UG course divided into 10 semesters, last semester of the course mostly consists of 6 months to 1-year Internship program. There are various aspects of Veterinary science which are covered under the course syllabus. The topics may vary in each specialization of the course.
We have mentioned the common syllabus and concepts taught in the course below:
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Scope and Importance of Biochemistry||Muscle Physiology|
|Introduction and Importance of Statistics||Demonstration of Embalming of the Carcass and Preservation|
|Veterinary Anatomy in General and Osteology||Sense Organs and Receptors Physiology of Special Senses|
|Introductory Animal Husbandry||Enzymes: Definition and Classification|
|Livestock in India||Importance of Grasslands and Fodders In-Livestock Production|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|General Histology||The Biting Midges|
|Parasites and Parasitism||Biochemical and Genetic Determinants of Growth|
|Indian Poultry Industry||Introduction and General Description of Protozoa|
|Introduction and Scope of Veterinary Pathology||Concepts in Veterinary and Medical Immunology|
|Factors Affecting the Digestibility of a Feed||Spermatogenic Cycle and Wave|
|-||Gross Morphological and Topographical Study of Various Organs of the Digestive System|
|Semester V||Semester VI|
|Historical Development Branches and Scope of Pharmacology||Veterinary Neuropharmacology|
|General Pathology of Viral Infections||Systematic Veterinary Virology|
|Milk Hygiene in Relation to Public Health||Aquatic Animal Diseases, Hearth Care and Management|
|Layout and Management of Rural, Urban and Modern Abattoirs||Avian Pathology|
|Milk Industry in India||Veterinary Epidemiology and Zoonosis|
|Concept of Sociology||Meat Science|
|Semester VII||Semester VIII|
|Veterinary Chemotherapy||Veterinary Toxicology|
|Anaesthesiology And Diagnostic Imaging||Veterinary Obstetrics|
|Veterinary Gynecology||Regional Veterinary Surgery|
|Veterinary Clinical Medicine - I||Veterinary Clinical Medicine - II|
|Veterinary Preventive Medicine - I||Veterinary Clinical Biochemistry|
|Veterinary Clinical Practice||Veterinary Clinical Practice|
|Veterinary Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnosis - I||Veterinarian in Society|
|Semester IX||Semester X|
|Veterinary Orthopedics and Lameness||Internship|
|Animal Welfare, Ethics & Jurisprudence||-|
|Environment and Environmental Hygiene||-|
|Veterinary Andrology and Reproductive Techniques||-|
|Pet Animal Breeding Management, Nutrition and Health Care||-|
|Zoo/Wild Animal Breeding, Management, Nutrition and Health Care||-|
There are many colleges in India that offer admission to BVSc. course based on the National, State, or University-based entrance examination score.
In this article, you will find the list of top BVSc. Colleges of India along with their course fee and admission criteria:
|Name of the College||Total Fee Structure|
|Navsari Agricultural University||45,000 PA|
|Bihar Agricultural University||12,000 PA|
|West Bengal University Of Animal And Fishery Sciences||16,000 PA|
|Orissa University Of Agricultural Technology||21,000 PA|
|Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University Of Agriculture And Technology||4 LLPA|
The career scopes after completing a 5-year BVSc.course are very high, there are many dairy farms, animal husbandry departments, and research organizations that need the professional and experts for animal husbandry, caregiving, research, and development.
Besides this, there are so many zoos, National parks, and wildlife sanctuaries in India that are in need of expert vet doctors. A Bachelor of Veterinary Science. graduate can get engaged in various employment sectors and choose among different job roles.
Some of the most common job roles after completing a BVSc. course and their average and salary packages are given below:
|Job Roles||Average Salary Package||Highest Salary Package|
|Veterinary Doctor||Rs 5.7 LP.A||Rs 7.87 L.P.A|
|Animal Care Specialist||Rs 2.4 L.P.A||Rs 7.9 L.P.A|
|Veterinary Surgeon||Rs 5.97 L.P.A||Rs 9.8 L.P.A|
|Cattle Breeder||Rs 3.89 L.P.A||Rs 9 L.P.A|
|Animal Breeder||Rs 3.66 L.P.A||Rs 10 L.P.A|
|Veterinary Officer||Rs 10 L.P.A||Rs 14.8 L.P.A|
|NGO Vet||Rs 4 L.P.A||Rs 5.2 L.P.A|
|Livestock Development Officer||Rs 4 L.P.A||Rs 8 L.P.A|
|Animal Research Scientist||Rs 4.06 L.P.A||Rs 8.8 L.P.A|
|Veterinary Pharmacologist||Rs 2.5 L.P.A||Rs 8 L.P.A|
There are so many career options for a student in the field of Veterinary Science. You can either choose to pursue your career as a veterinary professional in any available employment sector after completing a BVSc. course or you can choose to pursue higher studies in the discipline of Veterinary Science.
Of course, getting higher education in the field will widen your career scope and help you to get higher positions in the government or agricultural sector. If you are aspiring to work in a position of Project Manager, Researcher or any other position, then the following Post-graduate courses will help you achieve greater in the field of Veterinary Science:
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