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JEE Advanced Syllabus 2023

JEE Advanced 2023 Syllabus: The JEE Advanced Exam Syllabus 2023 will be released by IIT Delhi ho is the conducting body for JEE Advanced Exam 2023. Every year, the exam usually follows the same syllabus. The JEE Advanced Exam Syllabus 2023 will contain all the important chapters and topics required for the examination. The candidates can check the JEE Advanced Syllabus 2023 to know all the important topics that have to be studied for the exam. The appearing students can even refer to NCERT books in the preparation for the exam.

JEE Advanced Syllabus 2023:

The syllabus of this exam contains three subjects, i.e.

  • JEE Advanced Physics Syllabus

  • JEE Advanced Chemistry Subject Syllabus

  • JEE Advanced Mathematics Syllabus

JEE Advanced Syllabus

JEE Advanced Entrance Syllabus 2023

JEE Advanced Mathematics Syllabus

Sets, relations, and functions

Sets and their representation

Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties

Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions; One-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.

Complex numbers and quadratic equations

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals,

Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane,

Argand diagram,

Algebra of complex numbers,

Modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number,

The square root of a complex number,

Triangle inequality,

Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.

Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

Matrices and determinants


Algebra of matrices,

Types of matrices,

Determinants and

Matrices of orders two and three.

Properties of determinants,

Evaluation of determinants,

Area of triangles using determinants.

Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations,

Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.

Permutations and combinations

Fundamental principle of counting,

Permutation as an arrangement and

The combination of selection,

Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r),

Simple applications.

Mathematical induction

Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications

Binomial theorem and its simple applications

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index,

General term and middle term,

Properties of Binomial coefficients

Simple applications

Sequences and series

Arithmetic and Geometric progressions,

Insertion of arithmetic,

Geometric means between two given numbers

Relation between A.M. and G.M. sum up to n terms of special series: S n, S n2, Sn3

Arithmetic – Geometric progression

Limit, continuity and differentiability

Real–valued functions,

Algebra of functions,




Logarithmic and exponential functions,

Inverse functions

Graphs of simple functions

Limits, continuity and differentiability

Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions

Differentiation of trigonometric,

Inverse trigonometric,



Composite and implicit functions

Derivatives of order up to two

Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems

Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions,

Maxima and minima of functions of one variable,

Tangents and normals

Integral calculus

Integral as an anti–derivative.

Fundamental integrals involve algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.

Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.

Evaluation of simple integrals of the type Integral as limit of a sum.

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.

Properties of definite integrals.

Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

Differential equations

Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree.

Formation of differential equations.

Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy/dx+p(x)y=q(x)

Co-ordinate geometry

Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates 10 in a plane,

Distance formula,

Section formula,

Locus and its equation,

Translation of axes,

The slope of a line,

Parallel and perpendicular lines,

Intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes

Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, a distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, the orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

Circles, conic sections: Standard form of the equation of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = MX + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

Three-dimensional geometry

Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines.

Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.

Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

Vector algebra

Vectors and scalars,

In addition to vectors,

Components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space,

Scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product

Statistics and probability

Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.


Trigonometrical identities and equations

Trigonometrical functions

Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties

Heights and Distances

Mathematical Reasoning

Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if

Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive

Best Books for JEE Advanced Mathematics Syllabus:

  • Maths XI & XII – NCERT

  • Co-ordinate Geometry (Author: S. L. Loney)

  • Trigonometry (Author: S. L. Loney)

  • Higher Algebra (Author: Hall & Knight)

JEE Advanced Physics Subject Syllabus

Physics And Measurement

Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units

Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments,

Errors in measurement,

Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications


Frame of reference

Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity

Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity

Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion.

Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector

Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion

Laws Of Motion

Force and Inertia,

Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion.

Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications

Work, Energy And Power

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power

The potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Rotational Motion

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; a moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; a moment of inertia, the radius of gyration.

Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion


The universal law of gravitation.

Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

Kepler’s laws of planetary motion.

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential.

Escape velocity.

Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites

Properties Of Solids And Liquids

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications.

Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat.

Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling


Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature.

Heat, work and internal energy.

The first law of thermodynamics.

The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.

Carnot engine and its efficiency.

Kinetic Theory Of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure.

Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number

Oscillations And Waves

Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance

Wave motion - Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound


Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.

Current Electricity

Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.

Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel.

Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications.

Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge.

Potentiometer – principle and its applications.

Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism

Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in the uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.

Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents.

Self and mutual inductance.

Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current.

AC generator and transformer

Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays).

Applications of e.m. waves


Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics

wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width.

Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.

Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

Dual Nature Of Matter And radiation

Dual nature of radiation.

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light.

Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.

Davisson-Germer experiment.

Atoms And Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.

Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.

Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).

Transistor as a switch.

Communication Systems

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation,

Need for modulation,

Amplitude and Frequency Modulation,

The bandwidth of signals,

The bandwidth of Transmission medium,

Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

JEE Advanced Physics Syllabus:

  • Concepts of Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 (Author: H.C. Verma)

  • Advanced Physics (Author: Nelkon and Parker)

  • Objective Questions on Physics- Chapterwise Solved Papers (Author: D.C. Pandey)

  • Feynman Lectures on Physics (Author: Feynman, Leighton, and Sands)

  • Problems in Physics (Author: AA Pinsky)

  • Fundamentals of Physics (Author: Halliday, Resnick, and Walker)

  • Problems in General Physics (Author: IE Irodov)

JEE Advanced Chemistry Syllabus

Some Basic Concepts In Chemistry

Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory

Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound

Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis

Laws of chemical combination

Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae

Chemical equations and stoichiometry

States Of Matter

Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states

Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases

Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure

Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation

Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates)

Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities

Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and van der Waals equation

Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only)

Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea)

Bragg’s Law and its applications

Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, an imperfection in solids

Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties

Atomic Structure

Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations

Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect

The spectrum of the hydrogen atom, Bohr model of a hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model

Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features, the concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions

various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance

shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number

Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure

Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds

Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fagan's rule, dipole moment

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules

Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals


Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes

The first law of thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity

Hess’s law of constant heat summation

Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution

The second law of thermodynamics

Spontaneity of processes

DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Dgo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant


Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions

Colligative properties of dilute solutions – the relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure

Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance


Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium

Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid – gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle

Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions

Redox Reactions And Electrochemistry

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions

Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications

Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement

Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change

Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst

Elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms ofzero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Surface Chemistry

Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.

Colloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids, and suspensions, classification of colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic

Multi molecular, macromolecular, and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation

Emulsions and their characteristics

Classification Of Elements And Periodicity In Properties

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d, and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.

General Principles And Processes Of Isolation Of Metals

Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, and ores; Steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods), and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe; Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals


Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen

Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water

Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen as a fuel

Block Elements (Alkali And Alkaline Earth Metals)

Group – 1 and 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships

Preparation and properties of some important compounds – sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris, and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

P – Block Elements

Group – 13 to Group 18 Elements

General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behavior of the first element in each group.

Groupwise study of the p – block elements

Group – 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminum; properties of boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride and alums.

Group – 14: Allotropes of carbon, the tendency for catenation; Structure & properties of silicates, and zeolites.

Group – 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus.

Group – 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group – 17: Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.

Group –18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.


Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4

Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction

Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states

Co-Ordination Compounds

Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory

ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism

Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution – Atmospheric, water and soil.

Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and Stratospheric

Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Greenhouse effect and Global warming; Acid rain;

Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.

Stratospheric pollution- Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of the ozone layer – its mechanism and effects.

Water Pollution – Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.

Soil pollution – Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides,. herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention. Strategies to control environmental pollution.

Purification And Characterisation Of Organic Compounds

Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications

Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.

Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis

Some Basic Principles Of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.


Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes

Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization.

Alkynes – Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides; Polymerization

Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono-substituted benzene

Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform.

Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses

Alcohols, Phenols And Ethers

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer – Tiemann reaction.

Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group

Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones

Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of r – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones

Carboxylic Acids

Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.

Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry


General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation, copolymerization

Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization

Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polythene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.


General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose).

Proteins – Elementary Idea of r – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins – Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines – their meaning and common examples.

Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples. Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.


Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum.

Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.

Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations – Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+. Anions- CO3 2-, S2-, SO4 2-, NO2-, NO3-, CI -, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments

Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4

Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base

Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols

Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature

Best Books for JEE Advanced Chemistry Syllabus:

  • Numerical Chemistry (Author: P. Bahadur)

  • Organic Chemistry (Author: Morrison & Boyd)

  • Chemistry - NCERT

  • Inorganic Chemistry (Author: J.D. Lee)

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