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CDS Exam Syllabus

Combined Defence Service (CDS) is an exam for those who want to serve their country. This exam is conducted by the UPSC, so this is among the toughest exams. This is a national exam. Hence, the number of students in this exam is much more than in any state-level exam. However, the syllabus of the exam is designed so that every student can prepare for the exam.

The CDS Exam Syllabus 2022 contains mainly three subjects English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics. There is no technical subject that is limited to the syllabus of any particular graduation course. The level of questions of a particular subject and the weightage of a particular subject depends upon the type of defense service you applied for. So, you should have the correct syllabus according to your service.

Syllabus of CDS 2 Exam 2022:

The CDS exam syllabus consists of mainly three subjects: English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics. All the questions in the question paper are prepared from these subjects. However, the exam is a national-level exam, so the difficulty level of the questions is very high. You need to learn every concept with enough practice.

CDS Syllabus 2022 - Overview

Mode of Exam Offline
Number of sections Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Air Force Academy (AFA) – Three Officers’ Training Academy (OTA) – Two
Total marks of the test IMA, INA, and AFA – 300 OTA - 200
Nature of questions Objective type
CDS 2 2022 Exam Date Release soon
Language of question paper Hindi and English
Duration of the test 2 hours for each section of test

CDS Exam Syllabus

CDS Exam - Quick Links

CDS Exam Information
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CDS Exam Result

CDS Syllabus 2022 - Subject Wise Syllabus

Candidates can check the UPSC CDS Syllabus in the table given below.

Sections Topics


Spotting Errors Questions
Sentence Arrangement Questions
Synonyms & Antonyms
Selecting Words
Ordering of Sentence
Comprehension Questions
Ordering of words in a sentence
Fill in the blanks questions
Idioms and Phrases

General Awareness (GK)

Current Affairs
Defence - related Award
True False

Elementary Mathematics


Basic Operations
Simple Factors
Remainder Theorem
Theory of polynomials
Solutions of quadratic equations
Relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
Set language and set notation
Rational expressions and conditional identities
Laws of indices


Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
Fundamental operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
Unitary method
Time and Distance
Time and Work
Applications of Simple and Compound Interest
Profit and Loss
Ratio and Proportion
Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
Prime and composite numbers
Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem
H.C.F. and L.C.M.
Euclidean algorithm
Logarithms to base 10
Laws of Logarithms
Use of logarithmic tables


Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°
Simple trigonometric identities
Use of trigonometric tables
Simple cases of heights and distances


Lines and angles
Plane and plane figures
Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
Parallel lines
Sides and angles of a triangle
Congruency of triangles
Similar triangles
Concurrence of medians and altitudes
Properties of angles
Sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
Rectangle and Square
Circles and its properties including tangents and normals


Areas of squares, Rectangles
Triangle and Circle
Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
Surface area and volume of cuboids
Lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders
Surface area and volume of spheres


Collection and tabulation of statistical data
Graphical representation frequency polygons
Bar charts
Pie charts etc
Measures of central tendency

CDS Exam 2022 Syllabus


Synonyms, Antonyms, Reading Comprehension, Para jumbles, Errors, Jumbled Sentences, Sentence Correction, Fill in the blanks

General Knowledge

History, Geography, Politics, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Defence - related, Environment, Culture, Current Awareness, Sociology, Awards, Sports, Books, 

Elementary Mathematics

Arithmetics: Number system, Simple Interest, Compound Interest, Average, Time and distance, Time and Work, Profit and loss, etc.

Algebra: Remainder Theorem, Theory of Polynomials, Solution of quadratic Equation, Relation Between roots and coefficients, etc.

Trigonometry: Simple Cases of heights and distances, Use of trigonometric tables, Simple trigonometric identities, etc.

Geometry: Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Similar triangles, Congruence of triangles, rectangles and squares, Properties of angles, etc.

Mensuration: Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, etc, surface areas and volumes, lateral surface areas of different figures, Areas of figures, surface areas and volumes of the sphere, etc.

Statistics: Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation, pie charts, histograms, bar charts, frequency polygons, etc.

Steps to Download the Syllabus CDS Syllabus

Similar to other important information, the UPSC has also uploaded the CDS exam syllabus. Students can easily download the syllabus and prepare for the CDS Exam. The procedure is simple. Also, there are different websites that offer the CDS exam syllabus. But all the information is similar to that of the official website. So, it would be better to visit the official website.

The syllabus is only available through online mode. Also, the syllabus contains only the topics of different subjects. So, you should cover all the relevant concepts and questions. Because this will complete the topic. In the competition examination, you have to prepare all the applications of a topic. The CDS exam is very tough, so you should cover the same syllabus from different books.

Below are the steps to download the CDS Exam Syllabus 2022: 

  • Visit the official website of the UPSC (

  • Check the menu bar in the homepage and click on the Examination option.

  • A list of options will appear on the screen, click on the revised syllabus and scheme.

  • You will be directed to another page. Click on the link related to the CDS exam syllabus.

  • A pdf file will be opened which contains the CDS exam syllabus. Download the file for future use.

Best Books for CDS Exam Preparation:

The right study material is as important as the correct syllabus for the exam. You can not think of even qualify for the exam if you don’t have the correct study material. You should have deep knowledge of all the concepts to qualify for the exam. Books that are designed for the examination contain every important topic with a deep explanation. Also, it should have questions similar to what is asked in the examination. 

CDA Exam 2022: Most Recommended Books


Objective General English by Arihant
Objective General English by RS Aggarwal
Word Power made easy by Norman Lewis

General Knowledge

Manorama Year Book
Lucent’s General Knowledge
Competition in Focus

Elementary Mathematics

Arihant Pathfinder
Quantum CAT by Sarvesh Verma
Mathematics for CDS by RS Aggarwal
Quantum Aptitude for Examination

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