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CDS Exam Information 2023

The Combined Defence Service also known as the CDS exam is a national-level exam. This exam is conducted for the recruitment of candidates into the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Indian Airforce Academy.

The conducting authority of this exam is the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The CDS exam is conducted twice a year. So, students get enough chances to make up their careers in defense services.

This exam is basically a written exam followed by an interview. Candidates who qualified in the written exam will be shortlisted for an interview.

The final selection will be based on your marks in the interview. Thus, you need to qualify for both stages separately.

CDS Exam 2023

The CDS exam is for students who want to make their career in defense services. Before applying for the exam you must fulfill the eligibility criteria for the exam. The eligibility criteria consist of age limit and qualification.

The exam checks your suitability for the job. It contains the basic syllabus of English, General Knowledge, and Elementary mathematics. Thus, you can crack the exam by giving sufficient effort and reading the right study material.

Benefits of CDS Exam 2023

After qualifying for the CDS Exam, you will be posted in the defense services. The department of your joining will be what you have chosen. A career in the defense service is best in terms of salary and future. Also, this is among the most respectable designation.

The major benefits after qualifying for the CDS Exam 2023 are as follows:

  • Indian Defence Services promises a high salary package to the students who join it. This is among the services which pay the highest salary to its employees. The exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). And the service role is regulated by the central government.
  • Working in the defence service is a reputed job role. Candidates who want to work as an officer in the defence service must qualify for the CDS exam. This will give you a reputed post in the defense service.
  • If you want to serve the nation, working in the defense service is a good opportunity. This gives you a sense of patriotism. After qualifying for the CDS exam, you will have to live the most disciplined life.

UPSC CDS Exam 2023

Synopsis of CDS Exam 2023

Name of the Exam Combined Defence Service Exam
Conducting Authority Union Public service Commission
Exam Level National Level Recruitment Exam
Mode of Application Form Online
Exam Date February 3, 2023
Mode of Examination Offline
Eligibility Criteria Bachelor’s degree in Engineering is required for IMA, INA AFA, and OTA
CDS Helpdesk 011-23098543 / 23385271 / 23381125 / 23098591
Official Website https://upsc.gov.in/

CDS Exam 2023 Eligibility Criteria

All the aspirants who wish to qualify for the CDS exam must first check whether they meet the eligibility criteria and then only apply for the CDS 2023 examination. Candidates must fulfill the eligibility criteria at the following levels.

  1. Nationality

A candidate must be any of the following:

  • A citizen of India
  • A citizen of Bhutan
  • A citizen of Nepal
  • A Tibetan immigrant who came over to India before the 1st January 1962 with the motive of lastingly residing in India.
  • A Person of Indian Origin (PIO) means a foreign citizen who has emigrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia, and Vietnam with the purpose of forever settling in India.

Note: A candidate belonging to Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, and other places specified above shall be a person in whose favor a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

  1. Age Limit

Age Limit also plays a crucial role in order to apply for the CDS examination in 2023. Therefore, the candidates must go through the Age limit and check whether they are eligible or not.

For Indian Military Academy:

  • Only Unmarried male candidates can apply for the Indian Military Academy and their age must range between 19-24 years on 1st January or 1st July of the year succeeding the year of examination.

For Indian Naval Academy:

  • Only Unmarried male candidates can apply for the Indian Military Academy and there must range between 19-22 years on 1st January or 1st July of the year succeeding the year of examination.

For Air Force Academy:

  • Unmarried male candidates can apply for the Air Force Academy and the age must vary between 20-24 years on 1st January or 1st July of the year succeeding the year of examination.

For Officers Training Academy (SSC Course for Men):

  • Male candidates ( can be both married or unmarried)  between 19-25 years of age on 1st January or 1st July of the year succeeding the year of examination.

For Officers Training  Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course):

  • Unmarried women, issueless widows who have not remarried, and issueless divorcees (in ownership of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible.
  • The candidate must be not before 2nd January 1994 and not after 1st January 2000.
  1. Educational Qualification

All the appearing students should have cleared their Graduation or must be appearing for the final year degree examination. The educational qualification required by each candidate for each institution is discussed below.

  • For IMA /OTA: A degree from a recognized University or tantamount.
  • For Indian Naval Academy:  Bachelor of Engineering or B.E.
  • For Air Force Academy: Degree of a recognized University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10 +2 level) or Bachelor of Engineering.

Note: The candidates who are in the final years of their Degree Course and have yet to pass the final year Degree examination are also eligible to apply. Such candidates are required to submit proof of passing the requisite qualifying examination by a date to be specified in the Commission’s Notice for the Examination.

  1. Physical Standards
  • Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Combined Defence Services Examination, 2023 as per the guidelines.
  • It is advisable for the candidate to get himself medically tested before filling out the application form. It is because if due for some reason the candidate will be found unfit then, he/she will not be eligible for the exam Hence, all the effort of the candidate will go in vain.
  • It is important for the candidate to have a body, which is free from any disease as well as free from any disability.

Height and Weight Standard Eligibility Criteria for CDS Exam

Table 1: For Army and Navy Males

Height in centimeters (Without Shoes) Weight in Kgs.
  18 Years 20 Years 22 Years
152 44* 46 47
155 46 48** 49
157 47 49 50
160 48 50 51
162 50 52 53
165 53 53 55
168 55 55 57
170 57 57 58
173 59 59 60
175 61 61 62
178 63 62 63
180 65 64 65
183 67 67 67
185 70 69 70
188 72 71 72
190 74 73 74
193 77 76 77
195 78 78 79

For Navy 45* and 47**

A ± 10% (for Navy) departure from the average weight given in the Table above is to be considered within the normal limit. However, in individuals with heavy bones and broadly built as well as individuals with thin built but otherwise healthy, this may be relaxed to some extent on merit.

Table 2: For Air Force Male Candidates

(For FAT % (<20) of Normal Individuals)

Height in Centimeters Age Range of the Candidate
  15-17 Yrs 18-22 Yrs 23- 27 Yrs 28- 32 Yrs 33-37 Yrs 38-42 Yrs 43-47 Yrs >48 Yrs
152 46 47 50 54 54 54 55 54
153 47 47 51 55 55 54 56 54
154 47 48 51 56 55 55 57 55
155 48 49 52 56 56 56 57 56
156 48 49 53 57 57 56 58 56
157 49 50 54 58 58 57 58 57
158 49 50 54 58 58 58 59 58
159 50 51 55 59 59 59 60 58
160 51 52 56 59 60 59 60 59
161 51 52 56 60 60 60 61 60
162 52 53 57 61 62 61 62 61
163 52 54 58 62 63 62 63 62
164 53 54 59 63 63 63 64 62
165 53 55 59 63 64 64 64 63
166 54 56 60 64 65 64 65 64
167 54 56 61 65 65 65 65 65
168 55 57 61 65 66 66 66 65
169 55 57 62 66 67 67 67 66
170 56 58 63 66 68 67 67 67
171 56 59 64 67 68 66 68 67
172 57 59 64 68 69 69 69 68
173 58 60 65 68 70 69 69 68
174 58 61 66 69 71 70 70 69
175 59 61 66 70 71 71 71 69
176 59 62 67 70 72 72 71 71
177 60 62 68 71 73 72 72 71
178 60 63 69 72 73 73 73 72
179 61 64 69 72 74 74 73 73
180 61 64 70 73 75 75 74 73
181 62 65 71 74 76 75 74 74
182 62 66 72 74 76 76 75 75
183 63 66 72 74 76 76 75 75
184 64 67 73 75 77 77 76 75
185 64 68 74 75 78 77 76 76
186 65 68 74 76 78 78 77 77
187 65 69 75 77 79 79 78 77
188 66 69 76 77 80 80 78 78
189 66 70 77 78 81 80 79 79
190 67 71 77 79 81 81 80 79
191 67 71 78 79 82 82 80 80
192 68 72 79 80 83 82 81 81
193 68 73 79 81 83 83 81 82

Note - The acceptable weight for Air Force candidates will be ± 10% of the average weight given above.

Table 3: Female Officers’ Training Candidates

Height in centimeters (without shoes) Weight in Kgs.
  20 Years 25 Years 30 Years
148 39 41 43
150 40 42 43.5
153 42 43.5 45
155 43 44 46
158 45 46 48
160 46 47 49
163 47 49 51
165 49 51 53
168 50 52 54

Visual Standards for Air Force

  • Candidates who are in a habit of wearing spectacles on a regular basis are not eligible for Air Force.
  • Minimum distant vision must be 6/6 in one eye and 6/9 in the other correctable to 6/6 only for Air Force.

Hypermetropia Colour vision CP-1

  • Hypermetropia: +2.0 d Sph
  • Manifest Myopia: Nil
  • Retinoscopic Myopia: –0.5 in any meridian permitted
  • Astigmatism: +0.75 D Cyl (with + 2.0 D- Max)

Maddox Rod Test

  1. at 6 meters: Exo-6 prism D | Eso-6 prism | D Hyper-1 prism D | Hypo-1prism D
  2. at 33 cms: Exo-16 prism D | Eso-6 prism D | Hyper-1 prism D | Hypo-1 prism D

Spinal Conditions for Air Force

Any medical disease or injury of the sacroiliac joints or spine, with or without objective signs which have obviated the candidate from successfully following a physically active life, is a case for refusal for commissioning in IAF.

History of spinal fracture/prolapsed intervertebral disc and surgical treatment for these conditions will entail your rejection. The following conditions detected during the medical exam will disqualify a candidate for Air Force service.

1. Arthritis/Spondylosis

  • Rheumatoid arthritis and allied disorders
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Osteoarthrosis, spondylosis, and degenerative joint diseases
  • Non-articular rheumatism (e.g. tennis elbow, recurrent lumbago, lesions of the rotator cuff, etc.)
  • Miscellaneous disorders include SLE, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and vasculitis.

2. Granulomatous disease of the spine

  • Unilateral/bilateral cervical ribs with a demonstrable neurological or circulatory deficit.
  • Spondylolisthesis/spondylolysis/spondylosis
  • Compression fracture of vertebrae
  • Scheuermann's disease (Adolescent Kyphosis)
  • Loss of cervical lordosis when associated with clinically restricted movements of the cervical spine.

Physical Conditioning:

Potential candidates are advised to maintain their health and keep themselves in good physical condition by following the below-mentioned routine:

  • Running: 2 to 4 km in 15 minutes
  • Pushups & Sit-ups: Minimum 20 each
  • Chin-ups: Min. 8
  • Rope Climbing: 3 to 4 meters

Other Important Facts

Following conditions if detected on X-ray examination will be a sign of disqualifying the candidate's entry to the Army and Navy:

  • Sacralisation Disease.
  • Cervical ribs with demonstrable neurological or Circulatory deficit.
  • Presence of Schmorl's node on more than one level.
  • Atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial anomalies.
  • Herniated nucleus pulposus.
  • Compression fracture of the Vertebra.
  • Spina Bifida is other than HSV 1 and LV 5.
  • Any other abnormality, if so considered by a specialist.
  • Incomplete Sacralisation Unilateral or Bilateral.
  • The granulomatous disease of the spine.
  • Arthritis – Rheumatoid arthritis & allied disorders and ankylosing spondylitis
  • When measured by Cobb's Method Scoliosis of more than 100 degree
  • More than mild Kyphosis/Lordosis.
  • Spondylolisthesis/Spondylosis/Spondylolysis.

CDS Exam 2023 Centers

Location
Agartala Ahmedabad
Aizawl Allahabad
Bangalore Bareilly
Bhopal Chandigarh
Chennai Cuttack
Dehradun Delhi
Dharwad Dispur
Gangtok Hyderabad
Imphal Itanagar
Jaipur Jammu
Jorhat Kochi
Kohima Kolkata
Lucknow Madurai
Mumbai Nagpur
Panaji (Goa) Patna
Port Blair Raipur
Ranchi Sambalpur
Shillong Shimla
Srinagar Thiruvananthapuram
Tirupati Udaipur
Visakhapatnam -

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