College Disha
Mizoram Board 12th

Mizoram Board 12th Syllabus 2024

MBSE HSSLC Syllabus 2024: Mizoram Board of School Education released the MBSE HSSLC syllabus 2024 in pdf form. The Mizoram Board 12th Syllabus includes the topics, subjects, and marking scheme of the MBSE HSSLC examination which is very important for the students who are appearing in the MBSE HSSLC Examination to clear it. Before giving exams of MBSE HSSLC students should go through the Mizoram Board syllabus and marking scheme to get help in the preparation for the exams. 

Subjects of all streams science, commerce, and arts can be downloaded from the official website of the Mizoram Board of School Education Higher Secondary Leaving Certificate.

Mizoram Board 12th Exam 2024 (Useful Links)

Mizoram Board 12th Time Table
Mizoram Board 12th Admit Card
Mizoram Board 12th Result
Mizoram Board 12th Notification
Mizoram Board 12th Application Form

MBSE HSSLC SYLLABUS 2024 (Stream Wise):

The syllabus for all three streams is available in PDF format on the official website of the Mizoram Board of School Education( The syllabus is further divided into 3 main streams:

  • Science syllabus 
  • Commerce syllabus
  • Arts syllabus 


The syllabus of all three streams have been mentioned below briefly:









Computer science



Business studies






Political science






Section A 

Reading skills

Section B 

Writing Skills

  1. Short Compilation (Notice, Advertisements)

Letter Writing : 

1) Letters of Complaints

2) Application for a job

3) Letters to Editors

Report Writing

Section C 


Textbook - Flamingo

Poetry Section:

  • My mother at sixty-six
  • An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
  • Keeping Quiet
  • A Thing of Beauty

Prose Section

  • The Last Lesson
  • Lost Spring
  • Deep Water
  • The Rattrap
  • Indigo


  • The Third Level
  • The Enemy
  • Should a Wizard Hit Mommy?
  • On the Face of it
  • Memories of Childhood



Systems  of equations

  • Systems of linear equations 
  • methods of solution

Application of matrices

  • Matrices for transformations
  • Matrices for Translation
  • Reflection
  • Rotation 
  • Glide reflection
  • Shear and Stretch
  • Isometry, and similarity matrices for the same

Analytical geometry

  • Definition of a conic
  • Derivation of the standard equation of Parabola 
  • Ellipse
  • Hyperbola and Rectangular Hyperbola 
  • Chords, Tangents & Normals

Vector algebra

  • Vectors and Scalars Representations of vectors and operations of addition and subtraction
  • Scalar and vector products
  • Triple products
  • products 4 vectors

Application of differentiation

  • Derivative as a rate measurer
  • Derivative as a measure of slope
  • Mean Value Theorems
  • Curve tracing

Application of integration

  • Definite integral and its applications

Differential equations 

  • Formation of differential equations
  • I order and II Order Linear Equations
  • Applications

Probability distribution

  • Random variable
  • probability functions
  • mathematical expectation
  • discrete and continuous distribution

Complex Number

  • Complex Algebra Fundamental operations on complex numbers
  • Applications

Algebraic Structures

  • Integral Domains and Fields 
  • Group Structure



Current electricity

  • Electric Current
  • drift velocity
  • Ohm’s law
  • Electrical resistivity
  • superconductivity
  • Combination of resistors
  • Electric power

Effects of electric current

  • Healing effect
  • Joule’s law 
  • magnetic effect of electric current
  • The magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron 
  • Conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid

Electromagnetic induction and alternating current

  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Alternating current
  • Eddy current
  • AC generator
  • methods of inducing emf
  • self-induction

Electromagnetic waves and wave optics

  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
  • Emission and Absorption spectrum
  • Theories of light
  • Wavefront
  • Huygens principle

Atomic physics

  • Atomic structure
  • Bohr’s model
  • Sommerfield’s atom model
  • Quantum numbers
  • x -rays production properties
  • detection, absorption
  • diffraction of x – rays

Dual nature of radiation and matter

  • The special to electric effect
  • Photocells and their application
  • Matter waves
  • electron microscope

Nuclear physics

  • Nuclear properties
  • Nuclear mass defect
  • Nature of Nuclear forces
  • Neutron discovery
  • Radioactivity
  • Nuclear fission


  • Concept of space
  • time and mass
  • Frame of reference
  • Newtonian relativity
  • The special theory of relativity
  • Doppler effect of light

Semiconductor devices and their applications

  • Semiconductor theory
  • Semiconductor doping
  • Formation of P-N Junction
  • Diode as a rectifier
  • junction – transistors, Measuring Instruments

Communication systems

  • Modes of propagation ground wave
  • Amplitude modulation
  • Antennas
  • Transmission lines
  • TV.Transmission and reception
  • Video signal analysis



Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces: 
  • molecular
  • ionic
  • covalent and metallic solids
  • amorphous and crystalline solids(elementary idea)
  • unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices
  • The density of unit cell 
  • packing in solids
  • packing efficiency
  • Voids
  • number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell
  • point defects


  • Types of solutions
  • expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids
  • solubility of gases in liquids
  • solid solutions 
  • colligative properties 
  • relative lowering of vapor pressure
  • Raoult’s law 
  • elevation of B.P.
  • depression of freezing point osmotic pressure 
  • determination of molecular
  • masses using colligative properties


  • Redox reactions
  • conductance in electrolytic solutions
  • specific and molar
  • conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration 
  • Kohlrausch’s Law
  • electrolysis 
  • EMF of a cell
  • standard electrode potential 
  • Nernst equation and application to chemical cells 
  • Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous) 
  • factors affecting rates of
  • Reaction
  • concentration
  • temperature 
  • catalyst
  • order and molecularity of a reaction 
  • rate law and specific rate constant
  • integrated rate equations and half
  • life (only for-zero and first-order reactions)

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption — physisorption, and chemisorption
  • factors affecting adsorption
  • of gases on solids
  • colloidal state
  • the distinction between true solutions
  • Colloids and suspensions 
  • Lyophilic 
  • lyophobic multimolecular
  • Macromolecular 
  • Colloids
  • properties of colloids 
  • Tyndall effect
  • Brownian movement
  • Electrophoresis
  • Coagulation

P-Block Elements

Group 15 element

  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • occurrence
  • oxidation states
  • Trends in physical and chemical properties
  • nitrogen — preparation, properties, and uses 
  • compounds of nitrogen
  • preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid

Group 16 elements

  • General introduction 
  • electronic configuration
  • oxidation states
  • occurrence 
  • trends in physical and chemical properties
  • dioxygen, properties, and uses 
  • classification of oxides
  • ozone 
  • Sulphur 
  • allotropic forms
  • compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties, and uses
  • of sulphur dioxide, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures
  • only)

Group 17 elements 

  • General introduction 
  • electronic configuration
  • oxidation states 
  • occurrence
  • trends in physical and chemical properties
  • compounds of halogens: preparation, properties, use of chlorine and
  • hydrochloric acid 
  • interhalogen compounds 
  • oxoacids of halogens

Group 18 elements

  • General introduction 
  • electronic configuration
  • occurrence
  • trends in physical and chemical properties using

d -and f- Block Elements

  • General introduction
  • electronic configuration
  • occurrence 
  • characteristics of transition metals
  • general trends in properties of the first
  • row transition metals 
  • metallic character
  • ionization enthalpy 
  • oxidation
  • States
  •  ionic radii
  •  color
  • catalytic property
  • magnetic properties
  • interstitial compounds 
  • alloy formation
  • Lanthanoids - electronic configuration
  • oxidation states
  • contraction and its consequences

Coordination Compounds

  • Introduction
  • ligands
  • coordination number
  • color
  • magnetic properties and shapes
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds
  • bonding
  • Werner’s theory VBT
  • CFT

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes - Nomenclature
  • nature of C-X bond
  • physical and chemical
  • properties
  • mechanism of substitution reactions. 
  • Optical rotation.
  • Haloarenes - Nature of C-X bond, 
  • substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)

Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical

properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary

and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration.

  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical

properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions,

uses of phenols.

  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical

Properties used.

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group,

methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and mechanism

of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses

  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation,

physical and chemical properties; uses.

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • Amines: Nomenclature
  • classification
  • structure 
  • methods of preparation
  • physical and chemical properties 
  • uses 
  • identification of primary
  • secondary and tertiary amines
  • Cyanides and Isocyanides


  • Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses)
  • Monosaccharide (glucose and fructose)
  • DL configuration
  • Proteins - Elementary idea of a-amino acids
  • peptide bond 
  • polypeptides
  • proteins
  • primary structure
  • secondary structure
  • tertiary structure
  • quaternary structure 
  • denaturation of proteins
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA


Chapter-1: Reproduction in Organisms

  • Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction
  • asexual and sexual reproduction; asexual reproduction - binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

Chapter-2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

  • Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination - types, agencies

and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization

  • fertilization events - development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes- apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation. 

Chapter-3: Human Reproduction

  • Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilization, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation; pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea)

Chapter-4: Reproductive Health

  • Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs); birth control - need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP);
  • amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies - IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)

Chapter-5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation 

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism – incomplete

dominance, codominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy;

elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and


  • Sex determination - in human beings, birds and honey bees; linkage and crossing over; sex
  • linked inheritance - hemophilia, color blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans -thalassemia;
  • chromosomal disorders in humans; Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes

Chapter-6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  • Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; 
  • Structure of DNA and RNA
  • DNA packaging; 
  • DNA replication; 
  • Central Dogma; 
  • transcription, 
  • genetic code, 
  • translation; gene expression and regulation - lac operon; Genome, Human and rice genome projects; DNA fingerprinting. 

Chapter-7: Evolution

  • Origin of life; biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution (paleontology,
  • comparative anatomy, embryology, and molecular evidence); 
  • Darwin's contribution, modern synthetic theory of evolution; 
  • mechanism of evolution - variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; 
  • Gene flow and genetic drift;
  • Hardy - Weinberg's principle; adaptive radiation; human evolution

Chapter-8: Human Health and Diseases


  • parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm) and their control; Basic concepts of immunology - vaccines; cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence - drug and alcohol abuse. 

Chapter-9: Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

  • Animal husbandry, Plant breeding, tissue culture, single-cell protein

Chapter-10: Microbes in Human Welfare

  • Microbes in food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation, and
  • microbes as bio-control agents and bio-fertilizers. Antibiotics; production and judicious use.

Chapter-11: Biotechnology 

  • Principles and Processes Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology). 

Chapter-12: Biotechnology and its Application

  • Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture: 
  • Human insulin and vaccine production, 
  • stem cell technology, 
  • gene therapy; 
  • genetically modified organisms - Bt crops; transgenic animals; biosafety issues, biopiracy, and patents

Chapter-13: Organisms and Populations

  • Organisms and environment: 
  • Habitat and niche, 
  • population and ecological adaptations; 
  • population interactions - mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; population attributes -
  • growth, birth rate, and death rate, age distribution

Chapter-14: Ecosystem

  • Ecosystems: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of
  • number, biomass, energy; nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous); ecological succession;
  • ecological services - carbon fixation, pollination, seed dispersal, oxygen release (in brief).

Chapter-15: Biodiversity and its Conservation

  • Biodiversity - Concept, patterns, importance; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation;
  • hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, Sacred Groves, biosphere reserves,
  • national parks, wildlife, sanctuaries, and Ramsar sites. 

Chapter-16: Environmental Issues

  • Air pollution and its control; water pollution and its control; agrochemicals and their effects;
  • solid waste management; radioactive waste management; greenhouse effect and climate change
  • impact and mitigation; ozone layer depletion; deforestation; case study exemplifying success
  • A story addressing the environmental issue(s)


UNIT 1 : 


  • Introduction, 
  • Structure of a C++ Program, 
  • C++ Character set, Data Type, 
  • Basic Data Types,
  • Constants, 
  • Integer Constant, 
  • Floating - Points constants, 
  • Character Constants, 
  • String Constants,
  • Variables, 
  • Declaring the Variable, 
  • Operators, 
  • Arithmetic Operators, 
  • Unary Operators, 
  • The Conditional Operator, 
  • Order of Precedence of Operators, 
  • Using iostream.h
  • studio.h, 
  • Control Statements, if-else statement, nested if else, while loop, do-while loop, for loop, nested for loops, 
  • break statement, 
  • continue, 
  • switch statement,
  • nested switch statement, 
  • functions, writing a user-defined function, 
  • accessing the function, 
  • function prototypes, 
  • void function, 
  • Built-in functions

Object-Oriented Programming: 

  • Concept of object-Oriented Programming - Data Hiding, 
  • Data Encapsulation, 
  • Class and Object, Abstract class and concrete class, 
  • Abstract class and concrete class, polymorphism

(implementation of polymorphism using function overloading as an example in C++);

Inheritance, the advantage of Object-Oriented Programming over earlier programming


Implementation of Object-Oriented Programming Concepts in C++:

  • Definition of a class, 
  • Member of a class - Data Members and Member Functions (Methods,

using private, public, and protected visibility modes, default visibility modes (private);

  • Member function definition: inside of objects as instances of a class; accessing member from
  • object(s), Array of a type class, objects as function arguments - pass by value and pass by


Constructor and Destructor:

  • Constructor: Special characteristics, 
  • declaration and definition of a constructor, 
  • default constructor, 
  • overloaded constructors. 
  • Copy constructor, 
  • A constructor with default arguments. 
  • Destructor: Special characteristics, declaration, and definition of destructor

Inheritance (Extending Classes):

  • Concept of inheritance, 
  • base class, 
  • derived class, 
  • defining derived classes, 
  • protected visibility mode, 
  • single level inheritance, 
  • multilevel inheritance and multiple inheritances,
  • Privately derived,
  •  publicly derived and protected derived class, 
  • accessibility of members from objects and within the derived class(es)



  • One and two-dimensional arrays: Sequential allocation and address calculation;
  • One dimensional array: Traversal, searching (linear and binary search), 
  • Insertion of an element in an array, 
  • deletion of an element from an array;
  • Two-dimensional arrays: Traversal, finding sum/difference of two NxN arrays containing

numerical values, 

  • interchanging rows and columns elements in the two-dimensional array


  • Database Concepts:
  • Relational data model: 
  • concept of a domain, 
  • tuple, 
  • relation, 
  • keys - primary key, alternate key, candidate key

Structured Query Language:

  • General concepts: advantage of using SQL, 
  • Data Definition Language (DDL) and Data Manipulation Language (DML);

SQL Functions

  • SUM
  • AVG, 
  • COUNT, 
  • MAX and MIN


  • Binary valued quantities, 
  • Boolean variable, 
  • Boolean constant and Boolean operators;
  • Truth tables, 
  • Closure Property, 
  • Commutative Law, 
  • Associative Law, 
  • Identity Law, 
  • Inverse Law, 
  • Principle of Duality, 
  • Idempotent Law, 
  • Distributive Law, 
  • Absorption Law,
  • Involution Law, 
  • DeMorgan's Laws and their applications 


Evolution of networking ARPANET

  • Internet, 
  • interspace;
  • Different ways of sending data across the network 

Data Communication Terminologies:

  • Concept of Channel, 
  • Baud, 
  • Bandwidth (Hz, kHz, MHz) and data transfer rate(bps, kbps, Mbps, Gbps, Tbps)

Transmission Media:

  • Twisted pair cable, 
  • coaxial cable, 
  • optical fiber, 
  • infrared, 
  • radio link, 
  • microwave link and satellite link

Network Devices:

  • Modem, 
  • RJ45 connector, 
  • Ethernet Card, 
  • Hub, 
  • Switch, 
  • Gateway

Network Topologies and Types:

  • Bus, 
  • Star, 
  • Tree, 
  • concepts of LAN, WAN, MAN

Network Protocol:

  • TCP/IP, 
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP), 
  • Wireless / Mobile Communication, 
  • GSM, 
  • CDMA, 
  • WLL,
  • 3G, 4G, SMS, 
  • Voice Mail, 
  • Application Electronic Mail, 
  • Chat, 
  • Video Conferencing

Network Security Concepts:

  • Threats and prevention from viruses, 
  • worms, 
  • Trojan horses, 
  • spams





  • Macroeconomics: It’s meaning and scope viz Central Problems
  • Growth
  • Inflation 
  • Employment 
  • basic concepts of macroeconomics
  • Business Cycle 
  • Aggregate Demand
  • Aggregate Supply 
  • Consumption goods 
  • Capital Goods
  • Final Goods 
  • Intermediate Goods 
  • Stocks and Flows 
  • Gross Investment
  • Depreciation

National Income and related Aggregate

  • Basic concept and measurement
  • circular flow of income
  • method of calculating N.I
  • concepts of aggregates related to NI 
  • GNP, NNP, Gross and Net Domestic Product (GDP & NDP)
  • at market price, at factor cost, national Disposable
  • Income (gross and net)

Theory of Income and employment

  • Aggregate demand and its composites
  • consumption function and Investment functions
  • propensity to consume 
  • propensity to save
  • Equilibrium output

Money and Banking 

  • Money — Meaning, Functions, and types
  • Supply of Money
  • Currency
  • net demand deposits 
  • commercial banks
  • Definition and Functions of Money and Credit Creation by Commercial banks 
  • Central Bank - Meaning and Functions

Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, and Government budget

  • Fiscal Policy – meaning, types, and tools
  • Government Budget – meaning, objectives, components, and types
  • classification of expenditures – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure
  • Various measures of government 
  • deficit – revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit



  • Parameter of development
  • per capita income 
  • HDI in India
  • Main features, problems
  • policies of agriculture and foreign trade

Planning and Economic Development in India 

  • Objectives 
  • Targets
  • Achievements and drawbacks of different Five Year
  • Plans in India

Structural change in the Indian Economy after Liberalization 

  • Meaning
  • Need 
  • Significance, and Features of Liberalization
  • Globalization
  • Disinvestment 
  • Privatization
  • Present Features of Indian Economy

Current challenges facing Indian Economy

  • Poverty – absolute and relative 
  • main programs for poverty allocation
  • A critical assessment
  • Rural development
  • Key issues credit and marketing 
  • role of co-operative 
  • agricultural diversification 
  • Alternative farming – organic farming
  • Human capital formation 
  • role of human capital in economic development
  • Sustainable Economic growth 
  • meaning, the effect of economic Development on resources and the environment

Economic Growth and Development

  • Economic Growth and Development-Meaning
  • Comparative Study of India and China on the Following


  1. i) unemployment 
  2. ii) GDP growth, 

iii) GDP per capita, 

  1. iv) GDP purchasing power parity, 
  2. v) amount in direct foreign investment,


vii) poverty


Accounts from incomplete records- I

  • Meaning and Definition
  • Features and limitations
  • Differences between incomplete records and double entry system
  • Statement of Affairs Method
  • Steps to be followed
  • The distinction between Statement of affair and Balance Sheet
  • Conversion method
  • Steps to be followed
  • Statement of affairs method
  • Conversion method

Accounts of non-profit organizations

  • Introduction
  • Receipts and Payments Account
  • Meaning
  • Format
  • Income and Expenditure Account: Meaning
  • Format
  • The distinction between Receipts and Payments A/c and Income and Expenditure A/c
  • Balance Sheet
  • Items peculiar to non-profit organizations 

Partnership accounts - basic concepts

  • Partnership: Meaning and Features 
  • Features limited Liability Partnership
  • Partnership deed
  • Relevant provisions of Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed
  • Types of Partners
  • Fixed/fluctuating capital accounts 
  • Interest on capital and Interest on drawings
  • Salary and commission
  • Division of profits among partners
  • Profit and loss appropriation account

Treatment of goodwill in partnership accounts

  • Goodwill: Meaning and nature
  • Methods of valuation of Goodwill
  • Average profit method
  • Super profit method
  • Capitalisation method
  • Need for valuation of goodwill in partnership

Partnership- admission

  • Introduction; Sacrificing ratio and new profit sharing ratio
  • Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
  • Adjustment for Goodwill
  • Accounting treatment of reserves and accumulated profits
  • Revaluation account
  • capital account
  • Balance Sheet of a new firm

Partnership accounts- retirements

  • Meaning and reasons for retirement
  • Gaining ratio and new profit sharing ratio 
  • Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
  • Adjustment for Goodwill
  • Accounting treatment of the distribution of reserves and accumulated profits
  • Revaluation account 
  • capital account 
  • Balance Sheet after retirement

Partnership accounts-

  • the Meaning; New profit sharing ratio and gaining ratio
  • Revaluation of Assets and liabilities
  • Adjustment for goodwill
  • Distribution of accumulated profits and losses
  • Amount due to deceased partner’s executor
  • Settlement of amount due death of a partner

Company accounts- I

  • Company: Definition and characteristics
  • Characteristics of a Company
  • Different types of shares and share capital
  • Accounting treatment for issue of shares at par, Premium, and discount
  • Oversubscription and under subscription of shares
  • Forfeitures and reissue of shares

Financial statement analysis- I

  • Financial Statements
  • Meaning and Feature
  • Significance & Limitations
  • Format of company final accounts as per companies act, 2013
  • Tools of financial statement analysis
  • Common size statement
  • Comparative statement
  • Trend Analysis
  • Funds Flow Statement
  • Cash Flow Statement

Financial statement analysis- II

  • Common Size Financial Statements
  • ComparativeFinancial Statements
  • Trend Analysis

Financial statement analysis- III

  • Accounting Ratios
  • Meaning and Definition
  • Objectives and importance
  • Advantages and limitations
  • Classification of Ratios based on financial statements and functions; 
  • Computation of ratios

Computer application in accounting- I

  • Application of computerized accounting system
  • Automating the accounting system
  • Designing the accounting reports 
  • Data exchange with other information systems

Computer application in accounting- II

  • Application of Computerised account system 
  • “Tally with GST package”
  • Practical on Application of accounting software
  • Creation of Company
  • Accounts Group
  • generation of reports 


Systems  of equations

  • Systems of linear equations 
  • methods of solution

Application of matrices

  • Matrices for transformations
  • Matrices for Translation
  • Reflection
  • Rotation 
  • Glide reflection
  • Shear and Stretch
  • Isometry, and similarity matrices for the same

Analytical geometry

  • Definition of a conic
  • Derivation of the standard equation of Parabola 
  • Ellipse
  • Hyperbola and Rectangular Hyperbola 
  • Chords, Tangents & Normals

Vector algebra

  • Vectors and Scalars Representations of vectors and operations of addition and subtraction
  • Scalar and vector products
  • Triple products
  • products 4 vectors

Application of differentiation

  • Derivative as a rate measurer
  • Derivative as a measure of slope
  • Mean Value Theorems
  • Curve tracing

Application of integration

  • Definite integral and its applications

Differential equations 

  • Formation of differential equations
  • I order and II Order Linear Equations
  • Applications

Probability distribution

  • Random variable
  • probability functions
  • mathematical expectation
  • discrete and continuous distribution

Complex number

  • Complex Algebra Fundamental operations on complex numbers
  • Applications

Algebraic Structures

  • Integral Domains and Fields 
  • Group Structure



Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

Unit 1: 

  • Nature and Significance of Management Concept
  • Management - concept, objectives, and importance
  • Management as Science, Art, and Profession
  • Levels of Management
  • Management functions-planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling
  • Coordination- concept, and importance

Unit 2: 

  • Principles of Management
  • Principles of Management- concept, and significance
  • Fayol’s principles of management
  • Taylor’s Scientific management- principles and techniques

Unit 3: 

  • Business Environment
  • Business Environment- concept and importance
  • Dimensions of Business Environment- Economic
  • Social, Technological, Political, and Legal

Unit 4: Planning:

  • Planning: Concept, importance, and limitation
  • Planning process

Unit 5: 

  • Organizing
  • Concept and importance
  • Structure of organization- functional and divisional concept
  • Delegation: concept, elements, and importance
  • Decentralization: concept and importance

Unit 6: 

  • Staffing
  • Concept and importance
  • Staffing process
  • Recruitment process
  • Selection - process
  • Training and Development 
  • Concept and importance
  • Methods of training
  • vestibule training
  • apprenticeship training
  • internship training

Unit 7: 

  • Directing
  • Concept and importance
  • Elements of Directing
  • Motivation - concept, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
  • Financial and non-financial incentives
  • Leadership - concept, styles - authoritative, democratic, and laissez-faire
  • Communication - concept, formal and informal communication

Unit 8: 

  • Controlling
  • Concept and importance
  • Steps in process of control

Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

Unit 9: 

  • Financial Management
  • Concept, role, and objectives
  • Financial decisions
  • investment, financing, and dividend
  • Financial Planning
  • concept and importance
  • Capital Structure 
  • concept and factors affecting capital structure
  • Fixed and Working Capital 
  • Concept and factors affecting their requirements

Unit 10: 

  • Financial Markets
  • Financial Markets: Concept, Functions, and types
  • Money market and its instruments
  • Capital market: Concept, types (primary and secondary)
  • methods of floatation in the primary market
  • Stock Exchange – Meaning, Functions and trading procedure 
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) - objectives and functions

Unit 11: 

  • Marketing
  • Concept, functions, and philosophies – Product, Prize, and Standard
  • Marketing Mix – Concept and elements
  • Product - branding, labeling, and packaging –Concept
  • Price - Concept, Factors determining price
  • Physical Distribution – concept
  • Promotion – Concept, and elements; Advertising, Personal Selling, Sales Promotion, and Public Relations

Unit 12: 

  • Consumer Protection
  • Concept
  • Consumer Protection Act 1986:
  • Meaning of consumer
  • Rights and responsibilities of consumers Who can file a complaint?
  • Redressal machinery
  • Remedies available

Unit 13: Project Work


Section A 

Reading skills

Section B 

Writing Skills

  1. Short Compilation (Notice, Advertisements)

Letter Writing : 

1) Letters of Complaints

2) Application for a job

3) Letters to Editors

Report Writing

Section C 


Textbook - Flamingo

Poetry Section:

  • My mother at sixty-six
  • An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
  • Keeping Quiet
  • A Thing of Beauty

Prose Section

  • The Last Lesson
  • Lost Spring
  • Deep Water
  • The Rattrap
  • Indigo


  • The Third Level
  • The Enemy
  • Should Wizard Hit Mommy?
  • On the Face of it
  • Memories of Childhood



Part A - Contemporary World Politics

  • Cold War Era in World Politics 
  • The disintegration of Second World and the collapse of Bipolar
  • US dominance in World Politics 
  • Alternative centers of Economic and Political Power
  • International Organisations in a Unipolar World

Part B - Politics in India since Independence

  • Nation Building and its Problems
  • The era of One-Party Dominance
  • India’s External Relations
  • Crisis of the Constitutional Order 
  • Regional Aspirations and Conflicts



The Harappan Civilisation


Early States and Economies


Early Societies (c. 600BCE - 600CE)


Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (c. eighth to eighteenth centuries)


(c. fourteenth to sixteenth centuries)


Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire


Exploring Official Archives


1857 Revolt and its Representations


Civil Disobedience and Beyond


Part A - Indian Society

  • The Demographic Structure of Indian Society
  • Social Institutions Continuity and Change
  • The patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  • The market as a Social Institution

Part B - Social Change and Development in Indian Society

  • Structural Change
  • Cultural Change
  • Change and Development in Rural Society
  • Change and Development in Industrial Society
  • Globalization and Social Change
  • Social Movements


  • Intelligence and Aptitude/Variations in Psychological Attributes
  • Self and Personality
  • Human Strengths and meeting the Life Challenges
  • Psychological Disorders
  • Therapeutic Approaches
  • Social Influence and Group Processes
  • Professional Skills for Psychologists/Developing Psychological Skills


  • Psychology as a behavioral Science
  • Growth and Development
  • Heredity and Environment
  • Learning
  • Attention and Interests
  • Memory and Forgetting
  • Personality and Intelligence
  • Mental Health and Adjustment
  • Guidance and Counselling


  1. Know Little Children
  • Protection from Preventable childhood Diseases
  • Special needs of Disadvantaged children
  • Substitute Child Care
  1. Nutrition for Self and Family
  • Meal planning for an individual
  • Planning meals for family and their modification for special condition
  • Water for Good health
  1. Management and Consumer Education
  • Family Income and Expenditure
  • Consumer education
  • Consumer Protection
  1. My Apparel
  • Clothing about Personality
  • Factors Influencing Selection of Clothing
  • Selection and Purchase of Fabrics


Part A - Fundamentals of Human Geography

Chapter 1. Human Geography – Nature and Scope

  1. a) Introduction and definition (p-3)
  2. b) Nature of Human Geography
  3. c) Scope of Human Geography
  4. d) Approaches: Traditional Approaches to Human Geography (p-6)

Chapter 2. The population of the world – Number, Growth, and Density

  1. a) Growth of the world population
  2. b) Factors of increase in world population
  3. c) Distribution of world population
  4. d) Factors affecting population distribution and density – an overall viewpoint

Chapter 3. Population change

  1. a) Introduction
  2. b) determinants of population change
  3. c) Fertility & its measures
  4. d) Mortality & its measures
  5. e) Migration
  6. f) Factors determining migration

Chapter 4. Human development

  1. a) Introduction
  2. b) HD: Selected indicators

Chapter 5. Human Activities 

  1. a) Primary activities – gathering, pastoralism, mining, minerals, subsistence agriculture, Modern agriculture, Major crops – Rice, Wheat, Beverages – tea, coffee. Fiber crops - Cotton

Chapter 6. transport and communication

  1. a) Modes of transport – Roadways, Railways, pipelines, Water transport, Air transport
  2. b) Mass Communication, Computer Networking, and Uses

Chapter 7. International trade

  1. a) Basis of International trade, recent trends in international trade, ports.

Chapter 8. Human Settlements

Types of settlements, rural settlement patterns, classification of towns, or the basis of size, urban land use structure, functional classification of towns, problems of human settlements in

developing countries.

Map work (related to Unit 1-5)

Part B - People and Economy

Chapter 9. Population composition: Ethnic and Socio-Cultural Attributes

  1. a) Tribal population, State-wise distribution.
  2. b) Spatial distribution of scheduled caste, state-wise distribution of SC
  3. c) Language and dialect groups, classification of Indian languages
  4. d) Unity in diversity

Chapter 10. The population of India: Aspects of spatial distribution and Growth

  1. a) General demographic scene in India
  2. b) Census of population
  3. c) Distribution of the population in India – State level
  4. d) Variations in the density of population
  5. e) Trends of population growth in India
  6. f) Variations in population growth
  7. g) Migration trends in India

Chapter 11. Population composition: Demographic Attributes -Whole Chapter

Chapter 12. Population, Environment, and Development

  1. a) Population growth and environments
  2. b) Agricultural development and environmental degradation
  3. c) Urbanization and environmental degradation

Chapter 13. Human Settlements and House types- Settlements, a table indicating differences between urban and rural settlements, the morphology of an Indian town, House type

Chapter 14. Natural resources of India

- Resource development, major resources of India

Chapter 15. Agriculture

- Role of agriculture, traditional vs modern package technology or The green revolution, regional imbalances in agricultural development, wet and dryland agriculture, selected cultural practices – utility and relevance, the intensity of cropping spatial pattern of agricultural development

Chapter 16. Manufacturing Industries

Industries – historical perspective, Industrial development, plan period, factors of industrial location, classification of industries, Industrial clusters, industrial self-reliance, Impact of liberalization, privatization, and globalization.

Chapter 17.  Planning in India and the Need for Sustainable development 

 Need for sustainable development, Significance of S.D.

Chapter 18. Transport Systems

- Rail transport, the progress of Indian Railways, factors, distribution of Indian Railways, Railway zones

- Road transport, classification of roads

- Inland waterways, problems, air transport, and pipelines

- Power grid

Chapter 19. International trade, Seaports, and Airports

- Nature of Indian foreign trade; present picture, Scope of Export

- Seaports

- Airports

Chapter 20. A geographical perspective on Selected issues and problems

- Environmental pollution – air, water pollution

- Hunger and poverty – causes

- Urbanization, Urban waste disposal

Map work (related to Part B Unit 1-5)

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