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Sikkim Board 12th

Sikkim Board 12th 2023

Sikkim Board 12th Syllabus 2023: The Syllabus of the Sikkim board 12th Exam is designed with a motive to inculcate a significant academic stream-oriented base in the HSC students. This would not only serve the requirement of their senior secondary education but also prepare them for higher studies. There are various subjects in different streams, where some of the subjects come under the compulsory subjects whereas the others come under the option or additional papers in the Sikkim HSC exam.

As the Sikkim Board 12th Syllabus 2023 of Sikkim 12th has undergone various changes from time to time, therefore, it is upon the students to stay updated with any type of such change that prevails in the curriculum. Here you will find substantial details regarding the Sikkim Board 12th Syllabus which will help you in staying aware of the exam pattern and preparing for the senior secondary exam accordingly.

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Code number




  • Relation and Function
  • Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Linear Programming
  • Vectors and 3-Dimensional geometry
  • Probability 



  • Electrostatics
  • Electric charges and fields
  • Electrostatic potential and capacitance
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
  • Moving charges and magnetism
  • Magnetism and matter
  • Electromagnetic Induction And alternating current
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Alternating current
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Optics
  • Ray optics and optical instruments
  • Wave optics
  • Dual nature of radiation and matter
  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • Atoms
  • Nuclei
  • Electronic Devices
  • Semiconductor
  • Electronics: Materials, devices, and simple circuits 



  • Solutions
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • General principles and processes of isolation of elements
  • Surface chemistry
  • P block
  • D and f block
  • Coordinate compounds
  • Haloalkanes and haloarenes’
  • Alcohols, phenols, and ethers
  • Aldehyde, ketones, and carboxylic acid
  • An organic compound containing nitrogen
  • Biomolecules
  • Polymers
  • Chemistry in everyday life 



  • Reproduction
  • Genetics and evolution
  • Biology and human welfare
  • Biotechnology and its applications
  • Ecology and environment 

Business studies


  • Principles and functions of management
  • Nature and significance of management 
  • Business environment
  • Principles of management
  • Planning
  • Organizing
  • Staffing
  • Controlling
  • Directing 
  • Business finance and marketing
  • Financial management
  • Financial market
  • Consumer protection 
  • Marketing management



  • Accounting for a non-profit organization, Partnership firms, and companies
  • Financial statements of the not-for-profit organization
  • Accounting for companies
  • Accounting for partnership firms
  • Financial statement analysis
  • Analysis of financial statement
  • Cash flow statement
  • Computerized accounting
  • Practical work (practical work carrying 4 marks, practical examination carrying 12 marks and viva-voce carrying 4 marks) 

Physical Education


  • Planning in sports
  • Meaning and objective of planning
  • Various committees and their responsibilities
  • Procedure to draw fixtures
  • Tournament- Knockout, league or round-robin & combination
  • Intramural & Extramural- meaning, objectives, and its significance
  • Specific sports program (Sports day, run for fun, Health run, run for specific cause & run for unity)
  • Sports and nutrition
  • Balanced diet and nutrition: Macro and micronutrients 
  • Nutritive and non-nutritive components of a diet
  • Eating for weight control- A healthy weight, Food intolerance and food myths, the pitfalls of dieting
  • Yoga and Lifestyle
  • Asanas as preventive measures
  • Diabetes: procedure, benefits and contraindications for bhujangasana, Pavan muktasana, Pachimottasana, Ardha matsyendrasana
  • Obesity:  procedure, benefits and contraindications for vajrasana, hastasana, Trikonyasana, Ardha matsyendrasana
  • Asthma:  procedure, benefits and contraindications for sukhasana, Gomukhasana, chakrasana, Bhujanagasana, parvatasana, matsyasana
  • Back Pain: Tadasana, Ardha matsyendrasana, Shalabhasana, vakrasana, bhujangasana
  • Hypertension: Tadasana, Pavan muktasana, vajrasana, ardha chakrasana, bhujangasana, Sharasana
  • Children and women in sports
  • Motor development and factors affecting it
  • Common postural deformities: Flat foot, knock knee, Kyphosis, lordosis, round shoulders, bow legs and scoliosis and their corrective measures
  • Exercise guidelines at different stages of growth and development
  • Sports participation of women in India
  • Female athletes triad (osteoporosis, eating disorders)
  • Special consideration (Menarche and menstrual dysfunction) 
  • Physical education and sports for CWSN
  • Concept of disability and disorder 
  • Types of disability, its causes, and nature (cognitive disability, physical disability, intellectual disability)
  • Disability etiquettes
  • Types of disorder, its causes, and nature (SPD, ADHD, ODD, ASD, OCD)
  • Strategies to make physical activities accessible for children with special needs
  • Advantages of physical activities for children with special needs
  • Test and measurement in sports
  • Motor fitness test- 50M standing start, 600M run/walk, partial curl up, sit and reach, Push-ups (boys), standing broad jump, modified push-ups (girls), agility 
  • General motor fitness: barrow three-item general motor ability (standing jump, zig-zag run, medicine ball put- for boys: 03 kg and girls: 01kg)
  • Rikli and Jones: Senior citizen fitness test: 
  1. Chair stand test for lower body strength
  2. Back scratch test for upper body flexibility
  3. Arm curl strength for upper body strength
  4. Chair seat and reach test for lower body flexibility
  5. Six-minute walk test for aerobic endurance
  6. Eight-foot up and go test for agility
  • Biomechanics and sports
  • Types of movements (flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction)
  • Meaning and importance of biomechanics in sports
  • Friction and sports
  • Newton’s law of motion and its application in sports
  • Physiology and injury in sports
  • The physiological factor determining component of physical fitness
  • Effect of exercise on the muscular system
  • Effects of exercise on the cardiorespiratory system
  • Physiological changes due to aging
  • Sports injuries: classification (Soft tissue injuries (laceration, abrasion, contusion, etc.)),  Bone and joint injuries (Dislocation, fractures (Greenstick, stress fractures, transverse oblique, comminuted and impacted))
  • First aid: aims and objectives
  • Psychology and sports
  • Personality: its definition and types- traits and types (Sheldon and Jung classification, and big five theory) 
  • Motivation, its types, and techniques
  • Strategies for enhancing adherence to exercise
  • Exercise adherence: reasons to exercise, benefits of exercise
  • Meaning concept and types of aggression in sports 
  • Training in sports
  • Strength- Definition, types, and methods of improving strength
  • Speed: Definition, Types, and methods to develop speed- acceleration run & pace run
  • Flexibility- Definition, types, and methods to improve flexibility
  • Endurance: definition, types, and methods to improve endurance- Continuous training, interval training and fartlek training
  • Coordinative abilities
  • Circuit training- Introduction and its importance 

Computer Science 


  • Programming and Computational thinking-2 
  • Computer Networks
  • Data management 2
  • Society, law, and ethics- 2
  • Practicals

Political Science 


  • Contemporary world politics
  • Cold War Era
  • The end of bipolarity
  • Alternative centers of power
  • US hegemony in world politics
  • Contemporary South Asia
  • Security in the Contemporary world
  • International organization
  • Environment and natural resources
  • Globalization
  • Politics in India since Independence 
  • Challenges of Nation-building
  •  India’s external relations
  • Politics of planned development 
  • Crisis of democratic order
  • Challenges to the congress system
  • Rise of popular movements
  • Regional aspirations
  • Recent developments in Indian politics 



  • Fundamentals of Physical Geography
  • Human Geography
  • People
  • Human activities
  • Transport, communication, and trade
  • Human settlements
  • India: People and economy
  • People
  • Human settlements
  • Resources and development
  • Transport, communication, and international trade
  • A geographical perspective on selected issues and problems 
  • Practical work
  • Processing of work and thematic mapping
  • Field study or spatial information technology



  • Introductory Macroeconomics
  • National Income and related aggregates
  • Money and Banking
  • Government budget and the economy
  • Determination of Income and Employment
  • Balance of payments
  • Indian Economic development 
  • Development experience (1947-1990)
  • Economic reforms since 1991
  • Current challenges facing the Indian economy
  • Development experience in India (A comparison with neighbors) 



  • Themes in Indian History Part I
  • The story of the first cities (Harappan Archaeology)
  • Political and Economic History (How Inscriptions tell a story)
  • A History of Buddhism (Sanchi Stupa) 
  • Social histories (using the Mahabharata) 
  • Themes in Indian History part II 
  • Medieval society through traveler’s accounts
  • Religious histories: The Bhakti Sufi tradition
  • New Architecture: Hampi
  • Agrarian relations
  • The Ain-i-Akbari
  • The Mughal court: Reconstructing histories through chronicles
  • Themes in Indian History part III
  • Colonialism and rural society: Evidence from official reports
  • Representations of 1857
  • Mahatma Gandhi through contemporary eyes
  • Colonialism and Indian towns: town plans and municipal reports 
  • Partition through oral sources
  • The making of the constitution 



  • Introducing Indian society 
  • Colonialism, nationalism, class and community (non-evaluative)
  • The demographic structure of the Indian society 
  • Theories and concepts in demography
  • Rural-urban linkages and divisions
  • Social Institutions; Continuity and change
  • The caste system
  • The community
  • Family and kinship
  • The market as a Social Institution 
  • Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy
  • Globalization (Interlinking of local, regional, national, and international markets) 
  • Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  • Social Inequality and social exclusion 
  • Caste prejudice, scheduled caste, and other backward classes
  • Adivasi struggles
  • The struggle for women’s equality and rights 
  • The struggles of the differently-abled 
  • The challenges of cultural diversity
  • Cultural communities and the nation-states
  • Problems of regionalism
  •  Communalism, secularism, and the nation-state
  • The nation-state, religion-related issues, and identities 
  • State and civil society
  • Change and development in India
  • Colonialism, industrialization, and Urbanization
  • Social reforms, movements, and laws
  • Different kinds of social changes (Sanskritization, westernization, secularization, and modernization)
  • The story of Indian Democracy
  • The constitution as an instrument of social change
  • Panchayati raj and the challenges of social transformation 
  •  Political parties, pressure groups, and Democratic politics
  • Change and development in rural society 
  • Land reforms, green revolution, and emerging agrarian society
  • Agrarian structure: Caste and class in rural India land reforms
  • Transformation in rural society
  • Green revolution and its social consequences 
  • Globalization, Liberalization and rural society 
  • Globalization and social change
  • Dimensions of globalization 
  • Change and Development in Industrial society 
  • From planned Industrialization to liberalization
  • Getting a job
  • Work processes
  • Mass media and communication 
  • Types of mass media: radio, television, and print media
  • Changing nature of mass media
  • Social Movements
  • Theories and classification of social movements
  • Environmental movements
  • Class-based movements: Workers, peasants
  • Caste-based movements: Dalit movement, backward caste, Trends in upper-caste responses



  • Variation in psychological attributes
  • Meeting life challenges
  • Self and personality
  • Psychological disorders
  • Therapeutic approaches
  • Social influence and group processes
  • Attitude and social cognition
  • Psychology and life
  • Developing psychological skills 



  • Protein and gene manipulation
  • Recombinant DNA technology
  • Protein structure and engineering
  • Genomics, proteomics, and Bioinformatics
  • Cell culture and genetic manipulation
  • Microbial cell culture and its applications 
  • Plant cell culture and applications
  • Animal cell culture and applications

Engineering graphics 

  • Isometric projections of solids
  • Machine Drawing
  • Drawing of machine parts
  • Assembly drawing and dis-assembly drawings
  • Bearings
  • Rod's joints
  • Tie-rod and pipe joints
  • Couplings
  • Pulleys

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