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Jharkhand Board  12th

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus 2024

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus 2024: Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) has released the Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus on its official website, the JAC Board 12th Syllabus is made in taking all the streams Science, Arts & Commerce into its consideration. The Jharkhand Board has covered all the important topics of all subjects.

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus Overview:

Every student dreams to score good marks in his/her 12th exam. So to obtain good scores in the board exams, applicants are required to have a thorough knowledge of the entire Jharkhand Board 12th syllabus. This syllabus will be followed by all the schools affiliated with the Jharkhand Board. In this article, you will get the entire JAC Board 12th Syllabus which will help you to do your preparations well.

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus for Physics:

Down below the Jharkhand 12th Syllabus for Physics is given. Kindly go through it:


Important Topics


  • Electric charges, 
  • Coulomb’s law,
  •  Electric field, 
  • Electric flux, 
  • Electric potential, 
  • Conductors and insulators, 
  • Van de Graaff generator, 
  • Capacitors, etc

Current Electricity

  • Electric current,
  •  Internal resistance,
  •  Kirchhoff ’s laws, Potentiometer, 
  • Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, 
  • V-I characteristics, etc

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Oersted’s experiment, Biot - 

  • Savart law and its application,
  •  Ampere’s law and its applications,
  •  moving coil galvanometer, 
  • Cyclotron,
  •  Force on a current-carrying conductor, Torque, etc

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

  • Faraday’s law, Lenz’s Law, 
  • Eddy currents, 
  • LCR series circuit,
  •  resonance, 
  • Alternating currents, 
  • AC generator and transformer, etc

Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic waves, 
  • The electromagnetic spectrum, etc


  • Reflection of light,
  •  mirror formula.
  •  Refraction of light, 
  • Optical instruments,
  •  Wave optics,
  •  Young’s double-slit experiment,
  •  Huygens’ principle, etc

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

  • Photoelectric effect,
  •  Hertz and Lenard’s observations,
  •  de Broglie relation, 
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation, 
  • Davisson-Germer experiment, etc

Atoms and Nuclei

  • Rutherford’s model,
  •  Bohr model, 
  • hydrogen spectrum, 
  • radioactive decay law, 
  • nuclear fission and fusion, etc

Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductors, 
  • I-V characteristics, 
  • A photodiode, 
  • A solar cell, and 
  • Zener diode, etc

Communication Systems

  • The bandwidth of signals, 
  • sky and space wave propagation, 
  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus for Biology:

Down below the  Jharkhand 12th Syllabus of Chemistry is given. Kindly go through it:


Important Topics


  • Pollination and fertilization, 
  • The reproductive system in male and female, 
  • Development of seeds and fruits, 
  • Reproductive health,
  •  sexually transmitted diseases, etc

Genetics and Evolution

  • Mendelian inheritance,
  •  Sex determination in human beings, 
  • Linkage and crossing over, 
  • DNA, 
  • Gene Expression, 
  • Genome, 
  • Evolution, etc

Biology and Human Welfare

  • Animal husbandry,
  •  immunology, 
  • vaccines, 
  • Plant breeding, 
  • Pathogens, 
  • Microbes, etc

Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Recombinant DNA technology, 
  • Genetically modified,
  •  Insulin and Bt cotton, etc

Ecology and environment

  • Ecosystems, 
  • population, and community, 
  • Ecological adaptations,
  •  National parks, and sanctuaries, etc

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus for Chemistry:

Down below the  Jharkhand 12th Syllabus of Chemistry is given. Kindly go through it:



Solid State

  • point defects, 
  • calculation of the density of unit cell, 
  • electrical and magnetic properties of a unit cell,
  • amorphous and crystalline solids


  • Types of solutions, 
  • freezing point, 
  • osmotic pressure, etc


  • Redox reactions; 
  • conductance in electrolytic solutions,

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction,
  •  factors affecting rates of reaction:

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption, 
  • Tyndall effect, 
  • Emulsions, 
  • Brownian movement,

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

  • Principles and methods of extraction, 
  • extraction of aluminum, 
  • Copper,
  •  zinc and 
  • iron.

p-Block Elements

  • Group 15 elements, 
  • Group 16 elements, 
  • Group 17 elements,
  •  Group 18 elements:

d and f Block Elements

  • Lanthanide, 
  • Actinoids, 
  • Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements,
  • Properties of the Transition Elements

Coordination Compounds

  • Werner's Theory, Some Important Terms, Nomenclature,
  •  Bonding in Metal Carbonyls

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Nature of C–X Bond, 
  • Nomenclature,
  •  Preparation of Haloarenes and Haloalkanes,
  • Chemical Reactions

Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

  • Alcohols and Phenols, Functional Groups,
  • Nomenclature, 
  • Ethers, 
  • Commercially Important Alcohols

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group,
  • Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones, 
  • Uses of Carboxylic Acids, Chemical Reactions, etc


  • Preparation of Amines,
  •  Classification, 
  • Nomenclature,
  •  Physical Properties, 
  • Preparation of Diazonium Salts,
  •  Importance of Diazonium Salts in the Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds


  • Carbohydrates, 
  • Proteins, 
  • Enzymes, 
  • Vitamins, 
  • Nucleic Acids, 
  • Hormones


  • Classification of Polymers
  • , Molecular Mass of Polymers, 
  • Types of Polymerisation Reactions, etc

Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Drugs and their Classification, 
  • Chemicals in Food, Cleansing Agents

Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus for History:

History has always been the toughest subject for every student. But if you have proper knowledge of how to study it you can crack it out easily and can score good marks in it. To score good marks, students are required to go through the Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus. In class 12th students' history syllabus covers the entire Indian History of different centuries. Remembering relative dates and events helps students to score good marks in History. Down below the Refer to given topics of Jharkhand 12th syllabus for History-

Themes in Indian History-I, II & III:

  • The Harappan Civilisation
  • Early States and Economies (600 BCE-600 CE)
  • Early Societies (600 BCE-600 CE)
  • Cultural Developments (600 BCE-600 CE)
  • Perceptions of Society (tenth to seventeenth centuries)
  • Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (eighth to eighteenth centuries)
  • An Imperial Capital- Vijayanagara (fourteen to sixteen centuries)
  • Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  • The Mughal Courts (sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
  • Colonialism and the Countryside
  • 1857 Revolt and its Representations
  • Colonial Cities- Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  • Mahatma Gandhi and Nationalist Development
  • Understanding the Partition
  • Framing the Constitution

JAC Board 12th Syllabus for English:

Students who want to get good marks in the English exam need to show their reading and writing skills in the final board exams. These skills can only be built up only when they hold correct knowledge related to JAC Board 12th Syllabus for English. Down below the JAC Board 12th Syllabus for English is given for students. Kindly go through it:-

  1. Different kinds of tenses
  2.  different kinds of narration (e.g. media commentaries, reports, programs, etc.).
  3. How to use passive forms in scientific and innovative writings
  4. Converting one kind of sentence or clause into a different kind of structure 
  5. Exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses
  6. Modal auxiliaries — uses based on semantic considerations.
  7. Essay writing, letter writing, or a short story.

JAC Board 12th Syllabus for Geography:

Fundamentals of Human Geography

  1. Human Geography: Nature and Scope,
  2. World Population Distribution, Density, and Growth & Human Development
  3. Economic activities
  4. Transport, Communication and International Trade
  5. Human Settlements

India: People and Economy

  • Population: Distribution, Density, Growth, and Composition
  • Migration: Types, Causes, and Consequences
  • Human Development
  • Human Settlements
  • Land Resources and Agriculture
  • Water Resources
  • Mineral and Energy Resources
  • Manufacturing Industries
  • Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian
  • Transport and Communication
  • International Trade
  • Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems

JAC Board 12th Syllabus for Mathematics:

Mathematics- Part 1

  1. Relations and Functions
  2. Determinants
  3. Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  4. Continuity and Differentiability
  5. Application of Derivatives
  6. Matrices

Mathematics- Part 2

  1. Integrals
  2. Application of Integrals
  3. Differential Equations
  4. Vector Algebra
  5. Three Dimensional Geometry
  6. Linear Programming
  7. Probability
JAC Board 12th Syllabus for Political Science:

Part 1- World Politics

  1. The Cold War Era
  2. The End of Bipolarity
  3. US Hegemony in World Politics
  4. Alternative Centres of Power
  5. Contemporary South Asia
  6. International Organisations
  7. Security in the Contemporary World
  8. Environment and Natural Resources
  9. Globalization

Part 2- Politics in India

  1. Challenges of Nation Building
  2. The era of One-Party Dominance
  3. Politics of Planned Development
  4. India's External Relations
  5. The challenge to and Restoration of Congress System
  6. Crisis of the Democratic Order
  7. Rise of Popular Movements
  8. Regional Aspirations
  9. Recent Developments in Indian Politics
JAC Board 12th Syllabus for Economic:

Course 1- Introductory Microeconomics

  • Unit I: Introduction,
  • Unit II: Consumer Behaviour and Demand,
  • Unit III: Producer Behaviour and Supply,
  • Unit IV: Forms of Market and Price Determination,
  • Unit V: Simple Applications of Tools of Demand and Supply Curves.

Course II: Introductory Macroeconomics

  • Unit I:  National Income and  Related Aggregates — Basic Concepts and Measurement,
  • Unit II: Determination of Income and Employment,
  • Unit III: Money and Banking
Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus for Sociology:

Down below the list of Jharkhand Board 12th Syllabus for Sociology is given. Students are required to go through the syllabus thoroughly as it will help them in their preparation.

Indian Society

  • Unit I:   Structure of Indian Society,
  • Unit II:   Social Institutions: Continuity and Change,
  • Unit III:   Social Inequality and Exclusion,
  • Unit IV:   The Challenges of Unity in Diversity,
  • Unit V:   Project Work

Change and Development in India-

  • Unit I:   Process of Social Change in India,
  • Unit II:   Social Change and the Polity,
  • Unit III:   Social Change and the Economy,
  • Unit IV:   New Arenas of Social Change,
  • Unity V:   Social Movements
Jharkhand Board 12th Exam (Useful Links)
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Jharkhand Board 12th Time Table
Jharkhand Board 12th Admit Card
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