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Which is better 2 years or 3 years MCA Course - Best MCA Colleges in India

Update on 06 Oct, 22

5 minutes read

Which is better 2 years or 3 years MCA Course - Best MCA Colleges in India

2 years or 3 years MCA Course:

MCA or Masters in Computer Applications is a comprehensive postgraduate course in the field of computers and IT computer applications, etc. There are two ways to study or rather gain admission into an MCA Course. It is usually for 3 years, and can also be completed in 2 years by students who gain admission through lateral entry. But the question is what is the difference between 2 years or 3 years MCA Course and Which is better 2 years or 3 years MCA Course 

Students who have pursued a Bachelor in Science course, then the students need to complete MCA in 3 years. For students, who have completed BCA, can complete MCA in two years through gaining admission via lateral entry. Both these types of courses have no difference between them whatsoever and are the same in terms of quality and degree value. 

MCA Course and its duration may vary from State to State and even city to city. In Mumbai, for example, the universities have canceled lateral entry options altogether, forcing the students to study MCA Course for three years itself. However, now that has changed as well. Whereas, some universities, like IGNOU and colleges affiliated to AICTE, have the option for lateral entry, where students having an academic background from similar courses can gain admission in the second year, thus making MCA a two-year course for some students. 

Lateral entry is becoming increasingly popular due to its time efficiency and one year less.

Why 2 years or 3 Years MCA Course?

This trend of fixing or changing the MCA Course duration has changed throughout the years. The three years MCA Course was started in the 1990s to meet the demands of the fast-growing IT industry and its demand for computer application experts to fulfill their job positions. 

The need for IT professionals was so dire that the companies and top recruiters of IT firms recruited B.Tech Course, B.Sc. (Computer Science), and even BCA Course graduates. Despite that, the demand for IT experts was not met. Keeping in view the shortage of expert professionals, MCA was introduced to allow students from any computer science stream, arts, or even commerce graduates to sign up to learn the basics of coding and computer applications and hence, to switch into an MCA course in the first year. The students could then move up to an advanced level of skills and knowledge set in higher courses or years.

But now in the last five to six years, the demand for IT professionals and experts is lower due to so many passports and a boom in the supply of experts. Due to this, the students have stopped taking admission in the first year of MCA from BSc. Physics and other science streams. 

In current times, MCA has been the chosen degree option for students from computer science backgrounds, and hence these students do not usually need the first year of introductory syllabus and lectures. Due to this, the students made pleas and teachers saw the wastage of resources, and hence, the government conducting body AICTE collaborating with the UGC Grant Commission, reduced the duration of the MCA Course from three years to two years, getting rid of the introductory course year (first year) altogether.  

2 years or 3 years MCA Course: Syllabus

The syllabus for 3 years MCA Course is listed below for students to get an idea of the topics and subject matter that will be covered in the duration of 3 years.

Semester 1

Introduction to IT

Computer Organization and Architecture

Programing Lab

Mathematical Foundations

IT Lab

Introduction to Management Functions

Programming and Data Structure

-

Semester 2

InfoSystems Analysis and Design Implementations

Accounting and Management Control

Business Programming Lab

Probability and Combinatorics

Unix and Window Lab

Operating Systems

Oral and Wireless Communications

-

Semester 3

Statistical Computing Lab

DBMS Lab

Statistical Computing

Object-Oriented Analysis and Design

Management Support Systems 

Database Management Systems

Computer Communication Networks

-

Semester 4

Network Programming

Organizational Behaviour

Software Engineering -I

Elective Choice I

Elective Choice II

Network Lab

Case Tools Lab

 

Semester 5

A.I and Applications 

Elective Choice III

Software Engineering II

Elective IV

A.I and Applications Lab

Optimization Techniques

Optimization Techniques Lab

Industrial Lectures Seminar and Project

Semester 6

Project 

Seminar

The above is the 3 year MCA Course Syllabus and students generally learn the topics and do research and project work during their three years of MCA. They start with learning the basic details of computer applications, the components of computer systems, etc in their first year and gradually get deeper into the theories and software technicalities of the course. 

For students, already with a solid background of basic knowledge of computer programs and application techniques, can pursue MCA through lateral entry, as mentioned before. 

The syllabus for the 2 Years MCA Course is listed below.

Semester 1

Database Management Systems

Management Support System

Computer Communication Networks

Object-Oriented Analysis and Design

DBMS Lab

Statistical Computing Lab

Statistical Computing

-

Semester 2

Network Programming

Case Tools Lab

Elective I

Elective II

Organizational Behaviour

Software Engineering I

Network Lab

-

Semester 3

Elective III

Elective IV

A.I and Applications

Software Engineering II

Industrial Lectures Seminar and Project

Optimizations Techniques

A.I and Applications Lab

Optimization Techniques

Semester 4

Project

Seminar

The above syllabus is for 2 years MCA Course and students who wish to pursue the course through lateral entry should expect to study the above topics. 

Apart from that, 2 years and 3 years MCA also includes specializations that the student chooses during his study. These are called Elective Courses. A student usually chooses around 4 subjects and he or she is said to specialize in those subjects. Some of the elective options given to students are listed below.

  • Software Development
  • Application Software
  • Systems Development
  • Systems Management
  • Management Information Systems (MIS)
  • Systems Engineering, etc. 

2 years or 3 years MCA Course: Fee and Requirements

The fee structure of both 2 years or 3 years MCA courses is more or less the same. Due to the assignment and project focus, the colleges do not distinguish much between the two approaches to MCA Course. The average fee for MCA Course is around Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 2.5 lac.  

The other academic requirements are also similar, both 2 years or 3 years MCA Course can only be pursued by candidates who have completed their 12th grade with Mathematics as a compulsory subject. They must also have completed their Bachelor's in a similar computer-related field.  

What to choose: 2 years or 3 Years MCA Course

The students who wish to gain deeper and in-depth knowledge in the field of computer science and equip students with the necessary skill set to attain jobs in the IT Industry. The students also learn various techniques and applications related to the Development of Application Software. 

It is a highly demanded and sought-after course due to its career scope, in many well-reputed companies across the world. The salary packages are lucrative and increase with experience, and the experts and software graduates will always be in demand due to the dependence of the world or rather the modern world on the computer and IT related fields. 

A 2 years or 3 years MCA Course graduate can hope to fill the following job positions in any reputed MNC or firm. 

  • Software Engineer
  • Testing Engineer
  • System Analyst
  • Cyber Security
  • Web Developer
  • Technical Support Engineer
  • Data Analyst, etc. 

In conclusion, no matter what approach a student chooses, 2 years or 3 years MCA Course, he or she will be equipped with the same skills and knowledge base. The students have to appear for entrance exams before they can expect admission, (if in case they do not have sufficient marks to a cut-off list). There is no distinction between 2 years and 3 years MCA courses, it is the same in terms of syllabus, exposure, training, examination type, etc. Students will earn the same salary package as is based on their job profile and experience level. 

The only difference between 2 years or 3 years MCA Course lies in the duration of the course.

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