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Career in Software Engineering

Update on 2024-04-15

Career in Software Engineering - How to Become Software Engineer

There are various branches in engineering and students aspiring to become software engineers need to study design, understand the program logic, implementation, and many other aspects. To understand What does Software Engineers do and what software engineering is better, let’s take a look.

Details of Software Engineers:

  • Professional software engineers are responsible for designing, developing, implementing computer software for business as well as personal use. While creating and designing video games, developing internet applications, and testing they apply the principles of mathematics, computer science, and engineering to achieve the end goal.
  • Software engineers work with different platforms, such as the Internet, mobile devices, and desktop computers to design software application solutions for clients by combining business logic with programming knowledge.
  • Software engineers manage to cover the entire development process from analyzing business needs to product release by working across different areas such as web and mobile applications, networking, data, embedded systems, security, and systems administration.

Roles and Responsibilities of Software Engineer:

  • Gather information on project performance requirements and interfaces by collaborating with systems analysts, engineers, programmers, and others.
  • Resolve existing software mistakes and errors and help in improving its overall performance.
  • Analyze software requirements to determine design feasibility within time and cost limitations.
  • Design, develop and modify software systems, and mathematical models to predict and measure the outcomes of those designs.
  • Experience in handling software system testing, validation procedures, programming, and documentation.
  • Determine system performance standards.
  • To analyze system capabilities and requirements data should be stored, retrieved, and manipulate.

Eligibility to Become Software Engineer:

  • Undergraduate: Software aspirants must have passed 10+2 or an equivalent examination from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as major subjects with a minimum of 55% marks.
  • Post Graduate: Candidates must have a passing certificate of graduation level with a minimum aggregate of 50% in the required field to get into M.Tech in Software Engineering.
  • A valid software engineering certification may be required to enhance your skills and land a job.

Skills Required to Become a Software Engineer:

The list of responsibilities mentioned above needs a particular set of skills to properly do the job of a software engineer. So in your ongoing journey to learn how to become a software engineer, here’s a list of skills and abilities that you need to cultivate.

The capacity to analyze complex technical information and business requirements within the existing database architecture.

  • Good research skills.
  • Excellent problem solver.
  • Should have experience in building software applications.
  • Knowledge of JavaScript, Linux/Unix, Java, Ruby, PHP, Python, SQL, Microsoft ASP.NET MVC, Web API, Node.js.
  • Experience working with source code and version repository.
  • Familiarity with UI Toolkits and frameworks.
  • The capacity to lead and deliver complex software systems and manage multiple projects by following deadlines.
  • Experience with Ruby on Rails.
  • Solid knowledge of Java.
  • Strong problem-solving skills.
  • Knowledge of computer architecture, data structures, and operating systems.
  • The capacity to thrive in a fast-paced, dynamic environment and not be overwhelmed.
  • The capacity to transform requirements into design concepts and ERDs.
  • The ability to troubleshoot and debug.
  • Work either independently or with a team (Agile scrum teams).
  • Knowledge of C, C++, and C#.
  • Knowledge of detailed technical specs and documentation.

Software Engineering: Career Opportunities

The software field is on top in terms of offering jobs because of the emerging IT industry not only in India but abroad also.

Here are some of the opportunities listed:

1. Applications Software Developers

  • Applications Software Developers is client-based which helps to create extensive analysis and research. They have to deal with both front-end and back-end.


  • An average application software developer -₹502,479 per annum.
  • Entry-level software developers - ₹345,016 per annum
  • Mid-level application software developer - ₹873,499 per annum.
  • Senior-level application software developer - ₹1,397,624 per annum.

2. Systems Software Developers:

  • System Software Developers are tasked to look into both software and hardware requirements for the creation of networks as well as operating systems.
  • Systems Software Engineers can work as systems architects i.e. they should maintain all relevant IT documents and incorporate new technologies into their software. Systems Software Developers is usually back-end.


  • Average system software developer salary - ₹665,000per annum.
  • Entry-level system software developers - ₹460,000 per annum.
  • Mid-level system software developer - ₹1,200,000 per annum.
  • Senior-level system software developer - ₹1,990,000 per annum.

3. Full-Stack Developers:

  • Capable of handling complete web applications such as front-end, back-end, clients, servers, and databases.


  • Average Full-Stack Developer salary - ₹596,690 per annum.
  • Entry-level Full-Stack Developer - ₹375,000 per annum.
  • Mid-level Full-Stack Developer - ₹1,375,689 per annum.

4. QA Engineer:

  • Software test cases have to be written to check the application quality and to make sure that the application is functioning smoothly.


  • Average QA Engineer salary - ₹382,665 per annum.
  • Entry-level QA Engineer - ₹354,412 per annum.
  • Mid-level QA Engineer - ₹717,097 per annum.
  • Senior-level QA Engineer - ₹1,047,619 per annum.

5. Security Engineer:

  • Security Engineer is ethical hackers because they test the security of the product by hacking it and revealing its vulnerabilities to guarantee and fix the issue of the software product.


  • Average Security Engineer salary - ₹581,389 per annum.
  • Entry-level Security Engineer - ₹300,000 per annum.
  • Mid-level Security Engineer - ₹999,973 per annum.
  • Senior-level Security Engineer - ₹2,099,998 per annum.

6. DevOps Engineers:

  • They are responsible to have good command over version control, integration, testing, and deployment for creating the infrastructure of an application, including servers and databases.


  • Average DevOps Engineer salary - ₹689,698 per annum.
  • Entry-level DevOps Engineer - 366,337 per annum.
  • Mid-level DevOps Engineer - ₹1,125,980 per annum.
  • Senior-level DevOps Engineer - ₹1,632,155 per annum.
Software Engineer Salary in India: Based on Companies

Here is the list:

  • Cisco Systems Inc – INR 1 million
  • Accenture Technology Solutions – INR 455,000
  • Accenture – INR 445,000
  • Tata Consultancy Services – INR 434,000
  • Infosys Limited – INR 415,000
  • Tech Mahindra Limited – INR 384,000
  • HCL Technologies – INR 383,000
  • Capgemini – INR 328,000

Advantages of Becoming a Software Engineer:

  • There is going to be a growth of 32% in the software engineers' jobs and are paid well and as per the records.
  • Software Engineering provides you with the opportunities to move to U.S. Canada or Europe.
  • If you wish to start your startup, the barrier to entry is incredibly low as compared to traditional engineering specializations.
  • Job satisfaction as you will be building and creating new things.
Disadvantages of Becoming a Software Engineer:
  • Software engineers are required to meet deadlines hence can be very stressful.
  • Software engineers must stay up to date on their technical skills to sustain themselves in the industry for a longer duration.

I hope this article helped you to understand more about software engineering. If you’re interested to learn more about software development, full-stack development, check out Great learning‘s& IIIT-H’s Post Graduate Certificate in Software Engineering which offers 8 Months of online + On-Campus residences, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

We hope you got all the relevant details, you were looking for - What does Software Engineer do and what Career scope in Software Engineering

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