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# CG PPT Syllabus 2023

Detailed Syllabus of CG PPT 2023: The CG PPT 2023 syllabus will be based on the 10th standards board syllabus, This syllabus includes 10th Physics, Chemistry, and Maths subjects and the syllabus will be decided and announced by the exam conducting authority. Candidates are recommended to study from their 10th NCERT Books. The detailed information about the CG PPT syllabus is also mentioned in this article.

## General Properties of Matter And Sound: Measurement, Motion & Force:

Measurement: Measurement in the International System of Units (S.I.), Tool of measurement: Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Spherometer, Physical balance, and stopwatch.

Motion: Uniform and non-uniform motion, Particle, Body, Distance, Displacement, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Retardation, Difference between velocity and speed.

Force: Mass and Weight, Inertia, Classification of force, Friction and Factors affecting friction, sliding and rolling friction, advantage, and disadvantage of friction, ways, and means of increase and decrease of friction, the importance of friction. Gravity and Gravitational force, Acceleration due to gravity.

### CG PPT ​​​​​​Work and Energy:

Work: Definition, work done by Constant force, Kinetic, and potential energy.

Heat & Temperature: Thermometer, Conversion of temperature in Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin scale. Specific heat, Heat capacity, Calculation of specific heat by the method of the mixture, Change of state, Latent heat, cooling due to evaporation, humidity and specific humidity, Heat expansion, Linear expansion, Superficial expansion, Volume expansion, and it's coefficient.

Waves: Nature of waves, types of waves (longitudinal and transverse), simple harmonic motion, amplitude, period, Wavelength, Relation between — Velocities, Frequency & Wavelength.Sound: Nature of sound and its motion, range of hearing, ultrasonic waves, and its application.

### CG PPT Wave and Sound:

Waves: Nature of waves, types of waves (longitudinal and transverse), simple harmonic motion, amplitude, Time period, Wavelength, Relation between — Velocities, Frequency & Wavelength.Sound: Nature of sound and its motion, range of hearing, ultrasonic waves, and its application.

### CG PPT Matter: Structure & Behavior:

Matter: Nature and Behavior: Classification of matter based on the chemical constitution; elements, compounds, and mixtures, types of mixture.
Solution:  Homogeneous and heterogeneous, Suspension and Colloid, Concentration of solution.

Atoms and Molecules: Dalton’s atomic theory, Modem atomic theory, atomic and molecular mass, The mole, law of constant proportion, calculation of percentage composition of elements in simple compounds, determination of empirical and molecular formula in simple substances.Structure of Atom Structure of an atom, Constituents of an atom (Electrons, Protons, and Neutrons), Atomic number, Atomic mass, Discovery of Nucleus, Bohr’s Atomic model, Distribution of electrons in Shells (up to atomic number 1-20), Valence electrons and valency, Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones, Radio activity, Radioisotopes, and their application.

### Light, Electricity & Magnetism:

Light: nature of light, reflection of light, laws of reflection, reflection from the plane and curved surface, image formation by a plane convex and concave mirror, the relation between focal length and radius of curvature, determination of the focal length of a concave mirror by single pin method, Relation between u-v-f.
Refraction of light: Laws of refraction, refraction by glass slab, critical angle, total internal reflection, use of total internal reflection in daily life. Converging and diverging lens, Definition of focal length and optical center, image formation by the lens.

The human eye, its defects, and remedies. Comparison between photographic camera and human eye. Construction, working, uses and way diagrams of simple telescopes and astronomical telescopes.

Electricity and its effects: electric intensity, potential. the potential difference, electric current Ohms’ law, Resistance, specific resistance, in fencing lac tors, a combination of resistances and related numerical Thermal effect of current its use, calculation of power and electrical energy. Chemical effects of electric current. Primary and secondary their properties and drawback, Leclanche cell, dry cell, lead accumulator cell.
Magnetic effect of current: Magnetic effect of current, Oersted experiment, electromagnetic induction, electric motor, working principle and use of a generator, general studies of alternative \$current and direct current, electric discharge in gases, discharge tube, cathode rays, X-rays and their properties.

Magnetism: Magnet and its types, artificial magnet, methods of preparing of magnets, molecular theory of magnetism, demagnetization, magnetic keepers, magnetic lines of force and their Terrestrial magnetism, magnetic storm, magnetic meridian, geographical meridian, the relation between V, H, I and

#### CG PPT Syllabus of Chemistry

Classification of Elements, Chemical Bonding, Reaction & Some Important Compound: Periodic Classification of Elements:A brief historical perspective of periodic classification of elements, Modern periodic law, modern Periodic table. Periodic Properties in period and groups. metallic and nonmetal elements, atomic size, ionization energy, and electron affinity.

Chemical Bonding: Formation of Chemical Bonds, types of bonds-ionic and covalent bond, Electronegative and polar covalent compound, properties of ionic and covalent compound

Chemical Reactions: Chemical reaction, Formula of a simple compound, equation of simple chemical reaction and their balancing. Types of Chemical reactions – Combination, decomposition, displacement, Oxidation and reduction
Rate of a chemical reaction and chemical equilibrium: Preliminary knowledge of the rate of chemical reaction, Fast and slow chemical reactions, Reversible and irreversible chemical reaction. Reversible reaction and dynamic nature of equilibrium, Acids, and bases, pH scale, Exothermic and endothermic reactions.

Some important chemical compounds: Method of production of washing soda, baking soda. bleach in powder and plaster of Paris. Preparation of building material-lime cement, glass, and steel. Laboratory method of preparing alcohol and acetic acid. Properties and uses of some general artificial polymers, polythene, polyvinyl chloride, Teflon. Soap and detergents.

Natural Resources: Position of metals in the periodic table and general properties. Metal, mineral ore, the difference between mineral and ore. Metallurgy-concentration, roasting, smelting, refining of ores, the metallurgy of copper and iron, corrosion of metals, alloysNon-metals: Position of non-metals in the periodic table, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.

Coal and petroleum: Coal and petroleum as natural resources, carbon and its compound, destructive distillation of coal. Petroleum its fractional distillation carbon tetravalency and catenationHydrocarbon: Structure and classification of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, homologous series, isomerism. Preparation and properties of methane, ethane, and ethylene

Source of energy: Conventional and new sources of energy, source of solar energy, causes of the origin of energy in the sun, solar heating devices, solar cooker, solar cell, wind energy, biogas, fossil fuels, ideal fuel, properties of ideal fuel Nuclear energy, nuclear fission, fusion, chain reaction, nuclear reactor, uses, and harms of nuclear energy.

Our Environment: Definition, ecosystem, and biosphere, structure of ecosystem, food chain, food web, trophic level, a function of an ecosystem, energy flow, biogeochemical cycle of carbon and nitrogen, biomass, biodiversity, and its importance.

Pollution: Causes of soil, water, air, and sound pollution, and their control. Ecological balance, natural resources uses and conservation of renewal and non-renewable resources-water, soil, and air conservation, greenhouse effect, acid rain. Depletion of the ozone layer, biodegradable, and non-biodegradable materials.

### CG PPT Syllabus of Mathematics:

Algebra: Rational Number & Expressions, Surds, Indices, Ratio and Proportion, Polynomial, Quadratic Equations, Arithmetic Series, Linear Equation

Trigonometry:

• Trigonometric ratios: sin A, cos A, tan A, cot A, Sec A, cosec A.
• Trigonometric ratios of 0º, 30º, 45º, 60º and 90º.
• To find trigonometric ratios of 0º, 30º, 45º, 60º, and 90º by Geometrical method.
• Trigonometric equations: (0º<θ<90º).
• Relation between arc, radius, and central angle.
• Trigonometric Identities.
• Problems on height and distance.

Geometry: Fundamental concepts of Geometry, Different theorems and/or axioms and their converse

Coordinate Geometry: Distance formula, section, and midpoint formula., Area of triangle, conditions for three points to be collinear, Centroid, and Incentre of the triangle.

Mensuration: Area of triangle and rectangle, Area and circumference of the circle, Area of a sector of circle and length of an arc of the circle, Area of four walls of cube and cuboids, Surface area and volume of cube and cuboids, Surface Area and Volume of a prism, cylinder, cone, and sphere.

Statistics:

• Statistics and its definition
• Collection and presentation of Data
• Arranging data in ascending and descending order, the cumulative frequency of a class, class-limit.
• Graphical representation of statistical data, frequency polygon, cumulative frequency curve, histogram.
• Problem-based on mean, median, mode, and pie chart.
• Preliminary knowledge of probability (based on single-event only).

Given below are the preparation books to related to the preparation for CG PPT 2023 below:-

• Books and their author-name
• Chhattisgarh PPT Pre-Polytechnic Entrance Exam 2023  written by Arihant
• Chhattisgarh Pre-Polytechnic Test written by Lal & Sharma
• Chhattisgarh Pre-Polytechnic Test written by Tajdar Khalil

#### Key Highlights of the CG PPT 2023 Syllabus

Subjects

Chapters

Topics

Physics

General Properties of Matter and Sound

• Measurement, Motion & Force
• Work and Energy
• Wave and Sound

Physics

Matter: Structure and Behaviour

• Matter: Nature and Behaviour
• Structure of Atom
• Light

Physics

Light, Electricity and Magnetism

• Electricity and its Effects
• Magnetic Effect of Current
• Magnetism

Chemistry

Classification of Elements, Chemical Bonding, Reaction & Some Important Compound

• Chemical Reactions
• Chemical Bonding
• Rate of a chemical reaction and chemical equilibrium
• Some important chemical compounds

Chemistry

Natural Resources

• Coal and petroleum
• Hydrocarbon
• Source of Energy

Chemistry

Our Environment

• Biosphere
• Pollution

Mathematics

Algebra

• Ratio and Proportion
• Polynomials
• Arithmetic Series
• Linear Equation

Mathematics

• Trigonometric ratios: sin A, cos A, tan A, cot A, Sec A, cosec A.
• Trigonometric ratios of 0º, 30º, 45º, 60º and 90º.
• To find trigonometric ratios of 0º, 30º, 45º, 60º and 90º by the Geometrical method.
• Trigonometric equations: (0º<θ<90º).
• The Relation between arc, radius and central angle.
• Trigonometric Identities.
• Problems on height and distance.

Mathematics

Geometry

• Fundamental concepts of Geometry.
• Different theorems and/or axioms and their converse.
• Distance formula, section and midpoint formula

Mathematics

Coordinate Geometry

• Area of triangle, conditions for three points to be collinear, Centroid and Incentre of a triangle
• Area of triangle and rectangle
• Area and circumference of a circle
• Area of sector of circle and length of the arc of a circle

Mathematis

Mathematics

Mensuration

Statistics

• Area of four walls of cube and cuboids.
• Surface area and volume of cube and cuboids.
• Surface Area and Volume of prism, cylinder, cone and sphere.

• Statistics and its definition
• Collection and presentation of Data
• Arranging data in ascending and descending order, the cumulative frequency of a class, class-limit.
• Graphical representation of statistical data, frequency polygon, cumulative frequency curve, histogram.
• Problem-based on mean, median, mode, and pie chart.
• Preliminary knowledge of probability (based on the single event only)
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