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How to Join ParaMilitary Force

Update on 2024-04-15

How to Join Paramilitary Force - Steps to Become Para Commando

Do you want to join the men in uniform who protect the interiors of the country in situations of crisis like natural calamity or terrorist attacks? If so, then joining paramilitary forces is the right career choice for you. Since you are wondering how to join paramilitary forces let us delve into the matter.

ParaMilitary forces are semi-military forces that come under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Though these forces are not directly a part of the Military Wing of the Indian Government, their regimen, culture and training are similar to that of the Armed Forces.

Let us now see in detail How to join ParaMilitary forces. The ParaMilitary forces in India fall into 3 broad categories which are Assam Rifles, Coast Guard and the Special Frontier Forces. The aspiring candidates must keep an eye on the recruitment notices released every year in the daily newspapers.

There are more than 76,000 thousand vacancies in the Paramilitary Forces which is also known as the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF). let's come to the point -How to join paramilitary force

Examination particulars
Details of the exam


Name of the exam

Central Armed Police Forces Exam ( CAPF )


Conducting authority

Union Public Service Commission


Conducting frequency



Mode of Application



Mode of examination



Type of exams

Written exam

Physical Fitness Exam



Language of the exam

English and Hindi


Gender of the candidates

Male/ Female


Availability of Admit Card



Total number of Applicants

3 Lac ( Approx )


Official website of the conducting authority

The ParaMilitary Forces in India fall into 2 broad categories. These include Central Paramilitary Forces and Central Police Forces.

Central ParaMilitary Forces

Central Police Forces

Assam Rifles ( AR )

Sahasra Seema Bal ( SSB )

Indo Tibetan Border Police ( ITBP )

Defence Security Corps

Central Industrial Security Force ( CISF) 

National Security Guard ( NSG )

Rashtriya Rifles ( RR )

Special Frontier Force ( SFF )

Rapid Action Force

Indian Home Guard

Civil Defense

Railway protection force

Commando Battalion for Resolute Action

Indian Home Guard

Provincial Army Consultancy

Provincial Armed Constabulary

Special Protection Group

Special Frontier Force

Central Reserve Police Force

Eligibility of ParaMilitary Forces

Aspirants who wonder How to join ParaMilitary Forces or CAPF in India have to clear both written exams and Physical Fitness tests.

Given below is a detailed account of the eligibility of the Paramilitary Forces:

  • The candidate should be within the age limit of 20 to 25 years.SC/ST candidates have an age relaxation of  5 years while OBC candidates have an age relaxation of 3 years. Ex-Army personnel also have an age relaxation of 5 years. 
  • Both male and female candidates can apply for the Paramilitary Forces exam.
  • The Applicant must be an Indian Citizen. Besides this, candidates from Bhutan or Nepal can also apply for the CAPF exams.
  • Candidates who hold a Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized Indian University are eligible to apply for CAPF exams. Candidates who have appeared in the Graduation exams and are waiting for their results are also eligible for CAPF exams.
  • Candidates have to fulfil certain Physical and Medical criteria.

A Tabular representation of the Eligibility of ParaMilitary Forces

Eligibility criteria
Essential Parameters



Indian National.

Candidates from Bhutan and Nepal can also apply.


Age limit

Minimum age- 20 years

Maximum age- 25 years

Age relaxation for SC/ST/OBC/ Ex-Army candidates


Educational qualification

Graduate in any discipline from a recognized University.

Candidates awaiting their Graduation results can also apply.


Gender of the candidate

Both Male and Female candidates can apply


Physical fitness of the candidate

As per the requirements

Syllabus for ParaMilitary forces

The syllabus for the ParaMilitary exams falls into 2 categories. These are the Paper I and Paper II exams. Paper I assesses the General Ability and Intelligence of the candidate. Paper-II includes General Studies, Essay and Comprehension.

if you want to know the complete detail - How to join paramilitary force, you must know the process of selection, Exam and the syllabus of exam Let us now check the syllabus for ParaMilitary Forces in detail:

Paper I syllabus

Syllabus in details


General Mental Ability

Numerical and Logical Reasoning.

Data interpretation

Quantitative Aptitude


General Science

General awareness and Scientific Temper

Importance of Biotechnology, Environmental Science and Information Technology


Current affairs ( National and International )

Culture, Music, Literature, Sports, Business and Governance, Globalization, Industry, Societal and Developmental issues


History of India

Indian Freedom Movement

Panchayati Raj

Forces shaping modern India

Indian Constitution

Indian History, Culture and Civilization

Five-year plans in India

Shaping Modern India


Indian and World Geography

Types of Climate

Composition of the Indian atmosphere.

Condensation, Precipitation and Humidity

Imports and Exports of India

Mineral and Power resources.

Regional Geography of India

World Geography

Latitude and Longitude

Origin of the earth

Planetary winds


Indian Polity and Economy

Economic Development of India

Social systems and Public Administration

Constitution of India

International security issues

Paper-II Syllabus

Syllabus in details


General Studies ( Part I )

Modern Indian History

Analytical issues


Knowledge of Security and Human rights

Analytical ability

Freedom struggle


Essay and Comprehension ( Part II )


Precis writing

Letter writing

One word substitutions

Homophones and Homonyms

Synonyms and Antonyms

Idioms and Phrases

Language and Communication skills


Spot the error

Active and Passive voice

Direct and Indirect speech

The syllabus for Paramilitary Forces is designed by the Union Public Service Commission and consists of questions from current affairs and the Operational behaviour of CAPF.

Paper pattern of ParaMilitary Forces exam

The ParaMilitary Forces exam consists of 3 categories and includes written exams, Physical ability tests and interviews. The written test is conducted offline and includes multiple-choice questions with 1 mark allotted for every correct answer.

The exam pattern consists of negative marking with 0.33 marks deducted for every wrong answer.

Highlights of the Paper pattern of ParaMilitary forces exam

Particulars of CAPF paper pattern
Details of the exam


Name of the exam

ParaMilitary forces exam


Exam conducting body

Union Public Service Commission


The pattern of CAPF exams

Three rounds


Overview of the 1st round

Written exam


Overview of the 2nd round

Physical Ability Test


Overview of the 3rd round

Oral Interview


Official website

Let us now check the Paper pattern of the ParaMilitary forces exam in details

The CAPF Exam pattern consists of three rounds that include written exams, Physical fitness tests and interviews. A candidate has to qualify for all three rounds of the exam to join the Paramilitary forces.

Written Exam-

  • This consists of 2 papers - Paper I and Paper II
  • Paper I include General Ability and Intelligence 
  • Paper-II include General Studies, Essay and Comprehension
  • The questions are objective type with multiple choice answers.
  • The Communication and Language skills must be written in English while the Essay component can be written in English or Hindi as preferred by the candidate.

Marks distribution for written exam:

Written exam
CAPF  Paper I

Total number of questions

200 ( Multiple choice questions )

6 ( Descriptive questions )

Distribution of marks 



Duration of the exams

2 hours

3 hours

Physical Efficiency Test-

The candidates who have cleared their written tests will undergo physical efficiency tests. The test standards are different for both male and female candidates and they have to meet the given criteria for qualifying for the Physical Fitness test


Parameters of the fitness test

Male candidates 

Female candidates


800 metres race

3 minutes 45 seconds

4 minutes 45 seconds 


100 metres race

16 seconds

18 seconds


Shot Put ( 7.26 Kg )

4.5 metres



Long jump

3.5 metres 

3 metres


Those candidates who have qualified both Written and the Physical Efficiency tests will have to undergo an Interview or Personality Analysis test. Those candidates who qualify the Interview test will be given the Application Form whereby he/she will have to fill up the preference of forces.

The paper pattern for the ParaMilitary forces indicates that the examination is held in 3 rounds and the candidate who wants to join the Indian ParaMilitary forces training must clear all the 3 rounds of the CAPF exams.

Career prospects of paramilitary forces

People who get a chance to join the Indian ParaMilitary forces experience successful career opportunities with numerous benefits and perks. Moreover, the opportunity to serve the motherland and its people make the career prospects of paramilitary forces extremely honourable and lucrative. Moreover, Para Military jobs offer early retirement benefits and salary during the training period which makes this profession a favourable one.

Let us now check the career prospects of the ParaMilitary forces in detail:

  • Annual Leave- A Paramilitary soldier is granted 60 days yearly leave. In addition to this, he/she is also entitled to medical leaves and casual leaves. All these leaves are paid and this is extremely beneficial for a candidate who has joined the Paramilitary forces.
  • Discounts- A ParaMilitary candidate gets discounts in ration and other necessary items from the Army Canteen.He/she can also avail of subsidized charges while booking railway tickets or getting medical treatment from army hospitals.
  • Job security- Paramilitary candidates are Government employees hence there is no chance for him/her to be fired from their job. A paramilitary candidate is never terminated from service which makes this profession extremely secure.
  • Post-retirement benefits- A Paramilitary candidate enjoys early retirement privileges than that of other Government employees. Also, there is a facility for lifelong pension and medical benefits for the candidate which makes the career prospects of the paramilitary forces fascinating.

Salary and Promotions of Paramilitary forces 

Only knowing-How to join paramilitary force is not enough you should also know about salary. The salary and promotions of the Central Armed Police Forces or the Paramilitary forces are well structured. There is ample scope of career growth for Paramilitary personnel. The salary prospects are extremely lucrative along with the medical benefits and additional perks that this profession offers.

The pay scale of the Paramilitary candidates varies according to their rank in the forces. The salary of a paramilitary candidate varies between 1.8 Lac to 4.5 Lac per annum along with medical facilities, free ration and paid leaves.

Let us now check the salary and promotions of the Paramilitary forces according to the ranks of the candidates


Rank in Paramilitary Force




INR 2.25 Lac


Inspector General

INR 2.18 Lac to INR 1.44 Lac


Senior Commandant

INR 2.15 Lac to 1.33 Lac


Assistant Commandant

INR 1.77 Lac to INR 56,100


Additional Director General

INR 2.24 Lac to INR 1.82 Lac


Deputy Commandant

INR 2.08 Lac to INR 67,700


Deputy Inspector General

INR 2.16 Lac to INR 1.31 Lac

Benefits of a Paramilitary person

Along with the salary and promotions of the paramilitary forces, the candidate becomes entitled to several benefits, some of which he/she is entitled to, even after retirement.

  • Medical allowances
  • Leave expenses
  • Ration at subsidized rates
  • Transport allowance
  • Dearness allowance
  • House rent allowance
Summing up

The Paramilitary Forces exam or the CARF exam is a competitive exam conducted by the UPSC every year. Paramilitary Forces fall under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs and offer excellent opportunities for growth and promotions for the candidate in addition to serving the motherland. I hope this article really cleared your to doubt of "How to join paramilitary force"

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