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How to Become Scientist - How to Become Scientist After 12th

Update on 07 Jun, 2022

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How to Become Scientist - How to Become Scientist After 12th

If you have always been delighted while learning science and want to learn more about it then you must or should think about becoming a scientist. Opting for the scientist as your career makes you learn about the science in detail and lets you explore a lot about the subject.

You can choose your subject according to your interest if you want to become a biological scientist you can choose bio and become one of them botanists or a cytologist or an ethologist or any other different subject, similarly, you can go with physics or chemistry for being a scientist it up to your interest.

How to Become a Scientist:

Before jumping to the question - How to become a scientist, First, let's understand who scientists really are? Scientists are in almost every industry they gather information research them and analyze it to their prior knowledge in a particular area.

They make hypotheses and study them through various methods according to the evidence. Every field requires knowledge and research performed by professionals. For this they need scientists, there are different types of scientists. The field is much deeper than its looks like if you have an interest in science then it's a very good option for your career.

How to Become a Scientist After 12th:

Many of you have passed your 12th examination and must be thinking of what to choose next. It's a difficult choice to make you need to think according to your interest and passion. If you love science and are curious about the subject then opting for scientist as a career option is a good option for you. Now let's move the question - How to become a scientist.

If you want to become a scientist you must have a science stream at 10+2 level from a recognized board. After completing 10+2 the aspirants should apply for a Bachelor’s degree in science, You can go for a broad science program or there are many special programs to study in you can apply for any of them also.

Chemistry-Based Degree

  • Applied chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Environmental science
  • Forensic science

Biology-Based Degree

  • Zoology
  • Marine biology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology
  • Biomedical science

Physics-Based Degree

  • Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Chemical physics
  • Mathematical physics
  • Theoretical physics

Eligibility for Becoming a Scientist:

  • The candidate must have completed his/her 12th with a science background from a recognized board.
  • The candidate should have graduated in the science stream in whichever program the candidate wants to pursue the purpose of specialization.
  •  At the graduation level, 60% aggregate is required.
  • A Master’s degree in a specific stream is required with at least 65% aggregate in the final exam from any recognized institute.
  • A doctor's or Ph.D. degree is the final degree that will be needed to become a scientist.

Career as a Scientist:

India is one of the biggest scientific basic research conducting countries with the development and increasing popularity of scientific research many opportunities are being produced in this field. Social Sciences, Applied and Physical  Science, Space Research, Engineering, and Technology or Medicine are names of a few scientist's profiles.

The government of India and fundamental science research provide great opportunities in the field of science.If you want to know how to become a scientist then you must know all information on a career as a Scientist.

Astronomer: Those who focus their study on a specific question or field outside the scope of the earth are known as astronomer Scientists.

Agronomist: Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plants in agriculture for food, fuel, fiber, recreation, and land restoration.

Cytologist or Cytotechnologist: Cytologists or cytotechnologists are laboratory professionals who study/examine the human cell for any indication of them being abnormal.

Ethologist: Work with different animals to have a deeper knowledge of their behavior patterns.

Botanist: The work of botanists is to study various aspects of plants.

Epidemiologist: Epidemiologists study outbreaks of diseases, the causes, locations, and how various communities are affected, utilizing relative information to aid in the prevention of future outbreaks. Epidemiologists help to keep the public informed of methods to maintain and improve public health.

Microbiologists: Scientists who study microscopic life forms and processes are microbiologists.

Geologist: Geologist basically studies geology, they study solid, liquid, and gaseous matter that constitutes the Earth and other terrestrial planets, as well as the processes that shape them.

Meteorologists: Meteorologists are those who use mathematical models and knowledge to prepare a daily weather forecast.

Marine Biologist: Scientist those studies marine life and oceans. They study marine organisms’ factors affecting them or disease.

Paleontologists: They study fossil remains of all kinds of organisms,  paleontologists are interested in knowing the history of mankind.

Seismologists: Seismologists are Earth scientists, specializing in geophysics, who study the genesis and the propagation of seismic waves in geological materials. These geological materials can range from a laboratory sample to the Earth as a whole, from its surface to its core.

Job Description of the Scientist:

There are broad areas where scientists are needed. In every field scientists are needed, their basic job is to plan research and carry out experiments and investigations.

Below some responsibilities are mentioned which scientists have to perform:

  • Scientists need to create research proposals
  • They have to do perform experiments
  • They have to study the result of the experiment
  • They have to develop the end product with other scientists
  • They have to apply for grants also to continue research

Required Skills to Becoming a Scientist:

  • Communication
  • Teamwork
  • Business acumen
  • Self-motivation adaptability
  • Management skills
  • Critical thinking and problem solving

Employment Opportunities for Scientists:

After knowing the important facts about how to become a scientist now let's discuss the employment opportunities Here is a list of industries where employment opportunities are available for candidates who have prepared for scientists.

As with the growing industries and need for scientists in every field the opportunities are maximized too.

  • Indian ministries - Mining, ore, archaeology, geology, etc.
  • Food and beverage industry
  • Research centers/Institutes
  • Aeronautical Associations
  • Mining industry
  • Medical centers/Institutions
  • Manufacturing and Warehouse units
  • Animal care centers
  • Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Health care centers/Institutions
Top Recruiting Company for a Scientist in India:
  • Indian Airforce
  • Ministry of Mines
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
  • Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER)
  • International Flavors & Fragrances India Ltd
  • National Centre For Cell Science (NCCS)
  • Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (InStem)
  • Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA)
  • Aero Control
  • ASRC Aerospace Corporation
Salary of Scientist:

only knowing how to become a scientist you must have some idea of the salary of scientists differs with different types of scientists. The pay-off also depends on which industry they are working or associated with.

Approx salary scale of different scientists' profiles is given below:

Job Profile Starting Salary Per Annum (in INR) Mid Level Salary Per Annum (in INR) Senior Level Salary Per Annum (INR)
Astronomer 6,00,000 – 8,00,000 8,00,000 – 10,00,000 10,00,000 – 15,00,000
Agronomist 1,00,700 5,81,600 7,97,400
Botanist 2,47,301 5,89,581 11,63,496
Epidemiologist 1,52,051 6,16,736 12,22,370
Microbiologists 1,32,819 2,93,865 9,38,883
Geologist 2,31,402 5,09,972 13,68,460
Meteorologist 1,20,000 3,00,00 6,00,00
Marine Biologist 99,550 4,50,000 10,45,437
Paleontologist 2,00,000 5,00,000 10,00,000
Seismologist 7,39,000 7,80,000 8,10,000

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