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Difference Between MPhil and PhD

Update on 2024-04-15

Difference Between MPhil and PhD

Today in this competitive world everyone desires to climb the ladder of success and attain everything in life. In this regard, students try to take as many courses as they want and even pass as many board exams as possible. Many scholars wish to continue their higher education, even after the completion of their post-graduate degrees. So, they have two options, i.e. M.Phil or Ph.D. MPhil vs Ph.D. both are research-oriented courses so students encounter difficulty to choose one of both.

However, Ph.D. is the highest-ranking degree provided to scholars by the university for their research work in the respective subject opted by them. On the other hand, a Master of Philosophy is only a postgraduate degree, which is truly based on research and has a syllabus too, for the coursework. In this article, you will find the complete Difference Between MPhil and a PhD

Basic Difference Between MPhil and PhD:

Before coming to the direct question of the difference between an MPhil and Ph.D., Firstly we will talk about MPhil i.e. Master of Philosophy. In this course, the candidate is expected to analyze a topic that has already been approved, as well as, show a well-grounded theory of research methodologies that is applicable to this particular field of study. Under this course, the applicants must practice uniqueness and originality on how they can make use of their knowledge and find out ways to expand the limits of the current knowledge using good research skills. Even though this is not as much easy as it is said, an MPhil is still simpler as compared Ph.D.

On the other hand, the (Doctor of Philosophy) Ph.D. course not only requires the aspirants to analyze and understands how to stretch the limits of knowledge using research but also enhanced an actual contributor to the pool of knowledge. Higher expertise is therefore interpreted and created in the Ph.D. degree.

Moreover, the thesis paper of the MPhil candidate is expected to be somewhere between 20 thousand and 40 thousand words. This varies depending on the topic in the examination. In the contrast, a Ph.D. thesis is expected to be twice as much about 40 thousand to 80 thousand words all in all. There are so many other differences between them let's check the below table of Differences between MPhil and PhD

Comparison Chart of Difference Between MPhil and PhD:

Basis for Difference




Masters of Philosophy

Doctor of Philosophy


MPhil is an academic research degree, that allows the student to provide proper knowledge for further research.

Ph.D. is an internationally acknowledged, highest-level research degree course, offered by universities, that attempts to add something new, to the already existing knowledge.


2 Years

3 Years


Not Paid


Concerned with

Research basics

Original or fresh research

Program Structure

Coursework and Dissertation work

Coursework and Thesis work

The Key Difference Between MPhil and Ph.D. is narrowed below:

  • MPhil can also be known as a second master’s degree course, that is pursued by the aspirant to gain 2-years of full-fledged knowledge on the subject and also grants a platform for advanced research. Whereas, Doctor of Philosophy, is a professional degree course, that allows the degree holder to get a faculty position and teach the respective subject at the university level, or work in that field.
  • The time duration of the (Masters of Philosophy) MPhil course is 2-years whereas the Ph.D. course duration is 3-years. This is one of the basic key differences between Mphil and PhD
  • No stipend is paid in the MPhil course and in Ph.D. fellowship is awarded to the student as a stipend, for conducting research work.
  • In the MPhil program, students need to do research work and in the Ph.D. program, the students are required to produce their own original work and perform research in a particular field.
  • The curriculum of the MPhil course has two components, i.e. coursework and dissertation work. On the other hand, the Ph.D. program encompasses the coursework, for one year, followed by thesis work.


At the end of this "Difference between MPhil and Ph.D." article, I think all the doubts are clear and it has been seen that MPhil is a less advanced research degree as compared to Ph.D. MPhil students learn about a model research paper and go through the latest research made on the subject to recreate it. In Ph.D., the research work moves around the concept of creating something new and original to the subject, for which continuous experiments and studies are to be performed by the student.

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