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Difference Between Graduation and Postgraduation Course - Postgraduation Course Vs Graduation Course

Update on 30 Sep, 22

Difference Between Graduation and Postgraduation Course - Postgraduation Course Vs Graduation Course

Students usually heard talking about their relatives or friends discussing graduation and post-graduation courses. After hearing these words, it may be very confusing for the candidate to make a clear difference between these two. Here is the Difference Between Graduation and post-graduation course. Both the courses can be done in any of the Indian universities after completing the 12th or some require only a 10th degree.   

What is the difference between Graduation and Post-graduation

Here is the basic answer to the question: What is the difference between graduation and post-graduation? Firstly, it should be clear what is a graduate degree and what is a post-graduate degree.  A graduate degree is the first or the tertiary degree which allows the students to proceed further in higher education. After completing graduation, candidates can say that they have completed their bachelor’s degree.  A postgraduate degree is a degree that is done after completing graduation. In this degree, the candidate can go for a graduate Diploma, Master and Ph.D. 

The main difference between these two courses is given below.

Graduation Course

Post-graduation Course

Basic Subjects

Advanced Subjects

After the 10th or 12th

After Graduation

Less Syllabus

Wide Syllabus with live projects

Regular Classes

Regular classes with practicals

3 or 4 years program

2 years program

What is the Career and Scope of Graduation Course & Post Graduation Course

To know what is the career and scope of the Graduation Course & Post Graduation Course, the basic difference between these two should be clear. Once it is clear, it will be easy for the candidates to understand the career and scope of that field. Candidates can get into any government and private organization by doing either of these courses. Let’s discuss the career and scope of both the courses in detail.     

Career and Scope of Graduation Course

In order to resume your study after the 12th, it is better to know the area of interest of the candidate. This will not only help them to focus on their studies but also help them to build their career. So, for a better understanding here are the career and scope of the graduation course. 

List of Graduation Courses in India

Here is a list of all the graduation courses that the candidates can go to in India. 

1. Bachelor of Arts (BA)

It is a three-year duration course that a student can pursue just after their 12th. 

Students need to study 5 different subjects as a part of this course. Along with this, some elective subjects are also there. 

Candidates can pursue this degree as a full-time or part-time course.

The various streams under BA in Design, Hospitality, Mass Communication, and Pure Humanities.

BA in Humanities is very popular among students and there are several specializations under Humanities. Some are listed below.

  1. Different languages ( English, German, French, Spanish, Hindi, Greek, Latin, Japanese, Chinese)
  2. Economics
  3. History
  4. Religious studies
  5. Political Science
  6. Psychology
  7. Communication Studies
  8. Sociology
  9. Archaeology
  10. Philosophy

Skills for BA Course

There are some skills required for BA Course. Candidates have to choose the subject as per their interest. The required skill sets are listed below.

  • Organized
  • Logical
  • Good Writer
  • Inquisitive
  • Fluent in language
  • Intellectually curious

Eligibility Criteria for BA Course

  • Candidates should have completed their 12th degree from a recognized board.
  • Some colleges specify that the minimum mark for the students to get into the college is 50%.
  • And some colleges have a relaxation of 5% in marks for SC/ST candidates.

BA Job Profiles

  • After completing the BA course successfully, candidates can go for the MA course.
  • Candidates who want to become a teacher can go for B.Ed after completing this 3-year program.
  • It is also a gateway for all government exams. 
  • On the other hand, candidates can go for any job according to their interests. Some of the suggested job profiles are given below.
  • Content Writer: In this job profile, candidates have to generate the original content by researching the topic that is provided by the organization in which they are employed.
  • Social Worker: In this job profile, candidates have to identify and help people coping with problems.
  • Air Hostess / Flight Steward: Candidates can join the aviation industry and serve the passengers onboard flights. 

Popular BA Colleges

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)

Place: Mehrauli, Delhi
Total fees: INR 882
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time (BA Hons. in French)

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)

Place: Saket, Delhi
Total fees: INR 7,200
Duration: 3 years
Course: Distance / Correspondence (BA in Anthropology)

Hindu College

Place: North Campus, Delhi
Total fees: INR 14,175
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time (BA Hons. in Political Science)

St. Stephen’s College

Place: North Campus, Delhi
Total fees: 1.05 lakh
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time (BA Hons. in Economics)

Lady Shri Ram College for Women

Place: Lajpat Nagar, Delhi
Total fees: INR 53,670
Duration: 3  years
Course: Full time (BA Hons in Psychology)

2. Bachelor of Science (BSc)

  • BSc is a three-year program for the candidates who have cleared their 12th degree successfully.
  • It is a type of foundation course which is helpful for the students who want their career in the field of Science.
  • Some popular courses in B.Sc are BSc physics, BSc Chemistry, BSc Mathematics, BSc Biology, BSc Computer Science. 
  • Candidates can go for full-time as well as part-time courses as per their needs.
  • This course is beneficial for candidates who want to pursue a multi and interdisciplinary science career in the future.
  • After successful completion of BSc, candidates can go for an MSc course or work in any organization.

Popular BSc Branches

Skillset for BSc

  • Research skills
  • Logical skills
  • Experimental skills
  • Scientific skills
  • Observation skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Analytical skills

Eligibility Criteria for BSc

  • Candidates should clear class 12th successfully.
  • Class 12th marks percentage should be more than 50% from a recognized board.
  • The eligibility marks may vary in some colleges. 

BSc Job Profiles

BSc students can find jobs in various sectors like the healthcare industry, educational institutes, chemical industry, testing laboratories, research firms, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology industry, oil industry and many more. 

Important Note: It is advised to go for an MSc course after successfully completing the BSc degree to get into the best organization with a maximum salary package.

Given here are some of the job profiles for the BSc graduates.

  • Research Analyst 
  • Quality control manager
  • Scientific Assistant
  • Market research analyst
  • Treasury Specialist
  • Teacher
  • Lab Chemist
  • Technical Writer
  • Statistician

Top Recruiter

  • Google
  • IBM
  • Yahoo
  • TCS
  • Wipro
  • Cipla
  • Accenture
  • Capgemini
  • Amazon
  • Infosys
  • L&T Infotech
  • Reliance Industries Limited
  • SRF Limited
  • Gharda Chemicals
  • Verizon

Popular BSc colleges in India

Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

Place: Varanasi
Total fees: INR 25,000
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time (BSc Hons. in Agriculture)

Hansraj College

Place: Malka Ganj, Delhi
Total fees: INR 1.38 lakh
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time (BSc Hons. Computer Science)

Fergusson College

Place: Pune
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time (BSc in Biotechnology)

Chandigarh University (CU)

Place: Chandigarh
Total fees: INR 4.38 Lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time (BSc Hons. in Agriculture)

Amity University 

Place: Noida 
Total fees: INR 1.99 Lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time (BSc in Agriculture & Food Business)

3. Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com)

  • B.Com is a three-year undergraduate program having the facility of both regular as well as distance mode.
  • The 3 most popular courses of B.Com are BCom-General (BCom-Pass), BCom (Honours) and BCom LLB.
  • In BCom, candidates deal with the core subjects related to Commerce and Finance. 
  • This course is divided into 6 semesters with subjects like economics, financial accounting, corporate tax, company law, business management, etc.
  • This course is best for students who want to build their careers in accounting, finance, banking, commerce, and insurance.
  • It is ideal for candidates who want to go for Cost Accounting, Chartered Accountancy, and Company Secretaryship.

Eligibility Criteria for B.Com

  • Candidates must have done Commerce in their 11th and 12th with subjects such as Economics, Accountancy, Business Studies, Maths / optional subject and English as the main subject. 
  • The minimum cutoff should be cleared for the colleges that the candidates have applied. 
  • The cutoff may be different in every university. Candidates have to look after that and make themself prepared according to that. 

B.Com Entrance Exams

  • DUET
  • AMU Entrance Exam
  • Christ University Entrance Exam
  • Jamia Millia Islamia Entrance Exam

Job Profiles of B.Com

  • In current times, only a B.Com degree will not help the candidates to get into a good organization. 
  • Candidates can go for a master's degree like M.Com, CA, CS, or MBA. 
  • Candidates can also prepare for government exams.
  • If somehow, it won’t be possible for the candidates to study further, then the best option for them is to get into the junior-level posts in accounting, banking, commerce, and finance-related fields.

Here is a list of some of the B.Com job profiles with their expected salaries.


INR 2 lakh per annum and more

Financial Analyst

INR 3.7 lakh per annum and more

Business executive

INR 3 lakh per annum and more

Jr Accountant

INR 1.75 lakh per annum and more

Financial Consultant 

INR 5 lakh per annum and more

Accounts Manager

INR 5.8 lakh per annum and more

Tax Consultant

INR 4.5 lakh per annum and more

Business Consultant

INR 9 lakh per annum and more

Account Executive

INR 2.5 lakh per annum and more

Note: The salaries given above are in approximation and are obtained from

Top Recruiters

  • SBI
  • ICICI Bank
  • Punjab National Bank
  • Citibank
  • HDFC
  • Pricewaterhouse Cooper
  • RBS
  • KPMG
  • Indusind Bank
  • TFC
  • LIC
  • Bajaj Allianz
  • HDFC Life
  • Kotak Life
  • Max Bupa
  • ICICI Prudential

Popular Colleges in India for B.Com

Shri Ram College of Commerce (SRCC)

Place: Maurice Nagar, Delhi
Total fees: INR 93,300
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time

Hansraj College

Place: Malka Ganj, Delhi
Total fees: INR 60,945
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time

Ramjas College

Place: North Campus, Delhi
Total fees: INR 32,145
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time

Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Commerce

Place: Pitampura, Delhi
Total fees: INR 69,000
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time

Hindu College 

Place: North Campus, Delhi
Total fees: INR 16,275
Duration: 3 years
Course: Full time

4. Bachelor of Engineering/Technology

  • Engineering is one of the most common career options that is taking the mind of youngsters. 
  • It is a 4-year program having 8 semesters. 
  • Students have to clear all the semesters with a good percentage in order to get placed in their desired organization. 
  • There are numerous branches in Engineering. Candidates can choose any one stream as per their interests. 

List of Engineering Degrees

Here is a list of all the Engineering degrees that a candidate can select from. Keep in mind to select only that branch which is of interest. 

  • Mechanical Engineering Degree
  • Aerospace Engineering Degree
  • Biomedical Engineering Degree
  • Biomechanical Engineering Degree
  • Automotive Engineering Degree
  • Civil Engineering Degree
  • Structural Engineering Degree
  • Architectural Engineering Degree
  • Electrical Engineering Degree
  • Computer Engineering Degree
  • Electronics Engineering Degree
  • Mechatronics Engineering DegreeRobotics Engineering  Degree
  • Microelectronic Engineering Degree
  • Chemical Engineering Degree
  • Environmental Engineering Degree
  • Material Science Engineering Degree
  • Agricultural Engineering Degree
  • Paper Engineering Degree
  • Sustainability Design Degree
  • Engineering Management Degree
  • MBA in Engineering Degree
  • Industrial Engineering Degree
  • Systems Engineering Degree
  • Manufacturing Engineering Degree
  • Petroleum Engineering Degree
  • Geological Engineering Degree
  • Nuclear Engineering Degree
  • Marine Engineering Degree
  • Engineering Physics
  • Photonics Engineering Degree
  • Nanotechnology Engineering
  • Mining Engineering Degree
  • Ceramics Engineering Degree
  • Metallurgical Engineering Degree
  • Geomatics Engineering Degree
  • Project Management Degree 

Top 5 Exams for B.E./B.Tech

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced

Difference Between B.E. and B.Tech



Theoretical and knowledge-oriented

Skill or data-oriented

Based on theory

Based on application

This course is to develop innovative equipment and useful technical gadgets. 

Encompasses the principles of Engineering and Technology to adapt structures

Both these courses are to make a career in Engineering with 4 years of duration which is divided into 8 semesters. 

There are 2 types of Engineering programs:

  1. 3-year B.E./B.Tech after completing Diploma in Engineering
  2. 4-year B.E./ program after completing class 12th degree

Skillset for B.E/B.Tech

  • Creativity
  • Ability to Communicate
  • Familiarity with Industry Standards
  • Team Work
  • Core subject knowledge
  • Leadership skills
  • Application of the knowledge
  • Analytical and creative thinking
  • Knowledge of Computers

Eligibility Criteria for B.E/B.Tech

  • Candidates must have cleared their 12th degree with the subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Maths as the main subjects.
  • Candidates should have scored an aggregate of 60% of marks in the 12th.

Important Note: This criterion may vary in some of the universities. 

Job Profiles

  • B.E/B.Tech students can go into the technical fields.
  • It is a big advantage for the students who have completed this course with a good percentage can get into any sectors. 
  • Additionally, candidates can get into the profile of consultants, subject matter experts, managers, researchers and many more. 

Have a look at the job profiles that a candidate can get hired into. 

  • Computer Science Engineer
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Automobile Engineer
  • Mining Engineer
  • Ceramic Engineer
  • Production Engineer
  • Robotics Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Electronics & Communication Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Electronics Engineer
  • Aeronautical Engineer
  • Marine Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineer
  • Lecturer/Professor
  • Software Developer
  • Production Manager
  • Construction Engineer
  • Telecommunication Engineer

Top Recruiters

  • TCS
  • Brain & Company
  • Infosys
  • L&T
  • IBM
  • Infoedge India Ltd
  • Samsung
  • Microsoft
  • ITC
  • EXL
  • Amazon
  • Myntra
  • Apple
  • Google
  • Cairn
  • HSBC
  • ISRO
  • Accenture

Top Colleges in India for B.E/B.Tech

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)

Place: Mumbai
Total fees: INR 8.55 lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITKGP)

Place: Kharagpur
Total fees: INR 8.34 lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time

Indian Institute of Technology Chennai (IIT Madras)

Place: Chennai
Total fees: INR 8.82 lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)

Place: Delhi
Total fees: INR 4.47 lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK)

Place: Kanpur
Total fees: INR 8.27 lakh
Duration: 4 years
Course: Full time

5. BBA (Bachelors in Business Administration), BMS (Bachelors in Management Studies), BBS (Bachelors in Business Studies), BBE (Bachelors in Business Economics), BBM (Bachelors in Business Management)

  • After completing high school, candidates can go for courses like BBA, BMS, BBS, BBE, and BBM.
  • Courses like these will help the candidates to run a business operation. 
  • Many colleges have these courses.

BBA Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates who have passed their 12th degree from a government-recognized board can go for this course.
  • They should have at least 50% marks in 12th. 
  • Some universities conduct their own exams and group discussion and personal interview. 
  • While some universities take admission on the basis of merit, ie, marks obtained in class 12th.

Entrance test for BBA

The entrance test for BBA is 4 sections. 

  1. English language
  2. General Knowledge
  3. Numerical Ability
  4. Logical Reasoning

Take a look at the top BBA exams conducted in India.

  • SET
  • UGAT
  • CUET
  • NPAT
  • DU JAT

Top Colleges in India for BBA

  1. Amity International Business School, Noida
  2. Shri Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai
  3. Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies, Delhi 
  4. Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, Pune
  5. Christ University, Bengaluru

6. Bachelor of Law (LL.B)

  • LL.B can be done by candidates who have cleared their higher school successfully.
  • This course is a three-year program that is divided into 6 semesters.
  • In this course duration, candidates have to get involved in regular theory classes, moot courts, internships and tutorial work. 

Common-Law Specializations

  • Company Law
  • Business Law
  • Corporate Law
  • Criminal Law

Eligibility Criteria for LLB

  • Candidates must graduates from any 3-year or 4-year program.
  • The required marks for this course are 45-55 %. 
  • For SC/ST, this may vary to 35-45 %.

LLB Exams

  • DU LLB Entrance Exam
  • Allahabad University LAT Exam
  • Maharashtra Common Entrance Test for Law
  • Law School Admission Test India
  • Panjab University LLB Entrance Exam
  • Telangana State Law Common Entrance Test
  • BHU Undergraduate Entrance Test
  • Andhra Pradesh Law Common Entrance Test

Skill Set for LLB

  • Confidence
  • Objectivity
  • Fluency and clarity of speech
  • Interest in Research
  • Intellect
  • Integrity
  • Convincing power
  • Good presentation skills
  • Interest in detail

LLB Job Profiles

  • If the candidates want to practice law, they have to clear the exam of All India Bar Exam (AIBE) which is conducted by BCI.
  • After clearing this exam, lawyers are awarded a ‘Certificate of Practice’ that is compulsory for the candidates to start their career as an Advocate in India. 

Some job profiles are listed below that are suitable after that LLB degree.

  • Lawyer
  • Legal Advisor
  • Advocate
  • Solicitor
  • Teacher or Lecturer

Top Recruiters

  • Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co.
  • J Sagar Associates
  • Economic Laws Practice
  • Trilegal
  • AZB & Partners
  • Khaitan & CO
  • Talwar Thakore & Associates
  • Desai & Diwanji
  • S&R Associates
  • Luthra & Luthra Law Offices

LLB Colleges in India

  1. Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi
  2. Faculty of Law, Banaras Hindu University
  3. Campus Law Center - 1, DU
  4. Campus Law Center - 2, DU
  5. Department of Law, Punjab University
  6. Faculty of Law, Allahabad University

7. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS):

  • This is a program for candidates who want to become a doctor.
  • It is a 5-year and 6 months program that includes one year of internship (rotational) at hospitals, health camps, and health care centers. 
  • The syllabus of this course includes anatomy, pathology, pharmacology, pediatrics, and surgery.
  • The career specializations of candidates pursuing MBBS are Nephrology, Cardiology, Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Organ Transplant, Endocrine, and General Surgery, etc.

Career options After MBBS

  • During the MBBS internship, candidates can work in hospitals, and health care centers as physicians, consultants, and medical assistants. 
  • After completing the MBBS degree, candidates can get themselves registered as doctors with a degree from the Media Council of India (MCI).
  • They can also go for higher studies like MD/MS. 

Required skills for MBBS

  • Ability to work in a critical and dynamic environment
  • Patience and perseverance
  • Professional commitments and medical ethics
  • Scientific research and development skills
  • Desire for knowledge and learning new research
  • Communication interpersonal skills
  • Counseling and caring skills
  • Medical writing skills

Eligibility for MBBS

  • Candidates should have cleared 12th degree in the subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Zoology / Botany with English as the main subject.
  • Age criteria play an important role. The candidate must be 17 at the time of admission.

Entrance Exams

  • Candidates have to appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET).
  • The common entrance exam for MBBS in India is the JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS Exam.

Top Colleges in India for MBBS

Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC)

Place: Pune
Duration: 66 months
Course: Full time

Christian Medical College Vellore (CMC)

Place: Vellore
Total fees: INR 1.67 lakh
Duration: 66 months
Course: Full time

✍ All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)

Place: Delhi
Duration: 66 months
Course: Full time

University College of Medical Sciences (UCMS)

Place: Delhi
Duration: 66 months
Course: Full time

Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC)

Place: Delhi
Duration: 66 months
Course: Full time

Career and Scope of Post-Graduation Course

After completing graduation successfully, candidates have the choice of going for further studies. For a Master’s degree, it is important to have a good percentage of graduation, then only candidates will get their desired university.  Here is a list of the courses that a candidate can opt for for their post-graduation course. 

Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM)

Nowadays, many students are selecting this course because of its popularity all over the world. Most Government and private universities run this program. After completing this course, candidates can get a job opportunity in any of the reputed organizations. 

1. Master of Business Administration (MBA)

MBA is trending these days. Everyone wants to do MBA from a reputed university in order to get placed in a good organization. Candidate can do MBA in streams like - 

  • Marketing
  • Human Resources
  • Finance
  • Consulting
  • Information Systems
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Operations Management

2. Master of Technology (M.Tech)

This is a technical course that is done after completing B.E. or B.Tech. This is a 2-year program and for students who want specialization in their core subject. After completing this 2-year program, one can become a lecturer or get placed in an organization. If the candidate wants to study further, they can go for a Ph.D.

3. Post Graduate Program in Management (PGPM)

The duration of this course is 1 year. The fee structure of this course is too high and is suitable for the candidates who want their course to complete in a short span of time. After completing this course, candidates will receive a certificate, not a degree. 

4. Post Graduate Diploma in Educational Management and Administration (PGDEMA)

It is a full-time one-year course suitable for students who want their degree in a short time. This is the best program for students who want to start their own business or to get placed in a reputed organization. 

5. Post Graduate Diploma (PGD) in Hotel Management

This is a hotel management course in which candidates have to deal with spices and related things. This is a 1-year program and candidates can also do internships in this field. Hotel Management is trending these days. 

6. Certification in Finance and Accounts

This course is for students who are pursuing B.Com. It is a 4-week program and suitable for any candidates who want a good job in a reputed organization. This course teaches about different business processes and finances. 

  • Business Accounting and Taxation

This is for commerce students who want to gain knowledge in Accounting and Taxation. It is a 90 days course program for commerce students. The program encompasses the SAP module, accounting models, workforce policies, financial statements, and more. 

  • Tally

This is for small-sized companies that don’t require SAP. Gaining knowledge in Tally will help the candidate to get their desired job. The fee structure of this course is minimum. The course covers topics like Billing, Accounting, Payroll, etc. This course is for 3 months. 

7. PGDM in Finance

If any candidates want a career in finance, then it is the best option for them. It is the alternative for M.Com. After completing this course, candidates can apply to their desired organization in order to lead a good career.

8. M.Com

This is not a diploma course and is not bad for getting a postgraduate degree. After completing this degree, there are a lot of career options available for M.Com candidates. 

9. Postgraduate Diploma in Computer Management

The total duration of this course is 1 year. This program covers the fundamentals of computer and coding knowledge. This is linked to elementary programming and C language.

10. Management in Digital Marketing

Nowadays, Digital marketing is on a boom. It is a great career in terms of earning and spending time on the internet. In today’s world, everything is online, therefore pursuing this course is a plus point.

11. Mobile App Development

This career is in demand these days. Everyone is fond of mobile phones and there are several unlimited apps that anyone can download. This course is best for candidates who love to use mobile phones and certain apps. Candidates have to create apps in this program. 

12. Machine Learning

Machine learning and Artificial intelligence are the game-changers in today’s time. So, it is a good option to be a part of it. It is interesting too. Candidates who have an interest in this can definitely go for it.   


The basic difference between the Graduation and Postgraduation courses is something that undergraduate students should know. Let’s conclude with some special points of differentiation. 

  1. Workload
  2. Money
  3. Syllabus
  4. Way of learning
  5. Career options

Join the best Graduation and Post Graduation courses by selecting the right college. Get the best and top colleges in Uttar Pradesh with the help of College Disha.  

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  • Get the best career guidance from Education and Management Experts.
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  • Get exam updates and all the important notes related to your desired course.
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