How to Become a Teacher?

How to Become a Teacher?

A candidate who wants to become a teacher and have an interest in teaching then he may start his career in teaching. This article will help you to learn that who is a teacher and how to become a teacher. Mainly there are two processes to become a teacher, first is completing of bachelor's degree and teacher preparation program and the second process is to follow non-traditional pathways to the classrooms, which may vary from state to state.

Understanding the process of becoming a teacher can help the aspirants to develop a plan for fulfilling all the requirements for teacher certification. This article will mainly give you a glimpse of how to become a teacher.

Teacher Stands for:-
  • T stands for Talented
  • E stands for Enthusiastic
  • A stands for Adorable
  • C stands for Calm/Cheerful
  • H stands for Humble
  • E stands for Encouraging
  • R stands for Responsible

A teacher is not only responsible for imparting academic knowledge to students but also to inculcate her principle and virtues for an affable human being.

For nurturing younger generation according to their age and aspiration a teacher themselves require a divergent type of knowledge that can be acquired by doing various courses available for teachers. With the increase in the number of schools, the demand for teachers is also increasing with every passing session.

So there is no dearth of scope for the aspirants in this noble profession of nation-building along with their own career prospects. However, teaching when compared to other professions is less lucrative but it is the mental satisfaction attached to the profession that draws the attention of individuals.

Classification of Teacher:-

Since the requirements of infants, primary scholars and secondary students are divergent from each other, thus primary and secondary teachers are required to take up different teaching training courses.

Therefore there are numerous teaching training courses like-
  • Nursery Teachers Training (NTT) (Teachers for children up to 4 years of age)
  • Elementary Teachers Training (ETT) (Teachers for children for the age group of 4 to 14 years)
  • Primary teachers training (PTT) (Teachers for children up to class 5th)
  • Junior Basic Training (JBT)
  • Diploma in Education (D.Ed.)
  • Bachelor in Education (B.Ed.)
  • B.A. along with B.Ed.
  • B.Sc. And B.Ed.
  • B.EL.ED
How to become a Teacher?

To become a successful teacher one has to go through several courses according to his/her own calibre/interest.

  • Nursery Teachers Training (NTT):

NTT program equips the prospective teachers to handle the students of pre-primary schools.

Educational Qualification:-

To be eligible for NTT course one should pass his or her 10+2 with at least 50% aggregate marks to get admission in some of the virtuous institution providing this course.

Step 1-

Interested aspirants have to appear in an entrance test that is conducted by the various state and Independent educational boards to grant candidates in various teaching institutions according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam. Some entrance exams are National Eligibility Test(NET), UPTET, State Level Eligibility Test or State Eligibility Test ( SLET or SET) etc.

These exams are generally conducted in the month of May-June and consist of objective type questions on the subject like English, General Knowledge, Aptitude, Basic Arithmetic Teaching Potential and one local language in some states. Results of these exams are generally out by June/July respectively.

Step 2-

After completing this 2-years program teacher can also go through practical training courses and taught how to understand the psychology of the students who are too small to explain their thoughts properly to the teacher. One can opt. for some job is private or state-run school as a Nursery teacher.

  • Elementary Teachers Training (ETT):-

For pursuing Elementary Teacher Training one should have completed 10+2 with at least 60% marks for admission in any institutions.

  • Register and Apply: Candidates have to apply online with all the credentials information.
  • Written Test: Eligible applicants need to appear for the English writing test conducted by the University.
  • Personal Interview: Shortlisted aspirants will be called for personal interview based on marks obtained in written test.
  • Final Selection: Final selection of the candidate is done on the basis of marks which he gets in 10+2, written test and performance in personal interview.
Primary Teachers Training (PTT):-

Aspirants who have completed there 10+2 qualification with at least 50% of aggregate marks are eligible for this course. Duration of this PTT is 2 years. Application form can be filled through both the process i.e. offline and online. All the relevant details of the program can be obtained from the website of that particular college.

  • Junior Basic Training (JBT):

For Junior Basic Training course eligibility, candidates have to pass 10+2 or an equivalent examination with a minimum of 45% marks from a recognized university. The percentage may vary from one institute to another. Applicants who are interested in the field of teaching are suitable for Junior Basic Training program.

Admission process for this JBT is based on merit-based or entrance-based. Most of the colleges select scholars on the basis of marks they have obtained in their 10+2 or equivalent examination. Some of the reputed colleges conduct entrance exam to select students for admission on their own.

  • Diploma in Education (D.Ed.):

Diploma in Education course has been fundamentally designed to train the candidates to become skilled primary teachers at the school level. The placement test is held for selection of eligible candidates for the program.

Preferably, Humanities subjects are the main subjects to study at the 10+2 level and a minimum aggregate score of 50% for general and 45% for SC/ST/OBC category is required.

Admission process generally varies from one college to another. Several institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level.

  • Bachelor in Education (B.Ed.):

Bachelor of Education or B. Ed. is pursued after graduation. The duration of B.Ed is 2-years. The course specifically caters to the aspirants who are interested in pursuing a career in teaching and related fields. It is a skill based training program which imparts knowledge to candidates regarding all aspects of classroom teaching.

Successful candidates can apply for B.Ed after the completion of any graduation degree such as Bachelor of Arts(BA), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or Bachelor in Commerce from any recognised university.

  • A minimum aggregate marks of 50% in graduation.
  • A minimum aggregate marks of 55% at postgraduate level.

Admission in B.Ed. is concluded through an entrance exam which is conducted by various states and institutions. Generally, the exam is orchestrated in the month of May or June.

  • B.A. along with B.Ed. :
  1. A + B.Ed. is a 4-years integrated course which has been designed by the Government of India. This program is an amalgamation of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Education Degrees (Dual Degree). Based on personal interest, one may select a preferable subject and go for this dual degree program.

Eligibility criteria which are set for this B. A + B.Ed. is a candidate should be 10+2 passed with 50% minimum aggregate marks in any stream, with English subject. E.d. degree holders will be directly admitted in the 2nd academic year of this course.

  • B.Sc. And B.Ed. :

This program is a combination of B.Sc. and B.Ed. Degrees. It is a 4-year integrated course based on personal interest. Candidate can choose an appropriate subject and pursue B.Sc. and B.Ed. Minimum 50% aggregate marks are required in any stream with English as a compulsory subject to pursue this course. Ed. degree holders will immediately granted in the second academic year of this program

B.EL.ED (Bachelor of Elementary Education):

Bachelor of Elementary Education is a 2-year full-time undergraduate course, carved into 4 semesters. The eligibility criteria for same is 10+2 or equivalent qualification with minimum 50% aggregate marks from a recognized board. B.EL.Ed. the course curriculum has been designed to prepare individuals for teaching careers at public and private elementary and middle schools.

Some colleges also offer admission on the basis of obtained marks at 10+2 level. Whereas numerous colleges/universities conduct entrance exam on there own at state and national levels.

Teacher Training:-

Once completing a course in teaching, teacher training is mandatory for all the aspirants. After B.Ed there are numerous level which can define you as a teacher. These are Trained Graduate Teacher(TGT), Primary teacher(PRT), Post Graduate Teacher(PGT) (Primary level, Upper Primary Level, Intercollege) etc.

Difference Between PRT, PGT & TGT:-

PRT, PGT & TGT is very much differed from one another. PRT teacher can teach up to 5th level, TGT teacher can teach up to 10th level whereas PGT teacher can teach 11 & 12th Only. Some more difference is given in the table below:





Level of Teaching

1 to 5th Class

11 & 12th Class

6 to 10th Class

Eligibility Criteria

BTC, NTT, and B.L.Ed

Post Graduation


Necessary Certificates

CTET or State TET

Not required

CTET or State TET

Salary Structure

10,000 to 40,000 (approx)

10,000 to 40,000 (approx)

10,000 to 40,000 (approx)

There is one saying that:

   ‘‘An average teacher tells  A good teacher teaches A normal teacher explains But A great teacher inspires you throughout the life’’                        

Importance of Teacher:-

Being a teacher is not an easy job as most part of the society thinks it is, there are various challenges which a teacher faces through his own journey. Some teachers possess the qualities that make them great in the eyes of students.

  • To motivate the students:-

Students nowadays tend to get into various problems which break down easily and suffer for a long time and they had to be cheered up. So a responsible teacher can motivate the students to get back on this feet and bring him out of his sorrows and pains.

  • Inspiring:

Several students have their own role model and an inspirational person in their life and a teacher can also be a role model in the life of the students in ways positive ways.

  • Creating Future Leaders:

Teachers are important people for society and for students life because they prepare and influence scholars to become tomorrow's leaders. Each day, they learn important values like sharing, respect the elders and making decisions. The future of the world depends on the level of education, ethics, and responsibility that one will develop and know how to solve problems, often communicating across cultural lines.

  • Guidance:

Only school education is not enough for the students to succeed in their life but the learners still need to know more about it, so they can go to their teachers for getting the advice about which course they should take up and a teacher can guide the pupil to the right choice.

  • Academic Accomplishments:

Even though the school/ institution have a well-mannered and sophisticated campus or the assets to teach and train the students but without the teachers who know how to handle them they are of no use, are they? So a well-qualified teacher shapes a capable pupil who is prepared for the challenges that are coming ahead.

  • Teaching Job Prospects:

If you are intent on pursuing a teaching career, then one may teach at the pre-primary, primary, middle school, or high school/secondary school levels. Some of the employment areas where a teacher can toil are:

  • Play schools
  • Nursery schools
  • Primary/elementary schools
  • Secondary schools
  • Colleges/Universities
  • Educational research institutes
  • Self-employment by starting institutes/tutorials
  • Special schools: Schools having physical, mental handicap students. The job involves a lot of sensitivity and emotional attachment towards these candidates having disabilities.
Salary and Perks

As a teacher, salary can deviate greatly depending on training, qualification, and the type of school you are employed by. The level at which teaching can also make a difference is the salary package. Unfortunately, the salary package in the profession of teaching is not very high.

According to PayScale, the average starting salary for a high school teacher is around Rs. 2.45 Lakh per annum(approx), whereas for an experienced teacher, teaching at the high school level, the average salary is Rs. 4.71 Lakh per annum. In some school, teachers receive additional benefits like accommodation, subsidized fees for pension, and gratuity.

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