Difference Between IT and Computer science

While Information Technology (IT) and Computer Science (CS) degrees can lead to similar jobs, the differences between the two are quite declared. IT specialists enjoy installing computer systems, using up - to - date software and maintaining networks and databases, while computer specialists enjoy mathematics, algorithms and software design.

Computer science is a well-known branch in the engineering field. CS refers to the processes used to create useful computer programs and applications together with the proper theory behind those processes. On the other hands, information technology refers to the application of computer programs to solve business problems. These techniques are used in the business that helps in the development of a business. Information is a very wide field in terms of scale because it is applied virtually to any type of process that may require automation, from business, scientific research to the banking, telecoms, industry and music.

These we two terms may also differ depending on school or college, where in some schools they may use one term to refer to a course that combines IT and Computer science modules. In schools or colleges that are more engineering based, they use the computer science term as an umbrella term for all theory relating to information technology. In such cases, they normally use the term ‘computer engineering’ to refer to the process of planning, creating computer programs, both at the system level and application level. Computer science (CS) programs involve studying about computer programming which involves learning about the basic concepts of programming approach, algorithms, data structures, complexity theory all the way down to learning what makes an operating system work, although at computer science level, low-level programming is not usually looked at in detail as it deals within computer engineering courses.

Computer engineering is used at a lower level which is at the ‘chip’ level dealing with the internal circuits, power and the electronics of a computer. computer science is used at the next level which tends to be quite wide because a computer scientist will actually be familiarised with low-level programming in computer engineering as well as high-level programming. It integrates with the chips and circuitry to make the machines work. At the high level, Information technology focuses on studying the impact of applications or solutions developed at the preceding level to business. IT specialists find ways of integrating these solutions into the business framework.

Computer Science (CS)

Computer science engineers have the ability to build computer parts and work together with them. They are responsible for the research, design and development of computer equipment like circuit boards, microchips, routers, video cards, etc. Some of the universities may consider this discipline as a branch of electrical engineering. Computer engineers must have a sound knowledge of computer science. Computer Science engineers often deal with the hardware-to-software unification, that means they have to design and build processors and hardware that should support a given program. In today's world, technology is getting advanced and our gadgets are becoming smaller and smaller,  the main aim of computer engineers is to design and build microchips and microprocessors that work economically and efficiently.

In computer engineering, students learn concepts of computer science, engineering and mathematics. By blending of these three fields, computer engineers are able to resolve hardware problems and create ultra-modern processors and other machines that can handle the many tasks computers perform.

Careers in Computer Engineering-

There are lots of in job opportunity in the computer engineering world. Graduates who have computer knowledge can work with many titles.  The demand for computer engineers is increasing day by day because the job comes from the various industries that employ computer engineers. Aspirants can find employment rates and median salary information for the top four industries in which computer engineers work below:

  • Computer systems design and related services: Most of the computer engineers are desired to work in systems design. The average salary for computer engineers in this industry is $112,160.
  • Scientific research and development services: Many computer engineers are working in research firms. The average wage for computer engineers in research settings is $117,650.
  • Federal government: According to the 2010 report, all computer engineers have 7 per cent additional jobs in the federal government. The average annual salary for computer engineers working for the federal government is $108,490.
  • Computer and electronic product manufacturing: The great mass of computer engineers work in this industry. The average annual pay for computer engineers in product manufacturing is $115,560.

Information Technology(IT)

Information technology (IT) may utilise monikers information systems or systems administration. Basically, IT professionals are users of technology. In the IT field, utilize the existing operating systems, software and applications in tandem to create a larger system that resolves a specific business problem. IT creates a network from established building blocks to carry out a task, such as an automated supply ordering service.

Due to the nature of the work, IT experts are more prone to communicate with clients and co-workers outside of their department. They may help explain to a client how to solve technical problems or work with executives and business owners to construct a technology strategy that will meet their business requirements.

During the study programs, IT students learn about network and database design in depth and receive an introduction to basic theory and applied mathematics. Successful IT aspirants possess strong critical thinking skills; IT professionals are tasked with resourcefully and cost-effectively applying techniques at their disposal.

Careers in Information Technology-

At every level, from startups to multinational corporations, businesses need IT professional. In the coming time, career opportunities for IT graduates are expected to grow faster than average. Depending on the level of education, skills, a degree in IT can provide a comfortable paycheck.

  • Database administrator: DBAs use software/programs to organize data and store data in a database for further reference of businesses that range from financial firms to shipping companies. The average annual salary for this profile is $81,710.
  • Systems administrator: System administrators are responsible to conduct the day-to-day maintenance and operation of a business’ networks, including LANs, WANs, intranets, and other communication systems. Salaries for this position vary by industry. The average annual pay for system administrators is $77,810.
  • Network architect: Network architect sometimes called as network engineers. They are responsible for designing and building new communication networks, such as local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and intranets. The average annual salary for network architects is $100,240.
  • Computer support specialist: Support specialists provide advice and troubleshooting help to customers that have questions about their software. The average salary for computer support specialists is $51,470.
  • Information security analyst: IT security analysts play a vital role in any organisation. They work to prevent cyber attacks by monitoring their business’ network for breaches and weak spots and to create emergency plans in the event of an attack. The average annual salary for information security analysts is $90,120.

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Date: 15 Feb 2019

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