To enter into civil engineering it is important for a person to know this field better than others. As we are living in such an era where transformation is happening on each day and in each field. Civils in field of engineering is one of the oldest and probably it is the most popular branch of engineering. On the other hand, we may not realize it, roots of a civil engineer were laid during ancient times till now when a man decided to build a shelter for putting a roof on their head in order to build a safe environment for living. Work of civil engineer includes planning, designing and supervision of the construction of facilities essential to modern lifestyle like satellites and launching facilities, offshore structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels, highways, transit systems, dams airports, harbours, water supply system as well as wastewater treatment plants.
Responsibilities of a civil engineer vary form planning of a project, structures, constructing the project at the required scale, and maintenance of any project. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills.
1. Civil Engineers are involved in the designing, building of highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports and many other buildings, sewage systems as well as water treatment facilities.
2. A help of civil engineer is needed when there is a need for designing, planning or managing a project is needed either in large structures or small structures.
3. Those who all are a civil engineer slips to preserve our environment by assisting in the cleaning up of existing pollution and planning ways for reducing future pollution of our essential surroundings.
Following are the Jobs where your civil engineering degree would be useful includes:
1. Building control surveyor
2. Building control surveyor
3. Building services engineer
4. Engineering geologist
5. Quantity surveyor
6. Site engineer
7. Structural engineer
8. Water engineer
Job schedules of a civil engineer are to work for full time. Many times it's about to complete 3 in 10 works more than 40 hours per week. Those engineers who direct projects may need to work extra hours for monitoring progress on the projects, to ensure that designs should meet the requirements, for a guarantee assurance of deadlines should be met.
Those who all work as a civil engineer they have to balance many multiple works official works and frequently conflicting objectives, these are like to determine the feasibility of plans in the aspect of definite financial costs along with safety concerns. Those who plan for urban and regional frequently look to the civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil Engineers should be able to make good decisions based on some of the best engineering practices, knowledge, experience.
All project management is based on the best and accurate leadership skills. A civil engineer takes ultimate responsibility for the projects which they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they shall be able to lead planners, managers on constructions, surveyors, civil engineering, technicians, civil engineering technologies and many others in implementing their plans of projects.
A Civil Engineer needs to have excellent skills of maths like calculus, trigonometry and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design and troubleshooting in their work fields.
For a civil engineer, it is not necessary to have licensure. A Professional Engineering license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career when it's at peak. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A professional engineer can oversee the work of many other engineers, approve design plans, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. Following are the required documents for Civil Engineers:
1. A degree from an ABET- accredited engineering program
2. A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
3. A relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years working under a licensed engineer
4. A passing score on the Professional Engineering exam
Note: Each and every state issues its own licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the licensing state's requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. Several states require continuing education for engineers to keep their licenses.
Salary of a civil engineer varies from thousands to Lakhs which are as follows: The salary package a civil engineer get in Private Sectors:
As a Civil Engineer, a fresher can join as a trainee or an Engineer. These graduate engineers shall get a salary depending upon the following criteria of Job:
1. Diploma Civil Engineer Salary: 10,000 to 15,000 per month
2. BE/Btech civil Engineer Salary: 20,000 to 25,000 per month
3. IIT Graduate Civil Engineer Salary: 30,000 to 60,000 per month
By the emphasis of aesthetics, architecture is the design of buildings and structures with the long-lasting emphasis of buildings and structures. This type of engineering combines designing of buildings, structures and aesthetics with a focus on sustainable construction and functionality. This broad discipline is a mix of many other disciplines and it tends to vary from country to country. Those who all are architectural engineers they do have both structural knowledge and create awareness and skills.
Those who work as a construction engineer they have to manage and deliver residential or constructional projects. They plan accordingly like construction activities, supervise structural elements, and perform building inspections upon project completion. They have to work very closely with architects, architectural engineers, and engineering technicians on building design and on-site problem-solving. They are responsible for compiling reports which detail project feasibility and cost estimation. Construction engineers are called upon to apply both project management skills and mathematical expertise to their work capability.
Earthquake engineering is a specialised field in geotechnical engineering. It is a small niche which provides opportunities in a limited number of countries suspecting for the earthquakes. They identify areas that are at the risk of earthquakes and use design and construction techniques to strengthen up the buildings. They also perform replicas and failure mode analysis to design structural elements which can withstand exposure to earthquakes without sustaining big damage of structures.
Earth is a big planet, made up of many minute and major fundamentals. Engineering in this field is always challenging for lamens. Those who are familiar with Geotechnical engineering only they know how to make it possible along with efforts which include the dynamic and physical history of the earth, including rocks, minerals and elements it is made of. In practical geo-technical is an application of geology. Quality investigation of lands and how structures can be constructed within is an account of those engineers. A geotechnical engineer uses their knowledge and has an understanding of earth materials to determine the productivity and durability of engineering.