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How to Become Medical Officer

Update on 2024-04-15

How to Become Medical Officer - Steps to Become Medical Officer - College Disha

Being a Medical Officer comes with some great responsibilities as it is an opportunity that allows one to serve the nation. The medical officer is a reputed job profile. The Medical officer is appointed on the district level, they are the ones who take care of all the health care and medical facilities of that district. 

If you want to serve your nation and want to study medical then a Medical Officer is the right job profile for you but if you wonder How to become Medical officer, then you are reading the right article. The Medical officer is one of the renowned job profiles in India.

About Medical Officer

The medical officer is appointed at the district level thus they are responsible for taking care of healthcare and medical sector facilities of that particular district. The medical officer is responsible for facilities such as CSC, psc, controlling and regulating hospitals (public and private), licensing of chemists, procurement of drugs, etc.

The medical officer regulates all the villages and tehsils under that district. For being a medical officer one needs to have experience and exposure to the medical field, this is the reason medical officers aren't appointed at the start of their career. To work with the government as a medical officer one should complete MBBS and go for provincial medical services (PMS).Let understant -How to Become Medical officer 

Work Responsibilities of Medical Officer

  • Maintaining Accurate DocumentationPlanning, Implementing and Directing Clinical Services
  • Making Program Recommendations or Revisions
  • Evaluating the Latest Medical Programs and Research 
  • Tracking and Evaluating Clinical Data

Steps to Become Medical Officer

How to Become Medical officer - a person needs to follow these steps listed below:

After class 10th opt for PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology).

Complete 4 years of graduation in any medical field.

Gain some experience. 

Appear for the CMSE (Combined Medical Service Examination)exam.

  •  After class 10th opt for Science Stream with biology.

Who wishes to become medical officer should choose PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) as the main subject. For being a medical officer candidates will need to complete their 10+2 from science stream with biology as the main subject with an aggregate of 60%.

  • Complete 4-year graduation in the medical field.

Candidates need to complete their graduation for working as a medical officer, there are many Medical courses which candidates can opt for their graduation, the most common course which maximum students choose for being a medical officer is MBBS. 

Some Top Colleges for MBBS

1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi

2. Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh

3. Christian Medical College, Vellore

4. Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow

5. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore

6. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

7. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

8. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry

9. Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi

10. King George’s Medical University, Lucknow

11. Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai

12. St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore

13. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

14. Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi

15. Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi

16. Kasturba Medical College, Mengaluru

17. JSS Medical College, Mysore

18. Christian Medical College, Ludhiana

19. Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi

20.  Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune

21. Siksha O’ Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar

22. SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai

Note: The admission in MBBS Course is given through an entrance exam i.e, NEET exam. 

  • Gain some experience. 

Candidates must have earned some experience as a doctor. It is mandatory for every candidate who wishes to become medical officer to practice in the medical field.

Appear for the CMSE (Combined Medical Service Examination)exam.

For being a medical officer candidates need to appear for the CMSE Exam. CMSE exam is conducted by UPSC, it is a state-level exam conducted to select Medical Officers at district levels.

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria to become medical officer are the age limit, experience, competitive exam, and qualification.

Qualification: The minimum qualification for being eligible for the medical officer position is an MBBS degree or any relevant degree from a recognized university.You can check out -All about MBBS Degree and MBBS Curriculum

Experience: Candidates need to gain some experience before applying for the medical officer job. After completing their graduation candidates have to practice for some time in a private or government hospital.

Age limit: For being a Medical officer candidates must be aged above 21 and below 32.

Competitive Exam: After completing all the above-mentioned eligibility criteria candidates need to apply for the CMSE. The CMSE exam is conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission).


How to Become Medical officer- To become medical officer candidates need to pass the 10+2 examination with science stream (PCB) and after that, they have to do their graduation in medical science from a recognized university. Candidates have to choose PCB in class 12th for becoming a medical officer. 

Candidates can choose any 4-year medical graduation course. The most popular medical course is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery).

UPSC CMSE Syllabus 

General Medicine Syllabus

(i) Cardiology

(ii) Respiratory diseases

(iii) Gastro-intestinal

(iv) Genito-Urinary

(v) Neurology

(vi) Haematology

(vii) Endocrinology

(viii) Metabolic disorders

(ix) Infections/Communicable Diseases

a) Virus

b) Rickets

c) Bacterial

d) Spirochetal

e) Protozoan

f) Metazoan

g) Fungus

(x) Nutrition/Growth

(xi) Diseases of the skin (Dermatology)

(xii) Musculoskeletal System

(xiii) Psychiatry

(xiv) General

(xv) Emergency Medicine

(xvi) Common Poisoning

(xvii) Snakebite

(xviii) Tropical Medicine

(xix) Critical Care Medicine

(xx) Emphasis on medical procedures

(xxi) Pathophysiological basis of diseases

(xxii) Vaccines preventable diseases and Non-vaccines preventable diseases

(xxiii) Vitamin deficiency diseases

(xxiv) In psychiatry include – Depression, psychosis, anxiety, bipolar diseases, and Schizophrenia.

Pediatrics Syllabus

(i) Common childhood emergencies,

(ii) Basic newborn care,

(iii) Normal developmental milestones,

(iv) Accidents and poisonings in children,

(v) Birth defects and counseling including autism,

(vi) Immunization in children,

(vii) Recognizing children with special needs and management, and

(viii) National programs related to child health.

UPSC CMS Syllabus - Paper II

(a) Surgery

(Surgery including ENT, Ophthalmology, Traumatology, and Orthopaedics)

I. General Surgery





Blood vessels


Head and neck


Alimentary tract

a) Oesophagus

b) Stomach

c) Intestines

d) Anus

e) Developmental

Liver, Bile, Pancreas



Abdominal wall

Abdominal injuries

Urological Surgery

Neuro Surgery

Otorhinolaryngology E.N.T.

Thoracic surgery

Orthopaedic surgery




Diagnosis and management of common surgical ailments

Pre-operative and post-operative care of surgical patients

Medicolegal and ethical issues of surgery

Wound healing

Fluid and electrolyte management in surgery

Shock patho-physiology and management.

B. Gynaecology & Obstetrics

1. Obstetrics

Ante-natal conditions

Antenatal conditions

Postnatal conditions

Management of normal labours or complicated labour


Questions on applied anatomy

Questions on applied physiology of menstruation and fertilization

Questions on infections in the genital tract

Questions on neoplasia in the genital tract

Questions on the displacement of the uterus

Normal delivery and safe delivery practices

High-risk pregnancy and management


Intrauterine growth retardation

Medicolegal examination in body and Gynae including Rape.

3. Family Planning

Conventional contraceptives

U.D. and oral pills

The operative procedure, sterilization, and organization of programs in the urban and rural surroundings

Medical Termination of Pregnancy

C. Preventive Social and Community Medicine

Social and Community Medicine

Concept of Health, Disease and Preventive Medicine

Health Administration and Planning

General Epidemiology

Demography and Health Statistics

Communicable Diseases

Environmental Health

Nutrition and Health

Non-communicable diseases

Occupational Health

Genetics and Health

International Health

Medical Sociology and Health Education

Maternal and Child Health

National Programmes

Management of common health problems

Ability to monitor national health programs

Knowledge of maternal and child wellness

Ability to recognize, investigate, report, plan and manage community health problems including malnutrition and emergencies

Jobs of medical officer:


Clinics or Hospitals

Camp Doctor


Doctor in armed forces

Salary of Medical Officer

Medical Officers’ Salary will be as good as the experience and skill the medical officer has. Here is an average salary structure is listed below:

Job Profile

Starting Salary per annum (in INR)

Mid-level Salary per annum (in INR)

Senior level Salary per annum (in INR)

Chief Medical Officer

Rs. 4,00,000

Rs. 5,50,000


I hope you got clarity on How to Become Medical Officer

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