How to Select Best Branch in B.Tech Course

B.Tech stands for Bachelor of Technology. It is an undergraduate level programme of four years which is pursued by science stream students after completing Class 12th Science. This four-year programme is offered by many engineering colleges all over India including top colleges such as IITs and NITs. Many technical schools also use the term B.E or Bachelor of Engineering for the professional engineering undergraduate programmes. However, as far as India is concerned, only the nomenclature of the programme is a bit different on the other hand the syllabus and teaching pedagogy is the same for both the programmes. At the crucial time of course selection, many students get confused to choose the colleges. Like in which stream one should go if pursuing B.Tech course from all over India. 

Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech Colleges:

You may have asked yourself many times in your life that what will I do after B.Tech? In India, you do not judge by what you have studied, but from what you do after completing that education. If you are studying B.Tech or have taken degrees, there are many top careers after B.Tech. All you have to do is to fit in the eligibility criteria by matching up with the field. An Undergraduate level professional engineering programme is what B.Tech is. Therefore, the eligibility which one required to have admission to the B.Tech programme is to clear class 12 or 10+2 from the stream of science. So the students who all have taken PCM group or the Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. They all are preferred for this programme. Lateral entry is also an entry scheme to B.Tech programme which is offered to the students holding a Diploma degree in engineering domains. This is to notify all the students who all have joined Diploma programmes after class 10th and class 12th in technical trades. They can have admission to B.Tech programmes offered by engineering colleges in India. 

B.Tech Entrance Exams:

Every year, there are 11 lakh engineering aspirants takes up engineering entrance exams in our country. 

National Level Engineering Entrance Exams:

National level Engineering Exams are the eligibility exams that are conducted to screen engineering aspirants for admissions in All-India level Engineering institutes. Most of the private and state-level institutes do accept scores and rank of the national level engineering entrance exam as part of their admission process.

There are two key national level engineering entrance exams as follows:
  • JEE Main, Joint Entrance Examination
  • JEE Advanced Joint Entrance Exam -Advanced
  • State Level Engineering Entrance Exams
Options for B.Tech Specializations:

Engineering is an ever-evolving domain having several existing branches and sub-disciplines. On top of that, new specialization options also keep on emerging with the development of new technologies. The key among them include:

Chemical Engineering:

Chemical Engineering is a branch that deals with the design and maintenance of chemical plants and the development of chemical processes for converting raw materials or chemicals into valuable forms. This branch of engineering is a varied field, covering areas from biotechnology and nanotechnology, mineral processing, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibres, petroleum refining plants and many more. This branch combines with the knowledge of Chemistry and Engineering for the production of chemicals and by-products related to it. There are certain subjects sheds in this branch and these all are Bio-molecular Engineering, Material Engineering, Molecular engineering, Process engineering, Corrosion engineering.

Civil Engineering:

This branch of Engineering is one of the oldest and probably most popular branches among engineering. Civil engineering involves the study, design, development, construction and the maintenance of build-up environments for human beings with a very vast scope of career. The most common misconception among people regarding civil engineers is that they only supervise workers at the construction sites. This branch of engineering includes Environmental Engineering, Geotechnical engineering, Structural engineering, Transport engineering and water resources engineering. 

Electrical engineering:

Electrical Engineering as an engineering branch is spread across a range of specialities like acoustics, speech, signal processing to electromagnetic compatibility, automobiles to vehicular technology, geoscience and remote sensing, laser and electro-optics, robotics, ultra-sonic, ferroelectrics and frequency control. Minimum eligibility criteria to pursue Electrical Engineering at least 50% marks in aggregate from a recognized school or university. The subjects included in Electrical engineering are Electronic engineering, Computer engineering, Power engineering, Optical engineering. 

Mechanical Engineering:

Mechanical engineering is a professional programme which helps students in understanding the working mechanisms of heavy tools and machineries. This branch applies principles of engineering, physics and material science for the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems. This course covers all the technical areas like distribution of electricity through generators, transformers, lighting and wiring all over in buildings. Subjects included in Mechanical engineering are Acoustical engineering, Manufacturing engineering, Optomechanical engineering, thermal engineering, sports engineering, vehicle engineering, power plant engineering and energy engineering. 

Computer Science:

Computer Science is a branch of B.Tech which deals with computers and this course is a well-defined platform to learn basics and advanced programming about computers. Many other ways are also opened up by this stream as there are many computer languages like Java, Linux and many more. Studying B.Tech Computer Science course shall enable a person to become a well-established programmer. CS syllabus will give you complete knowledge of calculus, algorithms, computer architecture, database learning and many more technicality is within this branch of CS. A person who has the interest to grasp computer technology from a grassroots level to the top. They should opt. This course. CS deals with in branch of information and technology, computation of data and the applications. CS is a functional course that enables students to increase their basic knowledge in the related field of studies. The market is full with the demand for CS professionals and students may also pursue higher education courses like M.E./ M.Tech in this field of B.Tech. 

Note: These are very few domains of engineering specializations those are popular in India. But, we should thank to the evolving nature of the engineering sector, many new engineering specializations have also emerged in which B.Tech programmes are offered in India. 

Scopes of B.Tech Branches:

There are many confused candidates regarding which branch one should choose to build up his/her career in the most prominent way out. The above article is for all those who all are eager, looking for articles regarding the scope of B.Tech branches and the subjects one should choose and go for. All you can do is to read the above article by yourself and decide whether your choice is best for you or you should leave the rest behind. B. Tech is sort of course which is full of adequate opportunities for a fresher candidate as well as for an experienced person.

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Date: 30 Jul 2019

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