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Full Form of SSC, UPSC, IAS, IPS, ACP, and PSC

Update on 13 Feb, 23

Full Form of SSC, UPSC, IAS, IPS, ACP, and PSC

Full Form of SSC, UPSC, IAS, IPS, ACP, and PSC: Nowadays you see abbreviations everywhere but many of them are not known to us. If you don’t know the full form of government exams such as SSC, UPSC, IAS, IPS, ACP, PSC then you don’t worry. Here, you can get the full form of all such exams that you hear daily and should know. In this article, you will also get more details about eligibility criteria, exam patterns, job nature, and so on.

Full-Form of SSC:-

SSC stands for Staff Selection Commission. It is a popular organization that schedules many government examinations for the recruitment of workforce for various positions in offices and organizations under the Ministries and Departments of the Government of India. Exams names are Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level (SSC CGL) and Staff Selection Commission Multi-Tasking Staff (SSC MTS) which is conducted by the SSC body.

Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level (SSC CGL):-

SSC CGL SSC conducts a Combined Graduate Level examination for filling up Group B and C posts in various ministries/departments/organizations of the Government of India. SSC recruits in the following field like-

  • Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG,
  • Intelligence Bureau,
  • Ministry of Railway,
  • Ministry of External Affairs,
  • Central Bureau of Investigation,
  • Central Bureau of Narcotics,
  • National Investigation Agency (NIA) etc.

Eligibility for SSC CGL-

  • Aspirants of SSC CGL must have a bachelor's degree from any recognized university.
  • The minimum and maximum age limit for SSC CGL is 18 and 32 years. It may vary according to the post.
  • The nationality of candidates should have Indian citizen/ subject of Nepal or Bhutan/ Tibetan refugee who moved to India, before 1962.
  • Chest must be 81 cm with a minimum expansion of 5 cm for the male applicants. There is a relaxation of 5 cm for Garhwali, Assamese, Gorkhas, and the Scheduled Tribes Candidates.
  • Weight must be 48 kgs for the female applicants.  Relaxation of 2 kgs is given for Garhwali, Assamese, Gorkhas, and the Scheduled Tribes Applicants
  • The male applicant should cover 1600 meters in 15 minutes and the female applicant should cover 1000 meters in 15 minutes.
  • Minimum 165 cm height is required for the male applicants and 150 cm height is for the female applicants. There is a relaxation for Hill and Tribal candidates up to 5 cms.

Staff Selection Commission Multi-Tasking Staff (SSC MTS):-

SSC MTS Designations are like Peon, Daftary, Jamadar, Farash, Chowkidar(Gate-keeper), Safaiwala, Mali, Junior Gestetner Operator, etc. SSC MTS Payroll Multi Tasking Staff is a general central service group ‘C’ non-gazetted, which is a non-ministerial post that falls under Pay Band-1 (Rs.5200 – 20200) + Grade Pay Rs.1800. However, the take-home salary of Multi Tasking Staff ranges between Rs. 18,000 – 22,000 /month (approximately). The salary can also vary slightly based on location, allowances, and work. Promotions are offered to the employees within a group, based on seniority.  The SSC MTS Grade Pay off increases with every Promotion:

  •  First Promotion: Rs. 1900/- after 3 years of service.
  • Second Promotion: Rs. 2000/- after 3 years of service
  • Third Promotion: Rs. 2400/- after spending 5 years in service and so on up to Rs.5400/-
SSC MTS Cut-Off (2023)


Official Cut-off

SC (Candidates available-12,210)


ST (Candidates available-10,928)


OBC (Candidates available-45,420)


Ex S (Candidates available-2,704)


OH (Candidates available-2,386)


HH (Candidates available-916)


VH (Candidates available-1,191)


UR (Candidates available-83,427)


Nature of Job:-

Candidates have to fulfill the following duties and responsibilities that come with the SSC MTS Jobs:

  • Opening and closing of rooms.
  • Cleaning of the building, fixtures, etc.
  • Work-related to its ITI qualifications, if it exists.
  • Driving vehicles while in possession of a valid driving license.
  • Upkeep of lawns, parks, potted plants, etc.
  • Any other work assigned by the superior authority.
  • General cleaning and maintenance of section or unit
  • Cleaning of rooms and dusting of furniture etc.
  • Carrying important files and papers.
  • Physical maintenance of records of the Section.
  • Photocopying, sending of fax, etc.
  • Other non-clerical work in the Section or Unit.
  • Helping in routine office work such as a diary, dispatch, etc.
  • Assisting on the computer.
  • Delivering of Dak (outside the building).
  • Watch and ward duties.


  • Peon
  • Daftary
  • Jamadar
  • Farash
  • Chowkidar(Gate-keeper)
  • Safaiwala
  • Mali
  • Junior Gestetner Operator etc.

UPSC full form:-

UPSC stands for Union Public Service Commission. UPSC is a government organization that is responsible to schedule various Civil Service Examinations in India. Candidates who want to become officers in the central government will have to go through UPSC. This exam is held every year for the recruitment of officers and staff members into various services of the central government. Although it also organizes several other important examinations named as-

Civil Services Examination (CSE)-

  • CSE exam recruits officers for the Indian civil services like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, IDES, IIS, etc.
  • Eligibility: For the CSE exam, the candidate should have a bachelor’s degree.

Engineering Services Examination (ESE)-

  • ESE exam recruits officers into the Indian Engineering Service (IES). An IES officer works in technical aspects of the roads, railways, manufacturing, power and many more.
  • Eligibility: candidate should have an engineering degree for the exam.

Combined Defense Services Examination (CDSE):-

  • CDSE exam is held to recruit aspirants into the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Indian Air Force Academy and the Officers Training Academy. It is conducted twice a year.
  • Eligibility: Only bachelor (unmarried) graduates are eligible for the exam.

National Defense Academy Examination (NDA):-

  • NDA exam is held by the UPSC twice a year for those candidates who want to join the National Defense Academy.
  • Eligibility: The candidate should have passed the 10+2 examinations and must be unmarried.

Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE):-

  • CMSE exam is held for the recruitment of Medical Officers into various services like in Indian Ordnance Factories and the Indian Railways under the Indian government.
  • Eligibility: The candidate should have a medical degree.

Indian Economic Service and Indian Statistical Service Examination (IES & ISS):-

  • ES & ISS exam recruits Grade IV officers into the Indian Economic and Statistical Services.

Indian Forest Services Exam (IFSE):-

  • IFSE exam is for the recruitment of aspirants as Indian Forest Service Officers.
  • Special Class Railway Apprentices Exam (SCRA):-
  • SCRA exam is held to join the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur for an undergraduate course in mechanical engineering.

Combined Geologist & Geo-Scientist Exam Central Armed Police Forces Exam (CAPF):-

CAPF exam is conducted for the recruitment of Assistant Commandants in the Central Armed Police Forces.

UPSC Exam Pattern








Bilingual (English and Hindi)

Number of papers



Total Marks

200 Marks

2025 Marks

Type of questions


Both Objective and Subjective

The Main Examination Includes the Following Papers:

Total Marks

Paper A

Anyone of the Indian Language from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution

300 Marks

Paper B


300 Marks



250 Marks


General Studies -I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society)

250 Marks


General Studies - II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)

250 Marks


General Studies - III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

250 Marks


General Studies - IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)

250 Marks


Optional Subject-Paper 1

250 Marks


Optional Subject-Paper 2

250 Marks

Personality Test

275 Marks


2025 Marks

Full-Form of IAS:-

IAS exams are held by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) for the recruitment of officers for the All India Administrative Civil Service. IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service (formerly known as Imperial Civil Service (ICS)). IAS is one of the most prestigious civil services exams in India. The candidates who pass the examination will be eligible for the post of Officer. They are given important and strategic positions in Central Government and Public Sector Undertaking. IAS position requires a lot of dedication and hard work. After cracking the IAS exam, the candidate gets to work under the Union Government/ State Government/ Public Sector Undertaking. The candidates can expect to work and excel under the following designations:

Designations in IAS:-

  • Head of Public Sector Units
  • Collector    
  • Commissioner
  • Chief Secretary    
  • Cabinet Secretary and more

Eligibility Criteria for Exam-

Aspirants who want to apply for Civil Services fulfill the following eligibility criteria.  

  • Should have a bachelor’s degree from any recognized university.
  • The applicants must be Indian Citizen/ Subject of Nepal or Bhutan/ Tibetan refugees who came to India before January 1, 1962.
  • The age of the aspirant must be between 21 to 32 years.
  • Only 6 attempts are allowed to clear the IAS exam.
  • They must show proof of passing the examination along with the application for the Main Exam.
  • Should have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination.
  • Those candidates who have yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination.
  • Should have professional and technical qualifications that are acknowledged by the Government of India (or its equivalent are also eligible to apply)
Age Limit for IAS Exam


Upper Age Limit

No. of Attempts Allowed


32 Years

6 Attempts

Other Backwards Castes (OBC)

32 Years + age relaxation of 03 years = 35 years

9 Attempts

Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)

32 Years + age relaxation of 05 Years = 37 years

Till the Upper Age limit

Physically disabled candidates (Blind, Deaf-Mute, Orthopedic)

32 years + age relaxation of 10 years = 42 years

For the General and OBC Candidates= 09 attempts
For SC/ST Candidates = Unlimited till age limit

Jammu & Kashmir Domicile

General = 37 years,

OBC = 40 Years,

SC/ST = 42 Years,

PH = 50 years

Up to the Upper Age limit

Disabled servicemen disabled from duty

General= 37 years

OBC = 38 Years

SC/ST = 40 Years

Up to the Upper Age limit

Important Dates of IAS Exam 2023:

UPSC has released the exam dates of the IAS exam 2023. The exam is conducted in three stages such as- IAS Prelims, IAS Mains, and Interview/ Personality Test.

S. No.
Date (Tentative)


Application Form

February 2023


Availability of Admit cards

May 2023


IAS Preliminary Exam

June 2023


An announcement of the Preliminary Exam Result

August 2023


IAS Main Exam

September 2023


An announcement of Main Exam Result

January 2023

IAS Exam Pattern 








Bilingual (English and Hindi)

Number of papers



Total Marks

400 Marks

1750 Marks

Type of questions


Both Objective and Subjective

Negative Mark


one-third - only for objective type questions

Duration of exam

2 Hours per Paper

3 Hours per Paper

Full Form of IPS-

IPS stands for Indian Police Service which is a reputed civil service in India. IPS officers have rights to control the Ministry of Home Affairs. One has to be extraordinary to become an IPS officer. There are many famous IPS officers in India who have contributed a lot to the country, like India's first woman IPS officer Kiran Bedi, U Sagayam, Shivdeep Lande, and more. IPS is one of the 3 All India Civil Services of the Government of India. Another two services are IAS (Indian Administration Service) and IFS (Indian Foreign Service). The commitment of IPS officers is to safeguard the public and prevent crime.

IPS Departments-

  • Crime Branch
  • Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Home Guards
  • Traffic Bureau and more.

Educational Eligibility-

  • The candidates should have a bachelor’s degree from a recognized University in any discipline.
  • Those applicants who are appearing in their final year exams of degree or with professional and technical qualifications can also apply for the IPS exam.
Age Limit and no. of attempts for IPS Exam


Maximum Age Limit

Upper age limit

No. of Attempts


32 years


6 attempts


35 years

up to 3 years relaxation

9 attempts


37 years.

up to 5 years relaxation

Unlimited number of attempts

Physically handicapped (General, OBC, SC/ST )

42, 45, and 47 years respectively.

up to 10 years of relaxation

9 attempts for general and OBC, while unlimited for SC/ST candidates

Physical Requirements





165 cm or more

150 cm or more


84 cm with an expansion of 5 cm

79 cm with an expansion of 5 cm


  • 6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye.
  • 6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye.
  • Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye.


The candidate should not stammer while speaking

IPS Exam Pattern-

The IPS exam is held in three rounds-

Preliminary Exam (Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT))-

  1. It has multiple-choice questions which have again 2 papers i.e. General studies paper 1 and General Studies paper 2

General studies paper 1

  1. History of India
  2. Geography of the World and India
  3. Issues and Solutions of Environment and General Science
  4. Indian Polity & Governance

General Studies paper 2-

  1. Test the candidate’s mental and cognitive makeup for the job

Main Exam:-

    1. The Mains Exam has both subjective and objective types of questions

    2. In the Mains exam, there is total of 9 subjects i.e Seven subjects are compulsory and Two subjects are optional.

Personal Interview-

    1. The duration of the Personal Interview is 45 minutes

    2. After the interview, the merit list of the final selection is prepared on the basis of the total marks obtained in the main exam and the interview.

Roles and responsibilities of an IPS Officer-

The roles and responsibilities of IPS officers are-

  • IPS officer has to fulfil duties based on border responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offenses, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and assurance of environmental laws, etc.
  • Last but not least, to guide and control the force with courage, uprightness, dedication, and a strong sense of service to the people.
  • Manage and control the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) which include the Central Police Organizations (CPO) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organizations (VO) and Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies (IFLEA).
  • Communicate and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and with the Indian Revenue Service and also with the Indian Armed Forces primarily with the Indian Army.
  • Maintaining peace among the public is one of the most important duties of IPS officers as well as they are responsible to take necessary decisions in their allotted state or district to maintain peace.
  • Provide safety to VIPs. In fact, for the security of Chief ministers and Prime minister, IPS Officers are allotted frequent duties, as well.
  • To Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, a broadly liberal perspective of law and justice, and a high standard of professionalism.

Full Form of ACP:-

ACP stands for Assistant Commissioner of Police. ACP is a reputed designation in the Police department. The ACP officers wear 3 stars on their uniforms. Assistant Commissioner of Police and Deputy Superintendent of Police have the same rights and both work at the same rank in the police force.    

If you want to become ACP so you have two methods of getting the rank of an ACP-

  • Generally, one can be an ACP officer after serving 15-20 years in the police department.
  • Anyone can become ACP officer directly by attending UPSC examinations.  

Note: In both ways, candidates must meet minimum qualification i.e. candidates should have a graduate degree in any stream from a recognized university

Full Form of PSC-

PSC stands for Public Service Commission. PSC was established in Part XIV of the Constitution of India under Article 315 to 323. Each state has its own Public Service Commission. PSC has similar functions to the Union Public Service Commission. It is a central authorized agency which is responsible for conducting the recruitment exams for posts under the departments of the Government of India. PSC work at both Union as well as State Level.  

Articles Relating To Public Service Commission:-

  • Article 315 - Public service commissions for the Union and for the States.
  • Article 316 - Appointment and term of office of members.
  • Article 317 - Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.
  • Article 318 - Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
  • Article 319 - Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.
  • Article 320 - Functions of Public Service Commission.
  • Article 321 - Power to extend functions of the Public Service Commission.
  • Article 322 - Expenses of Public Service Commission.
  • Article 323 - Reports of Public Service Commission.

Public Service Commission (UPSC & SPSC):-

A civil servant is a key to the successful administration of State. The State Public Service Commissions were established under the provisions of the constitution of India. Union Public Service Commission is India’s central agency. The agency’s charter was granted by the constitution of India. State Public service Commission is also a part of the constitutional.

Union Public Service Commission-

The U.P.S.C. consists of a Chairman and a number of members who are selected by the President. The President may appoint an acting Chairman of the Commission if the office of the Chairman falls vacant, or if the Chairman is unable to perform his functions due to the absence or some other reason. UPSC has authority to conduct examinations for recruitment to all India services and higher Central services and to advise the President on disciplinary matters.

State Public Service Commission-

SPSC is set up in each State to conduct exams for recruitment to state services and to advise the governor on disciplinary matters. The State Legislature may inflict additional functions on the State Commission regarding the State Services, local authority, public institutions, or any other corporate authority constituted by law.

Salaries, Allowances, and Pensions payable for members of Public Service Commissions (PSC)-

  • Pay Scale:-  Candidates can get the salary from Rs. 15600 to 39100 per month.
  • Grade Pay:- With minimum of Rs 5400/- Grade Pay.

Note: that it can vary from state to state.

Public Service Commissions in India

S. No


S. No



Union Public Service Commission


Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission


Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission


Maharashtra Public Service Commission


Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission


Manipur Public Service Commission


Assam Public Service Commission


Meghalaya Public Service Commission


Bihar Public Service Commission


Mizoram Public Service Commission


Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission


Nagaland Public Service Commission


Goa Public Service Commission


Odisha Public Service Commission


Gujarat Public Service Commission


Public Service Commission, West Bengal


Haryana Public Service Commission


Punjab Public Service Commission


Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission


Rajasthan Public Service Commission


Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission


Sikkim Public Service Commission


Jharkhand Public Service Commission


Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission


Karnataka Public Service Commission


Telangana state Public Service Commission


Kerala Public Service Commission


Tripura Public Service Commission


Uttarakhand Public Service Commission


Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission

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