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Difference Between Primary and secondary schools

Update on 2024-04-15

Difference Between Primary and Secondary Schools

Difference Between Primary and Secondary Schools

Students enrolled in Indian Education always have to pass through Primary & Secondary Education provided in schools. Although Primary Schools and Secondary Schools are not different, rather education is classified in Primary (further classified as primary & middle school) and Secondary Education. Few schools are also there which provide education up to Primary level only. Students have to switch schools to Secondary level in such cases. Students must understand the Difference between primary and secondary schools.

Below is the Difference Between Primary and Secondary Schools

Primary Education

Primary Education is a basic need for any kid who puts his first step towards education entering as a student in his life. Primary schools provide education up to class 8th Government schools provide free education for children age 6 to 14 or up to class 8 under the Rights of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009. In recent decades primary school enrolment has been a success story, largely due to various programs and drives to increase enrolment even in remote areas.

Kerala has become the first Indian state to achieve 100 percent primary Education as declared by the Vice-President of India in January 2016. Although a lot is to be done and various challenges yet to be overcome to gain 100 percent primary education all over India. Also improving the quality of education in schools is the next big challenge for both state and central governments.

The government has also launched various schemes for primary schools like mid-day meals, free uniforms, books, copies, and other facilities like medicines, etc so as to ensure no kid remains without primary education in his or her childhood. Also, the government keeps surveys on yearly basis, how many kids are still unable to get primary education and provide them with better primary education by implementing new policies from time to time.

Secondary Education

Secondary Education refers to high schools and senior secondary schools.  These schools specifically prepare for studying at the college level. Various counseling programs are held at these levels so as to make students aware of the courses and colleges according to the latest trends in the market. The basic difference between Primary and Secondary is Middle School which prepares students for High School and Secondary schools prepare for college and other higher universities.

Secondary schools also guide the students to take part in various programs like NCC and sports programs like zonal etc so that students feel motivated and their skills can be further nourished and can also allow students to choose their career options in their own interesting fields.

Secondary Education deals with deciding streams like Science, Arts & Commerce which enables them to decide their worth for higher education like the doctor, engineer, lawyer, etc. The government also provides various scholarship programs for poor students, so that they can avail themselves of the opportunity to complete their education till 12th and also in higher education.

Difference Between Primary and Secondary Schools

Primary Schools
Secondary Schools
Students are motivated for speaking and writing skills Students are focused on English as a medium for interaction at higher levels
Students are introduced to basic subjects at lower levels like science, math and drawing, etc Students are prepared for streams like Science, Arts & Commerce deciding their future higher studies
Age group usually starts from 5 for the primary education Age group usually starts from age 12 for secondary education.
Less syllabus accompanied by easy learning along with the playful environment of classes The syllabus is wide and conceptual along with its importance
Homework is less and much creative like drawing etc Homework is related to scope.
Students are introduced to the exam patterns and made habitual for sitting hours in the exam Students become mature enough about exams and are also introduced to Board patterns
Students are made aware of their minute responsibilities like belongings etc Students are trained to handle various tasks at a time


The Primary and Secondary Schools are an integral part of our education system, neither of them can be counted as less important. Schools are also taking an important roleplay in the overall development of students. Parents also need to have a discussion with their kids about all the activities in the school along with the teachers, knowing about the performance of their kids, both in academics as well as curriculum activities.

In a nutshell, we can say that Primary is the root of education, whereas the Secondary is the developing stage for the students, deciding their future course of action in career-related studies. So, its key for every student to have primary as well as secondary education and also discuss with parents for overall performance. Students need to have a motivation session in every class from 1st to 12th so as to boost up them for every academic challenge they face in their life along with coordination of parents and teachers.

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