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What is the Pattern for CDS Exam 2022? - CDS Exam Pattern 2022

Update on 17 Nov, 22

5 minutes read

What is the Pattern for CDS Exam 2022? - CDS Exam Pattern 2022

CDS exam is also known as Combined Defence Service Exam conducted by UPSC twice a year to admit the defense aspirants to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy.

Aspiring candidates who are preparing to appear in CDS Exam 2022 must know CDS Exam Pattern and syllabus well for their exam preparations.

In this article, we are mentioning the UPSC CDS Exam Pattern in a detailed structure, Candidates who are looking for any information related to CDS Exam Syllabus and Pattern can find all the details here.

Exam Pattern for CDS Exam 2022

The combined Defense Service Exam is divided into two phases:

  • Phase-I: Written Exam
  • Phase-II: SSB Interview

To know the detailed CDS Exam pattern for both of these phases, continue reading…

Exam Pattern For CDS Written Exam 2022

CDS Phase I Exam Pattern: CDS Written exam pattern for admission to the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Air Force Academy (AFA) has three subjects which are General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics, and English.

But the exam conducted for admitting the aspirants to Officer's Training Academy (OTA) has only two subjects namely General Knowledge and Engish.

Please note that CDS Exam for Officers Training Academy will not include the Elementary Mathematics subject.

CDS Exam Pattern for IMA, INA, AFA

  • Type of Questions: Objective Type questions, Each question will have four options and the aspirant has to choose the most appropriate option 
  • Medium of Exam: Hindi and English (Bilingual)
  • Mode of Exam: CDS exam is a pen-paper-based exam, candidates will be provided with an OMR sheet in which they will have to mark the appropriate response. 
  • No. of Sections: The CDS Written exam for IMA, INA, and AFA will consist of 3 sections which are: English, GK, and Elementary Mathematics.
  • Total Questions: The CDS Written exam 2022 comprises of total 340 questions. English and GK section has 120 questions each, Elementary Mathematics has 100 questions.
  • Maximum Marks: The total weightage of the written exam is 300 marks. Each section will carry a weight of 100 marks.
  • Duration of Exam: The Total duration of the CDS Exam for IMA, INA, and AFA will be 6 hours. The candidate will get 2 hours to solve each section.
  • Marking Scheme: Negative marking scheme will be followed. For each right answer, the candidate will get 1 mark and for each wrong answer, 1/3 mark will be deducted.
Subjects Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time Duration
English 120 100 2 hours
Elementary Mathematics 100 2 hours
General Knowledge (GK) 120 2 hours
Total 340 6 hours

CDS Exam Pattern for OTA 2022

  • Type of Questions: Objective Type questions, Each question will have four options and the aspirant has to choose the most appropriate option 
  • Medium of Exam: Hindi and English (Bilingual)
  • Mode of Exam: CDS exam is a pen-paper-based exam, candidates will be provided with an OMR sheet in which they will have to mark the appropriate response. 
  • Total Questions: CDS Written Exam for admission to OTA is divided into two sections namely English and General Knowledge. Each Section consists of 120 questions and total of 240 questions will be asked in the CDS OTA Written exam.
  • Maximum Marks: The total weightage of the exam is 200 marks as each section will carry 100 marks, 
  • Duration of Exam: Candidates get a total of 4 hours to complete their exam as the time duration to solve each section is 2 hours.
  • Marking Scheme: Negative marking scheme will be followed. For each right answer, the candidate will get 1 mark and for each wrong answer, 1/3 mark will be deducted.
Subjects Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time Duration
English 120 100 2 hours
General Knowledge (GK) 120 100 2 hours
Total 240 200 4 hours

CDS Exam Pattern: Key Highlights

CDS Exam Pattern 2022 Attributes
Organization Central Defence Services
Exam UPSC CDS Written Exam
Duration For IMA, INA, and AFA- 6 hours
For OTA- 4 Hours
Mode Offline, pen, and paper mode
Maximum Marks For IMA, INA, and AFA- 300
For OTA- 200
Standard of the Papers For Mathematics- Matriculation level (10th)
Other subjects- Graduation level
Languages General Knowledge and Elementary Maths will be bilingual [Hindi and English]
Type of Questions Objective

Exam Pattern for CDS Interview 2022

All the candidates who will qualify for the CDS Exam Phase-I (Written Exam) with a valid score will become eligible to appear in Phase-II which is also called SSB Interview conducted by Staff Selection Board.

This interview is held in two stages and the candidates who will pass stage I will be called to appear in stage II of the SSB Interview.

The final selection of the candidates for admission to defense academies is based on the marks obtained in the interview round. The CDS Interview round is the Phase-II of the Combined Defense Services Exam.

This round carries 300 marks for IMA, INA, and AFA selection and 200 marks for the selection for OTA.

CDS SSB Interview Stage I

In Stage I of the SSB Interview, there will be an Officer Intelligence Rating conducted on the day of the interview. This test will involve a Picture Perception and Description test, in which a picture will be displayed to the candidate for a complete duration of 30 seconds.

After 30 seconds, the candidate will have to write about the picture in 4 minutes. Afterward, the candidate will be put in a group of 15 candidates where they have to discuss what they observed in the picture and end up to a conclusion about the picture.

Based on the group discussion and conclusion, the officers will rate your intelligence and you will be given marks for the same, The candidates who will successfully clear this round will be allowed to proceed to Stage II of the SSB Interview.

CDS SSB Interview Stage II

Stage II of the SSB Interview will be held after 4 days of Stage-I. The second stage will comprise Group Testing Officers' Tasks, interviews, Psychology Tests, and conferences.

The candidate will be selected for admission to IMA, INA, AFA, or OTA based on the basis of the candidate's performance in Stage II of the SSB Interview.

Various tests involved in the CDS SSB Stage II interview are specifically tailored to analyze the intelligence, decision-making skills, critical thinking, and problem-solving ability of the aspirants.

These tests help the interview board members to determine whether the candidate is psychologically fit to serve in the defense forces or not.

Below, we have mentioned the elements of these tests:

The Psychological Test will include the following:

  • Word Association Test
  • Thematic Appreciation Test
  • Situation Reaction Test
  • Self Description Test

The various Group Testing Officer tasks will include the following activities:

  • Group Discussion
  • Group Planning Exercise
  • Progressive Group Task
  • Half Group Task
  • Group Obstacle Race
  • Lecturette
  • Individual Obstacles
  • Command Task
  • Final Group Task

CDS Exam 2022: Marking Scheme

In the CDS Written Exam 2022, the negative marking scheme will be followed. Each question will carry the weightage of 1 mark.

For every right answer, 1 mark will be awarded to the candidate and for each wrong answer, 0.33 marks will be deducted. For no answer, no marks deduction will be done.

CDS Marking Scheme for IMA, INA, and AFA

CDS Paper English GK Mathematics
Maximum Marks 100 100 100
Marks for Correct answer +1 mark for each correct option +1 mark for each correct answer +1 mark for each correct answer
Negative marking -0.33 marks for each wrong answer -0.33 marks for each wrong answer -0.33 marks for each wrong answer

CDS Marking Scheme for OTA 2022

CDS Paper English General Knowledge
Maximum Marks 100 100
Marks for Correct answer +1 mark for each correct answer +1 mark for each correct answer
Negative Marking -0.33 marks for each wrong answer -0.33 marks for each wrong answer

CDS Exam 2022 Syllabus

Candidates who are looking for CDS Exam Syllabus 2022 can refer to the table mentioned below. We have tabulated the detailed syllabus of the CDS Written Exam 2022 which is also called the CDS Phase-I exam.

Please note that the syllabus for CDS Exam for IMA, INA, AFA, and CDS Exam for OTA will remain the same except for the Elementary Mathematics section.

The CDS Exam Syllabus for OTA will not have Elementary Mathematics as the exam pattern for the CDS OTA Exam includes only two sections which are: General Knowledge and English.

For IMA, INA, and AFA, the syllabus will consist of three subjects which are Elementary Mathematics, English, and General Knowledge.

Sections Topics
English Spotting Errors Questions
Sentence Arrangement Questions
Synonyms & Antonyms
Selecting Words
Ordering of Sentence
Comprehension Questions
Ordering of words in a sentence
Fill in the blanks questions
Idioms and Phrases
General Awareness (GK) Economics
Physics
Current Affairs
Politics
Chemistry
Sociology
History
Defence-related Award
Geography
Environment
Sport
Biology
Cultural
Book
Statement
True False
Algebra Basic Operations
Simple Factors
Remainder Theorem
H.C.F.
L.C.M.
Theory of polynomials
Solutions to quadratic equations
Relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
Set language and set notation
Rational expressions and conditional identities
Laws of indices
Arithmetic Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
Fundamental operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
Unitary method
Time and Distance
Time and Work
Percentages
Applications of Simple and Compound Interest
Profit and Loss
Ratio and Proportion
Variation
Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
Prime and composite numbers
Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem
H.C.F. and L.C.M.
Euclidean algorithm
Logarithms to base 10
Laws of Logarithms
Use of logarithmic tables
Trigonometry Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
Values of sin ×, cos ×, and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°
Simple trigonometric identities
Use of trigonometric tables
Simple cases of heights and distances
Geometry Lines and angles
Plane and plane figures
Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
Parallel lines
Sides and angles of a triangle
Congruency of triangles
Similar triangles
Concurrence of medians and altitudes
Properties of angles
Sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
Rectangle and Square
Circles and their properties including tangents and normals
Loci
Mensuration Areas of squares, Rectangles
Parallelograms
Triangle and Circle
Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
Surface area and volume of cuboids
Lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders
Surface area and volume of spheres
Statistics Collection and tabulation of statistical data
Graphical representation frequency polygons
Histograms
Bar charts
Pie charts etc
Measures of central tendency

Important Instructions for CDS Exam 2022

  • Use only black ballpoint to fill the OMR answer sheet.
  • In case the candidates find that his/her CDS booklet series is not printed on the test booklet or find that the answer sheet is unnumbered, he/she should report immediately to the invigilator and get a new test booklet and answer sheet.
  • Once you are provided with the test booklet, immediately check the test booklet for any unprinted or torn, or missing pages. In case you find any, get it replaced with a test booklet of the same series and subject.
  • Any omission, mistake, or discrepancy in the filling or encoding of details in CDS OMR Answer Sheet 2022 will be liable for rejection.
  • Candidates should not write names or anything other than the specific information asked on the CDS OMR Answer Sheet.
  • Encode your CDS 2022 booklet series (A, B, C, or D as the case may be), subject code, and roll number in the circles provided for filling these details in the CDS OMR Answer sheet 2022.
  • Do not fold, tear, damage, or put any unnecessary marking on your CDS Answersheet. Also do not write anything on or reverse side of the answer sheet. Doing this can lead to the rejection of the answer sheet.

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