Update on 20 Jun, 23
5 minutes read
CDS exam is also known as Combined Defence Service Exam conducted by UPSC twice a year to admit the defense aspirants to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy.
Aspiring candidates who are preparing to appear in CDS Exam 2023 must know CDS Exam Pattern and syllabus well for their exam preparations.
In this article, we are mentioning the UPSC CDS Exam Pattern in a detailed structure, Candidates who are looking for any information related to CDS Exam Syllabus and Pattern can find all the details here.
The combined Defense Service Exam is divided into two phases:
To know the detailed CDS Exam pattern for both of these phases, continue reading…
CDS Phase I Exam Pattern: CDS Written exam pattern for admission to the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Air Force Academy (AFA) has three subjects which are General Knowledge, Elementary Mathematics, and English.
But the exam conducted for admitting the aspirants to Officer's Training Academy (OTA) has only two subjects namely General Knowledge and Engish.
Please note that CDS Exam for Officers Training Academy will not include the Elementary Mathematics subject.
CDS Exam Pattern for IMA, INA, AFA
|Subjects||Number of Questions||Maximum Marks||Time Duration|
|Elementary Mathematics||100||2 hours|
|General Knowledge (GK)||120||2 hours|
|Subjects||Number of Questions||Maximum Marks||Time Duration|
|General Knowledge (GK)||120||100||2 hours|
|CDS Exam Pattern 2023||Attributes|
|Organization||Central Defence Services|
|Exam||UPSC CDS Written Exam|
|Duration||For IMA, INA, and AFA- 6 hours
For OTA- 4 Hours
|Mode||Offline, pen, and paper mode|
|Maximum Marks||For IMA, INA, and AFA- 300
For OTA- 200
|Standard of the Papers||For Mathematics- Matriculation level (10th)
Other subjects- Graduation level
|Languages||General Knowledge and Elementary Maths will be bilingual [Hindi and English]|
|Type of Questions||Objective|
All the candidates who will qualify for the CDS Exam Phase-I (Written Exam) with a valid score will become eligible to appear in Phase-II which is also called SSB Interview conducted by Staff Selection Board.
This interview is held in two stages and the candidates who will pass stage I will be called to appear in stage II of the SSB Interview.
The final selection of the candidates for admission to defense academies is based on the marks obtained in the interview round. The CDS Interview round is the Phase-II of the Combined Defense Services Exam.
This round carries 300 marks for IMA, INA, and AFA selection and 200 marks for the selection for OTA.
In Stage I of the SSB Interview, there will be an Officer Intelligence Rating conducted on the day of the interview. This test will involve a Picture Perception and Description test, in which a picture will be displayed to the candidate for a complete duration of 30 seconds.
After 30 seconds, the candidate will have to write about the picture in 4 minutes. Afterward, the candidate will be put in a group of 15 candidates where they have to discuss what they observed in the picture and end up to a conclusion about the picture.
Based on the group discussion and conclusion, the officers will rate your intelligence and you will be given marks for the same, The candidates who will successfully clear this round will be allowed to proceed to Stage II of the SSB Interview.
Stage II of the SSB Interview will be held after 4 days of Stage-I. The second stage will comprise Group Testing Officers' Tasks, interviews, Psychology Tests, and conferences.
The candidate will be selected for admission to IMA, INA, AFA, or OTA based on the basis of the candidate's performance in Stage II of the SSB Interview.
Various tests involved in the CDS SSB Stage II interview are specifically tailored to analyze the intelligence, decision-making skills, critical thinking, and problem-solving ability of the aspirants.
These tests help the interview board members to determine whether the candidate is psychologically fit to serve in the defense forces or not.
Below, we have mentioned the elements of these tests:
The Psychological Test will include the following:
The various Group Testing Officer tasks will include the following activities:
In the CDS Written Exam 2023, the negative marking scheme will be followed. Each question will carry the weightage of 1 mark.
For every right answer, 1 mark will be awarded to the candidate and for each wrong answer, 0.33 marks will be deducted. For no answer, no marks deduction will be done.
|Marks for Correct answer||+1 mark for each correct option||+1 mark for each correct answer||+1 mark for each correct answer|
|Negative marking||-0.33 marks for each wrong answer||-0.33 marks for each wrong answer||-0.33 marks for each wrong answer|
|CDS Paper||English||General Knowledge|
|Marks for Correct answer||+1 mark for each correct answer||+1 mark for each correct answer|
|Negative Marking||-0.33 marks for each wrong answer||-0.33 marks for each wrong answer|
Candidates who are looking for CDS Exam Syllabus 2023 can refer to the table mentioned below. We have tabulated the detailed syllabus of the CDS Written Exam 2023 which is also called the CDS Phase-I exam.
Please note that the syllabus for CDS Exam for IMA, INA, AFA, and CDS Exam for OTA will remain the same except for the Elementary Mathematics section.
The CDS Exam Syllabus for OTA will not have Elementary Mathematics as the exam pattern for the CDS OTA Exam includes only two sections which are: General Knowledge and English.
For IMA, INA, and AFA, the syllabus will consist of three subjects which are Elementary Mathematics, English, and General Knowledge.
|English||Spotting Errors Questions
Sentence Arrangement Questions
Synonyms & Antonyms
Ordering of Sentence
Ordering of words in a sentence
Fill in the blanks questions
Idioms and Phrases
|General Awareness (GK)||Economics
Theory of polynomials
Solutions to quadratic equations
Relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
Set language and set notation
Rational expressions and conditional identities
Laws of indices
|Arithmetic||Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
Fundamental operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
Time and Distance
Time and Work
Applications of Simple and Compound Interest
Profit and Loss
Ratio and Proportion
Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
Prime and composite numbers
Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
Multiples and factors. Factorization Theorem
H.C.F. and L.C.M.
Logarithms to base 10
Laws of Logarithms
Use of logarithmic tables
|Trigonometry||Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
Values of sin ×, cos ×, and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°
Simple trigonometric identities
Use of trigonometric tables
Simple cases of heights and distances
|Geometry||Lines and angles
Plane and plane figures
Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
Sides and angles of a triangle
Congruency of triangles
Concurrence of medians and altitudes
Properties of angles
Sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
Rectangle and Square
Circles and their properties including tangents and normals
|Mensuration||Areas of squares, Rectangles
Triangle and Circle
Areas of figures can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
Surface area and volume of cuboids
Lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders
Surface area and volume of spheres
|Statistics||Collection and tabulation of statistical data
Graphical representation frequency polygons
Pie charts etc
Measures of central tendency
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