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What is Civil Engineering - Scope and Career as Civil Engineer

Update on 17 Jan, 23

What is Civil Engineering - Scope and Career as Civil Engineer

Have an interest in doing something challenging and artistic? If you are thinking to build the longest bridge or tallest building with the best architecture, then you have landed on the right page. This blog will tell you everything about a career in civil engineering.

The world of Civil Engineering is all about creating unique and robust things that are impossible for a common man to accomplish. Wondering and inventing new structures that define and recreate the traditional arts of the modern world refers to this field called civil engineering.

What is Civil Engineering

I think everyone knows What is Civil Engineering - Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering disciplines in the world. Some great architecture of ancient times were beautifully sculptured such as the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Wall of China, the Colosseum in Italy, the Taj Mahal in India to the pyramid of Chichen Itza, Mexico. Moreover, the incredibility of these seven wonders of the world designed and created by civil engineers captivates the eye of every visitor on the place.

So, do you also wish to recreate such remarkable structures? The next section will list you different streams you can choose to advance a career in civil engineering.

Specialties of Civil Engineering

The major subject areas for civil engineering students include math and science extensively.  Aspirants who want to receive their Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Science degree have to majorly focus on the combination of materials science and physics.

Upon becoming professional civil engineers, they don't stop their engineering studies. Most of them study ahead to become certified Professional Engineers (PE), which requires experience and testing. Without this certification, their service authority is limited. This PE license authorizes them to sign on big construction projects within their professional specialty.

Further, have a look at various specialties offered under Civil Engineering which include:

Structural engineering – The oldest stream of engineering involves creating the structural design elements for bridges, or skyscrapers. One best example is Pharaoh’s pyramids.

Geotechnical engineering – This deals with rock and soil engineering which supports the structures designed by civil engineers.

Environmental engineering – This involves designing systems for the treatment of chemical, thermal and biological wastes.

Materials engineering – This involves learning about the various tough materials used for constructing projects by engineers.

Water resource engineering – Deals with the collection and management of water.

Earthquake engineering – This specialty majorly focuses on the study of materials for creating buildings and structures that can withstand earthquakes shakes and triggers without falling.

Coastal engineering – managing the coastal areas of our country, including marshlands. Coastal engineers create defenses against flooding and erosion.

Each of these specialties of civil engineering has a significant role in different areas of knowledge which requires dedicated and creative professionals for modeling down the complete imagination into a real-life project.

This is how engineering knowledge has evolved through the years to where each of these specialties needs its own training to learn and grow.  

Required Work Experience

Work experience is crucial to secure higher-division jobs. Employers usually give preference to experienced professionals who can handle long-term projects. Experienced professionals have a years-long practice to responsibly handling all civil engineering firm practices.

If your academics doesn't include industrial placements, look for relevant summer internships that will build your interest and understanding of issues related to project planning and execution. Such experiences grow your knowledge and work skills, further helping you to spread your network.

Construction work majorly requires hands-on work experience, so try to look for such internship opportunities.

Who Employs Civil Engineers

A qualified civil engineer can work in a range of sectors including the construction sector, buildings, and large structures like bridges, transport, and communications infrastructure. Additionally, they can work under the employers involved in the production, storage, and distribution of electricity, gas, and water.

Job opportunities are equally available in India, the UK, and overseas through a network of contractors and consultants. You could find in-house employment for a variety of national and multinational companies, particularly within the public sector. In most cases, the local authorities, government departments, and environmental organizations employ civil engineers for setting up project specifications and draft tender documents.

Areas of Expertise of Civil Engineers

Ranging from small to complex projects, job satisfaction for civil engineers is when they see the project reach completion. They can specialize their skills in any of these work areas:

  • As Construction engineers, they have to manage and guide construction projects to ensure that are completed on a timely schedule and built under the plans and specifications. These engineers have the responsibility for checking the design and safety of temporary structures while the construction period. Moreover, they have to look out for the time, budget, and communication aspects of a project.
  • Geotechnical engineers ensure that the foundations laid down for building objects ranging from streets and buildings to runways and dams are solid and protected. They study how the structural designs built by civil engineers, such as buildings, slopes, and tunnels will deal with the earth sudden movement(including soil and rock)
  • Structural engineers design, assess and coordinate major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams to ensure their strength, sustainability, and  durable
  • Transportation engineers plan, design, operate, and maintain transportation systems, such as streets and highways. Some other large projects like airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors are also under their control.

More or less, the work of civil engineers is much similar to the profile of environmental engineers.

No matter how challenging the fieldwork is, being a civil engineer is satisfying. Not everyone can mix their creative skills with the applied sciences. Those who achieve or accomplish give them the utmost levels of satisfaction and add incredibility to their professional skills when their hard work is paid with appreciation.

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