What is Paramedic? | How to Become a Paramedic?
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How to Become a Paramedic? | Check Step By Step Process to Become a Paramedic

22 Apr,2020

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5 minutes read

How to Become a Paramedic?

Paramedic or Paramedics are specialized and expert individuals who are conversant in the art of healthcare. They are healthcare professionals who work for emergency medical services, usually an ambulance. Paramedics can do a variety of things including CPR and on the spot healthcare practices. Emergencies include accidents, a disaster, etc and the job of paramedics or EMTs is to rescue the victims. Both EMTs and Paramedics work in a variety of roles and are usually the first on the scene of a natural or man-made disaster or accident, medical emergencies. 

Difference between EMTs and Paramedics:

In the field of emergency services such as fire brigade, ambulance, etc, there are different levels of certifications for healthcare providers. EMTs (Emergency Medical Technicians) are the most common type of healthcare providers. The EMTs have the basic training and essential skills required to help people in life-threatening situations. The education provided in this job profile is considered to be the basis of all other emergency healthcare professions. 

Both EMTs and Paramedics have the basic foundational knowledge and skills required to help patients and victims alike and provide them with emergency care until they reach a hospital. 

The difference between the two lies in the scope and level of education. Paramedics are advanced providers of emergency health and medical care. They are given a higher level of knowledge and education in terms of skills and topics such as human anatomy, physiology, cardiology, medications, and medical health procedure. Paramedics are usually considered to be the second level after EMTs since the knowledge base provided during their EMT training is built upon and becomes more detailed during their paramedic's training. 

To become a paramedic, one has to be skilled in advanced knowledge such as airways management of patients, resuscitation process, CPR, starting intravenous lines, medications, and processes for administering them, special care for patients with heart and cardiac problems, trauma, etc. 

Basic Details on How to Become a Paramedic:

To become a paramedic, students need to know the process and eligibility requirements for the same. It may be different from college to college and university to university, or even from State to State. However, a brief outline of the procedure is provided below for students to get an idea.

  1. Meet eligibility requirements for a paramedic college or university.
  2. Attend and complete the course along with practicals and theory papers, etc.
  3. Take a National-Level Test or examination for eligibility to practice Paramedics in real-life situations.
  4. Apply and take certification for the application of paramedic activities in real-life situations.  

Some of these are important whereas some can be skipped. We will provide details below in the following sections. However, before we proceed, students should also know that some schools can have physical and medical requirements of their students before granting admission to them and before they can become a paramedic. 

Paramedics training is intense and vigorous in approach, but the rewards of serving and helping others are many and soul-filling.   

Detailed Process of How to Become a Paramedic:

Students can take a paramedic course after 10th and as well as 12th grade to become paramedics. A paramedic must be fit physically and mentally to perform his or her duties in the face of danger and these are also considered to be the basic requirements physically. The following step by step process is listed for students who wish to become a paramedic. 

Step 1. Check Eligibility: Students should start the process of becoming paramedics, by checking the eligibility and interests of paramedic courses. Some of the paramedic courses are required to also possess skills such as Compassion, Interpersonal Skills, Listening skills, Problem-solving skills, Good Communication Skills, and Strength, etc.

Step 2. Select a Paramedic Course: Students should know that there are many paramedic courses and specializations available which focus on specific skills and knowledge. The candidates can choose relevant specializations and also ensure that they fulfil the academic qualifications of the specializations they have chosen.

Step 3. Get Admission: Paramedic courses vary from college to college and university and university. Most of the admission in colleges is merit-based and to get into medical institutes like AIIMS, MAX hospital, you need to clear the entrance exams conducted by the institutes themselves. AIIMS conducts the All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate paramedical courses.   

Step 4. Qualify yourself: After the course is completed, candidates need to qualify as a paramedic involving volunteering works and paramedic training. Candidates must try to secure good marks and secure viable practical experience, to ensure that they grab opportunities in excellent and top medical institutes.

Step 5. Paramedic Career: After the paramedic degree, candidates should start their careers by applying for paramedic training in hospitals and medical institutes. Students can choose between different types of hospitals and institutes like private and public or government-owned hospitals. 

Candidates can also choose between the following job profiles for training to become a paramedic:

  • Community Health Centre
  • Home-Based Healthcare units
  • Rehabilitation Centres
  • Rural Healthcare Centres
  • Medical Laboratories

How to Become a Paramedic: Types of Courses

There are different types of degree courses available for Paramedical Courses, such as Certificate Courses, Diploma Courses, and Degree Courses. These courses provide great career opportunities and students are advised to pursue undergraduate and postgraduate courses to become qualified in advanced techniques and knowledge. 

Below we have provided details of the various undergraduate paramedical specialization courses available to students along with the average fee. 

Courses

Fees

(BAMS) BA in Ayurvedic and Surgery

Rs. 3 to Rs. 4 lac

B.Sc in Medical Imaging Technology

Rs. 4 to Rs 5 lac

B.Sc Perfusion Technology

Rs. 1 to Rs. 2 lac

BA Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology

Rs. 90,000 to Rs 1 lac

B.Sc in Operation Theatre Technology

Rs. 3 to Rs 4 lac

B.Sc in Radiography

Rs. 2 to 4 lac

B.Sc in Respiratory Therapy

Rs. 2 to Rs 4 lac

BA in Naturopathy and Yoga Science

Rs. 1 to Rs 2 lac

BA Radiation Therapy

Rs. 1 to Rs 3 lac

B.Sc in Medical Record Technology

Rs. 3 to Rs. 4 lac

B.Sc in Anesthesia Technology

Rs. 80,000 to Rs 2 lac

B.Sc in Renal Dialysis Technology

Rs. 1 to Rs. 2 lac

BA Radiography

Rs. 2 to Rs. 10 lac

B.Sc in Dialysis Therapy

Rs. 1 to Rs 2 lac

B.Sc X-Ray Technology

Rs 3 to Rs 4 lac

BA of Ophthalmic Technology

Rs. 3 to Rs 4 lac

B.Sc in Optometry

Rs 2 to Rs 4 lac

BA in Physiotherapy

Rs. 1 to Rs 3 lac

B.Sc in Medical Lab Technology

Rs. 3 to Rs 4 lac

B.Sc in Nuclear Medicine Technology

Rs 4 to 5 lac

B.Sc in Critical Care

Rs. 1 to Rs 2 lac

Students can take specialization courses along with their degrees. Physiotherapists and Nurses, Medical Lab Technology, get a plethora of job opportunities and employment areas in the fields like hospitals, nursing homes, and sanatoriums, etc.  

Diploma Courses for Students to Become a Paramedic:

There are a variety of diploma courses available to students who wish to become a paramedic and we have mentioned some of them below.

Diploma in X-Ray Technology

Rs 50,000/-

Diploma in Physiotherapy

Rs 1 lac

Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology

Rs. 65,000/-

Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant

Rs. 1 lac

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology

Rs. 75,000/-

ANM

Rs. 2 lac

GNM

Rs. 1 lac to Rs 2 lac

Diploma in Rural Health Care

Rs. 50,000

Diploma in X-Ray Technology

Rs. 1 to Rs. 2 lac

Students can also opt for certificate courses some of which are listed below.

  • Certificate for Rural Health Care
  • Certificate for Nursing Care Assistant
  • Certificate for Dental Assistant
  • Certificate for ECG and CT Scan Technician
  • Certificate for Operation Theatre Assistant
  • Certificate for X-Ray Technician
  • Certificate for Home-based Health Care
  • Certificate for HIV and Family Education
  • Certificate for Nutrition and Childcare, etc. 

The list of postgraduate courses available for paramedics are as follows:

  • Master of Health Administration (MHA)
  • Master in Public Health (MPH), etc. 

How to become a Paramedic?

The students pursuing any paramedic course need to fulfil the basic eligibility requirements which are listed below.

  1. Students who will pursue the paramedic's course after 12th must have graduated with Science subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc from a recognized board.
  2. There are no minimum aggregate marks and students should just pass the degrees, etc. 

Entrance Exam Needed to Become a Paramedic:

There are many entrance exams that students need to appear for before they can become a paramedic. Some of them are listed below.

Exam

Eligibility

NEET

Candidates need to pass the 12th grade with a minimum of 50% marks with PCB subjects. 

AIIMS

Candidates can register online for the course. The application usually starts in February. 

MHT CET

Candidates must have PCB subjects and pass with an aggregate mark of 50%. 

EPSI National Admission Test

Candidates can register online during the week of April. 

Top Recruiters for Paramedic Experts:

Many candidates who wish to become a paramedic and build their career in this field can get job opportunities in top recruiters and companies below such as, 

Dr Lal Path Labs

Medanta Hospital

Sri Ganga Ram Hospital

Batra Hospital

Apollo Hospital

Jaypee Hospital, etc. 

The average salary of paramedics in various designations is listed below.

  • Entry-Level Emergency Medical Technician with an average salary 1,50,000/-
  • Emergency Medical Technician with an average salary 1,30,000/-
  • Mid-career Emergency Medical Technician with an average salary of 1,50,000/- etc.   

Top Colleges for Students who wish to Become a Paramedic

The top colleges for paramedic courses include some of those mentioned below.   

Central India Institute of Pharmacy

Anuradha College of Pharmacy 

College of Nursing

Department of Anaesthesiology

Dr B.R Ambedkar Pooja College of Pharmacy

Dr Subhash College of Physical Education

Goel Institute of Pharmacy and Sciences

Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences

In conclusion, a paramedic field is dynamic and very vigorous in approach. The candidates who wish to become paramedics must be willing to be called for duty all the time since a paramedic is never off duty.

A paramedic has the chance to serve society and take care of people and ensure that they get the best of services for their health. It is the only field where students can truly practice selfless service. We hope this article helped you solve the doubts on the question of how to become a paramedic.

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