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Difference Between UP Board and CBSE Board - UP Board Vs CBSE Board

Update on 12 Jan, 23

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Difference Between UP Board and CBSE Board - UP Board Vs CBSE Board

Difference between UP Board and CBSE Board: It is often seen that parents become quite confused about the admissions of children. For admission, special attention is given to which board pattern is being taught in the school. There are 4 types of boards in India that are studied - CBSE Board, State Board, ICSE Board, IB Board, and Cambridge. But there is always a conviction that which board is right and can prepare the children for future competitive examinations. Today we will tell you the difference between UP Board & CBSE Board Board out of these four boards this article will clear you which board is the best among the UP board and CBSE board.

About UP Board

The Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (UPMSP) or UP Board is the UP government-administered educational authority that is responsible for conducting Secondary school level and Inter-college-level examinations for all the schools affiliated with it. UP board is the largest education board in Asia in terms of the total number of students. Secondary school level exams and Inter-college-level exams (10th & 12th) are conducted every year throughout the state. Every year, almost 35 lakh students appear for the UP High School (10th) exams and almost 30 lakh students appear for the Uttar Pradesh 12th exams. Along with this UP Board is also responsible for granting recognition to schools and also prescribing courses and textbooks for the affiliated schools.

UP Board Overview

UP Board  Official Name


UPMSP Full Form

Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad

UP Board  Full Form in Hindi

माध्यमिक शिक्षा परिषद, उत्तर प्रदेश

UP Board  Name in English

BHSIE UP (Board of High School and Intermediate Education Uttar Pradesh)


Conducting Class 10 and Class 12 Exams


Allahabad (Prayagraj), Uttar Pradesh



Parent organization

Department of Education, Uttar Pradesh

Official Website

About CBSE Board

The Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE Board is said to be the most prestigious and preferred educational board in India.CBSE Board aims to develop student's analytical and reasoning abilities.CBSE Board is also known for its comprehensive syllabus and well-structured exam pattern which helps students to gain high marks in the examination. It helps students to get a detailed idea about the entire curriculum. There are around 20,102 schools under the CBSE Board which follow the NCERT curriculum.

CBSE Board Overview


Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)



CBSE Full Form

Central Board of Secondary Education


Governmental Board of Education


3rd November 1962


New Delhi, India

Official languages

Hindi, English

Parent organization

Ministry of Human Resource Development

Official Website

Difference between UP Board and CBSE Board

However, there are lots of Differences between the UP Board & the CBSE Board but there are also some points that bring huge differences in both, they are given below.

UP Board:

  • Full-Form is Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (UPMSP) 
  • Formed in 1921, Headquarter in Prayaaraj.
  • Follows the SCERT (State Council of Educational Research and Training) pattern.
  • Schools affiliated to UP Board, their curriculum, pattern, syllabus, textbooks are decided by the UP Board.
  • Students who are permanent residents of the UP State for them to study with the UP Board is the best option.
  • Students who want to prepare for the state-level examinations’ as PCS should go for the UP Board.
  • For the academic year 2023, UP Board has introduced the NCERT books are mandatory from 9th to 12th. 
  • Very lengthy syllabus, difficult to score marks as it includes (UTs, STs, etc.)
  • UP Board is available only in Hindi medium schools.

CBSE Board:

  • Full-Form is Central Board of Secondary Education
  • Formed in 1952, Headquarter in New Delhi.
  • Follow the NCERT based syllabus that is approved by the Indian Government.
  • Over 19000 private schools and 200 governments follow the CBSE Board.
  • Students who get transferred from one state to another can also go to CBSE Board.
  • Students who want to start their preparation for medical and engineering.
  • Competitive exams follow the NCERT pattern which is followed in CBSE Board.
  • CBSE Board is available in both schools (Hindi/English).
  • Private schools can also give 10th and 12th exams. It means schools that are not affiliated to the CBSE Board or home-based study and want to give direct 10th and 12th exams.

Some other Differences between UP Board & CBSE Board

CBSE Board

UP Board

Full-form:- Central Board of Secondary Education

Full-form:- Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (UPMSP) 

CBSE Board follows the GRADING SYSTEM 

UP Board follows the MARKING SYSTEM

CBSE Board follows the CCE pattern which includes (different activities, etc.)

No pattern is followed by UP Board

Focuses on students skill development and personality development

Supports no activities. 

Students from CBSE Board have two options-they can go to private and government schools both

Students from UP Board have no options-they can go only government school 

Easy marks gaining

Difficult to gain marks

Exam pattern is easy

No exam pattern

Advantages and Disadvantages between CBSE Board & UP Board

Advantages of CBSE Board:

  • Major focus: English, Math, and Science.
  • Recognition by all colleges in India.
  • Five main subjects are considered
  • Books are easily available.

Disadvantages of CBSE Board:

  • High fees are required.
  • Mainly focuses only on English and Science.
  • Students belonging to the Hindi base feel a problem in studying English on CBSE Board.

Advantages of UP Board:

  • Affordable fees
  • Students who want to prepare for the state-level exam like PCS can prefer to State Board/UP Board.
  • State language is compulsory.

Disadvantages of UP Board:

  • It depends wholly on State Government Policies.
  • Unfavorable for parents with a transferable job.
  • Lack of basic facilities.

Some parameters on which the Difference between UP Board & CBSE Board Depend

Down below some parameters depending on both the UP Board & CBSE Board are given:

  1. Syllabus and Curriculum
  2. Number of subjects
  3. Reasoning- Analytical skills or Ratta/ Rote Learning.
  4. Which Board is better for entrance Exam-JEE/NEET/GPAT
  5. Tuition hours
  6. Passing percentage

Detail description of the Parameters: Syllabus and Curriculum:

CBSE Board

  • CBSE Board follows THE NCERT pattern
  • Is an autonomous body formed by the Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource and Development?
  • In recent phenomena related to National Entrance Exam in which Neet (single exam for all medical colleges) follows the NCERT syllabus.
  • Similarly for JEE which is basically to fill B.E/B/Tech/B.Arch/B. Planning, seats in NIT, IIIT, CFTI all the premier institutes follow the NCERT Syllabus. 

UP Board

  • UP Board follows THE SCERT pattern
  • Is an autonomous body formed by the State Government
  • UP Board does not follow the NCERT syllabus due to t which students face lots of problems while preparing for the entrance exams Because those people read the syllabus of both State and NCERT.
  • Some Boards like Karnataka, Gujrat, Tripura, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, and UP are some Boards that are not following the NCERT Book but have completely aligned themselves to NCERT.

A Number of Subjects

CBSE Board (9TH- 12TH)

  • Five Subjects Main +One Vocational
  • 5 Subjects (MATHS, SCIENCE, SOCIAL SCIENCE, ENGLISH) + 1 extra language +1 Vocational subject (General IT)

UP Board (9TH- 12TH)

  • Six Main Subjects
  • 6 Subjects (MATHS, SCIENCE, SOCIAL SCIENCE, ENGLISH) + 1 extra language+1 local language 
  • 9TH TO 10TH- (Sanskrit/English)-any one; (Home Science/Maths)- anyone: +Drawing

So, students belonging to the UP Board have to study for a longer period as they have 6 subjects to study, whereas,  students belonging to the CBSE Board take less time to study as they have 5 subjects to study which makes a huge difference. By saving their time they can use it for doing their further preparations.

Reasoning- Analytical skills or Ratta/ Rote Learning

CBSE Board 

  • CBSE Board encourages analytical and Reasoning abilities in students.
  • The paper pattern is changing for class 10th and 12th to encourage further analysis and Reasoning skills and to stop the Rote/Ratta learning completely.
  • Makes students strong analytically and conceptually

UP Board 

  • Completely BOOKISH.
  • If smudged up book completely then can score 100/100 in any normal subjects. You just need to be Rote/Ratta.

No issue arrives in getting passed from both the Boards, but the development of conceptual and analytical ability is much more in CBSE Board that can lead the student to a great height.

Which Board is better for entrance Exam-JEE/NEET/GPAT?

For future exams basically for NEET which is a single exam for All India Medical, JEE Main which is for All India Premier Institute plus it is considered in architecture. So for all these exams which Board is better?

There is no comparison between the UP Board and CBSE Board, but the table given below will give you the answer to this question:

Previous Years Record, Students got selected in IIT











More than 50% of students who got selected in IIT colleges belong to CBSE Board. The CBSE Board students perform strongest in National Level Exam as compared to the UP Board.

  • Tuition hours:

The tuition hours of both Boards are different from each other. Have a look:

Tuition hours: UP Board & CBSE Board

CBSE Board

UP Board 





325 TO 350 Hours

325 TO 350 Hours

450 TO 475

450 TO 475 Hours

In one year

In one year

  • Passing percentage:

Down below a table is given which will indicate the Passing percentage of 10th and 12th students of both the boards. This will give you a clear idea of the difference between the passing percentage on both the boards.

Previous Years Passing Percentage Record: UP Board & CBSE Board

CBSE Board

UP Board






















This fall in CBSE marks is due to the change in exam pattern from CCE to Annual Board exam which is followed IN UP Board and other State Board. Though CBSE students will get used to this board and will come again next year with a leading percentage. The UP Government has also started taking steps towards the career and future of the students by introducing the NCERT books as a syllabus for this academic year 2023. This academic year 2023 UP Board has made NCERT books mandatory from class 9th to 12th. Subjects like Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology will follow the NCERT Books except the subjects like Krishi (10th Standard) and Business Studies for (12th Standard)


I hope you got a rough idea about what can be expected when your child chooses any of these education boards for their studies. However, studying under a certain board is not just enough for your kids to excel in their study phase.

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