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Difference Between UP Board and CBSE Board

Update on 2024-04-15

Difference Between UP Board and CBSE Board - UP Board Vs CBSE Board

It is often seen that parents become quite confused about the admissions of children. For admission, special attention is given to which board pattern is being taught in the school. There are 4 types of boards in India that are studied - CBSE Board, State Board, ICSE Board, IB Board, and Cambridge.

But there is always a conviction that which board is right and can prepare the children for future competitive examinations. Today we will tell you the difference between UP Board & CBSE Board Board out of these four boards this article will clear you which board is the best among the UP board and CBSE board.

NOTE: Admission Notification 2024 for CBSE Schools has been released, if students and guardians have any queries related to admission, or facing issues while choosing the best school for your children, you can fill the form, our counselors will contact you soon.


About UP Board

The Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (UPMSP) or UP Board is the UP government-administered educational authority that is responsible for conducting Secondary school level and Inter-college-level examination for all the schools affiliated to it.

UP board is the largest education board in Asia in terms of the total number of students. Secondary school level exam and Inter-college-level exam (10th & 12th) are conducted every year throughout the state. Every year, almost 35 lakh students appear for the UP High School (10th) exams and almost 30 lakh students appear for the Uttar Pradesh 12th exams.

Along with this UP Board is also responsible for granting recognition to schools and also prescribing courses and textbooks for the affiliated schools.

UP Board 2024 - Key Highlights

Particular Details
UP Board Official Name UPMSP
UPMSP Full Form Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad
UP Board Full Form in Hindi उत्तर प्रदेश माध्यमिक शिक्षा परिषद्
UP Board  Name in English BHSIE UP (Board of High School and Intermediate Education Uttar Pradesh)
UPMSP (BHSIE UP) Role Conducting Class 10 and Class 12 Exams
Headquarters Allahabad (Prayagraj), Uttar Pradesh
Inception 1921
Parent organization Department of Education, Uttar Pradesh
Official Website


About CBSE Board

The Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE Board is said to be the most prestigious and preferred educational boards in India.CBSE Board aims to develop students’ analytical and reasoning abilities.CBSE Board is also known for its comprehensive syllabus and well-structured exam pattern which helps students to gain high marks in the examination.

It helps students to get a detailed idea about the entire curriculum. There are around 20,102 schools under the CBSE Board which follows the NCERT curriculum.

CBSE Board - Key Highlights

Particular Details
Full-Form Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
Abbreviation CBSE
CBSE Full Form Central Board of Secondary Education
Type Governmental Board of Education
Founded 3rd November, 1962
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Official languages Hindi, English
Parent Organization Ministry of Human Resource Development
Official Website


Difference Between UP Board and CBSE Board

However, there are lots of differences between the UP Board & CBSE Board but there are also some points which bring huge differences in both, they are given below.

UP Board:

  • Full-Form is Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (UPMSP) 
  • Formed in 1921, Headquarter in Prayaaraj.
  • Follows the SCERT (State Council of Educational Research and Training) pattern.
  • Schools affiliated to UP Board, their curriculum, pattern, syllabus, textbooks is totally decided by the UP Board.
  • Students who are a permanent resident of the UP State for them to study with UP Board is the best option.
  • Students who want to prepare for the state level examinations’ as PCS should definitely go for the UP Board.
  • For the academic year 2019-20, UP Board has introduced the NCERT books are mandatory from 9th to 12th. 
  • Very lengthy syllabus, difficult to score marks as it includes (UTs, STs, etc.)
  • UP Board is available only in Hindi medium schools.

CBSE Board:

  • Full-Form is Central Board of Secondary Education
  • Formed in 1952, Headquarter in New Delhi.
  • Follow the NCERT based syllabus that is approved by the Indian Government.
  • Over 19000 private schools and 200 government follow the CBSE Board.
  • Students who get transferred from one state to another can also go for CBSE Board.
  • Students who want to start their preparation for medical and engineering.
  • Competitive exams follow the NCERT pattern which is followed in CBSE Board.
  • CBSE Board is available in both schools (Hindi/English).
  • Private schools can also give 10th and 12th exams. It means schools that are not affiliated to the CBSE Board or home-based study and want to give direct 10th and 12th exams.


Advantages and Disadvantages of UP Board and CBSE Board

Advantages of CBSE Board:

  • Major focus: English, Math, and Science.
  • Recognition by all colleges in India.
  • Five main subjects are considered
  • Books are easily available.

Disadvantages of CBSE Board:

  • High fees required.
  • Mainly focuses only on English and Science.
  • Students belonging to the Hindi base feel a problem in studying English on CBSE Board.

Advantages of UP Board:

  • Affordable fees
  • Students who want to prepare for the state level exam like PCS can prefer to State Board/UP Board.
  • State language is compulsory.

Disadvantages of UP Board:

  • It depends wholly on State Government Policies.
  • Unfavorable for parents with a transferable job.
  • Lack of basic facilities.


Some Other Parameters

CBSE Board UP Board
Full-form:- Central Board of Secondary Education Full-form:- Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (UPMSP)
CBSE Board follows the GRADING SYSTEM UP Board follows the MARKING SYSTEM
CBSE Board follow CCE pattern which includes (different activities, etc.) No pattern is followed by UP Board
Focuses on students skill development and personality development Supports no activities.
Students from CBSE Board have two options-they can go to private and government school both Students from UP Board have no options-they can go only government school
Easy marks gaining Difficult to gain marks
Exam pattern is easy No exam pattern

Down below some parameters depending on both the UP Board & CBSE Board are given:

  1. Syllabus and Curriculum
  2. Number of subjects
  3. Reasoning- Analytical skills or Ratta/ Rote Learning
  4. Which Board is better for entrance Exam-JEE/NEET/GPAT
  5. Tuition hours
  6. Passing percentage

Detail Description of each parameters:

1. Syllabus and Curriculum

CBSE Board

  • CBSE Board follows THE NCERT pattern
  • Is an autonomous body formed by the Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource and Development.
  • In recent phenomena related to the National Entrance Exam in which Neet (single exam for all medical colleges) follows the NCERT syllabus.
  • Similarly for JEE which is basically to fill B.E/B/Tech/B.Arch/B. Planning, seats in NIT, IIIT, CFTI all the premier institutes follow the NCERT Syllabus.

UP Board

  • UP Board follows THE SCERT pattern
  • Is an autonomous body formed by the State Government
  • UP Board does not follow the NCERT syllabus due to t which students face lots of problems while preparing for the entrance exams Because those people read the syllabus of both State and NCERT.
  • Some Boards like Karnataka, Gujrat, Tripura, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh and UP are some Board that is not following the NCERT Book but have completely aligned themselves to NCERT.

2. Number of Subjects

CBSE Board (9th - 12th)

  • Five Subjects Main + One Vocational
  • 5 Subjects (MATHS, SCIENCE, SOCIAL SCIENCE, ENGLISH) + 1 extra language +1 Vocational subject (General IT)

UP Board (9th - 12th)

  • Six Main Subjects
  • 6 Subjects (MATHS, SCIENCE, SOCIAL SCIENCE, ENGLISH) + 1 extra language + 1 local language
  • 9th and 10th - (Sanskrit/English)-anyone; (Home Science/Maths)- anyone: + Drawing

So, basically, students belonging to the UP Board have to study for a longer period as they have 6 subjects to study, whereas, students belonging to the CBSE Board take less time to study as they have 5 subjects to study that makes a huge difference. By saving their time they can use it for doing their further preparations.

3. Reasoning - Analytical skills or Ratta/ Rote Learning

CBSE Board

  • CBSE Board encourages analytical and Reasoning abilities in students.
  • The paper pattern is changing for classes 10th and 12th to encourage further analytical and Reasoning skills and to stop the Rote/Ratta learning completely.
  • Makes students strong analytically and conceptually.

UP Board

  • Completely BOOKISH.
  • If smudged the UP Board book completely then can score 100/100 in any normal subject.

No issue arrives in getting passed from both the Boards, but the development of conceptual and analytical ability is much more in CBSE Board that can lead the student to a great height.

4. Which Board is better for entrance Exam-JEE/NEET/GPAT?

For future exams basically for NEET which is a single exam for All India Medical, JEE Main which is for All India Premier Institute plus it is considered in architecture. So for all these exams which Board is better?

There is no comparison between the UP Board and CBSE Board, but the table given below will give you the answer to this question:

Last 5 Years Record - Students got selected in IIT
2023 2022 2021 2020 2019
58% 56% 57% 59% 50%

More than 50% of students who got selected in IIT belong to CBSE Board. The CBSE Board students perform strongest in National Level Exam as compared to the UP Board.

5. Tution Hours

The tuition hours of both Boards are apparently different from each other. Have a look:

CBSE Board UP Board
9th - 10th 10th - 12th 9th - 10th 10th - 12th
325 to 350 Hours 325 to 350 Hours 450 to 475 Hours 450 to 475 Hours
In one year In one year

6. Passing Percentage

Down below a table is given which will indicate the Passing percentage of 10th and 12th students of both the boards. This will give you a clear idea of the difference between the passing percentage in both the boards.

Last 3 Years Passing Percentage: UP Board & CBSE Board
CBSE Board UP Board
Class 2023 2022 2021 2023 2022 2021
10th 96% 90% 86% 81.6% 75.16% 80.07%
12th 83% 83.01% 92.93% 83.5% 72.43% 70.06%

This fall in CBSE marks is due to the change in exam pattern from CCE to Annual Board exam which is followed IN UP Board and other State Board. Though CBSE students will get used to this board and will come again next year with a leading percentage.

The UP Government has also started taking steps towards the career and future of the students by introducing the NCERT books as a syllabus for this academic year 2022-23. This academic year 2022-23 UP Board has made NCERT books mandatory from class 9th to 12th. Subjects like Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology will follow the NCERT Books except the subjects like Krishi (10th Standard) and Business Studies for (12th Standard)

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