AICTE and UGC are two the zenith regulators of our Indian education. They offer quality education to all masses and have indeed done a very good job. AICTE was established in 1945 and on the other hand, UGC was established in 1956.
The University Grants Commission of India (UGC) is an apex body that grants recognition to Universities under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. It is charged with coordination, determination, and maintenance of norms of higher education. UGC renders recognition to universities in India. The headquarter of UGC is in New Delhi and has six regional centres in Bhopal, Kolkata, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Guwahati. It is applicable for Universities only. Whichever course one enrols for in any University, that University should be UGC recognized for that degree to be valid.
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is the statutory body and a national-level committee for technical education which grants alliance to technical courses like B.Tech, MCA, MBA, M.tech etc.for all the planning and coordination development of technical education and management education in India, AICTE holds the responsibility. The AICTE also sanctions graduates and postgraduate programs under explicit categories at Indian institutions as per its law. For a Technical course to be valid, your institute(not university) must be AICTE affiliated. AICTE association is not obligated for other Science, Arts, Commerce, Humanities courses.
Any applicant pursuing B.Tech from any university must be UGC recognized and the college should be affiliated to AICTE. If both conditions satisfy, then only the degree will be considered as valid.
➤ UGC is an apex body that accredits universities in the country. UGC provide funds for affiliated universities and colleges. UGC conducts many exams, one of them is NET, for appointing teachers in colleges. On the other hand
➤ The AICTE is only a statutory body, which deals with coordinated expansion and proper planning of the technical education system in the country. All the Engineering, MBA and Pharmacy colleges are affiliated to All India Council for Technical Education. Also, the technical institutions are viewed by the AICTE.
➤ When talking about the function according to the Act University Grants Commission, says that the first function is to look into the financial needs of universities. Next, it designates and dispenses grants to these universities.
➤ On the other hand, the AICTE Act gives preference to undertaking surveys in various fields of technical education at all levels. Another difference is that the UGC is free to do whatever it likes, but AICTE is not free from the intervention of the Human Resources Development Ministry.
➤ One of the main differences between AICTE and UGC is that the above is solely formed for technical education. While technical institutions are viewed by the AICTE, the other universities and colleges fall under the UGC.
➤ UGC recommends universities in the country. It provides funds for affiliated universities and colleges. The AICTE is only a statutory body, which deals with organized development and proper planning of the technical education system in the country. AICTE recognizes engineering colleges, on the other hand, UGC approves BCom. BA, BSc etc.
➤ In nutshell, UGC provides approval for institutions in general and AICTE provides approval for only those institutions that offer engineering and management courses. But approval from both bodies is essential to have a valid degree/certifications.
➤ Basically, UGC is an apex body of higher education that administrates the entire higher education bodies in general but AICTE is a specific body who governs all the institutions offer technical and managerial courses.
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