Update on 17 Mar, 23
If you are asking these questions and want to prepare for writing your academic essays, this guide will lend you a helping hand by sharing some proven steps to create a strong essay.
By using these simple steps, you will break down this huge and intimidating assignment into comprehensive stages and see what each of them brings.
This is the first thing you have to know about your essay. Is it argumentative or narrative? Or, maybe, persuasive or comparative? Depending on the aim of writing, your essay will have different contents: if you are supposed to analyze a matter, telling a story would be out of place.
Many academic essays ask you to convince a reader to adopt your point of view which is done in persuasive essays or summarize your opinion and support it with reasoning (in an argumentative essay). Besides understanding the type of essay you are required to make, see the prompts given in the task itself. As a rule, they can guide you concerning its length, research needed for completing the task, and sources.
Be careful with the last point since some essays need you to rely on facts and scientific sources rather than your viewpoint.
This sentence has a profound meaning and directs the whole essay paper. It should contain your clear opinion and be eye-catching in order to attract the reader’s attention. One easy way to formulate a thesis is to think ‘What question am I going to answer in the conclusion?’ So, this will be your prelude to the concluding paragraph expressing the main idea. Keep your thesis specific and on-the-matter changing it, again, according to the type of essay.
For example, a persuasive thesis needs to state your viewpoint and the reason you are convinced it is true. Informative theses are, on the contrary, simply declare the goal of writing the essay.
The introduction is the most difficult part to start with. Especially when you don’t know your arguments yet. To avoid getting frustrated over this part, put it off until later and get down to the body part. Once you finish collecting your ideas, the intro will be more solid.
Organizing and sequencing parts of your essay are, perhaps, the most vital for argumentative types. While a narrative essay can include a touch of creativity, argumentative papers demand a strict structure. Every argument has to be supported with reliable evidence with regard to scholarly sources, reference books, magazines, documentary movies, etc.
Make sure you give each argument the right number of supportive sentences and at the same time not overindulge and turn the essay into defending a single argument. The classical structure has never failed yet: an introduction, two or three body paragraphs each devoted to a different argument plus evidence, and a conclusion.
Having a closer look at the organization of each part, let us analyze them.
An attention grabber which stands vividly in the mind of a reader. This can be a question, quote, or bright metaphor related to the issue you are going to discuss.
This is adding some relevant context to the central point of discussion (without revealing any of the arguments!)
The final sentence of the intro part directly stating your idea and the reason you stick to it.
A topic sentence presents the argument and gradually takes the reader’s attention from the previous paragraph to the main one.
Here you need to include some supportive information for the argument, explain why this is important for this context, and how it consolidates your viewpoint.
This is a final shot allowing you to defend your opinion. It contains credible reference, statistics, facts, and anything else that proves your right.
This sentence is called to sum up the role of the claims you made and show their importance for the thesis.
Remember the central message of the essay? If you made the right choices about the claims, you will be confident in restating the idea which makes the reader more prone to believe you.
To remind the reader about the arguments proving your viewpoint, go back and enlist them again for the sake of closing to discuss all the main arguments.
The final sentence should be a bright statement regarding the relevance of the topic and leaving some space for the reader to dwell on.
This tip is incredibly helpful when the main struggle is to put ideas in order and see the whole picture. Drafting, or outlining, is structuring the contents of your essay in such a way that you can track the flow of thoughts and this flow appears logical.
The outline needs to be short. It will show you what is still missing in every section and what needs to be removed from the paragraphs. Then, writing the final draft, you will feel more confident and have a plan to rely on.
If you are not the pen and paper kind of student, try out tools for essay outlining for smartphones such as EssayJack.
Perfection in essay writing is something that comes with experience. Nevertheless, you can start getting better at it right now by following the 6 proven essay writing tips we have given to you.
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