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Career Options for PCB Students After Class 12th

Update on 2024-04-19

Career Options for PCB Students After Class 12th

The science stream can lead us to some of the most interesting and satisfying careers. If we have just passed our higher secondary i.e 12th in physics, chemistry, and biology, we have many such rewarding career options.

We can choose from a varied variety of study and career paths reaching from botany, zoology, pharmacy, nursing, medicine, and surgery to biotechnology. This article presents us with a list of popular career paths we can consider after finishing PCB.

Here are a few top 10 career options for PCB students after class 12th:

1. Medicine and Surgery

A career in medicine and surgery is one of the most desirable professions for PCB students after class 12th. To become a doctor, we need to join an MBBS, which is a five-and-a-half-year-long undergraduate degree.

This course consists of 9 semesters where we can study a range of subjects like anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, physiology, pathology, forensic medicine, microbiology, genetics, surgery, and various communal medicine subjects. It is an obligation to complete a 1–2-year internship before starting professionally.

Once we complete the MBBS degree, we have a huge possibility of job opportunities in different healthcare places like hospitals, clinics, medical colleges, and nursing homes. We can further enroll for MD to become a practicing doctor in any of the specialties, like neurology, dermatology, nutrition, pediatric, pathology, or gynecology.

The salary for M.B.B.S and MD doctors varies as a physician earns Rs.42,903 per month, a neurologist earns Rs.46,128 per month, a pediatrician earns Rs.91,084 per month and a gynecologist earns Rs.93,537 per month.

2. Dentistry

Dentistry includes the study, prevention, and dealing of oral diseases and disorders. It is one more popular and pleasing career option for PCB students. To follow a career in dentistry, we need to enroll in a B.D.S. i.e; Bachelor of Dental Surgery.

This is a five-year undergraduate degree. To get admission, we must look for the national-level entrance exam National Eligibility Entrance Exam, and meet the suitability standards of the colleges.

During the course, we get to study subjects like dental anatomy, oral pathology, general medicine, and general surgery. It is necessary to complete a 12-month compulsory internship.

The job scope after dentistry contains becoming a practicing dentist at government and private hospitals or even starting a private dental clinic. The average salary for a dentist is Rs. 22,203 per month.

3. Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a branch of biology that studies and uses creatures and their biological mechanisms to create useful harvests. Its application covers numerous industries and purposes such as medicine, healthcare, food, agriculture, nutrition, environment, textile, and petrochemicals.

After completing the 12th, we can study biotechnology through many degrees and diploma courses. Some of the popular are Diploma in Biotechnology, B.E or B. Tech. in Biotechnology, B.E or B.Tech. in Molecular and Cellular Engineering, B.Tech. in Industrial Microbiology, or B.Sc. in Biotechnology.

Because of its application in different areas, we get to choose from a range of occupation options in diverse fields like the pharmaceutical industry, hospitals, food production industry, and clinical research.

As biotechnology experts, we can work as a scientist, biotechnology engineers, lab technicians, biochemists, and microbiologists. The average salary of a bioprocess engineer is Rs. 27,531 per month.

4. Botany

Botany includes the scientific study of plants. The study structures, genetics, sorting, distribution, and effectiveness of a broad range of flowers and organisms ranging from minute bacteria to gigantic redwood trees. If we are interested in plant life and the environment, then this can be an ideal career path for you.

Upon finishing a Bachelor of Science in Botany, we can pursue a career as a botanist, biologist, environment consultant, farming consultant, forest ranger, plant biochemist, conservationist, or molecular biologist.

Although these careers relate to plants and the environment, the duties and salaries may mostly vary. The average salary for a biologist, who researches and studies plant life, is Rs. 25,365 per month.

An ecologist, who studies how plants and animals interact with their environment, earns an average of Rs. 49,323 per month.

5. Pharmacy

If we are interested in joining the medical field, a career in pharmacy will be a good choice. After completing our 12 in PCB, we may join for a Bachelor in Pharmacy, also known as B. Pharma, and study drugs, medicines, and chemistry.

Upon finishing this four-year-long undergraduate degree, we can become practising pharmacists, drug safety associates, drug inspectors, pharmaceutical scientists, or medical transcriptionists. Moreover, we can also get chances to work in medicine manufacturing and provisioning industries for both governments as well as private sectors.

The salary of a pharmacist who allocates prescribed drugs is Rs.15,864 per month and that of a medical transcriptionist who documents medical records is Rs.17,944 per month.

Note: 12th after PCB can open a wide range of career options, and that is not only in the field of science but also in commerce and arts. If you want to opt for the best career for yourself and wish to explore the different options, then you can assign a career counselling session with us, and we will let you know about your preferred courses after careful examination. 

6. Ayurvedic

Ayurvedic is an ancient health, medicine, and healing system. It is absorbed in endorsing good health, preventing diseases, and helping individuals live a good life. If you are interested in the ayurvedic approach to health and medicine, you can enroll in the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery, which is a five-and-a-half year-long undergraduate degree. It is also a requirement to whole a 12-month compulsory internship.

Upon completing your bachelor's, you can pursue a career in clinical practice, research, ayurvedic medicine manufacturing, or academics. The average salary of an ayurvedic professional such as an ayurvedic physician is Rs.23,925 per month.

7. Physiology

Physiology is the study related to living organisms. It includes understanding the various aspects of the body such as cells, muscles, organs, and complete body anatomy. It also gives medicine and healthcare science to increase a deeper understanding of diseases and better ways to treat them.

If we have intense attention to studying how our body functions, physiology is a good career choice for anyone. After completing your 12 in PCB, we may enroll for a B.Sc. or BA in Physiology.

After completion of the three-year degree, we are eligible for careers like clinical exercise physiologist, sports physiologist, research physiologist, and physiotherapist. The usual salary of a physiotherapist is Rs.18,554 per month.

8. Zoology

Zoology is the branch of biology that studies animals. It examines habits and environments, classifications, evolution, heredities, and behaviors of living and inexistent species of animals. we get to study zoology in B.Sc., which is a three-year undergraduate degree.

Upon completion of the studies in zoology, we have a variety of career choices to choose from an environmental consultant, conservation officer, zoo officer, behaviorist, and animal nutritionist.

The salary and responsibilities of professionals in zoology may differ. The salary of a veterinarian who treats animals is Rs.43,563 per month while a nature biologist who educates plants and animals in wild may get Rs.38,172 per month.

A park guardian who protects the national park receives an average salary of Rs. 38,268 per month and a zookeeper who can look after the zoo can earn Rs.16,000 per month.

9. Nursing

The nursing profession is a critical part of the medical and healthcare division. It contains helping patients and persons recover or live with proper care and treatment. After 12 classes, we can register in nursing through various undergraduate degrees and diploma courses like B.Sc. in Nursing, General Nursing, and Midwifery, or Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery (A.N.M.).

Upon finishing the course, we can work as a nurse in medical and healthcare administrations in government or private hospitals, nursing homes, public health centers, clinics, dispensaries, or government Anganwadi agendas.

We can further develop our careers in the field as travel nurses, emergency room nurses, medical-surgical nurses, oncology nurses, nurse anesthetists, managers, or nurse educators.

An average salary of a nurse is Rs. 20,705 per month and that of an operating room nurse is Rs. 21,245 per month. A medical-surgical nurse can earn Rs. 22,134 per month while a nurse manager will get a higher payment of Rs.35,373 per month.

10. Audiology and Speech Pathology

Audiology and speech pathology includes the study, analysis, and treatment of hearing, balance, and speech-related syndromes. To study a career in this field, we may join up in Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology, a 4-year undergraduate degree.

This course includes 3 years of classroom training and 1-year compulsory internship. It helps us develop skills to identify and treat patients suffering from hearing and speech-related illnesses.

Once you completed the degree, we have a scope of a career as an audiologist, audiometric technician, speech and language therapist, hearing aid specialist, speech pathology reader, and clinical supervisor.

The salary for the audiologist is Rs. 25,142 per month, while a speech therapist gets an average of Rs. 26,685 per month.

If You Need Counselling Check Out the Top Cities for The Best Career Counselling in India

11. Clinical Research

Clinical research is the procedure of showing research or experiments involving the contribution of human beings to discover the solution to medicines and human behavior.

The most dangerous phase of the job is following the Good Clinical Practice with guidelines established by the International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registering in Pharmaceuticals for Human Use.

The scope of this stream is wide-ranging based on the interest with an opportunity ranging from:

  1. Clinical Research Associate
  2. Clinical Researcher
  3. Research Pharmacist
  4. Clinical Project Manager

A bachelor’s degree in chemistry, biology, or any other life sciences would make us eligible to select the best non-medical career after PCB.


  • B.Sc. Clinical research
  • M.Sc. Clinical research

The salary range for a Clinical Research Associate is INR 347,000 per year in India.

12. Genetics

It is a thrilling area of skill where students learn about living organisms’ genes and genetic differences. The word "Genetic disorder" is well known and understood by Geneticists. They help in developing pharmaceutical goods.


Genetics covers the way for numerous positions like:

  1. Geneticist
  2. Immunologist
  3. Cytogeneticist
  4. Forensic DNA Analyst
  5. Medical Technologist


  • B.Sc. genetics
  • M.Sc. applied genetics
  • M.Sc. biomedical genetics
  • M.Sc. human genetics

The average salary of a geneticist in India is INR 380,000 per year.

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