System Administrator also known as a computer system administrator is a professional who manages the operation of a computer system or particular electronic communication service. They are responsible for managing, overseeing and maintaining a multi-user computing environment, such as a local area network (LAN). Their duties vary, depending on the association demands. System Administrator should possess strong technical knowledge and skills, as well as expertise in personnel management. Besides this, they are also accountable for ensuring that the servers are backed up and the server data is acquired from any kind of unapproved access.
A computer system has become an integral part of our everyday life and most of our commercial and non-commercial activities are based on it. A system administrator must be well-efficient in problem-solving skills. For example, if a system suddenly fails, the system administrator is responsible for analyzing the issue and seeking a correct operation.
A number of system administrator have degrees in relevant fields, like IT, computer engineering, information management and computer science. Some specialised training programs offer degrees or certifications, such as Microsoft (MCP, MCSA, MCSE), Red Hat (RHCE, RHCSS) and Cisco (CCNA, CCIE). In fact, an increasing number of professional system administrators are self-taught through practical computing experience and open-source software training programs.
1.Education: To enter this field, you need a bachelor's degree related to information science or computer science. A system administrator never stops with degrees and continues to learn more. A system administrator contemplates these changes by investing in formal courses, certifications and possibly acquires a master's degree.
2.Certification: Certifications for experts in this field are often provided by software firms and software/hardware merchants. Certifications you should look into include:
3.Qualities: Apart from the education and certifications, the system administrator also needs to possess following personality traits and skills in order to succeed in this job:
4. Analytical skills: From designing to deciding the performance of the network and the systems, an administrator needs the ability to process a lot of information from different sources.
5.People skills: A network and computer systems administrator interacts with people from all levels of the organization. From the higher levels of a management right down to the individual user, an administrator needs to describe the problem, and explain the solutions.
6.Technical know-how:- Administrators have to work with different kinds of computers and network equipment, so they should be familiar with how to run these, both as standalone appliances and as part of a bigger network.
7.Quick Thinking: An Administrator must be very active and must be able to quickly come up with solutions to every problem that leaps up. This is because the network is a vital part of business operations and any delay will be pernicious to the enterprise.
Ability to multitask: Administrators often deal with different kinds of problems on top of what they usually do. They must be able to handle the pressure of attending to different tasks all at the same time.
Computer science, information science, information system
Problem-solving, communication, multi-tasking and analytical skills; familiarity with relevant software, configuration management, network monitoring, and security; the ability to use tools like network analyzers, cable accessories, and server load balancers
Originally, those who hold the position of a system administrator acquires a bachelor’s/ master’s degree in computer science or information technology. But every company demands something new and good, therefore, depending on the company, some aspirants do look for more focused proficiencies that are obtained through certifications, such as the Cisco Certified Network Associate and Microsoft Certified System Administrator.
Age Limit:- Minimum age to operate in the assigned sector is 18 years and Maximum age is from 25 to 40 years depending upon the experience and quality of work as well as the organization one is applying on.
STEP1:- After completion of 10+2 with Maths and physics as the main subject, the aspiring System Administrators have to apply for a degree or diploma course in computer engineering, computer science, information system or information technology. These courses are offered by many private as well as government colleges. Aspiring candidates can also go for advanced Degrees for System Administrators provided by some universities in the US that actually have specific System Administration graduate degree programs.
STEP2:- After completion of Graduation/ Certification and acquiring the knowledge and skills to manage the computer systems one can apply against the vacancies lying vacant in a various organization. Some of the organizations in which qualified system administrator can look for the jobs are:
Career prospects for a developing system administrator are quite high as there is an excess of demand for system administrator due to computerization in each and every aspect of life.
Any organization, be it a commercial organization like banks, railways, airways and other commercial MNC’s etc or a non-commercial entity like Police stations, school, colleges or any other institutes require system administrator in their organization due to the globalization of computer system networks.
Once you have been placed in a giant MNC as a system administrator, there is no stopping back for the system administrator.
After attaining experience, System Administrators often get promoted to a more senior administrator role and then into a project management role.
Strategic roles which involve long-term planning and company technology strategy, such as MIS Manager or Chief Information Officer (CIO) can be the next step of the ladder for those with appropriate formal education and experience.
Some System Administrators those specialize in a particular area, such as security. Such individuals can expertise in that particular area.
With the rising amount of data and the ever-growing importance of analyzing it, a career in Network and Computer Systems Administration is very promising. To be on the receiving end of growing salaries and new opportunities, you need to excel in certain key characteristics and skills.