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Powers and Functions of Prime Minister - Indian Polity Notes

Update on 27 Jun, 22

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Powers and Functions of Prime Minister - Indian Polity Notes
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Powers of Prime Minister: After the overall election, the president of the Republic of India nominates the prime minister of India.

It's the primary step to making the councils of ministers as a result the prime minister is the person upon whom recommendation and the president appoints the council of ministers.

The council of ministers and therefore the prime minister square measure the necessary components of our government. During this article, we'll discuss the powers and functions of the prime minister of India.

The prime minister of India is the head of the union cupboard. He needs to fancy the arrogance of the bulk in Lok Sabha. If there's no majority of his party in Lok Sabha, therein case, he needs to provide his resignation.

As per article 44 of the constitution of India, “there shall be a council of ministers and therefore the prime minister is the pinnacle of that council of ministers to help and advise the president of India.

It merely implies that all the powers and functions of the president of India square measure used in step with the recommendation of the council of ministers".

Qualification of Prime Minister

Any person UN agency is fulfilling the subsequent qualifications are often the prime minister of India:

  • He ought to be a national of India
  • Should not hold any workplace of profit underneath government or any public officer.
  • He ought to be a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha
  • If the candidate isn't a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha at the time of his choice, therein case, he should become a member of Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha within  6 months.
  • If he's a member of Lok Sabha, he ought to be higher than twenty-five years mature.
  • If he's a member of the Rajya Sabha, he ought to be higher than thirty years mature.
  • If any of the candidates for prime minister of India is elective, he should vacate his position privately or billet.

Article 75 of Constitution of India

According to article seventy-five of the constitution of India, the President of the Republic of INDIA | Bharat | Asian country | Asian nation appoints the prime minister of India when general elections.

When the appointment of the prime minister, the president administers the oath to the prime minister of India before he enters the prime minister’s workplace.

Once the prime minister of India is appointed, the president can take the recommendation of the prime minister of the Republic of India to appoint the council of ministers UN agency can work under the prime minister of India.

The full range of the council of ministers together with the prime minister shouldn't exceed V-J Day of the full numbers of Lok Sabha. The president can administer the oath to any or all the councils of ministers. Tenure of the prime minister of India

There is no fastened term for the prime minister of India, he holds his workplace as long as his party has the bulk in Lok Sabha.

The period of Lok Sabha is five years and subsequently, there'll be general elections within which his party once more gains a majority, then he will still hold his workplace.

The prime minister needs to resign throughout the tenure of the Lok Sabha if he loses the support of the bulk throughout the term of Lok Sabha. Powers of the prime minister of India There square measure differing types of powers of the prime minister of India that he will use whereas his party is within the majority.

Executive Powers of the Prime Minister of India

As we all know that 3 main pillars of the govt square measure are legislative, government, and judiciary. The councils of ministers square measure at the highest of the chief. The prime minister is the head of the council of ministers.

When the elections of Lok Sabha, it's the facility of the prime minister that he can advise the President of India to appoint the council of ministers.

When the appointment of the council of ministers:

  1. The prime minister can decide the various departments for these ministers.
  2. He will interchange these departments between the ministers anytime.
  3. He will amend the choices of any minister in step with the wants of the party.
  4. The PM will raise any of the ministers to convey the resignation to the president of India.

Appointment Powers

The prime minister of India will advise the President of India on the appointment of various folks.

He will advise the president on the appointment of:

  • Comptroller Auditor General of Republic of India
  • Solicitor General of the Republic of India
  • Attorney General of the Republic of India
  • Election commission of the Republic of India
  • RBI governor and others
  • Chairperson and members of the finance commission
  • Chief info commissioner of the Republic of India
  • Information commissioners of the Republic of India
  • Chairperson and UPSC members

Legislative Powers

As we all know that the prime minister is the head of the council of ministers, therefore if the prime minister resigns, then the council of ministers cannot create the choices, and it'll be dissolved mechanically.

If the prime minister thinks that, the bulk of his party in Lok Sabha has been dissolved, then he will counsel the President to dissolve the Lok Sabha and elicit re-election.

It is the prime minister of India's UN agency who advises the president of India to decide on the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha for his or her sessions.

Military Powers

We mentioned within the powers of the president of the Republic of India that the president-elect the chief of the military, navy, and service, and also the prime minister of the Republic of India are thought because the political head of those defense forces.

To implement any strategic policy created by the Republic of India associated with the borders, the prime minister of the Republic of India will do this by victimization his military powers.

Foreign Policy Powers

The Prime Minister of the Republic of India plays a very important role in implementing foreign policies. He will take all the required steps to implement such policies in the Republic of India.

The rest of it, he's at the top of:

  • Niti aayog
  • National development council
  • Interstate council
  • National water resources council
  • Wildlife and protection council and plenty of others.

In an emergency in the Republic of India, the prime minister of the Republic of India becomes the political head of disaster management. These areas unit the key powers of the prime minister of the Republic of India. He will use such powers when his party is in majority.

Functions of the Prime Minister of the Republic of India

So let’s bring up the functions and duties of the prime minister of the Republic of India.

  • Duty to announce necessary policies

The prime minister of the Republic of India should announce all the necessary policies created by the govt. for instance, all the policies like the Swachh Republic of India Abhiyan, conclusion in the Republic of India, internment in the Republic of India, etc. area unit proclaimed by the prime minister.

The Constitutional Obligation of the Prime Minister of India

The prime minister should communicate all the choices or proposals created within the councils of ministers associated with the creation of the latest laws or different things to The President.

The Prime Minister of the Republic of India is the union head of our assembly. All the required laws lapsed the assembly area unit proclaimed by the prime minister. The President of India will use his most powers once advising the prime minister of India solely.

The Prime minister is accountable to allow all the required info to the president of the Republic of India. The powers are given within the constitution of the Republic of India area unit divided between the president and prime minister so that each will check their choices.

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