Difference Between Guidance And Counseling - Guidance vs Counseling
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Difference Between Guidance And Counseling - Guidance vs Counseling

23 Mar,2021

5 minutes read

Guidance and Counseling both play an important role in the individual life. Through guidance and counseling, an individual gets to know the right path or way to do their work. Guidance and Counseling come into use at every phase of the life of an individual, with the help of guidance and counseling decision making becomes easy because an individual gets to know all the things about the topic on which he/she is unable to decide whether it is a career decision or personal life decision. 

For students guidance and counseling are important in their career opportunities as to what to study as per their convenience and interest. Guidance and Counseling helps an individual to find out their potential. In guidance direct solution is provided to an individual by the expert and in counseling, firstly they discuss and understand the matter and then give advice to an individual.  

There is a huge difference between guidance and counseling, guidance is given by expert people and provides ready solutions to the individual. Counseling is given in a way that focuses on discussing and understanding the subject matter and then provides advice and empowers the individual. 

Through guidance, the advice is given, and through counseling, an individual can express their problems, emotions, and fears to the counselor.


Guidance is all about giving advice and instructions to the individual by the experienced person on various problems like education, occupation, training, social life, and personal life. Because of these life problems an individual is stuck at the time of making a decision or choosing between the two things.

Here guidance plays an important role, a person who is an expert and has experienced helps out the individual at the time of decision making. The expert defines all the advantages and disadvantages of the subject matter and tells all the consequences that will happen in the future because somewhere that person has gone through all these things that you have started suffering in your life. 

An expert contributes his/her all the potential in the development of the better personality of an individual. Guidance helps an individual to make the right decision and individuals get the ready solutions for their problems of the career or personal problem. 

Guidance comes to use in all the fields whether it is the field of education and in the field of education, guidance is so common. Students get guidance regarding their careers from their teachers and professors. If we talk about the guidance at the workplace then the employees get the guidance regarding task accomplishment from their boss or any authoritative person. Guidance is always done between the less experienced person and the more experienced person in any field. 


Counseling is all about giving professional advice to the individual on the basis of personal and psychology-related problems. In counseling an individual talks to the counselor or therapist on a freeway, he/she can share their feelings, emotions, problems, and fears with the counselor. The counselor helps an individual to overcome the problems and deals with problems for the betterment of the individual. 

Counseling is mainly meant for the treatment of the individual who suffers from mental issues. Counseling helps an individual in feeling, thinking, and behaving in real-life situations. In counseling, the problem of an individual is discussed and understood by the counselor so that he/she can give professional advice to the individual from overcoming the psychological issue that he/she is suffering. Counseling can be done as social counseling, education counseling, wedding counseling, etc. A counselor performs and gives professional advice based on different circumstances. 

An individual has to be open up in front of the counselor for discussing the problem so the counselor will be able to deal with it instantly and help the individual with alleviating his life. Counseling is non-judgemental, goal-based process, set viable goals, and develops strategies to solve the psychological problem of the individual. Counseling sessions can go for so long and can be completed in the short term that is based on the cases and their problems. In the counseling session, the information is confidential between the counselor and the client. Information is not disclosed to any third person, information access is between the individual and counselor. 

Difference Between Guidance And Counseling:

  • The basic difference between guidance and counseling are explained in the following step down below:
  • Advice is given to an individual by an experienced person to overcome the problem is known as guidance. Professional advice is given to an individual by a counselor to overcome psychological or personal problems.
  • Nature of guidance is preventive and counseling nature is curative, healing, and remedial. 
  • Guidance helps an individual to choose the best alternative option for solving the problem. Counseling helps an individual to change their perspective and try to solve the problem by themself. 
  • Guidance is given on the education and career-related issue and counseling are given on the psychological and personal issue. 
  • Guidance involves the external approach and follows the comprehensive process. Counseling involves the internal analysis of the problem.
  • Guidance can be given by an experienced person in a specified field and counseling is given by the counselor who has done professional training.
  • Guidance is not confidential it is quite open to discussing the problem and in counseling, all the information is set to be confidential. 
  • Guidance is given to an individual as well as a group of people at the same time. Counseling is given to only one individual at a time and counseling is one-to-one. 
  • In guidance, decisions are taken by the experienced person “the guide” and in counseling, the counselor motivates and empowers the individual to decide on his own. 

Explaining the complete difference between the guidance and counseling in the tabular format:






Remedial and Curative


Deals with career and education-related problems

Deals with psychological and personal problems 


External and comprehensive 

Internal and in-depth 


Guidance is provided by the experienced person or superior

Counseling is provided by the counselor who has a high level of skill and professional training 


Guidance is quite open and less private 

Counseling is confidential between the counselor and client 

Decision Maker 

In guidance, the decision-maker is the superior or guide

In counseling, the decision-maker is the client itself


One individual or group of individual 

One to one 


In guidance, expert work is to guide the individual and provide the best alternative to choose.

In counseling, the counselor’s work is to change the perspective of the individual and help to find the solution by himself. 


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