College Disha
Difference Between Guidance And Counselling

Update on 2024-04-15

Difference Between Guidance And Counselling - College disha

Guidance and Counseling both play an important role in the individual life. Through guidance and counselling, an individual gets to know the right path or way to do their work.

Guidance and Counseling come into use at every phase of the life of an individual, with the help of guidance and counselling decision making becomes easy because an individual gets to know all the things about the topic on which he/she is unable to decide whether it is a career decision or personal life decision.

Before knowing the difference you should know "What is Guidance and Counselling" first.

What is Guidance?

Guidance is all about giving advice and instructions to the individual by the experienced person on various problems like education, occupation, training, social life, and personal life. Because of these life problems an individual is stuck at the time of making a decision or choosing between two things.

Here guidance plays an important role, a person who is an expert and has experienced helps out the individual at the time of decision making. The expert defines all the advantages and disadvantages of the subject matter and tells all the consequences that will happen in the future because somewhere that person has gone through all these things that you have started suffering in your life.

An expert contributes his/her all the potential to the development of a better personality of an individual. Guidance helps an individual to make the right decision and individuals get the ready solutions for their problems of career or personal problems.

Guidance comes to use in all fields whether it is the field of education or field of education, guidance is so common. Students get guidance regarding their careers from their teachers and professors. If we talk about guidance at the workplace then the employees get guidance regarding task accomplishment from their boss or any authoritative person. Guidance is always done between the less experienced person and the more experienced person in any field.

What is Counselling?

Counselling is all about giving professional advice to the individual based on personal and psychology-related problems. In counselling an individual talks to the counsellor or therapist on a freeway, he/she can share their feelings, emotions, problems, and fears with the counsellor. The counsellor helps an individual to overcome the problems and deals with problems for the betterment of the individual. 

It is mainly meant for the treatment of the individual who suffers from mental issues. Counselling helps an individual in feeling, thinking, and behaving in real-life situations.

In counselling, the problem of an individual is discussed and understood by the counsellor so that he/she can give professional advice to the individual from overcoming the psychological issue that he/she is suffering. Counselling can be done as social counselling, education counselling, wedding counselling, etc. A counsellor performs and gives professional advice based on different circumstances. 

An individual has to be open up in front of the counsellor for discussing the problem so the counsellor will be able to deal with it instantly and help the individual with alleviating his life. Counselling is non-judgemental, goal-based process, that set viable goals, and develops strategies to solve the psychological problem of the individual.

Counselling sessions can go for so long and can be completed in the short term that is based on the cases and their problems. In the counselling session, the information is confidential between the counsellor and the client. Information is not disclosed to any third person, information access is between the individual and counsellor. 

Difference Between Guidance And Counselling

The basic difference between guidance and counselling are explained in the following step down below:

  • Advice given to an individual by an experienced person to overcome the problem is known as guidance. Professional advice is given to an individual by a counsellor to overcome psychological or personal problems.
  • Nature of guidance is preventive and counselling nature is curative, healing, and remedial. 
  • Guidance helps an individual to choose the best alternative option for solving the problem. Counselling helps an individual to change their perspective and try to solve the problem by themself. 
  • Guidance is given on education and career-related issue and counselling are given on psychological and personal issue. 
  • Guidance involves the external approach and follows the comprehensive process. Counselling involves the internal analysis of the problem.
  • Guidance can be given by an experienced person in a specified field and counselling is given by the counsellor who has done professional training.
  • Guidance is not confidential it is quite open to discussing the problem and in counselling, all the information is set to be confidential. 
  • Guidance is given to an individual as well as a group of people at the same time. Counselling is given to only one individual at a time and counselling is one-to-one. 
  • In guidance, decisions are taken by the experienced person “the guide” and in counselling, the counsellor motivates and empowers the individual to decide on his own. 

Guidance vs Counseling

Explaining the complete difference between guidance and counselling in the tabular format:






Remedial and Curative


Deals with career and education-related problems

Deals with psychological and personal problems 


External and comprehensive 

Internal and in-depth 


Guidance is provided by the experienced person or superior

Counselling is provided by a counsellor who has a high level of skill and professional training 


Guidance is quite open and less private 

Counselling is confidential between the counsellor and client 

Decision Maker 

In guidance, the decision-maker is the superior or guide

In counselling, the decision-maker is the client itself


One individual or group of individual 

One to one 


In guidance, expert work is to guide the individual and provide the best alternative to choose.

In counselling, the counsellor’s work is to change the perspective of the individual and help to find the solution by himself. 

What do you mean by Guidance and Counselling?

Through guidance, advice is given, and through counselling, an individual can express their problems, emotions, and fears to the counsellor. For students guidance and counselling are important in their career opportunities as to what to study as per their convenience and interest.

Guidance and Counseling helps an individual find out their potential. In guidance direct solution is provided to an individual by the expert and in counselling, firstly they discuss and understand the matter and then give advice to an individual.  

There is a huge difference between guidance and counselling, guidance is given by expert people and provides ready solutions to the individual. Counselling is given in a way that focuses on discussing and understanding the subject matter and then provides advice and empowers the individual.

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