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What Should I do After 12th Biology - Admission, Colleges & Courses

Update on 24 Feb, 23

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What Should I do After 12th Biology -  Admission, Colleges & Courses

What Should I do After 12th Biology

So many students opt for Biology as one of the mainstream subjects at 10+2 level with an ambition to Become an MBBS doctor but after a while, they start wanting to explore other career options in the medical and other fields. Most Students are rarely aware of the other career options that exist in the medical discipline. If you are also a Medical student who has just passed 12th or is still in 12th then you might be thinking of "What Should I Do After 12th Biology?", then this article can help you to explore more career options after 12th Biology.

What is MBBS?

MBBS is a mainstream career option for most medical students, yes we know that it is one of the most lucrative and rewarding career choices, but due to its long years of education, practice, hard work, and struggle, many students don't see it as a perfect career fit for themselves. Being an MBBS doctor is not that easy, it is not just a graduation course, it is a constant process of learning about medical science and applying their knowledge to treat the ailments of the patients. This profession doesn't only need great knowledge but also needs great courage, the active presence of mind, and patience to work in emergencies.

To help such students who want to know about more career options in the medical field (other than MBBS) that can offer them fair career opportunities, we are sharing some major information in this article. We hope that this article can help you to find the answer to your question.

Students from the medical stream can choose from various course options, here is the list of some of the most demanded professions in the Medical Field:

Top Career Options After 12th Biology




Drug Therapist 

Homeopathy Doctor

Ayurveda Practitioner




Biomedical Engineer

Forensic Science



Medical Researcher

Medical Lab Technician





Agriculture Officer 





Career Options for 12th Biology (PCB) Students in Research Areas:-

Research Field is one of the broadest and promising career fields for the students, especially for the students who belong to the Science stream. There is a great scope in research and development in the healthcare sector. Candidates who have a keen interest in Biology or other Science subjects like Environmental Science, Zoology, Horticulture, etc can also pursue their career in the R&D department as a Researcher or Research scientist. Students who want to make a career in this field should have comprehensive knowledge and training in the related science stream. To gain such intensive knowledge and training, the candidate will require a Master’s Degree in the related discipline and relevant specialization.

Types of Researchers After 12th Biology:
  • Agronomist 
  • Botanist 
  • Geologist 
  • Microbiologist 
  • Marine Biologist 
  • Ecologist
  • Forensic Biologist
  • Zoologist
Various areas of Research and Development After 12th Biology:
  • Computational Biology
  • Conservation Biology and Chemistry
  • Conservation Biology Diversity
  • Plant Breeding and Genetics
  • Genetics & Molecular Biology 
  • Marine Biology 
  • Neurobiology
  • Population Biology 
  • MicroBiology 
  • Zoology
  • Immunology
  • Botany
  • Allied Medicine 
  • Cell Biology 
  • Geology

Employment Areas For a Researcher:

As a Researcher, you will get job opportunities to get employment in various employment areas such as:

  • Manufacturing Companies
  • Water Companies
  • Cosmetic companies
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Defense Organizations
  • Universities & Institutes
  • Government Laboratories

Top Courses After 12th Biology:

We all know that Medical and healthcare is an evergreen growing industry, this industry requires healthcare professionals who are skilled in their area. So we are mentioning a list of Top Courses After 12th Biology to inform you about more career options that are available in the field of Science and Medical disciplines. Students who want to pursue a professional degree in the medical field can choose from the following courses mentioned below:

Best Degrees After 12th Biology



Job Prospects

Average Salary

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

5 Years + 6 Months 

Medical Professor

Hospital Administration

Public Health Worker

Medical Journalism & Medical Writing

Health Informatics & Analytics

Medico-Legal Advisor

Forensic Psychiatry

Academic Medicine

Radiology/Diagnostic Imaging

Clinical Forensic Medical Examiner

Sports Medicine

Public Services (UPSC, SSC, etc.)

Rs 6.7 L.P.A- Rs 17 L.P.A

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

4 Years


SSC Officer

Hospital Management



Rs 5 L.P.A

Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

5 Years + 6 Months




Private practice




Public health specialist

Medical assistant

Spa director


Rs 4.8 L.P.A

Bachelor in Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)

5 Years + 6 Months






Private practice


Medical assistant

Public health specialist

Spa director


Rs 2 L.P.A - Rs 12 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Forensic Science

3 Years

Forensic Scientist

Crime Reporter

Forensic Expert 

Forensic Psychiatrist 

Crime Scene Investigator 


Rs 4.5 L.P.A - Rs 7.5 L.P.A

B.Sc. in (Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, etc)

3 Years



Plant Biochemist

Park Ranger




Farming Consultant 

Nursery or Greenhouse manager 

Molecular Biologist 

Rs 2.4 L.P.A - Rs 7.2 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Medical Lab Technology

3 Years

MRI Technician 

Dental Machine Technician

Optical Laboratory Technician

Radiology Technician

CT Scan Technician

Operation Theatre Technician 

Rs 2.2 L.P.A - Rs 7 L.P.A

Bachelor in Pharmacy (B.Pharm)

4 Years

Clinical Research Associate

Quality Control Associate

R & D Scientist

Formulation Development (F&D) Associate

Drug Inspector

Scientific Writer

Sales & Marketing Executive

Community Pharmacist 


Rs 2 L.P.A - Rs 5 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Radiology and Imaging Technology

3.5 Years

Radiology Technician

Radiology Assistant

Radiology Technologist/Radiographer

MRI Technologist

CT Scan Technologist

Application specialist

Mammography technologist

Rs 3 L.P.A- Rs 20 L.P.A

Bachelor in Physiotherapy (BPT)

4 Years



Therapy Manager

Sports Physio Rehabilitator


Rs 2 L.P.A- Rs 8 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Microbiology

3 Years



Research Assistant

Food, Industrial or Environmental Microbiologists

Quality Assurance Technologists

Sales or Technical Representative

Clinical and Veterinary Microbiologists

Medical Technologists

Biomedical Scientist

Rs 3 L.P.A - Rs 6 L.P.A

B.Sc./B.Tech in Biotechnology

3 Years/4 Years

Biological Technicians 

Medical Scientist

Medical & Clinical Lab Technologist 


Biomedical Engineers

Biochemists & Biophysicist


Rs 3 L.P.A - Rs 5.5 L.P.A

B.Sc in Nursing

4 Years

Staff Nurse

Nursing Service Administrators


Department Supervisor

Nursing Superintendent

Community Health Nurse (CHN)

Rs 2 L.P.A- Rs 3 L.P.A

B.Sc in Environmental Science

3 Years

Environmental Consultant 

Environmental Scientist 

Environment Journalist 

Conservation Hydrologist

Rs 2 L.P.A - Rs 5 L.P.A

B.Sc in Nutrition & Dietetics

3 Years

Clinical Nutritionist 

Public Health Nutritionist 

Sports Nutritionist

Food Quality Controller

Technical Labelling Analyst

Consultant at FSSAI

Rs 2 L.P.A - Rs 5 L.P.A

Bachelor in Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc)

5 Years + 6 months

Veterinary Doctor 

 Veterinary Surgeon 

Vet Doctor in NGOs

Animal Research Scientist 

Livestock Development Officer 


Rs 5.8 L.P.A - Rs 8.7 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Occupational Therapy 

3 Years - 4.5 Years

OT Technician 


Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant 

Provide Practitioner 

Occupational Therapist 

OT Incharge 

Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant

Critical Care Nursing Exam 

Rs 3.5 L.P.A- Rs 6 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Anesthesia Technology

3 Years

Anesthesiologist Assistant 

Anesthesia Technician

Certified Registered Nurse Anaesthetists

Medical Consultant 

Rs 3.6 L.P.A

B.Sc. in Forestry

4 Years

Forest Officer

Forestry Technicians

Forest Range Officer

Field Investigator 

Rs 3.64 L.P.A- Rs 5.6 L.P.A

In the above table, we have mentioned several B.Sc. courses, These courses are offered in various areas of specializations. According to the available data most students who don’t want to pursue an MBBS degree end up pursuing a B.Sc. degree. Pursuing a B.Sc degree is a good option for students who have completed their 12th in Biology Stream. A B.Sc The course allows you to apply for higher education in the field of Research & Development. After completing your graduation with B.Sc with a relevant specialization, you can apply for higher degree programs like an MSc. degree followed by a P.h.D degree. This will allow you to get bigger career opportunities in the field of Research and Development. 

To help you get more informed about the various B.Sc courses offered by the colleges in India, we are mentioning this list of Various B.Sc Courses offered in India:-

  • B.Sc. in Veterinary Science & AH (Animal Husbandry)
  • Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Respiratory Care Therapy
  • Nursing
  • B.Sc. Emergency & Critical Care Technology
  • B.Sc. in Radiotherapy Technology
  • Bio-Chemistry
  • B.Sc. in Microbiology
  • B.Sc. in Renal Dialysis Technology
  • B.Sc. Emergency & Critical Care Technology
  • B.Sc. in Optometry
  • Neuro Science Technology
  • B.Sc. in Anesthesia Technology
  • B.Sc. in Imaging Technology
  • B.Sc. in Cardiac Care Technology
  • B.Sc. in Perfusion Technology
  • Bachelors in Prosthetics and Orthotics
  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology
  • Bachelor of Audiology Speech-Language Therapy
  • Agriculture
  • B.Sc. in Horticulture
  • B.Sc. in Environment Science
  • Anthropology
  • Food Technology
  • B.Sc. in Food Science
  • B.Sc. in Anthropology 
  • B.Sc. in Zoology
  • B.Sc. in Botany 
  • B.Sc. in Radiography
  • B.Sc. in Nutrition & Dietetics
  • B.Sc. in Radiography 
  • B.Sc. in Audiology
  • B.Sc. in Occupational Therapy 
  • B.Sc. in Medical Laboratory Technology ( B.Sc. MLT )
  • Bachelor in Fisheries Sciences- B.F.Sc.
Top Non-Medical Courses After 12th Biology:

Many students choose Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics along with Biology as the main subjects in 10+2. Choosing these combinations of subjects allows students to get exposed to broader career options, for eg- If you have done your 10+2 with PCMB as the main subject then you are eligible to apply for professional courses in the discipline of Engineering as well as medical courses. If you have opted for a Biology-Mathematics combination of Subjects in 10+2 then you can also opt for the following courses:

The above-mentioned courses are ideal course choices for students who have opted for Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology as major subjects in 10+2. If you are from the same background (PCMB), then you can also go for disciplines like Computer Application, Architecture, Merchant Navy or Pilot Training, etc but if you have completed your 12th with PCM then you can choose only Non-Medical Courses After 12th.

Top Entrance Examinations After 12th Biology for admission to a Medical Course:

To pursue most Medical and Allied Medical Science Courses, a candidate must appear in the entrance examination which is conducted at the national or state level. Some Universities also conduct their separate entrance examination to offer admission into the medical and allied medical science courses. The names of the most popular entrance examinations are mentioned below:

  • NEET – National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG/ NEET-PG/ NEET-MDS )
  • AIIMS – All India Institute of Medical Science
  • AFMC – Armed Forces Medical College
  • JIPMER – Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research
  • PGIMER – Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
  • FMGE – Medical Council of India Screening Test
Top Colleges for Course After 12th Biology

College Name


All India Institute Of Medical Science

New Delhi

Hindu College, University of Delhi 


Miranda House, University of Delhi 


SRM Medical College


Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research


Christian Medical College


Banaras Hindu University


Chandigarh University


Madras Medical College


School of Health Sciences


Why Choose Biology After 10th?

After passing the 10th examination, the students are asked to choose among 4 streams- Arts, Commerce, Medical, and Non-Medical Streams. Non-Medical & Medical Streams are the subcategories of the Science stream. Many students find themselves in a huge dilemma when it comes to choosing the stream after the 10th. Well, here is a suggestion - Choose Your 10+2 stream according to your future goals and ambitions, if you are certain that you want to pursue your career in a particular field of Arts or Commerce, then you can go for these streams, otherwise, we would suggest you opt, Science Stream, as this stream offers you a wider area of scope. If you are interested in Science subjects, then the Science stream befits your profile. You can opt for Medical or Non-Medical Courses after the 12th which are the sub-streams of the Science stream. There are multiple reasons to choose Biology (medical stream)as one of the mainstream subjects in 10+2, some of the main reasons are stated below:

  • If you aspired to become a healthcare professional, then you should definitely opt for Biology (medical stream). 
  • If you are confused between medical and engineering careers, then the medical stream along with Mathematics will help you to become eligible for both Medical as well as Engineering courses after 12th.
  • Choosing Biology as one of the mainstream subjects in 10+2 will allow you to pursue your career in the field of Applied science and Allied health sciences.
  • You can Choose Biology and Mathematics altogether as main subjects as it will allow you to become eligible for various professional courses in the discipline of Medical, Allied Sciences, Applied Sciences, Pharmacy, Engineering, Computer Applications, Architecture, Research & Development, etc. 
  • A Biology Student can switch his/her career path to the other disciplines of Arts, Commerce, Business Management, Engineering, etc after 12th. But an Arts & Commerce Student can not switch his/her sides to a Medical, Science, and Engineering disciplines.
  • Medical Stream allows you to apply for the courses that offer the highest paying career prospects. Career opportunities for Medical students (PCB stream) also exist in defense. After passing the 12th, one can apply directly for the Indian Army, Indian Air Force, and Indian Navy through National Defence Academy (NDA) or in CDS. NDA & CDS 2023 is conducted twice a year in April and September respectively.
  • It is pretty obvious that Medical Professionals are in high demand in India, A career in the medical discipline offers you various benefits like good income, respectful job, growth possibilities, chance to travel abroad, various healthcare benefits for you and your family, recognition as an individual, etc. Being a Medical/Healthcare worker is considered to be the most respectable profession in India and you are certainly awarded for that. So yes, you should opt for Biology in 10+2, if you are really interested in the healthcare and medical sector.

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